How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

9,670 results for

Pain Sensation

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

9661. Effects of midazolam on pain sensations in the face. (Abstract)

Effects of midazolam on pain sensations in the face. This study investigated the effects of midazolam, a sedative, on tactile and pain sensations on the skin of the chin.Thirty-seven volunteers were segregated into four groups; the first group was the control group; the second to fourth groups were administered 0.025 mg/kg, 0.05 mg/kg, and 0.075 mg/kg of midazolam, respectively, as a bolus injection. All volunteers reclined in a dental chair for the experiment. Tactile and pain sensations were (...) determined over time after injection of midazolam, the former using von Fray thread, the latter using an esthesiometer.Thresholds of tactile sensitivity and of pain were statistically significantly different from control values at 10 minutes after injection of midazolam in the 0.05 mg/kg group and in the 0.075 mg/kg group.Although 0.025 mg/kg of midazolam produced sedation, at least 0.05 mg/kg of this agent was required to alter the thresholds for perception of tactile and painful stimulation.

1997 Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9662. Increase in the threshold of pain and touch sensation in the human face with clonidine plus 30% nitrous oxide. (Abstract)

Increase in the threshold of pain and touch sensation in the human face with clonidine plus 30% nitrous oxide. This study was undertaken to assess the effects of clonidine combined with 30% nitrous oxide on tactile and pain sensations in the human face.Thirty-three subjects were involved in the study. The subjects were divided into 4 groups: 100% oxygen with placebo; 30% N2O with placebo; 100% oxygen with clonidine (0.075 mg), and 30% N2O with clonidine. Three tests for the threshold of pain (...) sensation and tactile sensation were made at 60 minutes before and 0, 15, and 30 minutes during N2O or O2 inhalation.(1) The N2O with clonidine significantly increased the threshold of pain and tactile sensation in comparison with the other 3 treatments. (2) In terms of pain sensation, both N2O and clonidine showed significant increases in threshold of pain in comparison with the control values.These results indicate that the analgesic effects of 30% nitrous oxide are enhanced when use of the gas

1999 Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9663. The assessment of pain sensation during local anesthesia using a computerized local anesthesia (Wand) and a conventional syringe. (Abstract)

The assessment of pain sensation during local anesthesia using a computerized local anesthesia (Wand) and a conventional syringe. The purpose of this study was to compare the behavior reaction of children who received local anesthesia with a conventional syringe injection and a computerized device (Wand).One hundred and two children ages 3 to 10 years were selected for this study. In 1 group there were 55 children between the ages of 3 to 5 years old, and in the other group there were 47 (...) was found when the Wand was delivered during the first or second visit.The results suggested there was no difference in the pain behavior of children during the administration of local anesthesia with a conventional injection or a computerized device when the operator was an experienced pediatric dentist. This was true for maxillary infiltration and mandibular block. For other techniques, such as palatal injection and periodontal ligament injection, more studies should be conducted.

2003 Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9664. Music reduces sensation and distress of labor pain. (Abstract)

Music reduces sensation and distress of labor pain. Labor pain is often severe, and analgesic medication may not be indicated. In this randomized controlled trial we examined the effects of music on sensation and distress of pain in Thai primiparous women during the active phase of labor. The gate control theory of pain was the theoretical framework for this study. Randomization with a computerized minimization program was used to assign women to a music group (n = 55) or a control group (n (...) = 55). Women in the intervention group listened to soft music without lyrics for 3 hours starting early in the active phase of labor. Dual visual analog scales were used to measure sensation and distress of pain before starting the study and at three hourly posttests. While controlling for pretest scores, one-way repeated measures analysis of covariance indicated that those in the music group had significantly less sensation and distress of pain than did the control group (F (1, 107) = 18.69, p

2003 Pain management nursing : official journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9665. Rectal sensation test helps avoid pain of apical prostate biopsy. (Abstract)

Rectal sensation test helps avoid pain of apical prostate biopsy. Apical cores obtained during transrectal prostate biopsy are associated with greater pain than cores obtained from the remainder of the gland. We present a method to minimize this pain.During 30 consecutive apical biopsies the needle was purposefully placed above all rectal pain fibers, which are anatomically present only below the dentate line. All patients received a periprostatic nerve block prior to biopsy. The patient (...) was asked if he felt the sharp sensation of the needle as it was placed lightly against the rectal mucosa when the needle was aimed at apex (the rectal sensation test). If so, the needle was advanced cranially 2 to 3 mm or until he could no longer detect its light touch. The probe handle was then rotated dorsally, pulling the rectal mucosa downward until the needle was again aimed at the apex. Patients were asked to report a visual analog pain score for each biopsy. These results were compared to those

2003 The Journal of urology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9666. Suppression of pain sensation caused by millimeter waves: a double-blinded, cross-over, prospective human volunteer study. (Abstract)

Suppression of pain sensation caused by millimeter waves: a double-blinded, cross-over, prospective human volunteer study. We conducted a double-blinded, randomized, cross-over, prospective trial to evaluate the pain relief effect of millimeter waves (MW) under experimental conditions. The cold pressor test was used as a model of tonic aching pain. Twelve healthy male volunteers were exposed to an active medical MW generator and to a disabled sham generator with at least 24 h between exposures (...) . Characteristics of continuous-wave electromagnetic output from the active generator were: wavelength 7.1 mm, incident power density 25 +/- 5 mW/cm2, and duration of exposure 30 min. MW produced a significant (P < 0.05) suppression of pain sensation, with an average 37.7% gain in pain tolerance and a 49.3% increase in pain sensitivity range (the latter being the difference between pain tolerance and pain threshold values). Of the 12 volunteers, 7 (58.3%) reacted to the active MW generator with an increased

1999 Anesthesia and analgesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9667. Caregivers' beliefs regarding pain in children with cognitive impairment: relation between pain sensation and reaction increases with severity of impairment. (Abstract)

Caregivers' beliefs regarding pain in children with cognitive impairment: relation between pain sensation and reaction increases with severity of impairment. To determine whether caregivers of children with cognitive impairment (CI) have systematic beliefs regarding the pain of this special group of children and whether these beliefs are related to their general attitudes towards people with mental challenges, or their experience with, or knowledge about, children with CI .Sixty-five caregivers (...) (52 parents and 13 health care providers) of children with significant CI.Caregivers completed the Mental Retardation Attitude Inventory-Revised and provided information regarding their previous experience and learning about children with CI. They also completed the Pain Opinion Questionnaire, indicating the percentage of children with mild, moderate, or severe/profound CI that they believe experience 5 facets of pain "less than", "the same as", or "more than" children without CI: sensation

2003 Clinical Journal of Pain

9668. [The correspondence between pain stimulus and pain sensation.]. (Abstract)

[The correspondence between pain stimulus and pain sensation.]. The relationship between painful pressure stimuli and induced pain intensity was examined. For experimental pain stimulation in 26 subjects, randomized local pressure on the middle phalanxes of fingers II-IV was used (pressure area 2.56 mm(2), six different pressure levels, three different pressure times). The induced pain intensity was measured by the category splitting procedure. Our results demonstrate that the pain intensity (...) is proportional to the logarithm of the pressure stimulus. This finding is predicted by Fechner's law. The intraindividual and interindividual deviations are normally distributed. The retest reliability between measurements in the morning and in the evening amount to 0.98. Thus, the procedure can be used to objectify the pain intensity experienced.

1988 Schmerz (Berlin, Germany) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9669. Increasing pain sensation to repeated esophageal balloon distension in patients with chest pain of undetermined etiology. (Abstract)

Increasing pain sensation to repeated esophageal balloon distension in patients with chest pain of undetermined etiology. Previous studies have demonstrated lowered sensory thresholds to esophageal balloon distension in patients with chest pain of undetermined etiology. Whether this finding is specific to patients with chest pain or is simply related to an underlying esophageal motility disorder is unclear. In the present study, distension-induced pain-sensation scores and the effect (...) of repeated balloon distension were compared in patients with chest pain, dysphagia secondary to esophageal dysmotility, and healthy controls. All subjects underwent standard esophageal manometry followed by mid-esophageal balloon distension. Volumes 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 ml (each volume repeated three times) were applied in random order in a single-blind fashion, and the pain-sensation score was recorded after each distension. Pain-sensation scores varied directly with balloon volume. Mean pain scores were

1995 Digestive diseases and sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9670. Induction of non-painful and painful intestinal sensations by hypertonic saline: a new human experimental model. (Abstract)

Induction of non-painful and painful intestinal sensations by hypertonic saline: a new human experimental model. To develop a pain model for chemical stimulation of the human gut.In a double-blind experimental study 10 subjects with a previously performed sigmoidostomy were randomised to receive injections with either isotonic or hypertonic saline in the colonic mucosa. In the hypertonic experimental arm, 0.1 ml of 0.9%, 2%, 4%, and 6% and 0.2 ml of 2% and 4% saline were given. In the placebo (...) arm, six 0.9% saline injections of the same quantities were given. In a separate experiment 0.8 ml 4% saline was infused into the mucosa by a pump over a period of 2min. The pain intensity was rated on a 0-10 visual analogue scale with 5 as the pain threshold.The hypertonic saline injections resulted in local as well as referred non-painful and painful sensations in 9 out of the 10 subjects. The evoked sensations were mostly described as a smarting sensation with an intensity of median 1 (range 0

2003 European Journal of Pain Controlled trial quality: uncertain

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>