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Neuropsychological Assessment

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61. Multidimensional Evaluation of Virtual Reality Paradigms in Clinical Neuropsychology: Application of the VR-Check Framework. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multidimensional Evaluation of Virtual Reality Paradigms in Clinical Neuropsychology: Application of the VR-Check Framework. Virtual reality (VR) represents a key technology of the 21st century, attracting substantial interest from a wide range of scientific disciplines. With regard to clinical neuropsychology, a multitude of new VR applications are being developed to overcome the limitations of classical paradigms. Consequently, researchers increasingly face the challenge of systematically (...) evaluating the characteristics and quality of VR applications to design the optimal paradigm for their specific research question and study population. However, the multifaceted character of contemporary VR is not adequately captured by the traditional quality criteria (ie, objectivity, reliability, validity), highlighting the need for an extended paradigm evaluation framework. To address this gap, we propose a multidimensional evaluation framework for VR applications in clinical neuropsychology

2020 Journal of medical Internet research

62. Early adult mental health, functional and neuropsychological outcomes of young people who have reported psychotic experiences: a 10-year longitudinal study. (Abstract)

in childhood (mean age 11.7 years) and underwent detailed clinical interviews, with 25% reporting PE. A 10 year follow-up study was completed and 103 participants returned (mean age 20.9 years). Structured clinical interviews for DSM-5 (SCID-5) and interviewer-rated assessments of functioning were conducted. A detailed neuropsychological battery was also administered. Analyses investigated group differences between those who had ever reported PE and controls in early adulthood.The PE group (...) Early adult mental health, functional and neuropsychological outcomes of young people who have reported psychotic experiences: a 10-year longitudinal study. Psychotic experiences (PE) are highly prevalent in childhood and are known to be associated with co-morbid mental health disorders and functional difficulties in adolescence. However, little is known about the long-term outcomes of young people who report PE.As part of the Adolescent Brain Development Study, 211 young people were recruited

2020 Psychological Medicine

63. The impact of childhood deprivation on adult neuropsychological functioning is associated with ADHD symptom persistence. (Abstract)

they are associated with deprivation-related symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Adult neuropsychological functioning was assessed across five domains (inhibitory control, emotion recognition, decision-making, prospective memory and IQ) in 70 previously institutionalized adoptees (mean age = 25.3, 50% female) and 22 non-deprived UK adoptees (comparison group, mean age = 24.6, 41% female). ADHD and ASD symptoms were assessed using parent-completed (...) The impact of childhood deprivation on adult neuropsychological functioning is associated with ADHD symptom persistence. Institutional deprivation in early childhood is associated with neuropsychological deficits in adolescence. Using 20-year follow-up data from a unique natural experiment - the large-scale adoption of children exposed to extreme deprivation in Romanian institutions in the 1980s -we examined, for the first time, whether such deficits are still present in adulthood and whether

2020 Psychological Medicine

64. A longitudinal comparison of two neurocognitive test batteries in patients with schizophrenia and healthy volunteers: Time effects on neuropsychological performance and their relation to functional outcome. (Abstract)

A longitudinal comparison of two neurocognitive test batteries in patients with schizophrenia and healthy volunteers: Time effects on neuropsychological performance and their relation to functional outcome. Cognitive impairment is a major unmet need in the treatment of schizophrenia. Over the last decade, the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) has been used to assess the effects of novel treatments for cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. However, other cognitive-neuroscience-based (...) cognitive batteries, such as the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) have been suggested as an alternative to the MCCB. Although both batteries purport to assess cognitive function in psychosis, no previous study has attempted to examine their validity longitudinally and the potential overlap between the two batteries over time. The aim of the current study was to assess the relationship between the MCCB and the CANTAB in the longitudinal assessment of cognitive impairment

2020 Schizophrenia Research

65. Computational Modeling of Neuropsychological Test Performance to Disentangle Impaired Cognitive Processes in Cancer Patients. (Abstract)

Computational Modeling of Neuropsychological Test Performance to Disentangle Impaired Cognitive Processes in Cancer Patients. There is a need to better identify impaired cognitive processes to increase our understanding of cognitive dysfunction caused by cancer and cancer treatment, and improve interventions. The Trail Making Test is frequently used for evaluating information processing speed (part A) and executive function (part B), but interpretation of its outcomes is challenging because (...) treatment accelerate cognitive aging. Our approach allows more precise assessment of cognitive dysfunction in cancer patients and can be extended to other instruments and patient populations.© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

2020 Journal of the National Cancer Institute

66. Remote Neuropsychological Assessment in Rural American Indians with and without Cognitive Impairment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Remote Neuropsychological Assessment in Rural American Indians with and without Cognitive Impairment To determine the feasibility and reliability of a brief battery of standard neuropsychological tests administered via video teleconference (VTC) to a sample of rural American Indians compared with traditional face-to-face administration.The sample consisted of 84 participants from the Choctaw Nation in Oklahoma, including 53 females and 31 males [M age = 64.89 (SD = 9.73), M education = 12.58 (...) between test conditions across the entire sample.All ICCs were significant (p< .0001) and ranged from 0.65 (Clock Drawing) to 0.93 (Boston Naming Test), with a mean ICC of 0.82.Results add to the expanding literature supporting the feasibility and reliability of remote videoconference-based neuropsychological test administration and extend findings to American Indians.© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions

2016 Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

67. Neuropsychological Impact of West Nile Virus Infection: An Extensive Neuropsychiatric Assessment of 49 Cases in Canada Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological Impact of West Nile Virus Infection: An Extensive Neuropsychiatric Assessment of 49 Cases in Canada West Nile virus emerged as an important human pathogen in North America and continues to pose a risk to public health. It can cause a highly variable range of clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe illness. Neuroinvasive disease due to West Nile virus can lead to long-term neurological deficits and psychological impairment. However, these deficits have (...) functioning was assessed using a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests.Data from 49 individuals (32 with West Nile fever and 17 with West Nile neuroinvasive disease) were included in the present cross-sectional analysis. Patterns of neuropsychological impairment were comparable across participants with both neuroinvasive and non-neuroinvasive West Nile virus infection on all cognitive measures. Neuropsychiatric impairment was also observed more frequently at two to four years post-infection

2016 PloS one

68. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) before and after Cochlear Implantation: A Protocol for a Prospective, Longitudinal Cohort Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) before and after Cochlear Implantation: A Protocol for a Prospective, Longitudinal Cohort Study Background: Currently, an independent relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults is suggested by large prospective studies. In general, cochlear implants improve hearing and the quality of life in severely to profoundly hearing impaired older persons. However (...) in these patients. Methods: Twenty-five patients aged 55 or older, scheduled for cochlear implantation, will be enrolled in the study. They will be examined prior to implantation, at 6 and 12 months after implantation and annually thereafter. The test battery consists of (1) a cognitive examination, using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status adapted for Hearing impaired persons (RBANS-H), (2) an audiological examination, including unaided and aided pure tone audiometry, speech

2016 Frontiers in neuroscience

69. Interictal Epileptiform Discharge Effects on Neuropsychological Assessment and Epilepsy Surgical Planning Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interictal Epileptiform Discharge Effects on Neuropsychological Assessment and Epilepsy Surgical Planning Both animal research and human research suggest that interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) may affect cognition, although the significance of such findings remains controversial. We review a wide range of literature with bearing on this topic and present relevant epilepsy surgery cases, which suggest that the effects of IEDs may be substantial and informative for surgical planning (...) . In the first case, we present a patient with epilepsy with left anterior temporal lobe (TL) seizure onset who experienced frequent IEDs during preoperative neuropsychological assessment. Cognitive results strongly lateralized to the left TL. Because the patient failed performance validity tests and appeared amnestic for verbal materials inconsistent with his work history, selected neuropsychological tests were repeated 6 weeks later. Scores improved one to two standard deviations over the initial

2016 Epilepsy & behavior : E&B

70. Neuropsychological Assessment of a New Computerized Cognitive Task that Was Developed to Train Several Cognitive Functions Simultaneously Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological Assessment of a New Computerized Cognitive Task that Was Developed to Train Several Cognitive Functions Simultaneously Recent studies have indicated that computerized cognitive training is effective as therapy for reducing the cognitive decline with aging and the dysfunction associated with neuropsychiatric illness. Although cognitive trainings that targets a specific function and multi-domain cognitive training have both been shown to have significant effects, we need one (...) simple behavioral training paradigm to improve multiple domains of cognitive functions easily and simultaneously. We had developed a new computerized task that seeks to engage the cognitive functions of planning, mental calculation, and divergent thinking based on a working memory task in a single task. The purpose of this study was to assess the cognitive features of our new task by comparing the scores of seven known neuropsychological batteries in healthy elderly subjects. The relationships

2016 Frontiers in psychology

71. Cognitive function in patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection in a tertiary health facility in south – west Nigeria: Assessment using computer-assisted neuropsychological test battery Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive function in patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection in a tertiary health facility in south – west Nigeria: Assessment using computer-assisted neuropsychological test battery Cognitive dysfunction is common among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection however there are few reports from sub-Saharan Africa.We studied fifty seropositive patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection along with fifty matched seronegative control. Medical history taking

2016 eNeurologicalSci

72. Subjective Memory Ability and Long-Term Forgetting in Patients Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Subjective Memory Ability and Long-Term Forgetting in Patients Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment It has been suggested that the memory complaints of patients who are not impaired on formal memory tests may reflect accelerated forgetting. We examined this hypothesis by comparing the 1-week delayed recall and recognition test performance of outpatients who were referred for neuropsychological assessment and who had normal memory performance during standard memory assessment

2016 Frontiers in psychology

73. Impact of Mild Head Injury on Neuropsychological Performance in Healthy Older Adults: Longitudinal Assessment in the AIBL Cohort Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of Mild Head Injury on Neuropsychological Performance in Healthy Older Adults: Longitudinal Assessment in the AIBL Cohort Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is suggested to be a significant risk factor for dementia. However, little research has been conducted into long-term neuropsychological outcomes after head trauma. Participants from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing (AIBL) who had recovered after sustaining a mild TBI involving loss of consciousness more (...) than 5 years previously were compared with matched controls across a 3-year period. Bayesian nested-domain modeling was used to estimate the effect of TBI on neuropsychological performance. There was no evidence for a chronic effect of mild TBI on any neuropsychological domain compared to controls. Within the TBI group, there was some evidence suggesting that the age that the head trauma occurred and the duration of unconsciousness were modulators of episodic memory. However, these findings were

2016 Frontiers in aging neuroscience

74. Using the virtual reality device Oculus Rift for neuropsychological assessment of visual processing capabilities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using the virtual reality device Oculus Rift for neuropsychological assessment of visual processing capabilities Neuropsychological assessment of human visual processing capabilities strongly depends on visual testing conditions including room lighting, stimuli, and viewing-distance. This limits standardization, threatens reliability, and prevents the assessment of core visual functions such as visual processing speed. Increasingly available virtual reality devices allow to address (...) these problems. One such device is the portable, light-weight, and easy-to-use Oculus Rift. It is head-mounted and covers the entire visual field, thereby shielding and standardizing the visual stimulation. A fundamental prerequisite to use Oculus Rift for neuropsychological assessment is sufficient test-retest reliability. Here, we compare the test-retest reliabilities of Bundesen's visual processing components (visual processing speed, threshold of conscious perception, capacity of visual working memory

2016 Scientific reports

75. ANOSOGNOSIA FOR MEMORY IMPAIRMENT IN ADDICTION: INSIGHTS FROM NEUROIMAGING AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF METAMEMORY Full Text available with Trip Pro

ANOSOGNOSIA FOR MEMORY IMPAIRMENT IN ADDICTION: INSIGHTS FROM NEUROIMAGING AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF METAMEMORY In addiction, notably Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), patients often have a tendency to fail to acknowledge the reality of the disease and to minimize the physical, psychological, and social difficulties attendant to chronic alcohol consumption. This lack of awareness can reduce the chances of initiating and maintaining sobriety. Presented here is a model focusing (...) on compromised awareness in individuals with AUD of mild to moderate cognitive deficits, in particular, for episodic memory impairment-the ability to learn new information, such as recent personal experiences. Early in abstinence, alcoholics can be unaware of their memory deficits and overestimate their mnemonic capacities, which can be investigated with metamemory paradigms. Relevant neuropsychological and neuroimaging results considered suggest that the alcoholics' impairment of awareness

2016 Neuropsychology review

76. Neuropsychological Assessments of Cognitive Aging in Monolingual and Bilingual Older Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological Assessments of Cognitive Aging in Monolingual and Bilingual Older Adults Standardized neuropsychological tests are routinely used as diagnostic criteria in aging populations and are an important piece of evidence for the identification of clinical pathology and neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. Tests include such measures as the Mini Mental Status Exam, Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and others. These tests cover (...) not account for such differences. Therefore, results of neuropsychological tests may be different for bilingual populations than for monolinguals, and those differences may be misinterpreted. The issue is important because the consequences of these interpretative errors may be over- or under- diagnosis of cognitive impairment. The present study examined the neuropsychological test scores of monolingual and bilingual older adults who were experiencing healthy aging or cognitive impairment to establish

2016 Journal of neurolinguistics

77. Anterior Temporal Epilepsy Neuropsychological Assessment of Faces

Anterior Temporal Epilepsy Neuropsychological Assessment of Faces Anterior Temporal Epilepsy Neuropsychological Assessment of Faces - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Anterior Temporal Epilepsy (...) Neuropsychological Assessment of Faces (ATENA-F) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02888925 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : September 5, 2016 Last Update Posted : September 5, 2016 See Sponsor: Central

2016 Clinical Trials

78. Performance of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) in detecting cognitive impairment in heart failure patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) in detecting cognitive impairment in heart failure patients. Evaluate capacity of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) to detect cognitive impairment (CI) in heart failure (HF) patients.CI is a key prognostic marker in HF. Though the most widely used cognitive screen in HF, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is insufficiently sensitive. The ANAM has demonstrated sensitivity to cognitive domains (...) affected by HF, but has not been assessed in this population.Investigators administered the ANAM and MMSE to 57 HF patients, compared against a composite model of cognitive function.ANAM efficiency (p < .05) and accuracy scores (p < .001) successfully differentiated CI and non-CI. ANAM efficiency and accuracy scores classified 97.7% and 93.0% of non-CI patients, and 14.3% and 21.4% with CI, respectively.The ANAM is more effective than the MMSE for detecting CI, but further research is needed to develop

2015 Heart & Lung

79. Cognitive Function in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: Challenges in Neuropsychological Assessments. (Abstract)

Cognitive Function in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: Challenges in Neuropsychological Assessments. Cognitive dysfunction is a common symptom in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this review, we highlight the clinical relevance of cognitive impairment in patients with CKD. After a summary of the different pathophysiological components of this frequently overlooked clinical condition, we summarize and evaluate the available neurocognitive tests and reflect on their utility

2015 Seminars in Nephrology

80. Longitudinal assessment of neuropsychological and temporal/spatial gait characteristics of elderly fallers: taking it all in stride Full Text available with Trip Pro

Longitudinal assessment of neuropsychological and temporal/spatial gait characteristics of elderly fallers: taking it all in stride Gait abnormalities are linked to cognitive decline and an increased fall risk within older adults. The present study addressed gaps from cross-sectional studies in the literature by longitudinally examining the interplay between temporal and spatial aspects of gait, cognitive function, age, and lower-extremity strength in elderly "fallers" and "non-fallers". Gait (...) characteristics, neuropsychological and physical test performance were examined at two time points spaced a year apart in cognitively intact individuals aged 60 and older (N = 416). Mixed-model repeated-measure ANCOVAs examined temporal (step time) and spatial (stride length) gait characteristics during a simple and cognitive-load walking task in fallers as compared to non-fallers. Fallers consistently demonstrated significant alterations in spatial, but not temporal, aspects of gait as compared to non

2015 Frontiers in aging neuroscience

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