How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

177 results for

Orthostatic Sodium Retention

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Orthostatic Sodium Retention

Orthostatic Sodium Retention Orthostatic Sodium Retention Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Orthostatic Sodium Retention (...) Orthostatic Sodium Retention Aka: Orthostatic Sodium Retention , Orthostatic Edema From Related Chapters II. Pathophysiology Abnormal protein capillary leak Provoked by upright position III. Signs Progressive lower extremity with standing Decreased after prolonged standing Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Orthostatic Sodium Retention." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window

2018 FP Notebook

2. Orthostatic Hypotension Management

severe OH. Table 2: Select Drugs For Treatment Of Orthostatic Hypotension DRUG DOSE/ MOA/ PHARMACOKINETICS ADVANTAGES/ DISADVANTAGES CONTRAINDICATIONS (CI)/ ADVERSE EFFECTS (AE)/ DRUG INTERACTIONS (DI)/ MONITOR (M) Fludrocortisone FLORINEF 0.1mg ? tablets Dose: 0.1 to 0.3mg daily. ?dose weekly or until pedal edema (if start low: 0.05mg) Maximum: 1mg/ day MOA: Synthetic mineralocorticoid (sodium & water retention) Adv: Considered first line therapy after failure of non-pharmacological measures DI (...) failure CNS=central nervous system CV=cardiovascular DHP=dihydropyridine DM=diabetes mellitus e.g.=example GI=gastrointestinal HA=headache HF=heart failure HTN=hypertension hr=hour HR=heart rate HSR=hypersensitivity hx= history i.e.=that is IM= intramuscular IR=immediate release ISA=intrinsic sympathomimetic activity IV=intravenous K + =potassium LA= long acting Na + =sodium nOH=neurogenic orthostatic hypotension NT=neurotransmitter MAOI=monoamine oxidase inhibitors MI=myocardial infraction mins

2014 RxFiles

3. Orthostatic Sodium Retention

Orthostatic Sodium Retention Orthostatic Sodium Retention Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Orthostatic Sodium Retention (...) Orthostatic Sodium Retention Aka: Orthostatic Sodium Retention , Orthostatic Edema From Related Chapters II. Pathophysiology Abnormal protein capillary leak Provoked by upright position III. Signs Progressive lower extremity with standing Decreased after prolonged standing Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Orthostatic Sodium Retention." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window

2015 FP Notebook

4. Salt + Glycerol-Induced Hyperhydration Enhances Fluid Retention More Than Salt- or Glycerol-Induced Hyperhydration. (PubMed)

Salt + Glycerol-Induced Hyperhydration Enhances Fluid Retention More Than Salt- or Glycerol-Induced Hyperhydration. Hyperhydration has been demonstrated to improve work capacity and cardiovascular and thermoregulatory functions, enhance orthostatic tolerance, slow or neutralize bone demineralization, and decrease postdive bubble formation. Adding sodium or glycerol to a hyperhydration solution optimizes fluid retention. Sodium and glycerol produce their effect through different (...) physiological mechanisms. If combined into a hyperhydration solution, their impact on fluid retention could potentially be greater than their singular effect. We compared the effect of salt-induced hyperhydration (SIH), glycerol-induced hyperhydration (GIH), and salt + glycerol-induced hyperhydration (SGIH) on fluid balance responses during a 3-hr passive experiment. Using a randomized, crossover, and counterbalanced experiment, 15 young men (22 ± 4 years) underwent three, 3-hr hyperhydration experiments

2018 International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism

5. Orthostatic Hypotension

Hypotension In patients with orthostatic hypotension, which of the following red flag findings suggests a more serious etiology? Bloody stool Heat intolerance Incontinence Urinary retention NEWS & VIDEOS GDM Linked to Increased Cardiovascular Event Risk Postpartum FRIDAY, March 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk fir developing cardiovascular events postpartum, according to a review published... 3D Model Cardiac Conduction System Video (...) vasomotor tone of the capacitance vessels. Simultaneous parasympathetic (vagal) inhibition also increases heart rate. In most people, changes in BP and heart rate upon standing are minimal and transient, and symptoms do not occur. With continued standing, activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and vasopressin (ADH) secretion cause sodium and water retention and increase circulating blood volume. Etiology Homeostatic mechanisms may be inadequate to restore low BP if afferent, central

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

6. Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of Syncope (Full text)

evaluation and management according to risk stratification 1892 4.1 Initial evaluation 1892 4.1.1 Diagnosis of syncope 1893 4.1.2 Management of syncope in the emergency department based on risk stratification 1895 4.2 Diagnostic tests 1900 4.2.1 Carotid sinus massage 1900 4.2.2 Orthostatic challenge 1901 4.2.2.1 Active standing 1901 4.2.2.2 Tilt testing 1903 4.2.3 Basic autonomic function tests 1904 4.2.3.1 Valsalva manoeuvre 1904 4.2.3.2 Deep breathing 1904 4.2.3.3 Other autonomic function tests 1904 (...) -sensitive syncope 1917 5.2.6.5 Choice of pacing mode 1917 5.2.6.6 Selection of patients for pacing and proposed algorithm 1917 5.3 Treatment of orthostatic hypotension and orthostatic intolerance syndromes 1919 5.3.1 Education and lifestyle measures 1919 5.3.2 Adequate hydration and salt intake 1919 5.3.3 Discontinuation/reduction of vasoactive drugs 1919 5.3.4 Counter-pressure manoeuvres 1920 5.3.5 Abdominal binders and/or support stockings 1920 5.3.6 Head-up tilt sleeping 1920 5.3.7 Midodrine 1920

2018 European Society of Cardiology PubMed

7. Appropriate Use Criteria: Imaging of the Brain

, urinary retention requiring catheterization, persistent erectile failure, or symptomatic orthostatic hypotension). Imaging may be indicated in cases of atypical Parkinson’s disease to exclude treatable causes. Other movement disorders such as multiple system atrophy have characteristic imaging features that may be used to corroborate the diagnosis when clinically uncertain. 59,74,75 Dystonia is characterized by sustained muscle contractions, frequently causing repetitive twisting movements or abnormal (...) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which uses the data from the scan to make calculations. DTI may also be useful in neurosurgical planning. Functional MRI (fMRI) is primarily utilized for mapping primary brain activities related to motor, sensory, and language functions. Studies have demonstrated that fMRI is comparable to the intracarotid sodium amobarbital procedure (Wada test) and direct electrical stimulation for language localization. fMRI is noninvasive, does not require ionizing radiation, and has

2019 AIM Specialty Health

8. ESC/ESH Management of Arterial Hypertension (Full text)

and diastolic blood pressure treatment targets3052 7.3.2 Blood pressure targets in specific subgroups of hypertensive patients3052 7.4 Treatment of hypertension3054 7.4.1 Lifestyle changes3054 7.4.2 Dietary sodium restriction3054 7.4.3 Moderation of alcohol consumption3055 7.4.4 Other dietary changes3055 7.4.5 Weight reduction3055 7.4.6 Regular physical activity3056 7.4.7 Smoking cessation3056 7.5. Pharmacological therapy for hypertension3056 7.5.1 Drugs for the treatment of hypertension3056 7.5.2 (...) Electrocardiogram eGFR Estimated glomerular filtration rate ELSA European Lacidipine Study on Atherosclerosis ENaC Epithelial sodium channel ESC European Society of Cardiology ESH European Society of Hypertension FEVER Felodipine Event Reduction HAS-BLED Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function (1 point each), Stroke, Bleeding history or predisposition, Labile INR, Elderly (>65), Drugs/alcohol concomitantly (1 point each) HbA1c Haemoglobin A1c HBPM Home blood pressure monitoring HDL-C HDL cholesterol HELLP

2018 European Society of Cardiology PubMed

9. Management of Non-neurogenic Male LUTS

symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction treated with watchful waiting for four years. Urology, 2004. 64: 1144. 61. McConnell, J.D., et al. The long-term effect of doxazosin, finasteride, and combination therapy on the clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia. N Engl J Med, 2003. 349: 2387. 62. Roehrborn, C.G. Alfuzosin 10 mg once daily prevents overall clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia but not acute urinary retention: results of a 2-year placebo-controlled study. BJU Int (...) . Clinical significance of intravesical prostatic protrusion in patients with benign prostatic enlargement. Urology, 2007. 70: 1096. 103. Mariappan, P., et al. Intravesical prostatic protrusion is better than prostate volume in predicting the outcome of trial without catheter in white men presenting with acute urinary retention: a prospective clinical study. J Urol, 2007. 178: 573. 104. Tan, Y.H., et al. Intravesical prostatic protrusion predicts the outcome of a trial without catheter following acute

2019 European Association of Urology

10. Treatment of Diabetes in Older Adults

targets are selected, careful monitoring of such patients is needed to avoid orthostatic hypotension. Patients with high disease complexity (group 3, poor health, ) could be considered for higher blood pressure targets (145 to 160/90 mm Hg). Choosing a blood pressure target involves shared decision-making between the clinician and patient, with full discussion of the benefits and risks of each target. 5.2 In patients aged 65 years and older with diabetes and hypertension, we recommend (...) problems in older adults with diabetes 5.11 In patients aged 65 years and older with diabetes and advanced chronic sensorimotor distal polyneuropathy, we suggest treatment regimens that minimize fall risk, such as the minimized use of sedative drugs or drugs that promote orthostatic hypotension and/or hypoglycemia. (2|⊕OOO) 5.12 In patients aged 65 years and older with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy with balance and gait problems, we suggest referral to physical therapy or a fall management program

2019 The Endocrine Society

11. Ertugliflozin l-pyroglutamic acid / metformin hydrochloride (Segluromet) - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

analysis plan SGLT1 sodium-glucose co-transporter 1 SGLT2 sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 SmPC summary of product characteristics SMQ Standard MedDRA Query SOC System organ class T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus TAMC total aerobic microbial count Tmax time to first occurrence of maximum observed concentration TYMC total combined yeasts/moulds count UGE urinary glucose excretion ULN upper limit of normal US United States USPI United States Prescribing Information UTI urinary tract infection UV ultraviolet (...) the product This is an application for the use of ertugliflozin (MK-8835, PF-04971729) administered as a fixed-dose combination (FDC) with immediate-release metformin hydrochloride. Ertugliflozin is a new chemical entity belonging to the class of oral, sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. The commercial formulation of the ertugliflozin/metformin FDC is a film-coated immediate-release tablet for oral administration available in 6 dose strengths to be dosed bid, four of these are proposed

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

12. Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Diseases (Full text)

in the case of CKD, with precautions in case of allergies. Nephrotoxicity can be limited by minimizing contrast agent volume and ensuring adequate hydration before and after imaging. The benefit of acetyl-cysteine to limit nephrotoxicity is uncertain. , Recent studies have suggested that statins or sodium bicarbonate could prevent contrast agent nephrotoxicity. , Further research is required. 4.1.4.5 Magnetic resonance angiography MRA is used for peripheral artery imaging using contrast (i.e. gadolinium (...) pressure ≤85 mmHg is considered safe. In patients with LEAD, this is mainly based on data from the INternational VErapamil-SR/Trandolapril (INVEST) study. Caution should be exercised to avoid an SBP decrease below 110–120 mmHg, since a J-shape relationship between SBP and CV events has been reported in that trial in LEAD patients. In old and frail patients, these levels should be achieved only if well tolerated, without orthostatic hypotension. , In patients with PADs, an appropriate lifestyle and salt

2017 European Society of Cardiology PubMed

13. CRACKCast E141 – Heat Illness

of diagnosis (Box 133.2) Cramps of most worked muscles Usually occur after exertion Copious sweating during exertion Copious hypotonic fluid replacement during exertion Hyperventilation not present in cool environment Heat oedema hydrostatic pressure and vasodilation of cutaneous vessels, combined with some degree of orthostatic pooling, lead to vascular leak and accumulation of interstitial fluid in the lower extremities. Increase aldosterone levels further encourage fluid retention Swollen feet/ankles (...) Tachycardia, orthostatic hypotension, clinical dehydration (may occur) Other major illnesses ruled out If in doubt, treat as heatstroke Labs : HypoNa HypoCl CPK elevation Heat exhaustion: management (Box 133.4) Rest Cool environment Assessment of volume status – orthostatic changes, BUN level, Hct, serum sodium concentration Fluid replacement – normal saline to replete volume if patient is orthostatic; replace free water deficits slowly to avoid cerebral oedema Healthy young patients are usually treated

2018 CandiEM

14. Management of Non-neurogenic Male LUTS

symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction treated with watchful waiting for four years. Urology, 2004. 64: 1144. 61. McConnell, J.D., et al. The long-term effect of doxazosin, finasteride, and combination therapy on the clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia. N Engl J Med, 2003. 349: 2387. 62. Roehrborn, C.G. Alfuzosin 10 mg once daily prevents overall clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia but not acute urinary retention: results of a 2-year placebo-controlled study. BJU Int (...) . Clinical significance of intravesical prostatic protrusion in patients with benign prostatic enlargement. Urology, 2007. 70: 1096. 103. Mariappan, P., et al. Intravesical prostatic protrusion is better than prostate volume in predicting the outcome of trial without catheter in white men presenting with acute urinary retention: a prospective clinical study. J Urol, 2007. 178: 573. 104. Tan, Y.H., et al. Intravesical prostatic protrusion predicts the outcome of a trial without catheter following acute

2018 European Association of Urology

15. Hypertension management and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade in patients with diabetes, nephropathy and/or chronic kidney disease

that there may be a role for 24-hour blood pressure monitoring in the diagnosis of hypertension in children. 24 © Association of British Clinical Diabetologists 2017 8 The importance of lifestyle measures (weight loss and salt intake reduction) are highlighted by a number of guidelines, and indeed a recent study suggests that lower sodium intake may improve the efficacy of RAAS blockade. 27 There is evidence to suggest that management of blood pressure in patients with type 1 diabetes may be suboptimal (...) have some of the benefits of dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers in the management of diabetic nephropathy. 67 Through their ability to reduce intraglomerular pressure, blood pressure and uric acid levels, sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors may offer the possibility of renal protection. One study suggests that SGLT-2 inhibitors can offer a reduction in glomerular hyperfiltration. 68 Recent analysis of the Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes

2017 Association of British Clinical Diabetologists

16. Management of Pregnancy in Patients With Complex Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association (Full text)

to the hypervolemia, with respective increases of ≈45% to 55% and 20% to 30%. Estrogen has a key role in plasma volume expansion and promotes sodium and water retention by upregulating the production of angiotensinogen, renin, and aldosterone. The disproportionate expansion of plasma volume relative to red cell mass contributes to the physiological anemia of pregnancy, with mean±SD hemoglobin concentrations of 10.9±0.6 and 12.4±1.0 g/dL for the second and third trimesters, respectively. Figure 1. Pregnancy (...) failure. Prevention of thromboembolism. Pregnancy represents a hypercoagulable state. Lower-extremity graduated compression stockings may reduce orthostatic effects and symptomatic lower-extremity edema but may not reduce the risk of thrombosis. Employment. Many patients are able to safely continue working throughout their pregnancy. Providers should assess the individual patient’s work situation and discuss anticipated potential accommodations that may be necessary, particularly with advancing

2017 American Heart Association PubMed

17. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults

and Obesity e28 5.2.2. Sodium Intake e29 5.2.3. Potassium e29 5.2.4. Physical Fitness e29 5.2.5. Alcohol e29 5.3. Childhood Risk Factors and BP Tracking e31 5.4. Secondary Forms of Hypertension e32 5.4.1. Drugs and Other Substances With Potential to Impair BP Control e32 5.4.2. Primary Aldosteronism e32 5.4.3. Renal Artery Stenosis e34 5.4.4. Obstructive Sleep Apnea e34 6. Nonpharmacological Interventions e35 6.1. Strategies e35 6.2. Nonpharmacological Interventions e35 7. Patient Evaluation e38 7.1

2017 American Heart Association

20. Delirium in Adult Cancer Patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

- mary tumour or metastasis) in 36 patients (6%). Study limitations include a low overall incidence of delirium (3.5 per 100 admis- sions) and retrospective design. Other delirium risk factors have been implicated in other studies, including age, dementia, depres- sion, alcohol abuse, poor functional status, organ dysfunction and abnormal levels of serum sodium, potassium or glucose, among others [40–44]. Moreover, many medications are implicated as risk factors for delirium, in particular opioids (...) Continued Table 1. Continued Indirectriskfactorsfordelirium Otherstatusorpredisposingcomorbidities[5,39] Visual impairment Urinary retention or use of urinary catheter Constipation Alcohol or drug abuse, or withdrawal (including nicotine) CNS diseases or trauma; history of stroke or transient ischaemia Liver failure Renal failure End-stage cardiac disease End-stage lung disease Endocrinopathy CNS, central nervous system; NSAID, non-steroidal anti-in?ammatory drug; SIADH, syndrome of inappropriate

2018 European Society for Medical Oncology

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>