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141. Comparison of the Effects of Tadalafil and α<sub>1</sub>-Adrenoceptor Antagonists on Spontaneous Seminal Emission and Electrical Field Stimulation-Induced Seminal Vesicle Contraction in Rats. (Abstract)

Comparison of the Effects of Tadalafil and α1-Adrenoceptor Antagonists on Spontaneous Seminal Emission and Electrical Field Stimulation-Induced Seminal Vesicle Contraction in Rats. Although numerous reports have shown that α1-adrenoceptor (α1-AR) antagonists, which are used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), can cause ejaculatory disorders, few studies have investigated whether the phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor tadalafil has such adverse effects. In this study, we (...) antagonist (silodosin, naftopidil, or tamsulosin) for 3 days and housed in wire-bottomed cages. Ejaculatory plugs dropped on the bottoms of the cages were counted and weighed. To assess the intraluminal pressure of seminal vesicles, the hypogastric nerve of urethane-anesthetized rats was isolated and electrically stimulated. After stabilization of seminal vesicle contraction, the rats were intravenously administered test drugs. The expression of PDE5, endothelial nitric oxide synthetase (eNOS

2019 Journal Of Sexual Medicine

142. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Reduces Knee Osteoarthritic Pain by Inhibiting Spinal Glial Cells in Rats. (Abstract)

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Reduces Knee Osteoarthritic Pain by Inhibiting Spinal Glial Cells in Rats. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for pain control. However, the effects of TENS on osteoarthritis (OA) pain and potential underlying mechanisms remain unclear.The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of TENS on OA pain treatment and underlying mechanisms related to glial cell inhibition.This was an experimental study.OA

2019 Physical therapy

143. Use of a Novel Functional Electrical Stimulation Gait Training System in 2 Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy: A Case Series Exploring Neurotherapeutic Changes. (Abstract)

Use of a Novel Functional Electrical Stimulation Gait Training System in 2 Adolescents With Cerebral Palsy: A Case Series Exploring Neurotherapeutic Changes. Cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by decreased passive joint range-of-motion and impaired walking, resulting in progressive loss of function. Typical gait training interventions for children with CP appear insufficient to mitigate these effects. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of a new treadmill-based gait (...) training intervention using active correction with functional electrical stimulation (FES) in 2 adolescents with CP.Two participants with CP (13-year-old girls, Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] level II and III) trained by walking on a treadmill, with FES assistance, for 30 minutes, 3 times per week, for 12 weeks. The intervention used a feedback control system to detect all 7 phases of gait in real time and triggered FES to the appropriate muscle groups (up to 5 bilaterally) based

2019 Physical therapy

144. Dose-Response Relationship Between Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Muscle Function in People With Rheumatoid Arthritis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dose-Response Relationship Between Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Muscle Function in People With Rheumatoid Arthritis. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a viable intervention for improving impaired muscle function in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there is limited evidence about the dose-response relationship between NMES and muscle function in these individuals.The objectives of this study were to investigate the dose-response relationship between

2019 Physical therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

145. The Effects of GJB2 or SLC26A4 Gene Mutations on Neural Response of the Electrically Stimulated Auditory Nerve in Children. (Abstract)

The Effects of GJB2 or SLC26A4 Gene Mutations on Neural Response of the Electrically Stimulated Auditory Nerve in Children. This study aimed to (1) investigate the effect of GJB2 and SLC26A4 gene mutations on auditory nerve function in pediatric cochlear implant users and (2) compare their results with those measured in implanted children with idiopathic hearing loss.Participants included 20 children with biallelic GJB2 mutations, 16 children with biallelic SLC26A4 mutations, and 19 children (...) but not with SLC26A4 mutations when compared with idiopathic hearing loss. In addition, significant effects of electrode location were observed for slope of eCAP I/O function and the eCAP threshold.GJB2 and SLC26A4 gene mutations did not alter polarity sensitivity of auditory nerve fibers to electrical stimulation. The anodic-leading stimulus was generally more effective in activating auditory nerve fibers than the cathodic-leading stimulus, despite the presence of GJB2 or SLC26A4 mutations. Patients with GJB2

2019 Ear and hearing

146. Effects of electrical muscle stimulation in frail elderly patients during haemodialysis (DIAL): rationale and protocol for a crossover randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of electrical muscle stimulation in frail elderly patients during haemodialysis (DIAL): rationale and protocol for a crossover randomised controlled trial. The phenomenon of population ageing is accompanied by increases in the number of elderly haemodialysis patients worldwide. The incidence of frailty is high in the haemodialysis population and is associated with poor clinical outcome. Although several interventions have been developed for use in general haemodialysis patients (...) , the efficacy of such rehabilitation programmes in frail elderly patients on haemodialysis has not been elucidated. Here, we examined whether electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) would show beneficial effects in frail elderly patients on haemodialysis.This is a randomised, two-period, controlled crossover trial, which will enrol 20 patients. Haemodialysis patients aged ≥65 years and defined as frail (ie, Short Physical Performance Battery score 4-9), will be randomly assigned to either group 1 (EMS

2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

147. Effects of a training programme of functional electrical stimulation (FES) powered cycling, recreational cycling and goal-directed exercise training on children with cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of a training programme of functional electrical stimulation (FES) powered cycling, recreational cycling and goal-directed exercise training on children with cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial protocol. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience declines in gross motor ability as they transition from childhood to adolescence, which can result in the loss of ability to perform sit-to-stand transfers, ambulate or participate in leisure activities such as cycling. Functional (...) electrical stimulation (FES) cycling is a novel technology that may provide opportunities for children with CP to strengthen their lower limbs, improve functional independence and increase physical activity participation. The proposed randomised controlled trial will test the efficacy of a training package of FES cycling, adapted cycling and goal-directed functional training to usual care in children with CP who are susceptible to functional declines.Forty children with CP (20 per group), aged 6-8 years

2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

148. Apical splenic nerve electrical stimulation discloses an anti-inflammatory pathway relying on adrenergic and nicotinic receptors in myeloid cells. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Apical splenic nerve electrical stimulation discloses an anti-inflammatory pathway relying on adrenergic and nicotinic receptors in myeloid cells. The autonomic nervous system innervates all lymphoid tissues including the spleen therefore providing a link between the central nervous system and the immune system. The only known mechanism of neural inhibition of inflammation in the spleen relies on the production of norepinephrine by splenic catecholaminergic fibers which binds to β2-adrenergic (...) with an artery and contain catecholaminergic fibers, the third is located at the apex of the spleen and contain both catecholaminergic and cholinergic fibers. We found that electrical stimulation of the apical nerve, but not the arterial nerves, inhibited inflammation independently of lymphocytes. In striking contrast to the anti-inflammatory pathway mechanism described so far, we also found that the inhibition of inflammation by apical nerve electrical stimulation relied on signaling by both β 2-ARs

2019 Brain, behavior, and immunity

149. Modulation of saccades in humans by electrical stimulation of the posterior subthalamic area. (Abstract)

Modulation of saccades in humans by electrical stimulation of the posterior subthalamic area. OBJECTIVEPosterior subthalamic area (PSA) deep brain stimulation (DBS) targeting the zona incerta (ZI) is an emerging treatment for tremor syndromes, including Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). Evidence from animal studies has indicated that the ZI may play a role in saccadic eye movements via pathways between the ZI and superior colliculus (incerto-collicular pathways). PSA DBS (...) permitted testing this hypothesis in humans.METHODSSixteen patients (12 with PD and 4 with ET) underwent DBS using the MRI-directed implantable guide tube technique. Active electrode positions were confirmed at the caudal ZI. Eye movements were tested using direct current electrooculography (EOG) in the medicated state pre- and postoperatively on a horizontal predictive task subtending 30°. Postoperative assessments consisted of stimulation-off, constituting a microlesion (ML) condition, and high

2019 Journal of Neurosurgery

150. Focal electrical stimulation of dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus modulates auditory response properties of inferior collicular neurons in the albino mouse. (Abstract)

Focal electrical stimulation of dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus modulates auditory response properties of inferior collicular neurons in the albino mouse. The inferior colliculus (IC) receives and integrates excitatory and inhibitory inputs from many bilateral lower auditory nuclei, intrinsic projections within IC, contralateral IC through the commissure of IC and from the auditory cortex (AC). These excitatory and inhibitory inputs from both ascending and descending auditory pathways (...) contribute significantly to auditory response properties and temporal signal processing in IC. The present study examines the contribution of gamma-aminobutyric acid-ergic (GABAergic) inhibition of dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus (DNLL) in influencing the response properties and amplitude sensitivity of contralateral IC neurons using focal electrical stimulation of contralateral DNLL and by the application of bicuculline to the recording site of modulated IC neurons. Focal electrical stimulation

2019 Hearing Research

151. Electrical Stimulation of the Greater Auricular Nerve to Reduce Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electrical Stimulation of the Greater Auricular Nerve to Reduce Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation. Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs in up to 40% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Invasive stimulation of the vagal nerve previously demonstrated a reduced risk of POAF. Therefore, we examined the antiarrhythmic and anti-inflammatory effects of noninvasive low-level transcutaneous electrical stimulation (LLTS) of the greater auricular nerve in a pilot trial including patients (...) undergoing cardiac surgery.Patients were randomized into a sham (n=20) or a treatment group (n=20) for LLTS. After cardiac surgery, electrodes were applied in the triangular fossa of the ear. Stimulation (amplitude 1 mA, frequency 1 Hz for 40 minutes, followed by a 20 minutes break) was performed for up to 2 weeks after cardiac surgery. Heart rhythm was recorded continuously using an ECG during the observation period. CRP (C-reactive protein) and IL (interleukin)-6 plasma concentrations were measured

2019 Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology

152. Comparison of the efficacy of continuous epidural block with epidural electrical stimulation and conventional continuous epidural block for management of zoster-associated pain beyond the acute phase: A retrospective study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of the efficacy of continuous epidural block with epidural electrical stimulation and conventional continuous epidural block for management of zoster-associated pain beyond the acute phase: A retrospective study. Continuous epidural block (CEB) is a popular clinical method for controlling postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, the long-term effects of CEB on PHN have not yet been established. This study aimed to confirm the clinical efficacy of epidural electrical stimulation (...) using electrical stimulation catheters may be more useful in mitigating zoster-associated pain in subacute PHN.

2019 Medicine

153. Interaction Between Electric and Acoustic Stimulation Influences Speech Perception in Ipsilateral EAS Users. (Abstract)

Interaction Between Electric and Acoustic Stimulation Influences Speech Perception in Ipsilateral EAS Users. The aim of this study was to determine electric-acoustic masking in cochlear implant users with ipsilateral residual hearing and different electrode insertion depths and to investigate the influence on speech reception. The effects of different fitting strategies-meet, overlap, and a newly developed masking adjusted fitting (UNMASKfit)-on speech reception are compared. If electric (...) -acoustic masking has a detrimental effect on speech reception, the individualized UNMASKfit map might be able to reduce masking and thereby enhance speech reception.Fifteen experienced MED-EL Flex electrode recipients with ipsilateral residual hearing participated in a crosssover design study using three fitting strategies for 4 weeks each. The following strategies were compared: (1) a meet fitting, dividing the frequency range between electric and acoustic stimulation, (2) an overlap fitting

2019 Ear and hearing

154. Peripheral electrical stimulation reduces postoperative hypoxemia in patients at risk for obstructive sleep apnea: a randomized-controlled trial. (Abstract)

Peripheral electrical stimulation reduces postoperative hypoxemia in patients at risk for obstructive sleep apnea: a randomized-controlled trial. Severity of hypoxemic events resulting from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is correlated with increased risk of complications and sudden death. We studied the use of a peripheral transcutaneous electrical stimulus (TES) on the magnitude and duration of sleep apnea associated hypoxemia in postoperative patients at high risk for OSA.In this randomized (...) of SpO2 recorded during the first hour (median 90.5% vs 87.9%, respectively; P = 0.04). Among patients with at least one SpO2 < 93%, there were fewer with SpO2 < 90% in the active group (55% vs 84%, respectively; P = 0.009). No adverse events related to TES were reported.In postoperative surgical patients at risk for OSA, peripheral transcutaneous electrical stimulation applied during apneic episodes decreased the duration and magnitude of hypoxemia.www.ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02554110); registered 18

2019 Canadian Journal Of Anaesthesia Controlled trial quality: predicted high

155. Effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with rehabilitation training for treatment of post-stroke limb spasticity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with rehabilitation training for treatment of post-stroke limb spasticity. This study aims to systematically explore the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with rehabilitation training (RT) for the treatment of post-stroke limb spasticity (PSLS).We will search Cochrane Library, MEDILINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, PsycINFO, WOS, Scopus, OpenGrey, and 4 Chinese databases from inception to the present

2019 Medicine

156. [Evaluation of the effect of electrical stimulation combined with biofeedback therapy for postpartum pelvic organ prolapse: a static and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging study]. (Abstract)

[Evaluation of the effect of electrical stimulation combined with biofeedback therapy for postpartum pelvic organ prolapse: a static and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging study]. Objective: To explore the clinical value of static and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating the effect of electrical stimulation combined with biofeedback in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse postpartum. Methods: A total of 50 primiparas diagnosed as pelvic organ prolapse postpartum from (...) February 2016 to November 2017 were randomly divided into treatment group (24 cases) and control group (26 cases). The control group recovered spontaneously, and the treatment group received electric stimulation combined with biofeedback therapy (6 weeks). All subjects underwent static and dynamic MRI before and after treatment. The thickness of bilateral puborectal muscles, levator ani hiatus area (LHA), H line, M line and levator ani plate angle (LPA) were respectively measured in rest state

2019 Zhonghua yi xue za zhi Controlled trial quality: uncertain

157. Effect of calf muscle electrical stimulation on rostral fluid shift, snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. (Abstract)

Effect of calf muscle electrical stimulation on rostral fluid shift, snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Overnight fluid shift from the legs into the neck may contribute to the pathogenesis of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The present study investigates the effects of calf muscle electrical stimulation (ES) on reducing leg fluid accumulation while seated, subsequent rostral fluid shift on lying down, and the impact on snoring and OSA.Sixteen non-obese, normotensive men with OSA

2019 Sleep medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

158. Negative pressure wound therapy versus microcurrent electrical stimulation in wound healing in burns. (Abstract)

Negative pressure wound therapy versus microcurrent electrical stimulation in wound healing in burns. To compare the efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with that of microcurrent electrical stimulation (MES) on wound surface area, length of stay (LoS) and colony count of wounds in patients with burns.Patients with thermal dermal burn injuries covering 25-40% of total body surface area were enrolled in this clinical trial. Participants were randomly allocated into three, equal

2019 Journal of wound care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

159. [Effect of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation on prevention of intensive care unit-acquired weakness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with mechanical ventilation]. (Abstract)

[Effect of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation on prevention of intensive care unit-acquired weakness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with mechanical ventilation]. To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation on prevention of intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with mechanical ventilation.A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. Sixty COPD (...) patients aged 18-85 years old who were accepted mechanical ventilation therapy admitted to general intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Medicine from October 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into control group (n = 30) and intervention group (n = 30) by random number table method. All patients were accepted routine treatment, and on this basis, the intervention group was applied transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation

2019 Zhonghua wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue Controlled trial quality: uncertain

160. A stimulus for eating. The use of neuromuscular transcutaneous electrical stimulation in patients affected by severe dysphagia after subacute stroke: A pilot randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

A stimulus for eating. The use of neuromuscular transcutaneous electrical stimulation in patients affected by severe dysphagia after subacute stroke: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common problem in subacute stroke patients leading to aspiration pneumonia and malnutrition. Non-invasive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) coupled with traditional therapy could be best treatment option for patients with post-stroke dysphagia, however results are still (...) inconclusive and more studies are requested.The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of laryngopharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation on dysphagia caused by stroke.Thirty-three patients affected by subacute stroke and dysphagia participated in this study. The subjects were divided into NMES plus traditional dysphagia training (n = 17) and traditional dysphagia training alone in a time matched condition (n = 16). Both groups were treated 5 days/week for 8 weeks. All patients were

2019 NeuroRehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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