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Obesity Risk

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1. Obesity and cardiovascular risk: a call for action from the European Society of Hypertension Working Group of Obesity, Diabetes and the High-risk Patient and European Association for the Study of Obesity: part B: obesity-induced cardiovascular disease, ea (PubMed)

Obesity and cardiovascular risk: a call for action from the European Society of Hypertension Working Group of Obesity, Diabetes and the High-risk Patient and European Association for the Study of Obesity: part B: obesity-induced cardiovascular disease, ea : Obesity predisposes for atrial fibrillation, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, renal disease and ischemic stroke, which are the main causes of cardiovascular hospitalization and mortality. As obesity and the cardiovascular effects (...) on the vessels and the heart start early in life, even from childhood, it is important for health policies to prevent obesity very early before the disease manifestation emerge. Key roles in the prevention are strategies to increase physical exercise, reduce body weight and to prevent or treat hypertension, lipids disorders and diabetes earlier and efficiently to prevent cardiovascular complications.

2018 Journal of Hypertension

2. Obesity and cardiovascular risk: a call for action from the European Society of Hypertension Working Group of Obesity, Diabetes and the High-risk Patient and European Association for the Study of Obesity: part A: mechanisms of obesity induced hypertension (PubMed)

Obesity and cardiovascular risk: a call for action from the European Society of Hypertension Working Group of Obesity, Diabetes and the High-risk Patient and European Association for the Study of Obesity: part A: mechanisms of obesity induced hypertension : Obesity is a key factor for cardiovascular diseases and complications. Obesity is associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia and type II diabetes, which are the major predictors of cardiovascular disease in the future. It predisposes (...) for atrial fibrillation, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, renal disease and ischemic stroke that are the main causes of cardiovascular hospitalization and mortality. As obesity and the cardiovascular effects on the vessels and the heart start early in life, even from childhood, it is important for health policies to prevent obesity very early before the disease manifestation emerge. Key roles in the prevention are strategies to increase physical exercise, reduce body weight and to prevent or treat

2018 Journal of Hypertension

3. Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity?

Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity? Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity? View/ Open Date 2016-12 Format Metadata Abstract Q: Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood (...) obesity? Evidence-based answer: Yes. Even having breastfed during the first year of life is associated with a 15% lower risk of overweight or obesity over the next 2 to 14 years compared with never having breastfed. Breastfeeding exclusively for 6 months is associated with a 30% to 50% reduction in risk (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, meta-analysis of cohort studies and subsequent cohort studies). However, interventions that increase breastfeeding rates during the first 3 to 6 months of life

2017 Clinical Inquiries

4. Cohort study: Consuming meals prepared at home more frequently appears to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, weight gain and obesity

Cohort study: Consuming meals prepared at home more frequently appears to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, weight gain and obesity Consuming meals prepared at home more frequently appears to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, weight gain and obesity | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log (...) in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Consuming meals prepared at home more frequently appears to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, weight gain and obesity Article Text

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

5. Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors

Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Discover Portal Discover Portal Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Published on 7 November 2017 doi: People with certain metabolic risk factors who are obese are two and a half times as likely to develop heart disease as healthy people (...) of normal weight. But those who are obese without these other risk factors still have a 28% increased risk of heart disease compared with healthy people of normal weight. This suggests excess weight should be seen as an independent risk factor, challenging the idea that people can be “fat but fit”. Metabolic risk factors for heart disease cluster together and in this large study the researchers defined “metabolically healthy” as not having; high blood pressure, raised blood sugar, high triglyceride

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children

Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Discover Portal Discover Portal Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Published on 13 February 2018 doi: Children who eat takeaways once or more each week have more body fat and higher low-density lipoprotein (LDL) “bad” cholesterol levels than those who never or hardly ever eat them (...) . Their diets were also higher in fat and lower in protein and calcium. This cross-sectional study looked in depth at eating habits and risk markers for coronary heart disease, obesity and diabetes in 2,529 children in England. Though this type of study can only show an association between takeaways and risk markers, it is one of the first of its type, and the results do give cause for concern. Increasing numbers of people are eating takeaways in the UK. Local authorities and healthcare professionals

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

7. Obesity and Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children

Obesity and Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2016 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

8. The Effect of a Multidisciplinary Lifestyle Intervention on Obesity Status, Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Children and Adolescents with Obesity. (PubMed)

The Effect of a Multidisciplinary Lifestyle Intervention on Obesity Status, Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Children and Adolescents with Obesity. This study aimed to develop a multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention program targeted at children and adolescents with moderate to severe obesity, and assess the additional effects of exercise intervention when compared to usual care. Overall, the 103 enrolled participants were ≥85th percentile of age and sex (...) interaction effects were observed in percentage body fat (%BF) (β = -1.52, 95%CI = -2.58⁻-0.45), lean body mass (LM) (β = 1.20, 95%CI = 0.12⁻2.29), diastolic blood pressure (β = -5.24, 95%CI = -9.66⁻-0.83), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (β = -1.67, 95%CI = -2.77⁻-1.01), and wall sit test score (β = 50.74, 95%CI = 32.30⁻69.18). We developed a moderate-intensity intervention program that can be sustained in the real-world setting and is practically applicable to both moderate and severe obesity. After

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2019 Nutrients

9. Cohort study: Overweight or obese young people are not at increased risk of depression, but young people with depression are at increased risk of obesity

Cohort study: Overweight or obese young people are not at increased risk of depression, but young people with depression are at increased risk of obesity Overweight or obese young people are not at increased risk of depression, but young people with depression are at increased risk of obesity | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we (...) use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Overweight or obese young people are not at increased risk of depression, but young people

2014 Evidence-Based Nursing

10. The Cardiometabolic Risk Profile of Underreporters of Energy Intake Differs from That of Adequate Reporters among Children at Risk of Obesity. (PubMed)

The Cardiometabolic Risk Profile of Underreporters of Energy Intake Differs from That of Adequate Reporters among Children at Risk of Obesity. Misreporting of energy intake (EI) in nutritional epidemiology is a concern because of information bias, and tends to occur differentially in obese compared with nonobese subjects.We examined characteristics of misreporters within a cohort of children with a parental history of obesity and the bias introduced by underreporting.The QUebec Adipose (...) and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth (QUALITY) cohort included 630 Caucasian children aged 8-10 y at recruitment with ≥1 obese parent [body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) >30 or waist circumference >102 cm (men), >88 cm (women)] and free of diabetes or severe illness. Children on antihypertensive medications or following a restricted diet were excluded. Child and parent characteristics were measured directly or by questionnaire. Three 24-h dietary recalls were administered by phone by a dietitian. Goldberg's

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2019 Journal of Nutrition

11. Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors

Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Discover Portal Discover Portal Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Published on 7 November 2017 doi: People with certain metabolic risk factors who are obese are two and a half times as likely to develop heart disease as healthy people (...) of normal weight. But those who are obese without these other risk factors still have a 28% increased risk of heart disease compared with healthy people of normal weight. This suggests excess weight should be seen as an independent risk factor, challenging the idea that people can be “fat but fit”. Metabolic risk factors for heart disease cluster together and in this large study the researchers defined “metabolically healthy” as not having; high blood pressure, raised blood sugar, high triglyceride

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

12. Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children

Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Discover Portal Discover Portal Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Published on 13 February 2018 doi: Children who eat takeaways once or more each week have more body fat and higher low-density lipoprotein (LDL) “bad” cholesterol levels than those who never or hardly ever eat them (...) . Their diets were also higher in fat and lower in protein and calcium. This cross-sectional study looked in depth at eating habits and risk markers for coronary heart disease, obesity and diabetes in 2,529 children in England. Though this type of study can only show an association between takeaways and risk markers, it is one of the first of its type, and the results do give cause for concern. Increasing numbers of people are eating takeaways in the UK. Local authorities and healthcare professionals

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

13. A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes

A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes Discover Portal Discover Portal A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes Published on 4 November 2015 doi: This large NIHR-funded UK trial found that a behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce their risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy, or having a baby (...) result does emphasise the need to follow NICE recommendations to test for diabetes in all pregnant women with obesity. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Obesity rates in UK women have risen between 1993 and 2011 from 16% to 26%. Rates of gestational diabetes are also increasing. Women who are obese when they become pregnant have a higher risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, or having babies that are on average larger than the duration of pregnancy would predict

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

14. Contributory Risk and Management of Comorbidities of Hypertension, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperlipidemia, and Metabolic Syndrome in Chronic Heart Failure: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Contributory Risk and Management of Comorbidities of Hypertension, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperlipidemia, and Metabolic Syndrome in Chronic Heart Failure: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Circulation. 2016;134:e535–e578. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000450 December 6, 2016 e535 CLINICAL STATEMENTS AND GUIDELINES T he comorbidities of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and metabolic syndrome are common in patients with heart failure (HF (...) of overweight and obesity 6 in the general population and in patients with increased cardiovascular risk, and a recent report from the Eighth Joint Na- tional Committee addressed the management of hypertension. 7 However, these guidelines did not specifically address the management of such comorbidities in patients with HF. Similarly, the most recent ACCF/AHA HF practice guidelines 8 in 2013 addressed the overall management of comorbidities in patients with HF in broad terms, but again, specific

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2016 American Heart Association

15. A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes

A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes Discover Portal Discover Portal A behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce risk of diabetes Published on 4 November 2015 doi: This large NIHR-funded UK trial found that a behavioural intervention for obese pregnant women did not reduce their risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy, or having a baby (...) result does emphasise the need to follow NICE recommendations to test for diabetes in all pregnant women with obesity. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Obesity rates in UK women have risen between 1993 and 2011 from 16% to 26%. Rates of gestational diabetes are also increasing. Women who are obese when they become pregnant have a higher risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, or having babies that are on average larger than the duration of pregnancy would predict

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

16. Effects of HIIT and MICT on cardiovascular risk factors in adults with overweight and/or obesity: A meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Effects of HIIT and MICT on cardiovascular risk factors in adults with overweight and/or obesity: A meta-analysis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adults with overweight and obesity.Twenty-two articles were included by searching six databases, the total number of subjects was 620 in these articles. Outcomes were synthesised using (...) a random-effects meta-analysis of the Standardized mean difference (SMD) in CVD risk factors.HIIT and MICT resulted in statistically significant reductions in Weight, BMI, fat%, total cholesterol(TC), and improvement in VO2max. Compared with MICT, subgroup of durations of HIIT training interval ≥2 min can significantly increase VO2max (SMD = 0.444, 95% CI:0.037~0.851,P = 0.032), subgroup of energy expenditure of HIIT equal to MICT can significantly increase VO2max (SMD = 0.399, 95% CI:0.106~0.692,P

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2019 PLoS ONE

17. Effect of one time high dose "stoss therapy" of vitamin D on glucose homeostasis in high risk obese adolescents. (PubMed)

Effect of one time high dose "stoss therapy" of vitamin D on glucose homeostasis in high risk obese adolescents. To study the effect of using a one time high dose "stoss therapy" of vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol: VD2) on indices of insulin sensitivity {whole body sensitivity index: WBISI} and secretion {insulinogenic index: IGI} measured during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in obese adolescents with VDD (25 OHD; serum metabolite of vit D: < 30 ng/dL).In a randomized placebo controlled (...) cross over design 20 obese adolescents with vitamin D deficiency (VDD) had baseline OGTT. Arm A received one time high dose 300,000 IU of ergocalciferol and Arm B received placebo. After 6 weeks the adolescents were reassigned to Arm A if they were in Arm B and vice versa. 25OHD, calcium, parathyroid hormone, comprehensive metabolic panel, urine calcium creatinine ratio were measured at each study visit. OGTTs to assess indices of sensitivity and secretion were done at baseline, 6 weeks and 12 weeks

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2018 Archives of endocrinology and metabolism

18. A systematic review of childhood obesity in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: Prevalence and risk factors meta-analysis. (PubMed)

A systematic review of childhood obesity in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: Prevalence and risk factors meta-analysis. Obesity rates are rising globally, but there is evidence that young people in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are at particularly high risk. We systematically searched the literature to map the MENA region for prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, and examine the underlying risk factors and adverse effects associated with obesity (...) , prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 25.6% and 34.8% among young males and 20.8% and 20.5% among females. A meta-analysis revealed that physical inactivity, increased screen time, and higher social status were risk factors for childhood obesity. Childhood and adolescent obesity is a major challenge facing countries of the MENA region. Further research is needed to fully investigate the role of nutrition and other specific risk factors and evaluate various interventions to manage this pervasive

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2018 Advances in pediatric research

19. Contribution of insulin resistance to decreased baroreceptor sensitivity & cardiometabolic risks in pre-obesity & obesity (PubMed)

Contribution of insulin resistance to decreased baroreceptor sensitivity & cardiometabolic risks in pre-obesity & obesity Although insulin resistance (IR) is a known complication in obesity, the physiological mechanisms linking IR with cardiometabolic risks in obesity have not been well studied. This study was conducted to assess the difference in cardiovascular (CV) risk profile in IR and non-IR (NIR) conditions, and contribution of IR to cardiometabolic risks in pre-obese and obese (...) individuals.Basal CV, blood pressure variability, autonomic function test and cardiometabolic parameters were recorded in pre-obese (n=86) and obese (n=77) individuals during 2012 and 2015. The association of altered cardiometabolic parameters with homeostatic model for IR (HOMA-IR) in pre-obese and obese groups and with baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) in IR and NIR groups was calculated by appropriate statistical analysis.Decreased BRS, a known CV risk and cardiometabolic parameters were significant in IR (pre

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2018 The Indian journal of medical research

20. Effect of whole-body electromyostimulation and / or protein supplementation on obesity and cardiometabolic risk in older men with sarcopenic obesity: the randomized controlled FranSO trial. (PubMed)

Effect of whole-body electromyostimulation and / or protein supplementation on obesity and cardiometabolic risk in older men with sarcopenic obesity: the randomized controlled FranSO trial. Sarcopenic Obesity (SO) is characterized by low lean and high fat mass; i.e. from a functional aspect a disproportion between engine (muscle) and mass to be moved (fat). At present, most research focuses on the engine, but the close "cross talk" between age-associated adipose and skeletal muscle tissue (...) inflammation calls for comprehensive interventions that affect both components alike. Protein and exercise are likely candidates, however with respect to the latter, the enthusiasm for intense and frequent exercise is rather low, especially in functionally limited older people. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS), a time-efficient, joint-friendly and highly customizable exercise technology, on obesity parameters and cardiometabolic risk

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2018 BMC Geriatrics

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