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1. Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers?

Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers? Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers? View/ Open Date 2012-05 Format Metadata Abstract Do not discourage the use of pacifiers by healthy infants who are breastfeeding

2018 PURLS

2. Effects of Pacifier Use on Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes: A Focused Practice Questions

Effects of Pacifier Use on Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes: A Focused Practice Questions i Effects of Pacifier Use on Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes A Focused Practice Question Ava Nainifard, Analyst, Research & Policy Deb McBeth-Pranger, Public Health Nurse Grace Machado, Supervisor Elizabeth Walker, Analyst, Research & Policy September 2018 ii Table of Contents Key Messages 3 Issue & Context 4 Literature Review Question 5 Literature Search 5 Relevance Assessment 6 Results of the Search 7 (...) have initiated and established breastfeeding, 1 and are motivated 2 to continue breastfeeding, pacifier use has no impact on breastfeeding duration in the first six months of life. 2. Health Canada’s safety tips: • Check the pacifier every day for breakdown (e.g. holes, tears caused by age, heat or certain foods) and ensure the nipple is securely attached to the handle. Dispose of the pacifier if it is damaged. • Replace a pacifier every two months. • Use a teething ring if the baby begins to chew

2019 Peel Health Library

3. Infant pacifiers for reduction in risk of sudden infant death syndrome. (PubMed)

Infant pacifiers for reduction in risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been most recently defined as the sudden unexpected death of an infant less than one year of age, with onset of the fatal episode apparently occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation, including the performance of a complete autopsy and a review of the circumstances of death and clinical history. Despite the success of several prevention campaigns (...) , SIDS remains a leading cause of infant mortality. In 1994, a 'triple risk model' for SIDS was proposed that described SIDS as an event that results from the intersection of three factors: a vulnerable infant; a critical development period in homeostatic control (age related); and an exogenous stressor. The association between pacifier (dummy) use and reduced incidence of SIDS has been shown in epidemiological studies since the early 1990s. Pacifier use, given its low cost, might be a cost-effective

2017 Cochrane

4. Exclusive breast-feeding is associated with reduced pacifier sucking in children: Breast-feeding and pacifier-sucking habit. (PubMed)

Exclusive breast-feeding is associated with reduced pacifier sucking in children: Breast-feeding and pacifier-sucking habit. Studies suggest that when children do not achieve the emotional satiety and adequate stimulus provided by breast-feeding, they exhibit sucking behaviors. This study aimed to estimate the association from 4 through 6 months of exclusive breast-feeding (EB) postpartum and pacifier-sucking behavior at 12 months of life.A cohort study was conducted with 1,037 infants, born (...) alive and monitored up to 12 months. At 4 and 6 months after birth, the children were classified according to the type of breast-feeding they had received: exclusive, predominant, complementary, or none. The prevalence of pacifier-sucking behavior was calculated, and the association between the 2 events was estimated. Mothers' socioeconomic-demographic characteristics, delivery features, and prenatal care, as well as the biological characteristics of the children, were determined. Relative risk (RR

2019 Journal of the American Dental Association

5. Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding. (PubMed)

Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding. To successfully initiate and maintain breastfeeding for a longer duration, the World Health Organization's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding recommends total avoidance of artificial teats or pacifiers for breastfeeding infants. Concerns have been raised that offering the pacifier instead of the breast to calm the infant may lead to less frequent episodes of breastfeeding (...) and as a consequence may reduce breast-milk production and shorten duration of breastfeeding.To assess the effect of restricted versus unrestricted pacifier use in healthy full-term newborns whose mothers have initiated breastfeeding and intend to exclusively breastfeed, on the duration of breastfeeding, other breastfeeding outcomes and infant health.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 June 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies.Randomised and quasi-randomised

2016 Cochrane

6. Pacifier use versus no pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding. (PubMed)

Pacifier use versus no pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding. To successfully initiate and maintain breastfeeding for a longer duration, the World Health Organization's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding recommends total avoidance of artificial teats or pacifiers for breastfeeding infants. Offering the pacifier instead of the breast to calm the infant may lead to less frequent episodes of breastfeeding and as a consequence may reduce breast milk (...) production and shorten duration of breastfeeding; however, this remains unclear.To assess the effect of pacifier use versus no pacifier use in healthy full-term newborns whose mothers have initiated breastfeeding and intend to exclusively breastfeed, on the duration of breastfeeding, other breastfeeding outcomes and infant health.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (31 December 2010).Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing pacifier use versus

2011 Cochrane

7. Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures

Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures - National Elf Service Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures Mar 21 2018 Posted by Pacifiers were first mentioned in the medical literature as far back as 1473 and their use is common among babies and children across the world. Their use is reported to be as high (...) as 42.5% in children up to the age of 12 months in some developed countries. Some pacifiers, designed to cause fewer side-effects have been marketed as orthodontic pacifiers. The aim of this review was to assess the effects of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures, including the evidence of differences between orthodontic and conventional pacifiers. Methods Searches were conducted in the Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of controlled trials and the Web of Science. Randomised controlled

2018 The Dental Elf

8. Pacifier and swaddling effective in impeding premature infant's pain score and heart rate. (PubMed)

Pacifier and swaddling effective in impeding premature infant's pain score and heart rate. To assess the effectiveness of pacifier and swaddling on premature infant's pain score, hearthrate, and oxygen saturation during an invasive procedure.This randomized control trial involv 30 premature infants who were randomly assigned into control (n=15) and intervention (n=15) groups using parallel design. Infants in the intervention group received pacifier and swaddling when they were undergoing (...) different in oxygen saturation in the control group (p=0.270) and in the intervention (p=0.370) group before and after the procedure.Providing pacifier and swaddling can impede the increase of premature infants' pain score and hearth rate during an invasive procedures, therefore it can be implemented as an alternative to pain management in premature infants.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

2019 Enfermeria clinica

9. Exclusive breastfeeding changes in Brazil attributable to pacifier use. (PubMed)

Exclusive breastfeeding changes in Brazil attributable to pacifier use. Identifying key interventions to increase exclusive breastfeeding duration has been a challenge. Pacifier use has been associated with exclusive breastfeeding discontinuation in Brazil. However, the proportion of the improvement in exclusive breastfeeding duration attributable to pacifier use remains unknown.Quantify the proportion of increases in exclusive breastfeeding prevalence that can be attributed to reduced pacifier (...) use over time.Secondary data analyses of two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys conducted in States' capitals in 1999 and in 2008 (N = 42,395 Brazilian infants under 6 months of age). We estimated the fraction of exclusive breastfeeding prevalence improvements that could be attributed to pacifier use based on multilevel regression analysis.From 1999 to 2008, there was an increase of 15.2 percentage points in exclusive breastfeeding prevalence and a decrease of approximately 17

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2018 PLoS ONE

10. Poor oral habits and malocclusions after usage of orthodontic pacifiers: an observational study on 3-5 years old children. (PubMed)

Poor oral habits and malocclusions after usage of orthodontic pacifiers: an observational study on 3-5 years old children. Pacifier sucking habit has been associated in the literature with alterations of dental occlusion, and it could be a predisposing factor for other poor oral habits among children. Orthodontic pacifiers have been introduced in the market aiming to reduce these disadvantages caused by the conventional type of pacifiers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence (...) of poor oral habits and malocclusions, after usage of orthodontic pacifiers in children with primary dentition.A sample of 198 pre-school children, aged 3-5 years, (96 males and 102 females) who had exclusively used an orthodontic pacifier were included in order to assess the level of poor oral habits and the absence/presence of dental malocclusion. Firstly, children's parents/legal guardians were given a validated questionnaire, then the children were clinically examined at a dental clinic.Most

2019 BMC Pediatrics

11. Involvement of maternal grandmother and teenage mother in intervention to reduce pacifier use: a randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Involvement of maternal grandmother and teenage mother in intervention to reduce pacifier use: a randomized clinical trial. To assess the impact of an intervention for teenage mothers with the involvement of maternal grandmothers on the prevalence of pacifier use in the first six months of life.This randomized clinical trial involved 323 teenage mothers, allocated to four groups: intervention with teenagers only, intervention with teenagers and their mothers, and respective controls. Six (...) breastfeeding counseling sessions, including the recommendation to avoid the use of a pacifier, were delivered at the maternity ward and subsequently at the teenagers' homes, at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days postpartum. Data on infant feeding and pacifier use were collected monthly by interviewers blinded to group allocation. The impact of the intervention was measured by comparing survival curves for pacifier use in the first six months of life and mean time to pacifier introduction.The intervention had

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2018 Jornal de pediatria

12. Effect of intravenous fentanyl on ticagrelor absorption and platelet inhibition among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: Design, rationale, and sample characteristics of the PACIFY randomized trial. (PubMed)

Effect of intravenous fentanyl on ticagrelor absorption and platelet inhibition among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: Design, rationale, and sample characteristics of the PACIFY randomized trial. Morphine reduces and delays the absorption of oral P2Y12 platelet inhibitors. Fentanyl is another opiate often administered during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The PACIFY study will test whether intravenous fentanyl also impairs the absorption and action of oral

2018 Contemporary clinical trials

13. Letter by Kikkert et al Regarding Article, "Effect of Intravenous Fentanyl on Ticagrelor Absorption and Platelet Inhibition Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial (Platelet Aggregation With Ticag (PubMed)

Letter by Kikkert et al Regarding Article, "Effect of Intravenous Fentanyl on Ticagrelor Absorption and Platelet Inhibition Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial (Platelet Aggregation With Ticag 29986966 2018 07 10 1524-4539 138 2 2018 Jul 10 Circulation Circulation Letter by Kikkert et al Regarding Article, "Effect of Intravenous Fentanyl on Ticagrelor Absorption and Platelet Inhibition Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary (...) Intervention: The PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial (Platelet Aggregation With Ticagrelor Inhibition and Fentanyl)". 214-215 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.032464 Kikkert Wouter J WJ Department of Cardiology, Heart Center, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Delewi Ronak R Department of Cardiology, Heart Center, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Claessen Bimmer E P M BEPM Department of Cardiology, Heart Center, Academic Medical Center, University

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2018 Circulation

14. Response by Ibrahim et al to Letter Regarding Article, "Effect of Intravenous Fentanyl on Ticagrelor Absorption and Platelet Inhibition Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial (Platelet Aggregatio (PubMed)

Response by Ibrahim et al to Letter Regarding Article, "Effect of Intravenous Fentanyl on Ticagrelor Absorption and Platelet Inhibition Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial (Platelet Aggregatio 29986967 2018 07 10 1524-4539 138 2 2018 Jul 10 Circulation Circulation Response by Ibrahim et al to Letter Regarding Article, "Effect of Intravenous Fentanyl on Ticagrelor Absorption and Platelet Inhibition Among Patients Undergoing (...) Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial (Platelet Aggregation With Ticagrelor Inhibition and Fentanyl)". 216-217 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.034741 Ibrahim Khalil K Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Shah Rohan R Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. McEvoy John W JW Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins

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2018 Circulation

15. Pacifiers and Breastfeeding Among Mothers at Risk for Postpartum Depression

Pacifiers and Breastfeeding Among Mothers at Risk for Postpartum Depression Pacifiers and Breastfeeding Among Mothers at Risk for Postpartum Depression - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Pacifiers and Breastfeeding Among Mothers at Risk for Postpartum Depression The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03709004 Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting First Posted : October 17, 2018 Last Update Posted

2018 Clinical Trials

16. Fentanyl Delays the Platelet Inhibition Effects of Oral Ticagrelor: Full Report of the PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Fentanyl Delays the Platelet Inhibition Effects of Oral Ticagrelor: Full Report of the PACIFY Randomized Clinical Trial. Morphine delays oral P2Y12 platelet inhibitor absorption and is associated with adverse outcomes after myocardial infarction. Consequently, many physicians and first responders are now considering fentanyl as an alternative. We conducted a single-centre trial randomizing cardiac patients undergoing coronary angiography to intravenous fentanyl or not. All participants received

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2018 Thrombosis and haemostasis

17. Infant sleep and the influence of a pacifier. (PubMed)

Infant sleep and the influence of a pacifier. Divergent opinions are found in the literature regarding the use of a pacifier. During the longitudinal follow-up of children, health professionals must take a position on this issue and offer clear information regarding the pros and cons of pacifier use so that parents/caregivers can feel comfortable enough to make their own decision.Evaluate the beneficial effects of pacifier use on the sleep quality of infants.A cross-sectional study (...) was conducted at public day care centres in the city of Recife, Brazil. Interviews were held with 157 mothers of infants aged five to 13 months. Data were collected on the mother's and child's profiles. Child's sleep quality was determined using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire.The results demonstrated no statistically significant differences between the group that used a pacifier and the group that did not use a pacifier with regard to sleep variables of the child.When deciding whether or not to permit

2018 International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

18. Breastfeeding + pacifiers = no problem

Breastfeeding + pacifiers = no problem The AFP Community Blog: Breastfeeding + pacifiers = no problem | Monday, March 12, 2018 - Jennifer Middleton, MD, MPH In the designated " " hospital where I round, the in the newborn nursery. Advising breastfeeding mothers about the , despite conflicting studies regarding the validity of this risk. A Cochrane meta-analysis, may put the controversy to rest, as the reviewers found that pacifier use did not interfere with the establishment or duration (...) of breastfeeding. for their meta-analysis, both of which divided breastfeeding mothers of newborn infants into two groups: one where pacifiers were prohibited, and one where pacifiers were permitted. Researchers in both RCTs found no difference in breastfeeding rates at 3-4 months of life between these two groups. Arguments against pacifier use have cited ; the permissive pacifier groups in both of these RCTs, however, included pacifier use even in the immediate newborn period. As these RCTs only included

2018 The AFP Community Blog

19. The Use of a Pacifier to Correct Malocclusions in Young Children

The Use of a Pacifier to Correct Malocclusions in Young Children The Use of a Pacifier to Correct Malocclusions in Young Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Use of a Pacifier (...) : University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland Information provided by (Responsible Party): University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of a pacifier (102 Medical Pacifier, Curaprox, Switzerland) on malocclusions like posterior crossbite, anterior open bite, larger overjet and tongue dysfunction in young children. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Malocclusion Device: Functional Pacifier Behavioral

2018 Clinical Trials

20. Pacifier Use and Early Life Weight Outcomes in the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories Study. (PubMed)

Pacifier Use and Early Life Weight Outcomes in the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories Study. Although widely used by infants, little is known about the long-term effects of pacifiers. We investigated relationships between pacifier use in infancy and appetite, temperament, feeding, and weight outcomes through age 2 years using data from the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories study.Mother-newborn dyads were randomized to a responsive (...) parenting intervention for obesity prevention or a control group. Infants with data on pacifier use (n = 250) were categorized as using a pacifier beyond early infancy (≥4 months of age) or not. Anthropometrics were measured at 6 months, 1, and 2 years with overweight defined as weight-for-length ≥95th percentile at 1 year and BMI ≥85th percentile at 2 years. Mothers completed questionnaires on temperament, appetite, and feeding.Infants who used a pacifier at 4 months or later (68%) had greater

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2018 Childhood obesity (Print)

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