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Neuropsychological Assessment

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161. Open-label pilot for treatment targeting gut dysbiosis in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: neuropsychological symptoms and sex comparisons Full Text available with Trip Pro

Open-label pilot for treatment targeting gut dysbiosis in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: neuropsychological symptoms and sex comparisons Preliminary evidence suggests that the enteric microbiota may play a role in the expression of neurological symptoms in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). Overlapping symptoms with the acute presentation of D-lactic acidosis has prompted the use of antibiotic treatment to target the overgrowth of species within (...) included alternate weeks of Erythromycin (400 mg of erythromycin as ethyl succinate salt) twice daily and probiotic (D-lactate free multistrain probiotic, 5 × 1010 cfu twice daily). 2 × 2 repeated measures ANOVAs were used to assess sex-time interactions and effects across pre- and post-intervention for microbial, lactate and clinical outcomes. Ancillary non-parametric correlations were conducted to examine interactions between change in microbiota and clinical outcomes.Large treatment effects were

2018 Journal of translational medicine

162. The association between “Brain‐Age Score” (BAS) and traditional neuropsychological screening tools in Alzheimer's disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

The association between “Brain‐Age Score” (BAS) and traditional neuropsychological screening tools in Alzheimer's disease We present the Brain-Age Score (BAS) as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based index for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We developed a fully automated framework for estimating the BAS in healthy controls (HCs) and individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or AD, using MRI scans.We trained the proposed framework using 385 HCs from the IXI and OASIS datasets (...) and evaluated 146 HCs, 102 stable-MCI (sMCI), 112 progressive-MCI (pMCI), and 147 AD patients from the J-ADNI dataset. We used a correlation test to determine the association between the BAS and four traditional screening tools of AD: the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clinical Dementia Ratio (CDR), Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Score (ADAS), and Functional Assessment Questionnaire (FAQ). Furthermore, we assessed the association between BAS and anatomical MRI measurements: the normalized gray matter

2018 Brain and behavior

163. Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy: course and prognostic factors of neuropsychological functioning Full Text available with Trip Pro

patients who were first diagnosed between 2001 and 2011 and underwent a second neuropsychological assessment 1.5-2 years later. Cognitive subdomains were assessed and an overall cognitive impairment score was calculated. Paired t tests and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to describe the neuropsychological course and to obtain prognostic factors for the neuropsychological functioning at follow-up.There was a significant improvement on neuropsychological subdomains at follow-up (...) Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy: course and prognostic factors of neuropsychological functioning Working in conditions with daily exposure to organic solvents for many years can result in a disease known as chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy (CSE). The aims for this study were to describe the neuropsychological course of CSE after first diagnosis and to detect prognostic factors for neuropsychological impairment after diagnosis.This prospective study follows a Dutch cohort of CSE

2018 International archives of occupational and environmental health

164. The Predictive Value of Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography in Preterm Infants for IQ and Other Neuropsychological Outcomes at Early School Age Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Predictive Value of Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography in Preterm Infants for IQ and Other Neuropsychological Outcomes at Early School Age Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care and seems helpful in predicting outcomes at the age of 2 years.To determine whether early aEEG patterns in preterm infants are equally useful in predicting outcomes at early school age.We recorded aEEG in 41 preterms (gestational age 26.0-32.9 (...) weeks) at a median postnatal age of 9.7 h (IQR 7.0-25.3) and in 43 preterms on median day 8 (IQR 7-9). We assessed aEEG by pattern recognition and calculated the means of the aEEG amplitude centiles. At a median of 7.39 years, i.e., early school age, we assessed their motor, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes.Depressed aEEG patterns were not associated with poorer outcomes. Cyclicity directly after birth was associated with a higher total IQ (mean 104 vs. 97, p = 0.05) and higher scores on visual

2018 Neonatology

165. Use of neuropsychological tests for the diagnosis of dementia: a survey of Italian memory clinics. Full Text available with Trip Pro

neuropsychological assessment (NPA), defined as the administration of at least one test for verbal and visual episodic memory, attention, constructional praxis, verbal fluency and executive functions (minimum core tests-MCTs), as part of the diagnostic process.A total of 45.7% of Italian CCDD performed a comprehensive MCT as part of the diagnostic process. The logistic regression model showed that the probability of including at least one psychologist in the team was higher in the CCDD that reported using (...) Use of neuropsychological tests for the diagnosis of dementia: a survey of Italian memory clinics. Providing an overview of the neuropsychological tests used in Italian memory clinics (defined as Centers for Cognitive Disorders and Dementias-CCDD in Italy) for the diagnosis of cognitive disorders and dementias.A total of 501 CCDD, out of all 536 active CCDD, were surveyed between February 2014 and August 2015 to verify the characteristics of the centres who performed a comprehensive

2018 BMJ open

166. Neuropsychological predictors of conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease: a feature selection ensemble combining stability and predictability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological predictors of conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease: a feature selection ensemble combining stability and predictability. Predicting progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is an utmost open issue in AD-related research. Neuropsychological assessment has proven to be useful in identifying MCI patients who are likely to convert to dementia. However, the large battery of neuropsychological tests (NPTs) performed (...) relevant NPTs for prognostic prediction in AD. First, we combine the outcome of multiple (filter and embedded) FS methods. Then, we use a wrapper-based approach optimizing both stability and predictability to compute the number of selected features. We use two large prospective studies (ADNI and the Portuguese Cognitive Complaints Cohort, CCC) to evaluate the approach and assess the predictive value of a large number of NPTs.The best subsets of features include approximately 30 and 20 (from

2018 BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making

167. Validity of Neuropsychological Testing in Young African Children Affected by HIV Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validity of Neuropsychological Testing in Young African Children Affected by HIV Western-constructed neuropsychological tests have been used in low and middle income countries to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS and other chronic illnesses. We explore using such instruments cross-culturally in a sub-Saharan Africa setting.IMPAACT P1104S was a two-year observational study carried out at six clinical sites (South Africa- 3 sites, Malawi, Uganda and Zimbabwe) to assess and compare neuropsychological (...) scores.The KABC, TOVA, BRIEF and BOT-2 were valid and reliable tools for assessing the neuropsychological impact of HIV in four sub-Saharan African countries.

2018 Journal of pediatric infectious diseases

168. The impact of obesity on neuropsychological functioning in adults with and without major depressive disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

study compared cognitive performance in obese individuals with MDD and two control populations (obese individuals without a psychiatric illness and non-obese controls). A standardized battery of neuropsychological tests specifically designed to assess performance in declarative memory, executive functioning, processing speed and attention was administered. Mood ratings, physical measurements, nutritional and health questionnaires were also completed.We observed a consistent pattern across measures (...) The impact of obesity on neuropsychological functioning in adults with and without major depressive disorder. Evidence suggests obesity exerts a negative impact on cognition. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is also linked to problems in cognitive functioning. Obesity is highly prevalent in individuals with MDD and is linked to a failure to return to a full level of functioning. The study's objective was to investigate the effect of obesity on cognitive impairment in participants with MDD.This

2017 PLoS ONE

169. Neuropsychological measures that differentiate posterior cortical atrophy from Alzheimer's disease: a meta-analytic review

Neuropsychological measures that differentiate posterior cortical atrophy from Alzheimer's disease: a meta-analytic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) : Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2

2020 PROSPERO

170. Neuropsychology of executive functions in patients with focal injury in the prefrontal cortex: a systematic review

Neuropsychology of executive functions in patients with focal injury in the prefrontal cortex: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal

2020 PROSPERO

171. Neuropsychological profiles in offender populations with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)

Neuropsychological profiles in offender populations with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2020 PROSPERO

172. Cognition During and After Multiple Sclerosis Relapse as Assessed With the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

(p < 0.05). BVMT-R score improved more in men, in patients with biologically active interferon-beta, in patients treated with methylprednisolone and in patients who were rehabilitated (p < 0.05). CVLT-II score improved in women and in patients with shorter relapse (p < 0.05). A neuropsychological assessment, like the evaluation of physical disability, is important during relapse. BICAMS may be suitable for a quick and effective assessment of cognition during relapse. (...) Cognition During and After Multiple Sclerosis Relapse as Assessed With the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis There is some evidence that cognition may be impaired during multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse. The aims of this study were to assess the cognitive status with the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) in MS patients during relapse, in stable patients, and in healthy controls; to evaluate cognitive changes up to 3 months

2018 Scientific reports

173. MindStreams cognitive health assessment (NeuroTrax Corp.) product suite (U.S. Clinical Edition) for assessing mild cognitive impairment

has emerged, i.e., impaired cognition preceding dementia. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) occurs in 17% to 34% of the elderly population and leads to Alzheimer's disease (AD) at a rate of 10% to 15% per year. The reference standard for assessment of cognitive function is a time-consuming and comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests administered by a psychologist or a psychiatrist. Computerized cognitive testing, an alternative or supplement to standard testing, is quicker and can (...) MindStreams cognitive health assessment (NeuroTrax Corp.) product suite (U.S. Clinical Edition) for assessing mild cognitive impairment MindStreams cognitive health assessment (NeuroTrax Corp.) product suite (U.S. Clinical Edition) for assessing mild cognitive impairment MindStreams cognitive health assessment (NeuroTrax Corp.) product suite (U.S. Clinical Edition) for assessing mild cognitive impairment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

174. Virtual reality assessment of walking and non-walking space in men and women with virtual reality-based tasks. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Virtual reality assessment of walking and non-walking space in men and women with virtual reality-based tasks. Far space and near space refer to different spatial features in which we unfold our behaviour. On the one hand, classical visuospatial neuropsychological tests assess spatial abilities in the near space; on the other, far space typically involves new spatial memory tasks in which participants display their behaviour in an environment, either interacting with objects or searching (...) in all tasks, both in stable and rotated contexts. Our study included one hundred and twenty healthy young participants who were divided into two groups. The first group performed the Walking Space Boxes Room Task. A second group performed the Non-Walking Space Boxes Room Task as well as another traditional neuropsychological test for near space assessment, the 10/36 spatial recall test. Results proved that orientation in the non-walking space was more difficult than in the walking space

2018 PLoS ONE

175. The Multiple Object Test as a performance-based tool to assess the decline of ADL function in Parkinson's disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and easy to apply in a clinical context even on severely impaired patients.73 PD patients were assessed longitudinally over a period of 37 (6-49) months. According to their neuropsychological profile the sample was divided into two groups: PD patients with (n = 34, PD-CI) and without cognitive impairment (n = 39, PD-noCI). The MOT comprises five routine tasks (e.g. to make coffee) quick and easy to apply. Quantitative (total error number, processing time) and qualitative parameters (error type) were (...) The Multiple Object Test as a performance-based tool to assess the decline of ADL function in Parkinson's disease. As cognitive-driven worsening of activities of the daily living (ADL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is the core feature of PD dementia (PDD), there is great need for sensitive quantitative assessment. Aim of our study was the evaluation of cognitive-driven worsening of ADL by the performance-based Multiple Object Test (MOT), offering an essential clinical advantage as it is quick

2018 PLoS ONE

176. Assessing Fitness to Drive

Assessing Fitness to Drive Assessing Fitness to Drive for commercial and private vehicle drivers 2016 Medical standards for licensing and clinical management guidelines Austroads Level 9, 287 Elizabeth Street SYDNEY NSW 2000 Australia Phone: +61 2 8265 3300 www.austroads.com.au As amended up to August 2017Assessing Fitness to Drive for commercial and private vehicle driversHelp for professionals For guidance in assessing a patient’s fitness to drive contact your State or Territory driver (...) licensing authority (see Appendix 9 for details). Information is also available from the Austroads website: www.austroads.com.au Assessing Fitness to Drive First Published 1998 Second Edition 2001 Third Edition 2003 Reprinted 2006 Fourth Edition 2012 Reprinted 2013 Fifth Edition 2016 Reprinted 2017 © Austroads Ltd 2017 This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without the prior written permission of Austroads. National

2016 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

177. Neuropsychological Test Performance of Hawai‘i High School Athletes: Updated Hawai‘i Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Data Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological Test Performance of Hawai‘i High School Athletes: Updated Hawai‘i Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Data The present study reviewed the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) baseline test scores of 247 high school athletes ages 13 to 18 from a private school in Hawai'i. The aim of the research was to update a prior exploratory investigation conducted in 2008 that compared the test scores of Hawai'i public high school

2014 Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health

178. Neuropsychological Assessment Battery-Screening Module (S-NAB): Performance in treatment-seeking cocaine users Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological Assessment Battery-Screening Module (S-NAB): Performance in treatment-seeking cocaine users Abstract Background: Cocaine use is associated with cognitive impairments, which can have a negative effect on treatment retention and drug use. Thus, there is an increasing demand for a screening cognitive battery can be used by clinicians to detect such impairments in cocaine patients so that treatment can be adapted to patients' specific cognitive strengths and deficits (...) . The Neuropsychological Assessment Battery-Screening Module (S-NAB) test for adults takes approximately 35-45 min to administer, and assesses attention, language, memory (verbal and visual), visual spatial reasoning, and executive functioning.The purpose of this descriptive study was to present S-NAB score results for a sample of treatment seeking adult cocaine users to determine its potential utility for detecting cognitive impairments in this population.In the present sample, 145 adult cocaine users participated

2014 The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse Controlled trial quality: uncertain

179. The Need for Cognitive Neuropsychological Assessments for Estimating Risk Factors for Obesity in Adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Need for Cognitive Neuropsychological Assessments for Estimating Risk Factors for Obesity in Adolescents 25274004 2015 05 21 2018 12 02 2233-4521 47 6 2014 Nov Journal of preventive medicine and public health = Yebang Uihakhoe chi J Prev Med Public Health The need for cognitive neuropsychological assessments for estimating risk factors for obesity in adolescents. 343-4 10.3961/jpmph.14.033 Nidhi Ram R Divison of Yoga and Life science, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYSA

2014 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

180. Telemedicine and the evaluation of cognitive impairment: the additive value of neuropsychological assessment. (Abstract)

Telemedicine and the evaluation of cognitive impairment: the additive value of neuropsychological assessment. The number of people in the United States living with dementia is projected to rise to over 7.1 million in the next 12 years, representing a 40% increase from current levels. This anticipated "dementia tsunami" has led to a recent state and national policy emphasis on early detection, improved care quality, reduced caregiver burden, and increased access to care. The ability to achieve (...) these objectives is limited by few dementia specialists in rural and small communities and the challenges of travel to and within congested urban regions for dementia patients and their caregivers. Telemedicine is one such means for responding to this lack of access to subspecialty assessment and care. We describe our early experiences with this technology applied to neuropsychological assessments, with data from 31 patients.As part of an interdisciplinary dementia care demonstration project, clinical video

2014 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

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