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1,310 results for

Occlusive Dressing

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1301. Effects of occlusive and conventional gauze dressings on incisional healing after abdominal operations. (PubMed)

Effects of occlusive and conventional gauze dressings on incisional healing after abdominal operations. To compare the effect of occlusive (Comfeel) and conventional (Mepore) dressings on the healing of incisional wounds after abdominal operations.Prospective randomised study.Laboratory and teaching hospital, Denmark.73 patients who underwent clean operations requiring incisions longer than 5 cm between August 1993 and August 1995 were randomised to have their wounds dressed with either Comfeel (...) the groups regarding the need for dressings to be changed, the incidence of leakage, or loosening of the dressing from the skin. Comfeel adhered securely to the skin and remained more or less transparent until sutures were removed. It remained totally transparent in 23 (64%), and no dressing became totally opaque. There were no differences in cosmetic appearance after three months. We had the impression that patients who had Comfeel were more comfortable and found it easier to mobilise and carry out

1998 The European journal of surgery = Acta chirurgica

1302. Influence of occlusive and impregnated gauze dressings on incisional healing: a prospective, randomized, controlled study. (PubMed)

Influence of occlusive and impregnated gauze dressings on incisional healing: a prospective, randomized, controlled study. After elective surgery, 28 patients with 40 wounds were enrolled in a controlled clinical study to assess the effects of two different dressings on incisional healing. Patients served as their own control with one-half of each incision covered with an impregnated gauze (Xeroform) and the other half of the incision covered with a thin occlusive hydrocolloid dressing (DuoDerm (...) Extra Thin CGF). All wounds were evaluated 2 to 3 days, 7 to 10 days, 4 weeks, and 7 months postoperatively. None of the incisions segments showed any evidence of infection. At the time of suture removal, the hydrocolloid dressing's ability to contain exudate, protect the wound, and facilitate mobility and personal hygiene were rated higher compared with the gauze-type dressing (p < 0.001, for all variables). At the 4-week visit, both the patient and the surgeon rated the scar segments covered

1994 Annals of plastic surgery

1303. Evaluation of occlusive dressings for management of full-thickness excisional wounds on the distal portion of the limbs of horses. (PubMed)

Evaluation of occlusive dressings for management of full-thickness excisional wounds on the distal portion of the limbs of horses. Two 2.5-cm2 full-thickness skin wounds were created surgically over the lateral aspect of the cannon bone of each limb of 6 horses (n = 48 wounds). Dressings evaluated were a nonadherent gauze pad (group 1); a synthetic semiocclusive dressing, (group 2); equine amnion (group 3); and a synthetic fully occlusive dressing (group 4). Wounds were assessed subjectively (...) at each dressing change, and total wound area, area of granulation tissue, and area of epithelium in each wound were determined by computerized digital analysis of photographs of the wounds. Complete healing time (wound covered by epithelium) also was determined for each wound. Statistical comparisons were made, using Kruskal-Wallis analysis and a Mann-Whitney U test. Median time to complete healing was: group 1, 53 days; group 2, 71 days; group 3, 63 days; and group 4, 113 days. Time to complete

1993 American journal of veterinary research

1304. Behavior of tissue-engineered skin: a comparison of a living skin equivalent, autograft, and occlusive dressing in human donor sites. (PubMed)

Behavior of tissue-engineered skin: a comparison of a living skin equivalent, autograft, and occlusive dressing in human donor sites. To compare the behavior of a tissue-engineered living skin equivalent (LSE) with an autograft in acute donor site wounds.Paired-comparison, randomized control trial.A university dermatology service.Three donor sites were created on the anterior thigh of each of 20 patients requiring split-thickness skin grafts.For each patient, the donor sites were randomly (...) assigned to be treated with meshed LSE, meshed autograft, or a polyurethane film (PUF) occlusive dressing. Blood and biopsy samples were taken for immunologic and histological studies.Toxic effects or clinically apparent rejection, humoral and cellular immune responses, clinical take, healing time, pain, and 1-month histological appearance.There was no toxic effect or clinically apparent rejection of LSE. Results of humoral and cellular studies were unchanged from baseline. The average time to healing

1999 Archives of Dermatology

1305. Randomized clinical trial of the effect of semi-occlusive dressings on the microflora and clinical outcome of acute facial wounds. (PubMed)

Randomized clinical trial of the effect of semi-occlusive dressings on the microflora and clinical outcome of acute facial wounds. This study investigated whether treatment with occlusive, hydroactive polyurethane dressings affects the microflora and clinical outcome of acute wounds. A randomized, controlled trial was performed on 60 patients with acute facial lacerations. Following primary closure, patients were provided with either a dry-gauze dressing or a hydroactive polyurethane dressing (...) > 0.05). A total of 518 isolates were recovered from the patients during the study. Mean number of isolates and bacterial growth density were calculated in both groups. A similar range of microorganisms were obtained from both treatment groups with no clear difference in organism colonization. This study shows the potential usefulness of facial wounds as a human model for studying acute wound healing responses and anti-scarring therapy. While short-term, clinical benefits of occlusive dressings were

2000 Wound Repair and Regeneration

1306. A randomized trial of two occlusive dressings in the treatment of leg ulcers. (PubMed)

A randomized trial of two occlusive dressings in the treatment of leg ulcers. Two occlusive dressings--one zinc oxide medicated (Mezinc) and one hydrocolloid (Duoderm)--were compared in a prospective, randomized trial over a period of 8 weeks to determine their healing ability and effect on pain for venous and arterial leg ulcers. All patients were patch-tested before the study and colophony allergy was an exclusion criterion. Of the 43 outpatients included, 31 completed the trial and 6 (...) patch-tested on the back with Mezinc and colophony 20% in petrolatum simultaneously. It was found that 42 (4%) of the patients showed allergic skin reactions to colophony and 19 (2%) to Mezinc. Both dressings were well tolerated by leg ulcer patients and there appeared to be no major differences in the efficacy of the two occlusive dressings.

1990 Acta dermato-venereologica

1307. Psoriasis therapy: comparative studies with a hydrocolloid dressing, plastic film occlusion, and triamcinolone acetonide cream. (PubMed)

Psoriasis therapy: comparative studies with a hydrocolloid dressing, plastic film occlusion, and triamcinolone acetonide cream. The efficacy of a new hydrocolloid dressing occlusion, alone or with 0.1% triamcinolone cream, was compared with triamcinolone acetonide alone or under plastic film occlusion in the treatment of localized plaque-type psoriasis. Thirty-eight patients were randomly assigned to one of four bilateral, paired-comparison treatment groups. Patients underwent 3 weeks (...) of treatment, after which they were followed up for an additional week. After 3 weeks hydrocolloid occlusion with triamcinolone acetonide yielded a significantly better response than the cream alone or the hydrocolloid dressing alone, but the new dressing was comparable to a plastic film occlusive dressing of triamcinolone acetonide. After discontinuation of treatment, however, the sites that had been treated with hydrocolloid-occluded triamcinolone acetonide retained the better results. Topical steroids

1989 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

1308. Controlled trial of occlusive dressings in healing chronic venous ulcers. (PubMed)

Controlled trial of occlusive dressings in healing chronic venous ulcers. Fifty-six patients with chronic venous ulcers present for a mean of 2.4 years were randomized to either a new occlusive hydrocolloid dressing (Granuflex, Squibb Surgicare) or a porous non-adherent dressing (N A, Johnson and Johnson). In all patients, dressings were applied beneath a standard graduated compression bandage. There was no difference between the two groups, with complete healing in 21 out of 28 (75 per cent (...) ) of occlusive dressing patients and 22 out of 28 (78 per cent) with N A dressings by 12 weeks. Careful graduated compression bandaging achieves healing even in the majority of so-called resistant chronic venous ulcers; there was no additional benefit from applying occlusive dressings which tend to be expensive.

1987 British Journal of Surgery

1309. The effect of occlusive dressings on the energy metabolism of severely burned children. (Full text)

The effect of occlusive dressings on the energy metabolism of severely burned children. Metabolic studies were performed on 23 burned children. They were studied sequentially until their burn wounds were healed. A metabolic study lasted 20 minutes, during which continuous measurements were made of O2 consumption and CO2 production rates, rectal temperature, average surface temperatures (dressings, skin and wound), body heat content, and rate of body weight loss using a bed scale (...) and the study terminated. Without dressings in a thermally neutral environment, burn patients demonstrated an increased rate of heat loss of 27 watts/square meter body surface area (W/M2), compared with the predicted normal. The major portion of this increment is by evaporation, which increased 300%. The rate of heat production equals heat loss, and is increased 50% above the predicted normal. Occlusive dressings result in a 15 W/M2 decrease in the rate of heat loss, about evenly divided between evaporative

1981 Annals of Surgery PubMed

1310. Nonocclusive, clean permanent right atrial catheter dressing change procedures compared with occlusive, sterile permanent right atrial catheter dressing change procedures in children with cancer. (PubMed)

Nonocclusive, clean permanent right atrial catheter dressing change procedures compared with occlusive, sterile permanent right atrial catheter dressing change procedures in children with cancer. 2114124 1990 08 14 2017 02 14 1043-4542 7 2 1990 Apr Journal of pediatric oncology nursing : official journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses J Pediatr Oncol Nurs Nonocclusive, clean permanent right atrial catheter dressing change procedures compared with occlusive, sterile permanent (...) psychology Nursing Evaluation Research Occlusive Dressings standards Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic 1990 4 1 1990 4 1 0 1 1990 4 1 0 0 ppublish 2114124 1043-4542(90)90031-8 10.1177/104345429000700220

1990 Journal of pediatric oncology nursing : official journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses

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