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Ocular Larva Migrans

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1. Ocular Larva Migrans

Ocular Larva Migrans Ocular Larva Migrans Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Ocular Larva Migrans Ocular Larva Migrans (...) Aka: Ocular Larva Migrans , Endophthalmitis , Ocular Toxocariasis II. Epidemiology Age of onset: 5-8 years old (mean) : 700 cases per year in United States III. Pathophysiology Roundworm infection ( ) Spreads to eye from concurrent IV. Symptoms Gradual or sudden unilateral visual loss Eye discomfort Symptoms of often absent V. Signs: Slit Lamp Exam Leukocoria Endophthalmitis al granuloma (subretinal granulomatous mass) Posterior pole granuloma Peripheral granuloma with traction bands VI. Labs

2018 FP Notebook

2. Visceral Larva Migrans

and cats respectively. Most cases remain asymptomatic. The parasites may affect the eye, causing diminished vision, or other major organs, causing hepatomegaly, eosinophilia, wheezing, and coughing. Definition (MSH) Infection by round worms of the genus TOXOCARA, usually found in wild and domesticated cats and dogs and foxes, except for the larvae, which may produce visceral and ocular larva migrans in man. Concepts Disease or Syndrome ( T047 ) MSH ICD9 128.0 ICD10 SnomedCT 406619001 , 38995001 (...) Visceral Larva Migrans Visceral Larva Migrans Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Visceral Larva Migrans Visceral Larva

2018 FP Notebook

3. Larva migrans syndrome caused by Toxocara and Ascaris roundworm infections in Japanese patients (PubMed)

Larva migrans syndrome caused by Toxocara and Ascaris roundworm infections in Japanese patients Larva migrans syndrome (LMS) caused by Toxocara and Ascaris roundworms is generally believed to be more common in children, while a report from Japan suggests that it is more common in adults. We conducted a large-scale retrospective study to confirm these findings and to clarify what caused the difference between Japan and other countries, to reveal overlooked aspects of this disease. The clinical (...)  % among males and females, respectively. Major disease types were visceral, ocular, neural and asymptomatic. The visceral type was more prevalent in older patients, while younger patients were more vulnerable to ocular symptoms. More than two-thirds of the patients whose dietary habits were recorded had a history of ingesting raw or undercooked animal meat. LMS caused by Toxocara or Ascaris is primarily a disease of adult males in Japan, who probably acquired infections by eating raw or undercooked

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2016 European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

4. Baylisascaris procyonis and Herpes Simplex Virus 2 Coinfection Presenting as Ocular Larva Migrans with Granuloma Formation in a Child. (PubMed)

Baylisascaris procyonis and Herpes Simplex Virus 2 Coinfection Presenting as Ocular Larva Migrans with Granuloma Formation in a Child. Ocular Baylisascaris procyonis infection results from ingestion of infective eggs of B. procyonis, the raccoon ascarid. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection of the retina is the result of either primary infection or reactivated disease. Herein, we report a case of a 12-year-old female resident of the Bronx in New York City, who presented with pan (...) -uveitis and vision loss. Initial evaluation for etiologic causes was nondiagnostic. Serology for anti-Baylisascaris procyonis antibodies in serum and vitreous fluid were both positive. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of vitreous fluid was positive for HSV-2. Treatment with vitrectomy, albendazole, and acyclovir resulted in mild improvement of visual acuity. The atypical presentation of B. procyonis in this case, as ocular larva migrans with a peripheral granuloma and retinal detachment, underscores

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2015 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

5. Ocular Larva Migrans

Ocular Larva Migrans Ocular Larva Migrans Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Ocular Larva Migrans Ocular Larva Migrans (...) Aka: Ocular Larva Migrans , Endophthalmitis , Ocular Toxocariasis II. Epidemiology Age of onset: 5-8 years old (mean) : 700 cases per year in United States III. Pathophysiology Roundworm infection ( ) Spreads to eye from concurrent IV. Symptoms Gradual or sudden unilateral visual loss Eye discomfort Symptoms of often absent V. Signs: Slit Lamp Exam Leukocoria Endophthalmitis al granuloma (subretinal granulomatous mass) Posterior pole granuloma Peripheral granuloma with traction bands VI. Labs

2015 FP Notebook

6. Visceral Larva Migrans (Follow-up)

-Jun. 6 (1):56-68. . Lee KH, Kim TJ, Lee KW. Pulmonary Toxocariasis: Initial and Follow-Up CT Findings in 63 Patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2015 Jun. 204 (6):1203-11. . Abe K, Shimokawa H, Kubota T, et al. Myocarditis associated with visceral larva migrans due to Toxocara canis. Intern Med . 2002 Sep. 41(9):706-8. . American Academy of Pediatrics. Toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans, ocular larva migrans). 1997 Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases . 1997. 530-1. Arango CA (...) and clinical expression of the systemic and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Sarda AK, Kannan R, Sharma DK, et al. Visceral larva migrans. J Postgrad Med . 1993 Jul-Sep. 39(3):155-7. . Sturchler D, Schubarth P, Gualzata M, et al. Thiabendazole vs. albendazole in treatment of toxocariasis: a clinical trial. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 1989 Oct. 83(5):473-8. . Media Gallery Diagram of the Toxocara canis life cycle image. Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

7. Visceral Larva Migrans (Treatment)

of Pediatrics. Toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans, ocular larva migrans). 1997 Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases . 1997. 530-1. Arango CA. Visceral larva migrans and the hypereosinophilia syndrome. South Med J . 1998 Sep. 91(9):882-3. . Bass JL, Mehta KA, Glickman LT, et al. Asymptomatic toxocariasis in children. A prospective study and treatment trial. Clin Pediatr (Phila) . 1987 Sep. 26(9):441-6. . Carvalho EA, Rocha RL. Toxocariasis: visceral larva migrans in children. J Pediatr (...) Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Rubinsky-Elefant G, Hirata CE, Yamamoto JH, Ferreira MU. Human toxocariasis: diagnosis, worldwide seroprevalences and clinical expression of the systemic and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Sarda AK, Kannan R, Sharma DK, et al. Visceral larva migrans. J Postgrad Med . 1993 Jul-Sep. 39(3):155-7. . Sturchler D, Schubarth P, Gualzata M, et al. Thiabendazole vs. albendazole in treatment of toxocariasis: a clinical trial. Ann

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

8. Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Diagnosis)

toxocariasis: diagnosis, worldwide seroprevalences and clinical expression of the systemic and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Sanchez Fernandez I, Julia Manresa M, Gonzalez Ensenat MA, Vicente Villa MA. Picture of the month--quiz case. Bullous cutaneous larva migrans. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 2008 May. 162(5):485-6. . Senba Y, Tsuda K, Maruyama H, Kurokawa I, Mizutani H, Taniguchi Y. Case of creeping disease treated with ivermectin. J Dermatol . 2009 Feb. 36(2):86-9 (...) Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Diagnosis) Pediatric Cutaneous Larva Migrans: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTk4NzA5LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pediatric

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

9. Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Treatment)

therapeutic regimen in cutaneous larva migrans. Int J Dermatol . 1997 Sep. 36(9):700-3. . Rubinsky-Elefant G, Hirata CE, Yamamoto JH, Ferreira MU. Human toxocariasis: diagnosis, worldwide seroprevalences and clinical expression of the systemic and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Sanchez Fernandez I, Julia Manresa M, Gonzalez Ensenat MA, Vicente Villa MA. Picture of the month--quiz case. Bullous cutaneous larva migrans. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 2008 May. 162(5):485-6 (...) Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Treatment) Pediatric Cutaneous Larva Migrans Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Surgical Care, Consultations Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTk4NzA5LXRyZWF0bWVudA

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

10. Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Overview)

toxocariasis: diagnosis, worldwide seroprevalences and clinical expression of the systemic and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Sanchez Fernandez I, Julia Manresa M, Gonzalez Ensenat MA, Vicente Villa MA. Picture of the month--quiz case. Bullous cutaneous larva migrans. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 2008 May. 162(5):485-6. . Senba Y, Tsuda K, Maruyama H, Kurokawa I, Mizutani H, Taniguchi Y. Case of creeping disease treated with ivermectin. J Dermatol . 2009 Feb. 36(2):86-9 (...) Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Overview) Pediatric Cutaneous Larva Migrans: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTk4NzA5LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pediatric

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

11. Visceral Larva Migrans (Overview)

. Diagram of the Toxocara canis life cycle image. Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Previous Next: Epidemiology Frequency United States The seroprevalence of Toxocara infection in children varies from 2-10%. International Although most reported cases occur in the United States, international incidence is likely similar or slightly higher. Mortality/Morbidity Death is rare. Long-term morbidity is present with ocular larva migrans (ie, loss of vision in the affected eye (...) , a resilient entity on imaging: Experience from a tertiary liver center. Trop Parasitol . 2016 Jan-Jun. 6 (1):56-68. . Lee KH, Kim TJ, Lee KW. Pulmonary Toxocariasis: Initial and Follow-Up CT Findings in 63 Patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2015 Jun. 204 (6):1203-11. . Abe K, Shimokawa H, Kubota T, et al. Myocarditis associated with visceral larva migrans due to Toxocara canis. Intern Med . 2002 Sep. 41(9):706-8. . American Academy of Pediatrics. Toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans, ocular larva migrans

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

12. Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Follow-up)

and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 104(1):3-23. . Sanchez Fernandez I, Julia Manresa M, Gonzalez Ensenat MA, Vicente Villa MA. Picture of the month--quiz case. Bullous cutaneous larva migrans. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med . 2008 May. 162(5):485-6. . Senba Y, Tsuda K, Maruyama H, Kurokawa I, Mizutani H, Taniguchi Y. Case of creeping disease treated with ivermectin. J Dermatol . 2009 Feb. 36(2):86-9. . Shih PY, Hsieh MY, Huang YH, Kuo TT. Multiple pruritic erythematous papules on the trunk (...) Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Follow-up) Pediatric Cutaneous Larva Migrans Follow-up: Deterrence/Prevention, Complications, Prognosis Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTk4NzA5LWZvbGxvd3Vw processing

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

13. Visceral Larva Migrans (Diagnosis)

. Diagram of the Toxocara canis life cycle image. Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Previous Next: Epidemiology Frequency United States The seroprevalence of Toxocara infection in children varies from 2-10%. International Although most reported cases occur in the United States, international incidence is likely similar or slightly higher. Mortality/Morbidity Death is rare. Long-term morbidity is present with ocular larva migrans (ie, loss of vision in the affected eye (...) , a resilient entity on imaging: Experience from a tertiary liver center. Trop Parasitol . 2016 Jan-Jun. 6 (1):56-68. . Lee KH, Kim TJ, Lee KW. Pulmonary Toxocariasis: Initial and Follow-Up CT Findings in 63 Patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2015 Jun. 204 (6):1203-11. . Abe K, Shimokawa H, Kubota T, et al. Myocarditis associated with visceral larva migrans due to Toxocara canis. Intern Med . 2002 Sep. 41(9):706-8. . American Academy of Pediatrics. Toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans, ocular larva migrans

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

14. Visceral Larva Migrans

and cats respectively. Most cases remain asymptomatic. The parasites may affect the eye, causing diminished vision, or other major organs, causing hepatomegaly, eosinophilia, wheezing, and coughing. Definition (MSH) Infection by round worms of the genus TOXOCARA, usually found in wild and domesticated cats and dogs and foxes, except for the larvae, which may produce visceral and ocular larva migrans in man. Concepts Disease or Syndrome ( T047 ) MSH ICD9 128.0 ICD10 SnomedCT 406619001 , 38995001 (...) Visceral Larva Migrans Visceral Larva Migrans Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Visceral Larva Migrans Visceral Larva

2015 FP Notebook

15. Ocular Gnathostomiasis-Update of Earlier Survey. (PubMed)

Ocular Gnathostomiasis-Update of Earlier Survey. Ocular gnathostomiasis is rather a rare food-borne zoonosis caused by infection with the larvae of several species of genus Gnathostoma and is a representative ocular larva migrans syndrome. In our previous literature survey, we found 73 cases of ocular gnathostomiasis reported up to and including 2009, though additional sporadic cases have been reported in Asia and the Americas since that report. Here, we review 10 additional cases reported

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2017 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

16. Prevalence of Toxocara antibodies among patients clinically suspected to have ocular toxocariasis: A retrospective descriptive study in Sri Lanka. (PubMed)

Prevalence of Toxocara antibodies among patients clinically suspected to have ocular toxocariasis: A retrospective descriptive study in Sri Lanka. Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. The typical clinical syndromes of toxocariasis in humans are ocular larva migrans (OLM) and visceral larva migrans (VLM). The most commonly affected sites of OLM (...) are the peripheral retina and/or vitreous humor. In Sri Lanka, there is a dearth of information on prevalence of ocular infection in our population. Therefore, the present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Toxocara antibodies in suspected OLM patients and to describe demographic factors and clinical manifestations of seropositive patients. A total of 250 clinically suspected ocular toxocariasis cases referred by consultant eye surgeons to the Department of Parasitology, University

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2017 BMC Ophthalmology

17. A Guide to Utilization of the Microbiology Laboratory for Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: 2018 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Society for Microbiology

specimen-based approach, and includes bloodstream and cardiovascular system infections, central nervous system infections, ocular infections, soft tissue infections of the head and neck, upper and lower respiratory infections, infections of the gastrointestinal tract, intra-abdominal infections, bone and joint infections, urinary tract infections, genital infections, and other skin and soft tissue infections; or into etiologic agent groups, including arthropod-borne infections, viral syndromes (...) . Ocular Infections IV. Soft Tissue Infections of the Head and Neck V. Upper Respiratory Tract Bacterial and Fungal Infections VI. Lower Respiratory Tract Infections VII. Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract VIII. Intra-abdominal Infections IX. Bone and Joint Infections X. Urinary Tract Infections XI. Genital Infections XII. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections XIII. Arthropod-Borne Infections XIV. Viral Syndromes XV. Blood and Tissue Parasite Infections Contents Introduction and Executive Summary I

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2018 Infectious Diseases Society of America

19. Toxocara canis Mimicking a Metastatic Omental Mass from Sigmoid Colon Cancer: A Case Report (PubMed)

Toxocara canis Mimicking a Metastatic Omental Mass from Sigmoid Colon Cancer: A Case Report Toxocara canis is an important roundworm of canids and a fearsome animal parasite of humans. Human infections can lead to syndromes called visceral larva migrans (VLM), ocular larva migrans, neurotoxocariasis, and covert toxocariasis. VLM is most commonly diagnosed in children younger than 8 years of age, but adult cases are relatively frequent among those infected by ingesting the raw tissue

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2018 Annals of coloproctology

20. Seroepidemiological study and associated risk factors of Toxocara canis infection among preschool children in Osun State, Nigeria. (PubMed)

infection among the studied group and contact with the dog plays the predominant risk factor. It indicates high transmission with the consequent of visceral or ocular larva migrans and neurologic disorder in these children. The results also provide baseline data for effective prevention strategies of toxocariasis in Southwest Nigeria and the study recommends prompt interventional measures, particularly health education on personal hygiene.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (...) . A total of 308 children Aged 9 months and 5 years were studied comprising 53.2% (164/308) male and 46.8% (144/308) female. Blood samples were collected and screened for the presence of anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies by Western blot analysis based on the excretory-secretory antigens of larva T. canis (TcES), targeting low molecular weight bands of 24 - 35kDa specific for T. canis. Questionnaires were given to parents/guardians of the studied children to collect information regarding relationship between

2017 Acta Tropica

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