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Parietal Lobe

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241. Apathy is associated with white matter network disruption and specific cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease. (Abstract)

), episodic memory (p < 0.001) and visuospatial ability (p = 0.02), and had reduced connectivity between the bilateral parietal lobes and between the putamen and temporal regions (p < 0.05). In PD, executive function was directly impacted by apathy and motor severity and indirectly influenced by depression; episodic memory was directly and indirectly impacted by apathy and depression, respectively; conversely, visuospatial ability was not related to any of these factors. Neural integration, though being

2020 Psychological Medicine

242. Neural correlates of conditioned pain responses in fibromyalgia subjects indicate preferential formation of new pain associations rather than extinction of irrelevant ones. Full Text available with Trip Pro

cortex and medial prefrontal cortex/orbitofrontal cortex; and [P30green>P30red] × PCS in dorsal anterior cingulate cortex/mid-cingulate cortex; superior temporal pole, extending to anterior insula; bilateral thalamus; and posterior insula. Psychophysiological interaction analysis for FM [P30green>P30red] × PCS revealed a dissociation in functional connectivity between thalamus and bilateral inferior parietal lobe. In alignment with behavioral data, FMS displayed a cerebral response suggesting

2020 Pain

243. Mechanical thrombectomy for a 12-year-old boy with acute ischemic stroke: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in the right parietal, temporal, insular, and frontal lobes was revealed by the MRI test. The MRA test detected occlusions in right internal carotid artery, A1 segment of right anterior cerebral artery, right middle cerebral artery, and distal branch.Mechanic thrombectomy and antiplatelet aggregation therapy with clopidogrel helped the patient to recover, along with active rehabilitation training.A significant improvement in muscle strength of his left limbs was proved. He walked by himself and had 2

2020 Medicine

244. Isolated Metastasis to the Brain From Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma. (Abstract)

who presented after a 5 year recurrence-free interval with tonic-clonic seizure. Further workup revealed an isolated 12.0 mm x 18.0 mm x 8.0 mm mass overlying the left parietal lobe with no other metastatic sites. The patient was treated with resection of the mass and adjuvant radiation therapy with pathology confirming metastatic carcinoma of urothelial origin. Though prognosis for patients with such a presentation remains poor, we provide a review of the current literature with respect

2020 Urology

245. Reversibility of impaired brain structures after transsphenoidal surgery in Cushing's disease: a longitudinal study based on an artificial intelligence-assisted tool. (Abstract)

) and the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes; insula; cingulate lobe; and enlargement of lateral and third ventricles (p < 0.05, corrected with FDR). All affected brain regions improved significantly after TSS (p < 0.05, corrected with FDR). In patients with remitted CD, total gray matter and most brain regions (except the frontal and temporal lobes) showed full recovery of volume, with volumes that did not differ from those of HCs (p > 0.05, corrected with FDR). ACTH and serum cortisol changes

2020 Journal of Neurosurgery

246. A rare case of brain abscess caused by Actinomyces meyeri. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A rare case of brain abscess caused by Actinomyces meyeri. Brain abscesses are the rare and most severe form of actinomycosis, which usually manifests as abscesses of the occipital or parietal lobe due to direct expansion from an adjacent area, the oral cavity. In the medical literature, there are only a few reported cases of brain abscess caused by Actinomyces meyeri. In this report, we present a 35-year-old male patient who experienced an insidious headache and left-sided weakness (...) dental hygiene. Biochemistry and haematology panel were normal. Urinalysis, chest X-ray and electrocardiogram revealed no abnormality. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed mitral regurgitation. However, there was no evidence of valvular vegetation. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain was performed, which showed a bi-lobed rim enhancing lesion with a conglomeration of two adjoining round lesions in the right parietal parasagittal region. Perilesional oedema resulting in mass effect over

2020 BMC Infectious Diseases

247. Acute visual impairment as a main presenting symptom of non-convulsive status epilepticus: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to the neurology department after complaining of an inability to see in the right eye for 2 days and progressive headache. He had a history of poststroke epilepsy and vascular dementia. Physical examination revealed right visual field hemianopia, visual neglect and cognitive impairment. T2 and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal intensity in the left temporal, parietal and occipital lobes. Electroencephalography monitoring was performed, which found continuous sharp wave discharges (...) , especially in the regions of the left temporal, parietal and occipital lobes. These findings were most consistent with the diagnosis of NCSE. Thus, a treatment of intravenous pumping of diazepam and an oral antiepileptic drug was added immediately. After that, the visual loss in the patient recovered quickly, and electroencephalography did not find epileptiform waves. On day 11, a follow-up MRI was performed, which showed that the abnormal signals of the left temporal, parietal and occipital lobes were

2020 BMC Neurology

248. Cerebral arterial air embolism secondary to iatrogenic left atrial-esophageal fistula: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

changes.A 68-year-old man presented with unconsciousness hours after aphasia and right hemiplegia, accompanied with hematemesis and fever. He had a history of atrial fibrillation, treated by radiofrequency catheter ablation 1 month ago. Brain CT displayed massive air embolism in left hemisphere, as well as right parietal lobe. Chest CT demonstrated a focus of air in the left atrium, which highly suggested an atrial-esophageal fistula. The patient received high flow (6 L/min) oxygen therapy. Intravenous

2020 BMC Neurology

249. Unruptured aneurysmal clipping complicated by delayed and refractory vasospasm: case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

treated with intra-arterial verapamil. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain showed an infarction involving the right basal ganglia, frontal lobe, and parietal lobe and her hospital course was complicated by super-refractory status epilepticus. At her follow up appointment she displayed continued left lower extremity weakness, left visual field defect, and left-sided neglect.Overall, cerebral vasospasms associated with unruptured aneurysms remain rare complications and are not often monitored

2020 BMC Neurology

250. Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease with mental abnormality: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

normal results. Bacterial culture and Cryptococcus neoformans test results were negative. The contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain was normal. The brain diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) showed a symmetrically distributed strip-shaped hyperintensity signal of the corticomedullary junction in the bilateral frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes. We considered the diagnosis of the NIID, and therefore, skin biopsy was performed. The electron microscopy revealed that intranuclear inclusions in the nucleus

2020 BMC Neurology

251. Co-occurrence of Moyamoya syndrome and Kartagener syndrome caused by the mutation of DNAH5 and DNAH11: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, insular lobe, and frontal parietal lobe. The electrocardiogram showed inverted "P" waves in L1 and AVL on left-sided chest leads and computed tomography scan of the chest showed bronchiectasis changes, cardiac shadow and apex on the right side, and situs inversus of aortic arch position. The digital subtraction angiography showed inversion of the aortic arch, and bilateral internal carotid arteries are occluded from the ophthalmic segment. The clinical, radiological, and laboratory findings made

2020 BMC Neurology

252. Stanford type a aortic dissection with cerebral infarction: a rare case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and the results showed a small, patchy, high signal that was scattered throughout the left brain hemisphere, right frontal parietal lobe and centrum semiovale. Head and neck CT angiography (CTA) was performed; dissection was found in the ascending aorta, aortic arch, bilateral common carotid artery, proximal part of the internal carotid artery, and initial segment of the left external carotid artery. The laceration was located in the upper part of the ascending aorta. AoD complicated by acute cerebral

2020 BMC Neurology

253. Effect of post-labeling delay on regional cerebral blood flow in arterial spin-labeling MR imaging. Full Text available with Trip Pro

(global GM) and other 86 VOIs] for each subject were obtained. Young people had less statistically significant VOIs than middle-aged and elderly people [Numbers of VOIs which had statistical significance (P < .05) in the analysis of ANOVA: 42 (youth group), 79 (middle-aged group), and 71 (elderly group)]. In youth group, the deep GM, occipital lobe and temporal lobe were more affected by PLDs than limbic system, frontal lobe and parietal lobe [VOIs with statistical significance (P < .05)/total VOIs: 8 (...) /8 (deep GM) > 8/12 (occipital lobe) > (8/14) (temporal lobe) > 5/12 (limbic system) > 11/28 (frontal lobe) > (2/12) parietal lobe]. In middle-aged group, the limbic system, deep GM and temporal lobe were more affected by PLDs than parietal lobe, frontal lobe and occipital lobe [VOIs with statistical significance (P < 0.05)/total VOIs: 12/12 (limbic system) = 8/8 (deep GM) > (13/14) (temporal lobe) > (11/12) parietal lobe > 25/28 (frontal lobe) > 9/12 (occipital lobe)]. In elderly group

2020 Medicine

254. Periventricular Hemorrhagic Infarction in Very Preterm Infants: Characteristic Sonographic Findings and Association with Neurodevelopmental Outcome at Age 2 Years. (Abstract)

characteristics were scored and temporal trends were assessed. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of corrected age was assessed using either the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition or the Griffiths Mental Development Scales. Multigroup analyses were applied as appropriate.We enrolled 160 infants with median gestational age of 26.6 weeks. PVHI was mostly unilateral (90%), associated with an ipsilateral grade III intraventricular hemorrhage (84%), and located in the parietal lobe

2020 Journal of Pediatrics

257. The neuroanatomy of speech sequencing at the syllable level. Full Text available with Trip Pro

), the supplementary motor area (SMA), and the left inferior parietal lobe (lIPL) responded more during the production of syllable sequences compared to producing the same syllables articulated one at a time.

2018 PLoS ONE

258. White matter alterations in Parkinson's disease with normal cognition precede grey matter atrophy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Decreased GM intensity was found in the left superior parietal lobe in the right (p<0.02) and left (p<0.01) flipped data. The analysis of original, un-flipped data demonstrated elevated axial diffusivity (p<0.01) in the superior and anterior corona radiata, internal capsule, and external capsule in the left hemisphere of PD relative to HC, while higher mean and radial diffusivity were discovered in the right (p<0.02 and p<0.03, respectively) and left (p<0.02 and p<0.02, respectively) in the fronto

2018 PLoS ONE

259. Severe hyposmia and aberrant functional connectivity in cognitively normal Parkinson's disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

(PD-N/MH), and 15 healthy controls (HCs).Decreased gray matter volume (GMV) was observed in the bilateral cuneus, right associative visual area, precuneus, and some areas in anterior temporal lobes in PD-SH group compared to HCs. Both the PD-SH and PD-N/MH groups showed increased GMV in the bilateral posterior insula and its surrounding regions. A widespread significant decrease in amygdala FC beyond the decreased GMV areas and olfactory cortices were found in the PD-SH group compared with the HCs (...) . Above all, decreased amygdala FC with the inferior parietal lobule, lingual gyrus, and fusiform gyrus was significantly correlated with both reduction of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised scores and severity of hyposmia in all participants. Canonical resting state networks exhibited decreased FC in the precuneus and left executive control networks but increased FC in the primary and high visual networks of patients with PD compared with HCs. Canonical network FC to other brain regions

2018 PLoS ONE

260. Structural and functional alterations in the brain during working memory in medication-naïve patients at clinical high-risk for psychosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Structural and functional alterations in the brain during working memory in medication-naïve patients at clinical high-risk for psychosis. Several previous studies suggest that clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR) is associated with prefrontal functional abnormalities and more widespread reduced grey matter in prefrontal, temporal and parietal areas. We investigated neural correlates to CHR in medication-naïve patients. 41 CHR patients and 37 healthy controls were examined with 1.5 Tesla MRI (...) , yielding functional scans while performing an N-back task and structural T1-weighted brain images. Functional and structural data underwent automated preprocessing steps in SPM and Freesurfer, correspondingly. The groups were compared employing mass-univariate strategy within the generalized linear modelling framework. CHR demonstrated reduced suppression of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) regions during n-back task. We also found that, consistent with previous findings, CHR subjects demonstrated

2018 PLoS ONE

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