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181. Does adding transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to therapeutic ultrasound affect pain or function in people with osteoarthritis of the knee? A randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Does adding transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to therapeutic ultrasound affect pain or function in people with osteoarthritis of the knee? A randomized controlled trial. To compare the efficacy of therapeutic ultrasound combined with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation versus therapeutic ultrasound alone for pain relief and functional improvement in patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis.Randomized controlled trial (blinded assessor).Outpatient.A total of 148 ambulatory (...) knee osteoarthritis patients (pain score ⩾ 5/10) were recruited as study participants.Ultrasound combined with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (study group) or ultrasound (control group). Both groups received treatment in the supine position for 10 minutes per session, for 10 sessions within two weeks.Pain score and gait speed were measured after random allocation and on day 10. Adverse events, global assessment, and patient satisfaction were recorded after treatment.All baseline data

2019 Clinical rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: predicted high

182. [Effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pain of patients in expansion process of skin soft tissue dilator on forehead by water injection]. (Abstract)

[Effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pain of patients in expansion process of skin soft tissue dilator on forehead by water injection]. Objective: To explore the effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on pain of patients in expansion process of skin soft tissue dilator on forehead by water injection. Methods: From June 2016 to June 2017, 100 patients in expansion process of skin soft tissue dilator on forehead by water injection meeting (...) with routine nursing in every water injection in outpatient department and 2 days later. On the basis of routine nursing, patients in TEAS nursing group were performed with TEAS treatment by responsible nurses in each water injection in outpatient department. The Shangxing, Diwei, and Hegu points were positioned accurately, and electrical stimulation was performed on the 3 points simultaneously by pulse acupuncture treatment instrument, with 30 minutes each time. Two days after every water injection

2019 Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns Controlled trial quality: uncertain

183. Effects of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Masseter Muscle on Oral Dysfunction After Stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Masseter Muscle on Oral Dysfunction After Stroke. To determine positive effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in conventional dysphagia therapy on masseter muscle oral dysfunction of patients after subacute stroke.Among subacute stroke patients who were diagnosed as oropharyngeal dysphagia by videofluoroscopy swallowing study (VFSS), those with oral dysfunction were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to a study group

2019 Annals of rehabilitation medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

184. Abdominal functional electrical stimulation to assist ventilator weaning in critical illness: a double-blinded, randomised, sham-controlled pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Abdominal functional electrical stimulation to assist ventilator weaning in critical illness: a double-blinded, randomised, sham-controlled pilot study. For every day a person is dependent on mechanical ventilation, respiratory and cardiac complications increase, quality of life decreases and costs increase by > $USD 1500. Interventions that improve respiratory muscle function during mechanical ventilation can reduce ventilation duration. The aim of this pilot study was to assess (...) the feasibility of employing an abdominal functional electrical stimulation (abdominal FES) training program with critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. We also investigated the effect of abdominal FES on respiratory muscle atrophy, mechanical ventilation duration and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay.Twenty critically ill mechanically ventilated participants were recruited over a 6-month period from one metropolitan teaching hospital. They were randomly assigned to receive active or sham

2019 Critical care (London, England) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

185. Impairment-Based Rehabilitation With Patterned Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation and Lower Extremity Function in Individuals With Patellofemoral Pain: A Preliminary Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impairment-Based Rehabilitation With Patterned Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation and Lower Extremity Function in Individuals With Patellofemoral Pain: A Preliminary Study. Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a chronic condition that presents with lower extremity muscle weakness, decreased flexibility, subjective functional limitations, pain, and decreased physical activity. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation (PENS) has been shown to affect muscle activation and pain after a single

2019 Journal of athletic training Controlled trial quality: uncertain

186. Functional electrical stimulation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a randomized controlled pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional electrical stimulation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a randomized controlled pilot study. Inadequate quadriceps strength following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) often results in alterations in gait pattern that are usually reported during loading response. Neuro-muscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is frequently used to overcome this quadriceps weakness. Despite the beneficial effects of NMES, persistent deficits in strength and gait (...) are reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of applying quadriceps functional electrical stimulation (FES) during walking in addition to standard rehabilitation, in the initial stage of ACLR rehabilitation.Subjects were randomized to quadriceps FES synchronized with walking group (n = 10) or quadriceps NMES (duty cycle of 10 s on/10 s off) group (n = 13). Both interventions were performed for 10 min three days a week, in addition to a standard rehabilitation program. Assessments

2019 Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

187. Advanced weight-bearing mat exercises combined with functional electrical stimulation to improve the ability of wheelchair-dependent people with spinal cord injury to transfer and attain independence in activities of daily living: a randomized controlled (Abstract)

Advanced weight-bearing mat exercises combined with functional electrical stimulation to improve the ability of wheelchair-dependent people with spinal cord injury to transfer and attain independence in activities of daily living: a randomized controlled Randomized controlled trial.To determine the effects of advanced weight-bearing mat exercises (AWMEs) with/without functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles on the ability of wheelchair-dependent people

2019 Spinal cord Controlled trial quality: predicted high

188. Transcutaneous electrical acupuncture point stimulation improves pregnancy outcomes in patients with recurrent implantation failure undergoing in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer: a prospective, randomised trial. (Abstract)

Transcutaneous electrical acupuncture point stimulation improves pregnancy outcomes in patients with recurrent implantation failure undergoing in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer: a prospective, randomised trial. To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupuncture stimulation (TEAS) on pregnancy outcomes in patients with recurrent implantation failure (RIF) undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF).A total of 122 women with RIF undergoing fresh embryo transfer cycle IVF were (...) randomly allocated to a TEAS or mock TEAS (MTEAS) group. Gonadotrophin therapy using a long protocol was provided in both groups. TEAS consisted of 30 min of stimulation (9-25 mA, 2 Hz) at SP6, CV3, CV4 and Zigong from day 5 of the ovarian stimulation cycle once every other day until the day of embryo transfer. The patients in the control group received MTEAS. Implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates were compared.In the TEAS group, the implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate and live

2019 Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

189. High-Frequency Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Increases Anabolic Signaling. (Abstract)

High-Frequency Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Increases Anabolic Signaling. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in rehabilitation settings to increase muscle mass and strength. However, the effects of NMES on muscle growth are not clear and no human studies have compared anabolic signaling between low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) NMES. The purpose of this study was to determine the skeletal muscle anabolic signaling response to an acute bout of LF (...) for eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 phosphorylation (P > 0.05).An acute bout of LF- and HF-NMES upregulated anabolic signaling with HF-NMES producing a greater anabolic response compared with LF-NMES, suggesting that HF stimulation may provide a stronger stimulus for processes that initiate muscle hypertrophy. In addition, the stimulation frequency parameter should be considered by clinicians in the design of optimal NMES treatment protocols.

2019 Medicine and science in sports and exercise Controlled trial quality: uncertain

190. Effect of afferent electrical stimulation with mirror therapy on motor function, balance, and gait in chronic stroke survivors: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Effect of afferent electrical stimulation with mirror therapy on motor function, balance, and gait in chronic stroke survivors: a randomized controlled trial. When solely mirror therapy is applied for a long period of time, spatial perception and attention to the damaged side may decrease, and the effect of mirror therapy may be limited. To overcome this limitation, it has recently been suggested that the combination of mirror therapy with mirror treatment is effective.The aim of this study (...) was to investigate the effects of afferent electrical stimulation with mirror therapy on motor function, balance, and gait in chronic stroke survivors.A randomized controlled trial.Rehabilitation center.Thirty stroke survivors were randomly assigned to two groups: the experimental group (N.=15) and the control group (N.=15).Participants of the experimental group received afferent electrical stimulation with mirror therapy, and participants of the control group received sham afferent electrical stimulation

2019 European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

191. Effects of Electrical Muscle Stimulation on Waist Circumstance in Adults with Adbominal Obesity: A Randomized, Double-blind, Sham-Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Effects of Electrical Muscle Stimulation on Waist Circumstance in Adults with Adbominal Obesity: A Randomized, Double-blind, Sham-Controlled Trial. We investigated the effects of electrical muscle stimulationon waist circumference as compared with an identical device providing transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation as control in adults with abdominal obesity.This was a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial. Sixty patients with abdominal obesity received electrical muscle (...) stimulation or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation randomly five times a week for 12 weeks.The electrical muscle stimulationgroup achieved a mean 5.2±2.8 cm decrease in waist circumference while the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group showed only a 2.9±3.3 cm decrease (P=0.005). About 20 (70.0%) of the electrical muscle stimulation group lost more than 4 cm of waist circumference but that only 8 (33.3%) of the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group did so (P=0.008

2019 JNMA; journal of the Nepal Medical Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

192. Combined Therapy With Functional Electrical Stimulation and Standing Frame in Stroke Patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Combined Therapy With Functional Electrical Stimulation and Standing Frame in Stroke Patients. To investigate the effects of combination functional electrical stimulation (FES) and standing frame training on standing balance in stroke patients.Patients who had hemiparesis and postural instability after stroke were randomly assigned to one of the two groups; study group underwent FES on the quadriceps and tibialis anterior muscle simultaneously with standing balance training. The control group

2019 Annals of rehabilitation medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

193. A comparison of the initial orthotic effects of functional electrical stimulation and ankle-foot orthoses on the speed and oxygen cost of gait in multiple sclerosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A comparison of the initial orthotic effects of functional electrical stimulation and ankle-foot orthoses on the speed and oxygen cost of gait in multiple sclerosis. Foot drop affects walking in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). This study compares the initial orthotic effects of two treatments for foot drop: ankle-foot orthoses (AFO) and functional electrical stimulation (FES), on the speed and oxygen cost of walking in MS.Seventy-eight pwMS were randomised to receive AFO or FES (ODFS (...) PACE (OML, Salisbury, UK)). Participants completed the 25-ft walk test (25ftWT) and 5-min self-selected walk test (5minSSWT), from which oxygen cost was determined, with and without their device. Between-, within- and sub-group analyses (based on baseline walking speed of <0.8 m/s (slow) or ≥0.8 m/s (fast)) were undertaken.No significant differences between baseline measures were observed. The AFO group walked significantly slower than the FES group (5minSSWT, p = 0.037, 0.11 m/s). The AFO group

2019 Journal of rehabilitation and assistive technologies engineering Controlled trial quality: uncertain

194. Effects of Electrical Muscle Stimulation in Subjects Undergoing Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Electrical Muscle Stimulation in Subjects Undergoing Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation. Muscle atrophy and deconditioning are common complications in patients on prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV). There are few studies that reviewed the effects of electrical muscle stimulation in this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of electrical muscle stimulation on muscle function and hospitalization outcomes in subjects with PMV.Subjects on mechanical (...) ventilation for ≥21 d were randomly assigned to the electrical muscle stimulation group (n = 16) or the control group (n = 17). The electrical muscle stimulation group received daily muscle electrical stimulation for 30 min/session for 10 d. The measurement of muscle strength (by medical research council [MRC] scale), leg circumference, and physical functional status (by Functional Independence Measure [FIM] scores) were performed before and after completion of the study. The length of stay in respiratory

2019 Respiratory care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

195. Functional electrical stimulation improves reaching movement in the shoulder and elbow muscles of stroke patients: A three-dimensional motion analysis. (Abstract)

Functional electrical stimulation improves reaching movement in the shoulder and elbow muscles of stroke patients: A three-dimensional motion analysis. Recovery of motor function following stroke is essential to restore adequate functionality. The use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) technology as a neuroprosthesis to enhance the motor function of the UL, and thus facilitate the performance of ADL, could lead to a stroke patient's greater activity and participation in daily life.The (...) aim of the present study was to establish whether the application of FES in patients who have suffered a stroke with UL motor impairment is able to modify and facilitate their reaching patterns, measured by a three-dimensional motion capture system.20 patients with chronic stroke participated in this study. For muscle stimulation, the electrical stimulator Compex® was used. Motion analysis was performed using the VICON Motion System®. Joint movements of the thorax, shoulder and elbow were analyzed

2019 Restorative neurology and neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

196. Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on the salivary flow of patients with hyposalivation induced by radiotherapy in the head and neck region-A randomised clinical trial. (Abstract)

Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on the salivary flow of patients with hyposalivation induced by radiotherapy in the head and neck region-A randomised clinical trial. Hyposalivation is a frequent complication after treatment with radiotherapy. To evaluate the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on the hyposalivation assessed through stimulated salivary flow (SSF). In this clinical trial, 68 patients (with hyposalivation) were randomly assigned (...) to control (n = 31) or TENS (n = 37) group. Participants in control group received habitual care, while those in TENS group received 8 sessions (20 minutes each) delivered twice a week for four weeks. The electrodes were attached over the skin covering the salivary glands. The electric pulse was adjusted at a frequency of 50 Hz, pulse width of 250 μs and as intense as tolerated. SSF was evaluated through sialometry. Self-perception of salivary flow (SPSF) and quality of life (QL) was evaluated prior

2019 Journal of oral rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

197. Effects of mental imagery training combined electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation on upper limb function and activities of daily living in patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Effects of mental imagery training combined electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation on upper limb function and activities of daily living in patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial. Previous studies have suggested that electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation is beneficial in enhancing the upper limb function of patients with stroke. However, mental imagery training combined with electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical (...) stimulation investigation has received a little attention. This study investigated effects of mental imagery training combined with electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation on upper limb function and activities of daily living of patients with chronic stroke.Sixty-eight participants were randomly allocated to mental imagery training combined with electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation group or the electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation

2019 Disability and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

198. Adverse Events Related to Transcranial Electric Stimulation for Motor-evoked Potential Monitoring in High-risk Spinal Surgery. (Abstract)

Adverse Events Related to Transcranial Electric Stimulation for Motor-evoked Potential Monitoring in High-risk Spinal Surgery. Prospective multicenter study.The aim of this study was to study the incidence of nonneurologic adverse events related to transcranial electric stimulation (TES) for intraoperative spinal cord monitoring (IOM) with motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) (Tc(E)- MEPs) and determine the need for safety precautions.Tc(E)-MEPs monitoring requires high-voltage multipulse TES (...) with sutures and two tooth breakages required dental treatment. One patient had hair loss corresponding to the TES site. One patient, who underwent additional IOM with transpharyngeal stimulation, had severe nasal hemorrhage following electrode placement by nasal route, which resolved spontaneously. Non-neurologic adverse events did not significantly affect the accuracy of IOM assessment. Neither operative times nor blood loss significantly influenced the occurrence of adverse events.During TES-IOM, both

2019 Spine

199. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) therapy for refractory primary headache disorders: a pilot study. (Abstract)

Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) therapy for refractory primary headache disorders: a pilot study. Purpose: Primary headache disorders are common, but many patients are refractory to medical treatment. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) therapy involves the stimulation of one or more individual nerves or dermatomes using needle probes. We assessed whether a 'single shot with single probe' strategy would benefit patients with refractory headache disorders, including (...) chronic migraine (CM), and chronic cluster headache (CCH). Materials and methods: Service evaluation of 36 patients treated with PENS therapy between September 2012 and June 2016. Follow-up data were available for 33 patients, of whom 16 had CM, nine had CCH, and six had secondary headache disorders. PENS was given using Algotec® disposable 21 gauge PENS therapy probes (8 cm) to the occipital nerve ipsilateral to the pain (or bilaterally in cases of bilateral pain). Stimulation was delivered at 2 Hz

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

200. Curative efficacy of low frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after cervical cancer operation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Curative efficacy of low frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after cervical cancer operation. To evaluate the clinical significance of low-frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after radical hysterectomy.A total of 91 women with stage IA2-IB2 cervical cancer, who were treated with radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy from January 2009 to December 2012, were enrolled into this study and were randomly divided into two groups: trail group (...) (48 cases) and control group (43 cases). Traditional bladder function training and low-frequency electrical stimulation were conducted in the trail group, while patients in the control group were only treated by traditional bladder training. The general condition, rate of urinary retention, and muscle strength grades of pelvic floor muscle in the perioperative period were compared between these two groups.The incidence of postoperative urinary retention in the electrical stimulation group

2019 World journal of surgical oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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