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1. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Downloaded from https://journals.lww.com/jpgn by BhDMf5ePHKav1zEoum1tQfN4a+kJLhEZgbsIHo4XMi0hCywCX1AWnYQp/IlQrHD3IJrtBKuSsQVsKRVaZGM1l4DvatJ7+0OA9ytY7fNKvII= on 09/27/2019 Downloaded from https://journals.lww.com/jpgn by BhDMf5ePHKav1zEoum1tQfN4a (...) +kJLhEZgbsIHo4XMi0hCywCX1AWnYQp/IlQrHD3IJrtBKuSsQVsKRVaZGM1l4DvatJ7+0OA9ytY7fNKvII= on 09/27/2019 Copyright © ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN. All rights reserved. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Diseases: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Marialena Mouzaki, y Jiri Bronsky, z Girish Gupte, § Iva Hojsak, jj Jorg Jahnel, Nikhil Pai, # Ruben E. Quiros-Tejeira

2019 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

2. Enteral versus parenteral nutrition and enteral versus a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition for adults in the intensive care unit. (PubMed)

Enteral versus parenteral nutrition and enteral versus a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition for adults in the intensive care unit. Critically ill people are at increased risk of malnutrition. Acute and chronic illness, trauma and inflammation induce stress-related catabolism, and drug-induced adverse effects may reduce appetite or increase nausea and vomiting. In addition, patient management in the intensive care unit (ICU) may also interrupt feeding routines. Methods to deliver (...) nutritional requirements include provision of enteral nutrition (EN), or parenteral nutrition (PN), or a combination of both (EN and PN). However, each method is problematic. This review aimed to determine the route of delivery that optimizes uptake of nutrition.To compare the effects of enteral versus parenteral methods of nutrition, and the effects of enteral versus a combination of enteral and parenteral methods of nutrition, among critically ill adults, in terms of mortality, number of ICU-free days

2018 Cochrane

3. Nutrition support in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk. (PubMed)

Nutrition support in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk. The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects (...) of nutrition support.To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk.We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (Ovid SP), Embase (Ovid SP), LILACS (BIREME), and Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science). We also searched the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (www.who.int/ictrp); ClinicalTrials.gov

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2017 Cochrane

4. Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial

Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page

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2016 NIHR HTA programme

5. Nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive factors associated with mid-upper arm circumference as a measure of nutritional status in pregnant Ethiopian women: Implications for programming in the first 1000 days. (PubMed)

Nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive factors associated with mid-upper arm circumference as a measure of nutritional status in pregnant Ethiopian women: Implications for programming in the first 1000 days. Poor nutritional status in pregnancy expressed as low mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is associated with low birth weight. The study aims were to assess the nutritional status of pregnant Ethiopian women using MUAC and examine association with nutrition-specific and nutrition (...) (HemoCue) were collected. The prevalence of low MUAC (< 23 cm) was 41%. Controlling for location and clustering, wealth quintile (OR = 0.88, CI = 0.82 to 0.96, p<0.01) was associated with decreased risk of low MUAC, while trimester (OR = 1.31, CI = 1.16 to 1.48, p<0.001) was associated with increased risk of low MUAC. The only significant factor amenable to nutrition-specific interventions was altitude-adjusted anemia, which was associated with increased risk of low MUAC (OR = 1.28, CI = 1.09 to 1.49

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2019 PLoS ONE

6. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Sup... : Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 1 mo and < 18 yr) critically ill patient expected to require a length of stay greater than 2 or 3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2,032 citations were (...) , Assessment, Development and Evaluation criteria to adjust the evidence grade based on assessment of the quality of study design and execution. These guidelines are not intended for neonates or adult patients. The guidelines reiterate the importance of nutritional assessment, particularly the detection of malnourished patients who are most vulnerable and therefore potentially may benefit from timely intervention. There is a need for renewed focus on accurate estimation of energy needs and attention

2017 Society of Critical Care Medicine

7. Effect of BASNEF-based nutrition education on nutritional behaviors among elderly people and Mini Nutritional Assessment on nutritional status in elderly with diabetes with type 2 diabetes (A clinical trial intervention). (PubMed)

Effect of BASNEF-based nutrition education on nutritional behaviors among elderly people and Mini Nutritional Assessment on nutritional status in elderly with diabetes with type 2 diabetes (A clinical trial intervention). The number of elderly people is growing in different communities like Iran, increasingly. Malnutrition prevalence is unknown among elderly patients with diabetes. Malnutrition is a common risk factor in elderly people with diabetes that may affect their health.This study (...) is a random clinical trial. There are 200 samples in this study chosen randomly and divided into two intervention and control groups (100 each). Data of both groups were collected in the same way, before and 3 months after the intervention. Educational intervention was based on pretest, baseline BASNEF model, and Mini Nutritional Assessment questionnaire in four sessions.Descriptive indices were used to analyze the data while Chi-square, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and correlation tests were used to examine

2019 Journal of education and health promotion Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. A nutritional intervention program improves the nutritional status of geriatric patients at nutritional risk-a randomized controlled trial

A nutritional intervention program improves the nutritional status of geriatric patients at nutritional risk-a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effect of a nutrition intervention program for geriatric nutritional at-risk patients.A randomized controlled trial.Department of geriatric medicine in a university hospital and in the primary healthcare sector, Copenhagen.Geriatric patients ( N = 144) at nutritional risk.The intervention consisted of an individual dietary plan for home (...) , including pre-discharge advice on nutritional intake, combined with three follow-up visits after discharge (one, four, and eight weeks).Change in body weight, Barthel Index, hand-grip strength and self-rated health from baseline (discharge) to three months after discharge, readmission, and mortality (90 and 120 days).The mean (SD) age in total sample was 87.2 (6.2) years. Sample size in the intervention group (IG) was N = 72, and in the control group (CG), N = 72. IG had a mean (SD) weight gain of 0.9

2018 EvidenceUpdates

9. Safety, feasibility, and effect of an enhanced nutritional support pathway including extended preoperative and home enteral nutrition in patients undergoing enhanced recovery after esophagectomy: a pilot randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Safety, feasibility, and effect of an enhanced nutritional support pathway including extended preoperative and home enteral nutrition in patients undergoing enhanced recovery after esophagectomy: a pilot randomized clinical trial. The aims of this pilot study are to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of conducting an enhanced nutritional support pathway including extended preoperative nutritional support and one month home enteral nutrition (HEN) for patients who underwent (...) enhanced recovery after esophagectomy. We implemented extended preoperative nutritional support and one month HEN after discharge for patients randomized into an enhanced nutrition group and implemented standard nutritional support for patients randomized into a conventional nutrition group. Except the nutritional support program, both group patients underwent the same standardized enhanced recovery after surgery programs of esophagectomy based on published guidelines. Patients were assessed

2019 Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Child-care self-assessment to improve physical activity, oral health and nutrition for 2- to 4-year-olds: a feasibility cluster RCT

Child-care self-assessment to improve physical activity, oral health and nutrition for 2- to 4-year-olds: a feasibility cluster RCT Child-care self-assessment to improve physical activity, oral health and nutrition for 2- to 4-year-olds: a feasibility cluster RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try (...) Trials Collaboration, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 4 Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 5 Centre for Trials Research, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK 6 Medical Research Council/Chief Scientist Office Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK 7 Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA * Corresponding

2019 NIHR HTA programme

11. Individualised nutritional support in medical inpatients at nutritional risk: a randomised clinical trial. (PubMed)

Individualised nutritional support in medical inpatients at nutritional risk: a randomised clinical trial. Guidelines recommend the use of nutritional support during hospital stays for medical patients (patients not critically ill and not undergoing surgical procedures) at risk of malnutrition. However, the supporting evidence for this recommendation is insufficient, and there is growing concern about the possible negative effects of nutritional therapy during acute illness on recovery (...) and clinical outcomes. Our aim was thus to test the hypothesis that protocol-guided individualised nutritional support to reach protein and caloric goals reduces the risk of adverse clinical outcomes in medical inpatients at nutritional risk.The Effect of early nutritional support on Frailty, Functional Outcomes, and Recovery of malnourished medical inpatients Trial (EFFORT) is a pragmatic, investigator-initiated, open-label, multicentre study. We recruited medical patients at nutritional risk (nutritional

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2019 Lancet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in infants born preterm. (PubMed)

Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in infants born preterm. Weaning refers to the period of introduction of solid food to complement breast milk or formula milk. Preterm infants are known to acquire extrauterine growth restriction by the time of discharge from neonatal units. Hence, the postdischarge and weaning period are crucial for optimal growth. Optimisation of nutrition during weaning may have long-term impacts on outcomes in preterm infants. Family (...) members of preterm infants may require nutrition education to promote ideal nutrition practices surrounding weaning in preterm infants who are at high risk of nutritional deficit.To investigate the role of nutrition education of family members in supporting weaning in preterm infants with respect to their growth and neurodevelopment compared with conventional management.We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2018

2019 Cochrane

13. Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes. (PubMed)

Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes. One nutritional intervention advocated to prevent malnutrition among children is lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS). LNS provide a range of vitamins and minerals, but unlike most other micronutrient supplements, LNS also provide energy, protein and essential fatty acids. Alternative recipes and formulations to LNS (...) include fortified blended foods (FBF), which are foods fortified with vitamins and minerals, and micronutrient powders (MNP), which are a combination of vitamins and minerals, OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of preventive LNS given with complementary foods on health, nutrition and developmental outcomes of non-hospitalised infants and children six to 23 months of age, and whether or not they are more effective than other foods (including FBF or MNP).This review did not assess the effects

2019 Cochrane

14. Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for home-based nutritional rehabilitation of severe acute malnutrition in children from six months to five years of age. (PubMed)

Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for home-based nutritional rehabilitation of severe acute malnutrition in children from six months to five years of age. Management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children comprises two potential phases: stabilisation and rehabilitation. During the initial stabilisation phase, children receive treatment for dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, intercurrent infections and other complications. In the rehabilitation phase (applicable to children (...) on a limited number of outcomes.We found seven studies with 2261 children comparing home-based RUTF meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for nutritional composition (referred to in this review as standard RUTF) with an alternative dietary approach (effective sample size = 1964). RUTF probably improves recovery (risk ratio (RR) 1.33; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16 to 1.54; 6 studies, 1852 children; moderate-quality evidence), and may increase the rate of weight gain slightly (mean

2019 Cochrane

15. Nutritional interventions for preventing stunting in children (birth to 59 months) living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). (PubMed)

Nutritional interventions for preventing stunting in children (birth to 59 months) living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Nutritional interventions to prevent stunting of infants and young children are most often applied in rural areas in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Few interventions are focused on urban slums. The literature needs a systematic assessment, as infants and children living in slums are at high risk of stunting. Urban slums are complex (...) environments in terms of biological, social, and political variables and the outcomes of nutritional interventions need to be assessed in relation to these variables. For the purposes of this review, we followed the UN-Habitat 2004 definitions for low-income informal settlements or slums as lacking one or more indicators of basic services or infrastructure.To assess the impact of nutritional interventions to reduce stunting in infants and children under five years old in urban slums from LMIC

2019 Cochrane

16. Perioperative nutrition for the treatment of bladder cancer by radical cystectomy. (PubMed)

Perioperative nutrition for the treatment of bladder cancer by radical cystectomy. Radical cystectomy (RC) is the primary surgical treatment for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. This major operation is typically associated with an extended hospital stay, a prolonged recovery period and potentially major complications. Nutritional interventions are beneficial in some people with other types of cancer and may be of value in this setting too.To assess the effects (...) of perioperative nutrition in people undergoing radical cystectomy for the treatment of bladder cancer.We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (Evidence Based Medicine Reviews, MEDLINE, Embase, AMED, CINAHL), trials registries, other sources of grey literature, and conference proceedings published up to 22 February 2019, with no restrictions on the language or status of publication.We included parallel-group randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults undergoing RC for bladder cancer

2019 Cochrane

17. Early enteral nutrition within 24 hours of lower gastrointestinal surgery versus later commencement for length of hospital stay and postoperative complications. (PubMed)

Early enteral nutrition within 24 hours of lower gastrointestinal surgery versus later commencement for length of hospital stay and postoperative complications. This is an update of the review last published in 2011. It focuses on early postoperative enteral nutrition after lower gastrointestinal surgery. Traditional management consisted of 'nil by mouth', where patients receive fluids followed by solids after bowel function has returned. Although several trials have reported lower incidence (...) of infectious complications and faster wound healing upon early feeding, other trials have shown no effect. The immediate advantage of energy intake (carbohydrates, protein or fat) could enhance recovery with fewer complications, and this warrants a systematic evaluation.To evaluate whether early commencement of postoperative enteral nutrition (within 24 hours), oral intake and any kind of tube feeding (gastric, duodenal or jejunal), compared with traditional management (delayed nutritional supply

2019 Cochrane

18. Accelerating nutrition improvements: best practices in scaling up nutrition actions: examples from Ethiopia, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania

Accelerating nutrition improvements: best practices in scaling up nutrition actions: examples from Ethiopia, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania Accelerating nutrition improvements: best practices in scaling up nutrition actions: examples from Ethiopia, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Accelerating nutrition (...) improvements: best practices in scaling up nutrition actions: examples from Ethiopia, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania View/ Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Organization . (‎2016)‎. Accelerating nutrition improvements: best practices in scaling up nutrition actions: examples from Ethiopia, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. World Health Organization. Description 23 p. Gov't Doc # WHO/NMH/NHD/16.4 Collections Language English Metadata Related items Showing

2016 WHO

19. Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025): report by the Secretariat

Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025): report by the Secretariat Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (‎2016–2025)‎: report by the Secretariat JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: United Nations Decade (...) of Action on Nutrition (‎2016–2025)‎: report by the Secretariat View/ Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Assembly, 69 . (‎2016)‎. Maternal, infant and young child nutrition: United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (‎2016–2025)‎: report by the Secretariat. World Health Organization. Gov't Doc # A69/7 Add.2 Collections Language English Metadata Related items Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.  المجلس التنفيذي, 130 (‎ EB130/10 , 2012 )‎  Conseil exécutif, 130

2016 WHO

20. Accelerating Nutrition Improvements (ANI): mapping of stakeholders and nutrition actions in three scaling-up countries in sub-Saharan Africa: report of the second meeting, 10 February 2015, Kampala, Uganda

Accelerating Nutrition Improvements (ANI): mapping of stakeholders and nutrition actions in three scaling-up countries in sub-Saharan Africa: report of the second meeting, 10 February 2015, Kampala, Uganda Accelerating Nutrition Improvements (‎ANI)‎: mapping of stakeholders and nutrition actions in three scaling-up countries in sub-Saharan Africa: report of the second meeting, 10 February 2015, Kampala, Uganda JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work (...) without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Accelerating Nutrition Improvements (‎ANI)‎: mapping of stakeholders and nutrition actions in three scaling-up countries in sub-Saharan Africa: report of the second meeting, 10 February 2015, Kampala, Uganda View/ Open Rights View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Organization . (‎2016)‎. Accelerating Nutrition Improvements (‎ANI)‎: mapping of stakeholders and nutrition actions in three scaling-up

2016 WHO

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