How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

102,273 results for

Observed Affect

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

21. Variables Affecting Thigh Girth Measurement and Observer Reliability in Dogs Full Text available with Trip Pro

Variables Affecting Thigh Girth Measurement and Observer Reliability in Dogs Objective: The purpose of the study reported here was to describe variables affecting thigh girth measurements preoperatively and 2 weeks after surgical stabilization of the stifle and to examine inter- and intra-observer reliability. Animals: Ten hound-type dogs with experimental, unilateral, cranial cruciate ligament transection, and surgical stabilization. Procedures: Dogs were placed in lateral recumbency (...) measurements were made by two blinded individuals in triplicate, data were recorded for each set of measurements and the mean of the three measurements for each condition was used for analysis. Results: Thigh girth was significantly greater at the more proximal site of 50% TL (36.7 ± 2.6 cm) when compared to the 70% TL (31.7 ± 2.7 cm) (P = 0.001). Sedation did not significantly affect thigh girth at any stifle position at the 70% and 50% TL. Although there were no differences in thigh circumference between

2018 Frontiers in veterinary science

22. Domain-specific physical activity and affective wellbeing among adolescents: an observational study of the moderating roles of autonomous and controlled motivation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Domain-specific physical activity and affective wellbeing among adolescents: an observational study of the moderating roles of autonomous and controlled motivation Abundant evidence demonstrates a relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing. However, the strength of the relationship is not consistent. Factors contributing to variation in the strength of association are not well understood and, therefore, it remains difficult to optimize physical activity to ensure the strongest (...) possible relationship with mental health. Self-determination theory suggests that more autonomously motivated behaviors lead to better mental health outcomes, when compared to more controlled behaviors. Therefore, we examined whether autonomous and controlled motivation moderated the relationships between physical activity and affective wellbeing within two domains (i.e., leisure-time and active travel).Between February and April 2014, adolescents (N = 1632, M age = 12.94 years, SD = 0.54, 55% male

2018 The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

23. How early media exposure may affect cognitive function: A review of results from observations in humans and experiments in mice Full Text available with Trip Pro

How early media exposure may affect cognitive function: A review of results from observations in humans and experiments in mice Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is now among the most commonly diagnosed chronic psychological dysfunctions of childhood. By varying estimates, it has increased by 30% in the past 20 years. Environmental factors that might explain this increase have been explored. One such factor may be audiovisual media exposure during early childhood. Observational (...) studies in humans have linked exposure to fast-paced television in the first 3 years of life with subsequent attentional deficits in later childhood. Although longitudinal and well controlled, the observational nature of these studies precludes definitive conclusions regarding a causal relationship. As experimental studies in humans are neither ethical nor practical, mouse models of excessive sensory stimulation (ESS) during childhood, akin to the enrichment studies that have previously shown benefits

2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

24. Insomnia, negative affect, and psychotic experiences: Modelling pathways over time in a clinical observational study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Insomnia, negative affect, and psychotic experiences: Modelling pathways over time in a clinical observational study Insomnia has been shown to contribute to the development of psychotic experiences, predominantly via increasing negative affect. However, the role of insomnia in the persistence of psychotic experiences is yet to be investigated in a clinical population. Furthermore, other plausible influences, such as psychotic experiences contributing to insomnia, remain to be evaluated (...) . This study tests the role of insomnia as a predictor of persistence of psychotic experiences versus other potential causal routes. Twenty-nine patients aged 18-30 with non-affective psychosis completed three assessments over three months of their insomnia, negative affect, and psychotic experiences. Mixed effect models allowed comparisons between hypothesis-based models (comprising insomnia as predictor, negative affect as mediator, and psychotic experiences as outcome) and oppositional models, where

2018 Psychiatry research

25. How the Availability of Observation Status Affects Emergency Physician Decisionmaking. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How the Availability of Observation Status Affects Emergency Physician Decisionmaking. This study seeks to understand how emergency physicians decide to use observation services, and how placing a patient under observation influences physicians' subsequent decisionmaking.We conducted detailed semistructured interviews with 24 emergency physicians, including 10 from a hospital in the US Midwest, and 14 from 2 hospitals in central and northern England. Data were extracted from the interview (...) transcripts with open coding and analyzed with axial coding.We found that physicians used a mix of intuitive and analytic thinking in initial decisions to admit, observe, or discharge patients, depending on the physician's individual level of risk aversion. Placing patients under observation made some physicians more systematic, whereas others cautioned against overreliance on observation services in the face of uncertainty.Emergency physicians routinely make decisions in a highly resource-constrained

2018 Annals of Emergency Medicine

26. The multidimensional representational space of observed socio-affective touch experiences Full Text available with Trip Pro

The multidimensional representational space of observed socio-affective touch experiences Observed touch interactions provide useful information on how others communicate with the external world. Previous studies revealed shared neural circuits between the direct experience and the passive observation of simple touch, such as being stroked/slapped. Here, we investigate the complexity of the neural representations underlying the understanding of others' socio-affective touch interactions (...) , these results highlight the overall complexity and the individual modulation of the distributed neural representations underlying the processing of observed socio-affective touch.Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 NeuroImage

27. Observing Others’ Gaze Direction Affects Infants’ Preference for Looking at Gazing- or Gazed-at Faces Full Text available with Trip Pro

Observing Others’ Gaze Direction Affects Infants’ Preference for Looking at Gazing- or Gazed-at Faces Eye gaze is an important signal in social interactions, and it plays an important role to understand what others looking in joint attention (JA) situations. JA has been examined in situations involving two people gazing at objects; however, ecologically, infants observe not only faces that gaze at objects but also those that gaze at other people. Here, we examined how eye gaze directed (...) toward another face affect face preferences in infants. A total of 19 children were observed during a JA situation and a no-JA situation. In the JA situation, an adult face in the central position of the screen shifted her gaze to look at another adult face at a lateral position on the screen. However, during the no JA situation, the central face shifted her eye gaze away from the adult face presented on the screen. At test, for the centrally presented faces, infant looking times were longer at faces

2018 Frontiers in psychology

28. Non-Verbal Cognitive Abilities in Children and Adolescents Affected by Migraine and Tension-Type Headache: An Observational Study Using the Leiter-3 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Non-Verbal Cognitive Abilities in Children and Adolescents Affected by Migraine and Tension-Type Headache: An Observational Study Using the Leiter-3 Headache is one of the most common neurological disorders in developmental age. Several studies investigated the relationship between headache and emotional/behavioral problems. We studied non-verbal cognitive abilities, including non-verbal memory and attention skills, in order to evaluate the impact of primary headache on these domains (...) . The latest version of the cognitive battery Leiter International Performance Scale - Third Edition (Leiter-3), a non-verbal test, was administered to 35 children and adolescents affected by migraine or tension-type headache and to 23 healthy subjects. We found that frequency of attacks and headache disability (evaluated with the Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment Score Questionnaire) significantly correlate with non-verbal memory and sustained attention skills. However, we found that headache

2018 Frontiers in neurology

29. Concurrent Chemoradiation Affects the Clinical Outcome of Small Bowel Complications Following Pelvic Irradiation: Prospective Observational Study from a Regional Cancer Center Full Text available with Trip Pro

Concurrent Chemoradiation Affects the Clinical Outcome of Small Bowel Complications Following Pelvic Irradiation: Prospective Observational Study from a Regional Cancer Center Background To appraise the spectrum of small bowel complications following pelvic irradiation and to assess the clinical outcome and factors associated with adverse clinical outcome in these patients. Methods This descriptive clinical study was done for three years in a tertiary care center in South India. Patients (...) with respect to overall mortality, the requirement of surgery, and operative mortality. However patients who were operated and those who received CCRT had a significantly longer mean intensive care unit (ICU) stay (3.51 days vs. 0.68 days; p = 0.0001) as well as overall mean hospital stay (14.87 days vs. 5.58 days; p = 0.001) and an insignificant mortality rate (16% vs. 15%; p = 0.4085). Conclusion The present study observed that the patients who were operated and those who received CCRT had significantly

2018 Cureus

30. An Individual’s Connection to Nature Can Affect Perceived Restorativeness of Natural Environments. Some Observations about Biophilia Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Individual’s Connection to Nature Can Affect Perceived Restorativeness of Natural Environments. Some Observations about Biophilia This study investigates the relationship between the level to which a person feels connected to Nature and that person's ability to perceive the restorative value of a natural environment. We assume that perceived restorativeness may depend on an individual's connection to Nature and this relationship may also vary with the biophilic quality of the environment

2018 Behavioral Sciences

31. Effectiveness of icatibant for treatment of hereditary angioedema attacks is not affected by body weight: findings from the Icatibant Outcome Survey, a cohort observational study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of icatibant for treatment of hereditary angioedema attacks is not affected by body weight: findings from the Icatibant Outcome Survey, a cohort observational study Icatibant is a bradykinin B2-receptor antagonist used for the treatment of hereditary angioedema attacks resulting from C1-inhibitor deficiency. Treatment is not adjusted by body weight however the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the effectiveness of icatibant is not documented in the literature. We examined disease (...) characteristics and icatibant treatment effectiveness in patients stratified by BMI in the Icatibant Outcome Survey, an ongoing, international, observational study monitoring the real-world safety and effectiveness of icatibant.Attack and treatment characteristics as well as outcomes following treatment with icatibant were compared among patients with underweight, normal, overweight, and obese BMI.Data from 2697 icatibant-treated attacks in 342 patients (3.5, 44.7, 34.8, and 17.0% patients of underweight

2018 Clinical and translational allergy

32. Voluntarily controlled but not merely observed visual feedback affects postural sway Full Text available with Trip Pro

Voluntarily controlled but not merely observed visual feedback affects postural sway Online stabilization of human standing posture utilizes multisensory afferences (e.g., vision). Whereas visual feedback of spontaneous postural sway can stabilize postural control especially when observers concentrate on their body and intend to minimize postural sway, the effect of intentional control of visual feedback on postural sway itself remains unclear. This study assessed quiet standing posture (...) increased postural sway only in the voluntary-control group. Furthermore, regardless of the instructions and feedback manipulations, the experienced sense of control over visual feedback positively correlated with the magnitude of postural sway. We suggest that voluntarily controlled, but not merely observed, visual feedback is incorporated into the feedback control system for posture and begins to affect postural sway.

2018 PeerJ

33. "Normal-appearing" scalp areas are also affected in lichen planopilaris and frontal fibrosing alopecia: an observational histopathologic study of 40 patients. (Abstract)

"Normal-appearing" scalp areas are also affected in lichen planopilaris and frontal fibrosing alopecia: an observational histopathologic study of 40 patients. Lichen planopilaris (LPP) and frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) are lymphocyte-mediated scarring alopecias which clinically affect primarily the anterior and mid-scalp. However, unaffected scalp areas have not yet been investigated in a systemic manner. In this study, we assessed histopathologic changes in affected and unaffected scalp (...) of histopathological inflammation, scalp symptoms and clinical lesions in the corresponding affected scalp areas. This preliminary study suggests that both diseases may be more generalized processes which affect the scalp and therefore need systemic or total scalp therapy.© 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2018 Experimental Dermatology

34. Extent and location of fixation affects the biomechanical stability of short- or long-segment pedicle screw technique with screwing of fractured vertebra for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: An observational study using finite element analy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Extent and location of fixation affects the biomechanical stability of short- or long-segment pedicle screw technique with screwing of fractured vertebra for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: An observational study using finite element analy Intermediate screw fixation at the fracture level has been widely accepted to treat thoracolumbar burst fractures, but no study has shown the effect of the extent and location of fixation. The effect of the extent and location of fixation (...) -L3, and M5-L2 (bilateral 5 monoaxial pedicle screw fixation from L2 to T10). Range of motion (ROM) and largest von Mises stress (LVMS) of the instrumentations were recorded and analyzed.No significant differences were observed in the mean ROM of all states of motion between the M3-L1 model and the other fixation models except for M5-L2. The LVMS of the pedicle screws and rods all occurred during flexion. The LVMS values of the pedicle screws were larger in the M3-L2 fixation model and M4-L3

2018 Medicine

35. Problems to affect long-term survival for breast cancer patients: An observational study of subsequent lung/bronchus malignancies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Problems to affect long-term survival for breast cancer patients: An observational study of subsequent lung/bronchus malignancies. The overall survival of breast cancer (BC) patients increased significantly for decades; however, their long-term survival was seriously impaired by subsequent malignancies. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors of subsequent lung / bronchus primary malignancies among BC survivors.A total of 535,941 BC female survivors diagnosed were identified by using (...) factor for lung/bronchus cancer. Even though BC patients had a favorite 5-year survival, their long-term survival was affected by subsequent malignancies, especially for lung/bronchus cancer with high mortality.Nearly 13% BC survivors suffered from subsequent malignancies. Increased risk was related to HER2/HR triple negative and advanced TNM stages. Radiotherapy and surgery were protective factors. Our findings may inform the subsequent cancer counseling of female BC survivors.

2018 Medicine

36. Observer bias

Observer bias Observer bias - Catalog of Bias Catalogue of Bias Navigate this website Observer bias The process of observing and recording information which includes systematic discrepancies from the truth. Table of Contents Background Observer bias is a type of detection bias that can affect assessment in observational and interventional studies. Parta’s gives the following definition: “Systematic difference between a true value and the value actually observed due to observer variation (...) the fairest test of an intervention. However, if any part of the data collection process involves observation, observer bias can affect the measurement in the study. Example Observer bias has been repeatedly been documented in studies of blood pressure. Clinicians measuring participants blood pressure using mercury sphygmomanometers have been , readings to the nearest whole number. Observer bias may also occur if the researcher has a , leading to arbitrary adjustments of the readings. Impact Hróbjartsson

2018 Catalogue of Bias

37. Evaluation of IL-12RB1, IL-12B, CXCR-3 and IL-17a expression in cases affected by a non-healing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis: an observational study design. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of IL-12RB1, IL-12B, CXCR-3 and IL-17a expression in cases affected by a non-healing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis: an observational study design. Seldom cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) may present as a lasting and active lesion(s), known as a non-healing form of CL (NHCL). Non-functional type 1 T helper (Th1) cells are assumed the most important factor in the outcome of the disease. The present study aims to assess some molecular defects that potentially contribute to Th1 impairment (...) in NHCL.This prospective observational study will be implemented among five groups. The first and second groups comprise patients afflicted with non-healing and healing forms of CL, respectively. The third group consists of those recovered participants who have scars as a result of CL. Those participants who have never lived or travelled to endemic areas of leishmaniasis will comprise the fourth group. The fifth group comprises participants living in hyperendemic areas for leishmaniasis, although none

2017 BMJ open

38. Outcome of day treatment for older adults with affective disorders: An observational pre-post design of two transdiagnostic approaches. (Abstract)

Outcome of day treatment for older adults with affective disorders: An observational pre-post design of two transdiagnostic approaches. First, to evaluate the outcome of 2 transdiagnostic day treatment programs. A 20-week psychotherapeutic day treatment (PDT) and an activating day treatment (ADT) program delivered in blocks of 4 weeks with a maximum of 24 weeks with respect to depression, anxiety, and hypochondriasis. Second, to explore the impact of cognitive impairment and personality (...) nor ADT. Cognitive impairment negatively interfered with the course of depressive symptoms among patients receiving PDT.Transdiagnostic day treatment is promising for older adults with affective disorders with high feasibility.Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2017 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

39. Factors affecting the course and severity of adult acne. Observational cohort study. (Abstract)

Factors affecting the course and severity of adult acne. Observational cohort study. To identify factors improving symptoms and shortening duration of AA.The observational cohort study was performed in 111 patients with AA (>25 y.o.) in 2015-2016. Clinical manifestation, previous treatments, environmental risk factors and features of juvenile acne affecting AA were assessed.The maximum severity of persistent acne was significantly lower after 25 years of age, as compared to adolescence (7.2 vs

2017 Journal of Dermatological Treatment

40. Workload even affects hand hygiene in a highly trained and well-staffed setting: a prospective 365/7/24 observational study. (Abstract)

Workload even affects hand hygiene in a highly trained and well-staffed setting: a prospective 365/7/24 observational study. Compliance with hand hygiene (HH) has often not proved satisfactory; high workload is a commonly self-reported reason. Previous studies comparing workload and compliance have not measured workload precisely and have focused on certain times of day. This study aimed to investigate the association between HH compliance and workload, both electronically defined 365/7/24 (...) (primary endpoint). In addition, the quality of commonly used compliance defining methods (hand disinfectant usage, direct observation) was investigated (secondary endpoint).Correlation of electronically measured HH compliance (hand-rub activities (HRA)/HH opportunities) with electronically determined workload (nursing time output/nursing time input) was undertaken over one year at a stem cell transplant unit at University Hospital Basel, Switzerland. HRA and procedures requiring HRA according

2017 Journal of Hospital Infection

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>