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Neuropsychological Assessment

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161. Neuropsychological Test Administration by Videoconference: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological Test Administration by Videoconference: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of videoconference administration on adult neurocognitive tests. We investigated whether the scores acquired during a videoconference administration were different from those acquired during on-site administration. Relevant counterbalanced crossover studies were identified according to Preferred Reporting Items (...) neuropsychological assessments via videoconference, and advocate for reimbursement structures that allow consumers to benefit from the increased access, convenience, and cost-savings that remote assessment provides.

2017 Neuropsychology review

162. Neuropsychological profiles of vascular disease and risk of dementia: implications for defining vascular cognitive impairment no dementia (VCI-ND). (PubMed)

Neuropsychological profiles of vascular disease and risk of dementia: implications for defining vascular cognitive impairment no dementia (VCI-ND). vascular cognitive impairment no dementia (VCI-ND) defines a preclinical phase of cognitive decline associated with vascular disorders. The neuropsychological profile of VCI-ND may vary according to different vascular conditions.to determine the neuropsychological profile of individuals with no dementia and vascular disorders, including hypertension (...) , peripheral vascular disease (PVD), coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes and stroke. Risk of 2-year incident dementia in individuals with disease and cognitive impairment was also tested.participants were from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study. At baseline, 13,004 individuals aged ≥65 years were enrolled into the study. Individuals were grouped by baseline disorder status (present, absent) for each condition. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE

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2017 Age and ageing

163. Neuropsychological characteristics of Gulf War illness: A meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological characteristics of Gulf War illness: A meta-analysis. Gulf War illness (GWI) is a disorder related to military service in the 1991 GW. Prominent symptoms include fatigue, pain and cognitive problems. These symptoms were reported by GW Veterans (GWV) immediately after the war and were eventually incorporated into case definitions of GWI. Neuropsychological function in GW veterans has been studied both among deployed GWV and in GWV diagnosed with GWI. Results have been (...) inconsistent between and across GW populations. The purpose of the present investigation was to better characterize neuropsychological function in this veteran population.Meta-analysis techniques were applied to published studies on neuropsychological performance in GWV to identify domains of dysfunction in deployed vs. non-deployed GW-era veterans and symptomatic vs. non-symptomatic GWVs.Significantly decreased performance was found in three functional domains: attention and executive function

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2017 PloS one

164. Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and neuropsychological development in pre-school children: A prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and neuropsychological development in pre-school children: A prospective cohort study. BackgroundMaternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear whether intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association.MethodsWe assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using

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2017 Pediatric Research

165. Vasoreactivity in CADASIL: Comparison to structural MRI and neuropsychology. (PubMed)

in an exploratory study of vascular function in CADASIL. Clinical assessment, comprehensive vascular assessment, MRI and neuropsychological testing were conducted. We measured cerebral vasoreactivity with transcranial Doppler and arterial spin labelling MRI with hypercapnia challenge. Number and volume of lacunes, subcortical hyperintensity volume, microbleeds and normalised brain volume were assessed on MRI. Analysis was exploratory and examined the associations between different markers. Cerebrovascular (...) Vasoreactivity in CADASIL: Comparison to structural MRI and neuropsychology. Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity precedes histological and clinical evidence of CADASIL in animal models. We aimed to more fully characterise peripheral and cerebral vascular function and reactivity in a cohort of adult CADASIL patients, and explore the associations of these with conventional clinical, imaging and neuropsychological measures. A total of 22 adults with CADASIL gave informed consent to participate

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2017 Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

166. Neuropsychological Profiles Differentiate Alzheimer Disease from Subcortical Ischemic Vascular Dementia in an Autopsy-Defined Cohort. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological Profiles Differentiate Alzheimer Disease from Subcortical Ischemic Vascular Dementia in an Autopsy-Defined Cohort. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of neuropsychological tests to differentiate autopsy-defined Alzheimer disease (AD) from subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD).From a sample of 175 cases followed longitudinally that underwent autopsy, we selected 23 normal controls (NC), 20 SIVD, 69 AD, and 10 mixed cases of dementia. Baseline (...) neuropsychological tests, including Memory Assessment Scale word list learning test, control oral word association test, and animal fluency, were compared between the three autopsy-defined groups.The NC, SIVD, and AD groups did not differ by age or education. The SIVD and AD groups did not differ by the Global Clinical Dementia Rating Scale. Subjects with AD performed worse on delayed recall (p < 0.01). A receiver operating characteristics analysis comparing the SIVD and AD groups including age, education

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2017 Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders

167. Prospective analysis of neuropsychological deficits following resection of benign skull base meningiomas. (PubMed)

time were enrolled in this prospective single-center trial. The average age of the patients was 56.4 ± 12.5 years. Seventy-nine percent of the tumors were located within the anterior skull base. Neurological examinations and neuropsychological testing were performed at 3 time points: 1 day prior to surgery (T1), 3-5 months after surgery (T2), and 9-12 months after surgery (T3). The average follow-up duration was 13.8 months. Neuropsychological assessment consisted of quality of life, depression (...) Prospective analysis of neuropsychological deficits following resection of benign skull base meningiomas. OBJECTIVE Resection of skull base tumors is challenging. The introduction of alternative treatment options, such as radiotherapy, has sparked discussion regarding outcome in terms of quality of life and neuropsychological deficits. So far, however, no prospective data are available on this topic. METHODS A total of 58 patients with skull base meningiomas who underwent surgery for the first

2017 Journal of Neurosurgery

168. Ketamine augmentation of electroconvulsive therapy to improve neuropsychological and clinical outcomes in depression (Ketamine-ECT): a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, parallel-group, superiority trial. (PubMed)

Ketamine augmentation of electroconvulsive therapy to improve neuropsychological and clinical outcomes in depression (Ketamine-ECT): a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, parallel-group, superiority trial. The use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is limited by concerns about its cognitive adverse effects. Preliminary evidence suggests that administering the glutamate antagonist ketamine with ECT might alleviate cognitive adverse effects and accelerate symptomatic improvement; we tested (...) randomly assigned (1:1) to ketamine (0·5 mg/kg intravenous bolus) or saline adjunctive to the anaesthetic for the duration of their ECT course. Patients and assessment and ECT treatment teams were masked to treatment allocation, although anaesthetists administering the study medication were not. We analysed the primary outcome, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised delayed verbal recall (HVLT-R-DR) after four ECT treatments, using a Gaussian repeated measures model in all patients receiving the first

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2017 The Lancet. Psychiatry

169. Maternal depression and personality traits in association with child neuropsychological and behavioral development in preschool years: Mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. (PubMed)

Maternal depression and personality traits in association with child neuropsychological and behavioral development in preschool years: Mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality (...) characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece.Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation. A larger sample of 642 mothers completed the EPDS scale at 8 weeks postpartum. Children's neuropsychological (MSCA) and behavioral (ADHDT and SDQ) development were

2017 Journal of Affective Disorders

170. Observational cohort study examining apolipoprotein E status and preoperative neuropsychological performance as predictors of post-operative delirium in an older elective arthroplasty population. (PubMed)

Observational cohort study examining apolipoprotein E status and preoperative neuropsychological performance as predictors of post-operative delirium in an older elective arthroplasty population. delirium following surgery is common and is associated with negative outcomes. Preoperative cognitive impairment has been shown to be a risk factor for post-operative delirium. Often the cognitive tests used are cumbersome. This study tests the hypothesis that the quantification of brain vulnerability (...) , using Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) status and neuropsychological tests, both traditional and more easily administered, can quantify the risk of post-operative delirium following elective primary arthroplasty surgery.this observational cohort study recruited participants aged 65 years or older admitted prior to elective primary hip or knee arthroplasty. Baseline data was collected and participants underwent neuropsychological testing and had blood taken for ApoE genotyping preoperatively. Post-operatively

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2017 Age and ageing

171. Molecular, clinical and neuropsychological study in 31 patients with Kabuki syndrome and KMT2D mutations. (PubMed)

Molecular, clinical and neuropsychological study in 31 patients with Kabuki syndrome and KMT2D mutations. Kabuki syndrome (KS-OMIM 147920) is a rare developmental disease characterized by the association of multiple congenital anomalies and intellectual disability. This study aimed to investigate intellectual performance in children with KS and link the performance to several clinical features and molecular data. We recruited 31 children with KMT2D mutations who were 6 to 16 years old. They all (...) lower for children with visual impairment than normal vision. We also identified a discrepancy in indexes characterized by high WMI and VCI and low PRI and PSI. We emphasize the importance of early identification and intensive care of visual disorders in patients with KS and recommend individual assessment of intellectual profile.© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2017 Clinical Genetics

172. Neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy of adult traumatic brain injury patients with depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

) searches (time frame: January 1st, 2005 to December 31st, 2015) for clinical studies that had tested neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy in adult TBI survivors with depression. The studies were to have experimental or quasi-experimental study design, and to include survivors from non-military TBI. Quantitative assessment of qualifying studies was done using the random effects model. We calculated the pooled size effect using standardized mean difference (SMD) as the main effect (...) Neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy of adult traumatic brain injury patients with depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. There is still insufficient appreciation whether neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy are effective in attenuating depression following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This knowledge gap was addressed in the present systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature.We conducted electronic database (Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus

2017 Journal Of Neurosurgical Sciences

173. Anatomical Correlates of Neuropsychological Deficits Among Patients With the Cerebellar Stroke (PubMed)

) or the SNSB-II were enrolled. The neuropsychological function capacities were compared in accordance with the stroke type (hemorrhagic vs. ischemic) and the location (right/left anterior, right/left posterior intermediate, right/left posterior lateral lobe, and vermis). Mean z-scores were computed to compare the patient performances with the population averages.Twenty-six patients (15 with ischemic stroke and 11 with hemorrhagic stroke) with a mean age of 54.8±16.6 years were assessed 8.8±9.2 months after (...) Anatomical Correlates of Neuropsychological Deficits Among Patients With the Cerebellar Stroke To investigate the anatomical correlates of the neuropsychological deficits in patients with the cerebellar stroke.We screened patients who were admitted to the National Rehabilitation Center with the cerebellar stroke between October 2012 and November 2016. The patients with the cerebellar stroke who underwent neuropsychological testing for which the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB

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2017 Annals of rehabilitation medicine

174. Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis and Cognition: A Review of Clinical, Neuropsychologic, and Neuroradiologic Features (PubMed)

and neural networks in children. Cognitive impairment has long-term effects on patients' academic life and the quality of their social life. Therefore, all patients with pediatric MS should be screened and monitored for cognitive impairment. This review also highlights the need for neuropsychological test batteries that assess different cognitive domains in children and adolescents with multiple sclerosis and for cognitive rehabilitation programs to improve the quality of their academic and social life. (...) Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis and Cognition: A Review of Clinical, Neuropsychologic, and Neuroradiologic Features Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease. Although cognitive impairment has been well established in adult patients with MS, its occurrence in patients with pediatric-onset MS has recently been reported. In this review, I discuss the main features of cognitive impairment in pediatric MS as determined by long-term follow-up studies

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2017 Behavioural neurology

175. Predicting Dropout and Outcome From Neuropsychological Functions in SUD Patients

: Substance use [ Time Frame: 1 year after neuropsychological assessment ] DUDIT (Drug Use Disorders Identification Test) Psychological distress [ Time Frame: 1 year after neuropsychological assessment ] SCL-10 (Symptom Checklist) Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 1 year after neuropsychological assessment ] QoL-5 (Quality of Life) ADHD symptoms [ Time Frame: 1 year after neuropsychological assessment ] ASRS (ADHD Self-Report Scale) Income [ Time Frame: 1 year after neuropsychological assessment ] Nature (...) of income Housing [ Time Frame: 1 year after neuropsychological assessment ] Nature of present accommodation Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Layout table

2017 Clinical Trials

176. Role of Sleep Apnea in the Neuropsychological Function in Down Syndrome People

symptoms. Investigators will process CPAP treatment for 3 months, and do neuropsychological assessment and sleep examination after treatment for 6 months. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Assessed the sleep apnea level with Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI) score. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] Assessed neuropsychological functions with Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-R) vocabulary subdomain score. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] Secondary Outcome Measures : Assessed (...) the memory domain that subtest of Sentence (WPPSI-R) . [ Time Frame: 3 months ] Assessed the memory domain that forward memory (Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised) . [ Time Frame: 3 months ] Evaluation of participants's Visuospatial functions with Geometric Design (WPPSI-R). [ Time Frame: 3 months ] Evaluation of participants's Visuospatial functions with Block Design (WPPSI-R). [ Time Frame: 3 months ] The Executive domain was assessed with TOWER (Developmental NEuroPSYchological Assessment

2017 Clinical Trials

177. Impact of Grape Consumption on Brain Metabolism and Neuropsychological Performance Over 1 Year

and neuropsychological performance, and to determine whether initial patterns, and magnitude of change, of cerebral metabolism assessed by positron emission tomography (PET) can serve respectively as a predictor of, and biomarker for, the magnitude of cognitive changes resulting from intake of grapes over a period of at least one year. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Mild Cognitive Impairment Dietary Supplement: Grape Powder Dietary Supplement: Placebo Powder Phase 2 Detailed Description (...) to UCLA NeuroPET Clinics by their neurologists for further evaluation by brain imaging will be studied in this placebo-controlled, double-blinded study. Subjects who have met the screening criteria will be randomized to receive 72 g of grape powder or placebo, reconstituted in water, per day. Regional brain metabolism will be measured with a PET scanner, and cognitive function will be measured by a neuropsychologic test battery assessed at baseline, 6 months following initiation of consumption, and 1

2017 Clinical Trials

178. Earlier Alcohol Use Onset Predicts Poorer Neuropsychological Functioning in Young Adults (PubMed)

Earlier Alcohol Use Onset Predicts Poorer Neuropsychological Functioning in Young Adults Neurodevelopment may be shaped by environmental factors such as alcohol intake. Over 20% of U.S. high school students begin drinking before age 14, and those who initiated drinking before age 14 are 4 times more likely to develop psychosocial, psychiatric, and substance use difficulties than those who began drinking after turning 20. Little is known, however, about how the age of alcohol use onset (...) influences brain development.This study prospectively examined the effects of alcohol use onset age on neurocognitive functioning in healthy adolescent drinkers (N = 215). Youth were administered a neuropsychological battery before substance use initiation (M = 13.6 years, SD = 0.8) and on average 6.8 years later (M = 20.2 years, SD = 1.5). Hierarchical linear regressions examined if earlier ages of onset for first and regular (i.e., weekly) alcohol use adversely influenced neurocognition, above

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2017 Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research

179. Impact of Neuropsychological Alteration of Decision-making Abilities on the Functioning of Patients With Eating Disorders

Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Participants All participants performed the same evaluation: clinical and neuropsychological assessment. All of them are patients with an eating disorder. Behavioral: Ambulatory cares in a day-hospital (University Hospital of Montpellier) specialized in the evaluation of eating disorders All patients assessed in the day-hospital will performed the same evaluation : Blood sampling Calorimetry Osteodensitometry Psychiatric assessment Endocrinologic assessment (...) Dietetic assessment Neuropsychological assessment Self-questionnaires With the patient agreement, a biological collection will be constituted. The objective is the subsequent study of biological factors involved in eating disorders (in particular genetic factors) Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Level of functional impairment assessed by the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline ] We aim to investigate the link between decision-making and daily functioning

2017 Clinical Trials

180. Impact of Neuropsychological Evaluation on Epilepsy Treatment

(Adult, Older Adult) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: 18 years of age or older experiencing some degree of epilepsy-related symptoms, but not of such severity as to preclude them from being able to provide consent or undergo neuropsychological assessment (requiring extended inpatient treatment, severely aphasic, or MMSE score < 25) Exclusion Criteria: Previously undergone neuropsychological testing Currently pursuing surgical treatment (...) Impact of Neuropsychological Evaluation on Epilepsy Treatment Impact of Neuropsychological Evaluation on Epilepsy Treatment - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Impact of Neuropsychological

2017 Clinical Trials

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