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Observed Affect

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101. Treatment Outcome of Tuberculosis Patients under Directly Observed Treatment Short Course and Factors Affecting Outcome in Southern Ethiopia: A Five-Year Retrospective Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment Outcome of Tuberculosis Patients under Directly Observed Treatment Short Course and Factors Affecting Outcome in Southern Ethiopia: A Five-Year Retrospective Study Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major public health and socio-economic issues in the 21st century globally. Assessment of TB treatment outcomes, and monitoring and evaluation of its risk factors in Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) are among the major indicators of the performance of a national TB control (...) . Tuberculosis type, age, residence and year of treatment were significantly associated with unsuccessful treatment outcome. The risk of unsuccessful outcome was significantly higher among TB patients from rural areas (AOR = 1.63, 95% CI: 1.21-2.20) compared to their urban counterparts. Unsuccessful treatment outcome was also observed in PTB- patients (AOR = 1.77, 95% CI: 1.26-2.50) and EPTB (AOR = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.28-3.37) compared to the PTB+ patients. In conclusion, it appears that DOTS have improved

2016 PloS one

102. Factors Affecting the Length of Stay of Patients in Emergency Department Observation Units at Teaching and Research Hospitals in Turkey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors Affecting the Length of Stay of Patients in Emergency Department Observation Units at Teaching and Research Hospitals in Turkey This study aimed to determine the reasons for long stays in monitoring units and to propose a solution.The patients who were followed in monitoring units of emergency service and the factors affecting the length of their hospital stay were analyzed retrospectively. Demographic features, their initial complaint that lead to monitoring, diagnosis, their means (...) for 24 hours or more, 8 (53.3%) stayed because there wasn't enough space in intensive care units. The most prevalent complaint for admission to the emergency service was chest pain (25.5%), followed by dyspnea (21.9%) and tachycardia (11.6%).For real emergency conditions, monitoring units are necessary to follow patients closely and to perform immediate interventions. The fullness of the intensive care units primarily affects the emergency service and leads to long stays in emergency service

2016 Turkish journal of emergency medicine

103. Approach–avoidance of facial affect is moderated by the presence of an observer-irrelevant trigger Full Text available with Trip Pro

Approach–avoidance of facial affect is moderated by the presence of an observer-irrelevant trigger This study examined whether approach-avoidance related behaviour elicited by facial affect is moderated by the presence of an observer-irrelevant trigger that may influence the observer's attributions of the actor's emotion. Participants were shown happy, disgusted, and neutral facial expressions. Half of these were presented with a plausible trigger of the expression (a drink). Approach (...) -avoidance related behaviour was indexed explicitly through a questionnaire (measuring intentions) and implicitly through a manikin version of the affective Simon task (measuring automatic behavioural tendencies). In the absence of an observer-irrelevant trigger, participants expressed the intention to avoid disgusted and approach happy facial expressions. Participants also showed a stronger approach tendency towards happy than towards disgusted facial expressions. The presence of the observer-irrelevant

2016 Motivation and emotion

104. Overhydration Negatively Affects Quality of Life in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: Evidence from a Prospective Observational Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Overhydration Negatively Affects Quality of Life in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: Evidence from a Prospective Observational Study Backgound: This study evaluated whether the hydration status affected health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during 12 months in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.The hydration status and the HRQOL were examined at baseline and after 12 months using a bioimpedance spectroscopy and Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form, respectively in PD patients. Four hundred (...) was independently associated with higher PCS (β = 2.04, P< .001), MCS (β=1.02, P=0.002), and KDCS (β=1.06, P<0.001) at 12 months. The OH difference was independently associated with the PCS difference (β = -1.81, P<0.001), MCS difference (β=-0.92, P=0.01), and KDCS difference (β=-0.90, P=0.001).The hydration status was associated with HRQOL and increased hydration status negatively affected HRQOL after 12 months in PD patients.

2016 International journal of medical sciences

105. Factors Affecting Access to Healthcare: An Observational Study of Children under 5 Years of Age Presenting to a Rural Gambian Primary Healthcare Centre Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors Affecting Access to Healthcare: An Observational Study of Children under 5 Years of Age Presenting to a Rural Gambian Primary Healthcare Centre Prompt access to primary healthcare before onset of severe illness is vital to improve morbidity and mortality rates. The Gambia has high rates of child mortality and research is needed to investigate contributing factors further. This study aimed to identify factors affecting access to primary healthcare for children <5 years (y) in rural

2016 PloS one

106. Non-coronary chest pain does not affect long-term mortality: a prospective, observational study using a matched population control. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Non-coronary chest pain does not affect long-term mortality: a prospective, observational study using a matched population control. Chest pain assumed to be of non-coronary origin (NCCP) may be linked to enhanced mortality due to coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to follow NCCP patients, as defined in primary care, with respect to mortality and long-term morbidity of CHD. We further examined if NCCP associates with risk factors for CHD.Patients consulting general

2016 BMC Family Practice

107. Hypotonic fluid reduce serum sodium compared to isotonic fluids during anesthesia induction in pediatric patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery-type of infusion affects blood electrolytes and glucose: an observational study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hypotonic fluid reduce serum sodium compared to isotonic fluids during anesthesia induction in pediatric patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery-type of infusion affects blood electrolytes and glucose: an observational study. Reportedly, administration of hypotonic fluids containing 30.8-74 mEq/L sodium with 5 % glucose may lead to serious hyponatremia or hyperglycemia. In Japan, hypotonic fluids containing 90 mEq/L sodium with 2.6 % glucose are commonly used. We compared blood electrolyte

2016 BMC Pediatrics

108. Measurement of the Quality of Facial Lesion Reconstruction With Observer-Graded Affect Display. (Abstract)

Measurement of the Quality of Facial Lesion Reconstruction With Observer-Graded Affect Display. The impact of facial reconstructive surgery on improving affect display for patients with facial lesions is incompletely understood.To measure the impact of surgically reconstructing facial lesions on observer graded affect display.This was a prospective randomized controlled experiment at an academic tertiary referral center; 120 naïve observers completed one of 4 surveys of 20 images of faces.A (...) total of 80 different images of faces were used: 32 faces with lesions preoperatively and postoperatively, and 16 normal faces. The 32 lesion faces were categorized into 4 categories of lesion with 8 faces in each category: small peripheral, small central, large peripheral, and large central. Participants viewed 20 images of faces: 8 preoperative, 8 postoperative, and 4 normal. Observers rated faces by selecting all terms that applied from 8 affects of the Derogatis Affects Balance Scale (DABS

2016 JAMA facial plastic surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

109. How does closed system vitrification of human oocytes affect the clinical outcome? A prospective, observational, cohort, noninferiority trial in an oocyte donation program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How does closed system vitrification of human oocytes affect the clinical outcome? A prospective, observational, cohort, noninferiority trial in an oocyte donation program. To evaluate whether is possible to vitrify oocytes in an aseptic (hermetically closed) fashion and maintain clinical results comparable with those of fresh oocytes.Prospective, observational, cohort, noninferiority trial.Private in vitro fertilization center.One hundred eighty-four recipients of donated vitrified (...) oocytes.Closed system vitrification.Pregnancy rate per cycle and clinical pregnancy rate per cycle.No statistically significant differences were observed between two groups regarding the pregnancy rate per cycle (63.1% vs. 60.9%) or the clinical pregnancy rate per cycle (55.4% vs. 58.7%). Biochemical pregnancy rate was statistically significantly higher in the fresh group (7.6% vs. 2.2%). The mean number of embryos transferred was similar (2.0 ± 0.0 vs. 1.97 ± 0.3). Concerning embryologic data, there were

2016 Fertility and Sterility

110. Drug-related genetic polymorphisms affecting severe chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in breast cancer patients: A hospital-based observational study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Drug-related genetic polymorphisms affecting severe chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in breast cancer patients: A hospital-based observational study. Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (CIN) is one of the major adverse events that necessitate chemotherapy dose reduction. This study aimed to evaluate the association between grade 4 neutropenia and genetic polymorphisms in breast cancer patients. In this genetic polymorphism association study, peripheral blood samples from 100 consecutive breast

2016 Medicine

111. Non-communicable diseases in decontamination workers in areas affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster: a retrospective observational study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Non-communicable diseases in decontamination workers in areas affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster: a retrospective observational study. To assess the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and whether NCDs were treated or not, among hospitalised decontamination workers who moved to radio-contaminated areas after Japan's 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster.We retrospectively extracted records of decontamination workers admitted to Minamisoma Municipal General

2016 BMJ open

112. Embedded-structure template for electronic records affects patient note quality and management for emergency head injury patients: An observational pre and post comparison quality improvement study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Embedded-structure template for electronic records affects patient note quality and management for emergency head injury patients: An observational pre and post comparison quality improvement study. Along with article-based checklists, structured template recording systems have been reported as useful to create more accurate clinical recording, but their contributions to the improvement of the quality of patient care have been controversial. An emergency department (ED) must manage many

2016 Medicine

113. Nursing Interactions With Intensive Care Unit Patients Affected by Sleep Deprivation: An Observational Study. (Abstract)

Nursing Interactions With Intensive Care Unit Patients Affected by Sleep Deprivation: An Observational Study. Patients in intensive care units (ICUs) often experience sleep deprivation due to different factors. Its consequences are damaging both physiologically and psychologically. This study focuses particularly on nursing interactions as the main factor involved in sleep deprivation issues.The aims of this study were to examine the frequency, pattern, and types of nocturnal care interactions (...) with patients in the respiratory and cardiology ICUs; analyze the relationship between these interactions and patients' variables (age, sex, recovery diagnosis, and acuity of care); and analyze the differences in patterns of nocturnal care interactions among the units.This is an observational retrospective study that analyzes the frequency, pattern, and types of nocturnal care interactions with patients between 7 PM and 6 AM recording data in the activity data sheets.Data consisted of 93 data assessment

2016 Dimensions of critical care nursing

114. Cholinesterase inhibitors do not alter the length of stay in nursing homes among patients with Alzheimer's disease: a prospective, observational study of factors affecting survival time from admission to death. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cholinesterase inhibitors do not alter the length of stay in nursing homes among patients with Alzheimer's disease: a prospective, observational study of factors affecting survival time from admission to death. The survival time in nursing homes (NHs) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) might be affected by sociodemographic/clinical characteristics, rate of disease progression, and use of specific medications and community-based services. Whether different aspects of cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI

2016 BMC Neurology

115. Medicare Spending and the Adequacy of Support With Daily Activities in Community-Living Older Adults With Disability: An Observational Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medicare Spending and the Adequacy of Support With Daily Activities in Community-Living Older Adults With Disability: An Observational Study. Identifying factors that affect variation in health care spending among older adults with disability may reveal opportunities to better address their care needs while offsetting excess spending.To quantify differences in total Medicare spending among older adults with disability by whether they experience negative consequences due to inadequate support (...) ($2309 [CI, $208 to $4409]) and self-care ($3187 [CI, $432 to $5942]) disability. In the bottom-spending quartile, differences were observed for self-care only ($1460 [CI, $358 to $2561]). No differences were observed in the top quartile.This observational study could not establish causality.Inadequate support for mobility and self-care is associated with higher Medicare spending, especially in the middle and lower ends of the spending distribution. Better support for the care needs of older adults

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

116. Delusional Themes Across Affective and Non-Affective Psychoses Full Text available with Trip Pro

Delusional Themes Across Affective and Non-Affective Psychoses The current debate about the diagnostic significance of delusion revolves around two positions. The neurocognitive position conceives delusion as a non-specific, though polymorphic, symptom. The psychopathological position views features of delusion such as content and structure as having meaningful connections with diagnostic entities. This study aims at contributing to this debate by examining the association between delusional (...) patients with manic symptoms (bipolar mania 20%; bipolar mixed states 19%; manic schizoaffective disorder 10%). They were observed significantly more often in bipolar mania than in schizophrenia (7%). Persecutory delusions were broadly distributed across diagnostic categories. However, they were significantly more frequent among patients with schizophrenia and delusional disorder compared with depressed and manic patients. Somatic delusions were also observed in all diagnostic groups, with no group

2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry

117. Is aberrant affective cognition an endophenotype for affective disorders? - A monozygotic twin study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-risk and 36 low-risk MZ twins. Groups were demographically well-balanced and showed comparable non-affective cognitive performance. We observed no aberrant affective cognition in affected and high-risk relative to low-risk twins. However, high-risk twins displayed attentional avoidance of emotional faces (ps ⩽ 0.009) and more use of task-oriented coping strategies (p = 0.01) compared with affected twins. In contrast did affected twins show more emotion-oriented coping than high- and low-risk twins (...) Is aberrant affective cognition an endophenotype for affective disorders? - A monozygotic twin study. Identification of endophenotypes can improve prevention, detection and development of new treatments. We therefore investigated whether aberrant affective cognition constitutes an endophenotype for affective disorders by being present in monozygotic (MZ) twins with unipolar or bipolar disorder in partial remission (i.e. affected) and their unaffected co-twins (i.e. high-risk) relative to twins

2018 Psychological Medicine

118. Gray matter differences between affective and non-affective first episode psychosis: A review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging studies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gray matter differences between affective and non-affective first episode psychosis: A review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging studies. Non-affective and affective psychoses are very common mental disorders. However, their neurobiological underpinnings are still poorly understood. Therefore, the goal of the present review was to evaluate structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) studies exploring brain deficits in both non-affective (NA-FEP) and affective first episode psychosis (A-FEP (...) ).A bibliographic search on PUBMED of all MRI studies exploring gray matter (GM) differences between NA-FEP and A-FEP was conducted.Overall, the results from the available evidence showed that the two diagnostic groups share common GM alterations in fronto-temporal regions and anterior cingulate cortex. In contrast, unique GM deficits have also been observed, with reductions in amygdala for A-FEP and in hippocampus and insula for NA-FEP.Few small MRI studies with heterogeneous methodology.Although the evidences

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

119. To what extent are adults affected by Multiple Sclerosis (MS) involved in the research process? A systematic review of studies exploring perspectives of people affected by MS.

To what extent are adults affected by Multiple Sclerosis (MS) involved in the research process? A systematic review of studies exploring perspectives of people affected by MS. Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) : Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title

2020 PROSPERO

120. PANAS (Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule) cross-cultural development and translation: a critical review

PANAS (Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule) cross-cultural development and translation: a critical review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full

2020 PROSPERO

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