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Neuropsychological Assessment

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1. BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines

BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines Published on: October 13, 2015 Project Number: RB0922-000 Product Line: Research Type (...) : Other Diagnostics Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the validity of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological trauma? What is the clinical effectiveness of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological trauma? What are the guidelines associated with the use of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Using Rates of Low Scores to Assess Agreement between Brief Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries: A Clinically-based Approach for Psychometric Comparisons. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using Rates of Low Scores to Assess Agreement between Brief Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries: A Clinically-based Approach for Psychometric Comparisons. To assess agreement between four brief computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (CNTs), ANAM, CogState, CNS Vital Signs, and ImPACT, by comparing rates of low scores.Four hundred and six US Army service members (SMs) with and without acute mild traumatic brain injury completed two randomly assigned CNTs with order

2019 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3. Cognitive Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias in Clinical Practice: Pragmatics of Brief Instruments and Neuropsychological Evaluation. (Abstract)

Cognitive Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias in Clinical Practice: Pragmatics of Brief Instruments and Neuropsychological Evaluation. Detection of cognitive impairment and dementia (CID) through the use of brief cognitive assessment tools (BCATs) is the first step to establishing an accurate diagnosis and care plan for individuals seen in primary practices. While the cognitive-behavioral syndrome and underlying etiology may not be readily apparent through brief assessment (...) , clinicians can refer patients for a more comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. A timely diagnosis maximizes the potential for patients to be involved in decision-making and planning for their future, and allows for expedited intervention and harm reduction. This activity provides a practical review of validated and standardized BCATs that can aid in the detection of CID; reviews cognitive and neuropsychological domains and their clinical relevance; and delineates circumstances for referral

2019 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

4. Impact of Diagnosis Threat on Neuropsychological Assessment of People with Acquired Brain Injury: Evidence of Mediation by Negative Emotions. (Abstract)

Impact of Diagnosis Threat on Neuropsychological Assessment of People with Acquired Brain Injury: Evidence of Mediation by Negative Emotions. Some studies have shown that diagnosis threat (DT) could negatively impact the cognitive performance of undergraduate students who had sustained a mild traumatic brain injury. This study was designed to examine DT in people with acquired brain injury (ABI). As a second goal, we investigated the effect of stereotype lift as a way to overcome DT's harmful (...) can aggravate the cognitive difficulties of people with ABI during neuropsychological assessment. The mediating role of negative emotions and the selective impact of DT on tasks that rely heavily on executive functioning are discussed in the light of the stereotype threat model.

2019 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. (Abstract)

Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. Recent decades have seen growing empirical research in wisdom as a complex, trait-based psychological characteristic. Wisdom has been shown to possess individual and societal benefits through associations with health and well-being, but it has not yet been evaluated in people with schizophrenia (PwS). In the current study, we administered a widely used, validated 3

2019 Schizophrenia Research

6. The differential influence of computerized neuropsychological assessment across psychopathology. (Abstract)

The differential influence of computerized neuropsychological assessment across psychopathology. Objective: Novel technologies have transformed neuropsychological test administration so that research examining the equivalency of computerized versions of traditional tests is needed. This study examined the relationship between psychological symptom severity and performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) using the manual versus computerized administration. Method: Eighty-five

2019 The Clinical neuropsychologist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. Neuropsychological assessment and cortisol levels in biofluids from early Alzheimer's disease patients. (Abstract)

Neuropsychological assessment and cortisol levels in biofluids from early Alzheimer's disease patients. Cortisol dysregulation is proposed as a factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD patients can show high cortisol levels in prodromal phases of AD, early enough that neuropsychological alterations exist but activities of daily living remain unimpaired. Nevertheless, it is unknown if biofluid cortisol levels can have some AD predictive power together with neuropsychological (...) tau), and studied with an extensive neuropsychological assessment including global, neuropsychological, functional and affective scales. We used a logistic regression model to discriminate between the AD and non-AD groups. Higher plasma cortisol levels were found in the AD group than in the non-AD group (p < 0.001). Regarding neuropsychological evaluation, delayed memory was used as representative of the neuropsychological status, and lower scores were obtained in the AD group (p < 0.001

2019 Experimental Gerontology

8. Deep learning based low-cost high-accuracy diagnostic framework for dementia using comprehensive neuropsychological assessment profiles. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Deep learning based low-cost high-accuracy diagnostic framework for dementia using comprehensive neuropsychological assessment profiles. The conventional scores of the neuropsychological batteries are not fully optimized for diagnosing dementia despite their variety and abundance of information. To achieve low-cost high-accuracy diagnose performance for dementia using a neuropsychological battery, a novel framework is proposed using the response profiles of 2666 cognitively normal elderly (...) individuals and 435 dementia patients who have participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia (KLOSCAD).The key idea of the proposed framework is to propose a cost-effective and precise two-stage classification procedure that employed Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) as a screening test and the KLOSCAD Neuropsychological Assessment Battery as a diagnostic test using deep learning. In addition, an evaluation procedure of redundant variables is introduced to prevent

2018 BMC Geriatrics

9. Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status The development of neuropsychological assessment methods using virtual reality (VR) is a valid and promising option for the detection of cognitive impairment in the older people, focusing on activities composed of tasks of multiple demands. This study verified the association of age, schooling, and general cognitive status on the performance of neurologically healthy (...) older adults in ECO-VR, a VR task of multiple demands for neuropsychological assessment. A total of 111 older adults answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Vocabulary subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults (third edition), and the ECO-VR. Correlation analyses, multiple linear regression, and comparisons between groups (effects by age and schooling groups) were used to evaluate the results. The ECO-VR total score was significantly associated

2018 Frontiers in psychology

10. Impaired Cognitive Functioning in Cochlear Implant Recipients Over the Age of 55 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impaired Cognitive Functioning in Cochlear Implant Recipients Over the Age of 55 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) Primary Objective: To compare cognitive functioning among experienced, unilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients and normal-hearing (NH) controls by means of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-impaired individuals (...) (RBANS-H). Methods: Sixty-one post-lingually and bilaterally severely hearing-impaired CI recipients (median age: 71.0, range: 58.3 to 93.9 years) with at least 1 year of CI experience (median: 12.4, range: 1.1 to 18.6 years) and 81 NH control participants (median age: 69.9, range: 50.1 to 87.1 years) took part in this cross-sectional study. The RBANS-H was performed, as well as an audiometric assessment, including best-aided speech audiometry in quiet (monosyllabic words) and in noise (Leuven

2018 Frontiers in neuroscience

11. Neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease Freezing of gait (FOG) is a disabling phenomenon characterized by a brief, episodic absence or reduction of forward progression of the feet despite the intention to walk. It is a common cause of falls and mortality in cases with Parkinson's disease (PD). This article reviews neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies to date and introduces a new study of multimodal imaging and cognition in PD-FOG.A (...) comprehensive literature search identified studies using neuropsychological evaluation and/or neuroimaging to evaluate PD-FOG.Several studies have evaluated PD-FOG, but few have combined neuropsychological and comprehensive neuroimaging and none longitudinally.A study using a combined approach longitudinally evaluating cognitive dysfunction and underlying neural networks in FOG is needed. We introduce the framework of a study which demonstrates the use of establishing an infrastructure for studying

2018 Alzheimer's & dementia : translational research & clinical interventions

12. Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment for the Selection of Patients Undergoing DBS for Parkinson's Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment for the Selection of Patients Undergoing DBS for Parkinson's Disease DBS is an increasingly offered advanced treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Neuropsychological assessment is considered to be an important part of the screening for selection of candidates for this treatment. However, no standardised screening procedure currently exists. In this study, we examined the use of our standardised neuropsychological assessment for the evaluation (...) and irreversible global cognitive decline, which was associated with older age and more encompassing cognitive deficits at baseline. Case note review revealed that a high proportion of patients developed mood disorder, which was associated with higher levels of depression at baseline and greater reduction in levodopa medication. We conclude that our neuropsychological assessment is suitable for the screening of candidates and can identify baseline risk factors, which requires careful consideration before

2018 Parkinson's disease

13. Clinical utility of the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment-Brief (UPSA-B) in adults living with HIV: Associations with neuropsychological impairment and patient-reported everyday functioning difficulties. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical utility of the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment-Brief (UPSA-B) in adults living with HIV: Associations with neuropsychological impairment and patient-reported everyday functioning difficulties. Requiring only 10-15 minutes to complete, the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA-B) has high clinical utility as a brief measure of functional capacity. This study aimed to validate the UPSA-B in adults living with HIV/AIDS (HIV+), and identify whether the UPSA-B can be used (...) as an indicator of functional dependence in this population.One hundred and three HIV+ adults and 91 HIV- adults completed a comprehensive neuropsychological and neuromedical battery, including a self-report measure of functional status (IADL Dependence vs. IADL Independence), an objective measure of functional capacity (UPSA-B), and a self-report measure of mood states including a subscale related to cognitive difficulties (Profile of Mood States [POMS]-Confusion/Bewilderment subscale).HIV+ participants had

2017 PLoS ONE

14. The Role of Executive Functioning and Academic Achievement in the Academic Self-Concept of Children and Adolescents Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Executive Functioning and Academic Achievement in the Academic Self-Concept of Children and Adolescents Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment The current study evaluated a model of youth academic self-concept which incorporates practical executive functioning behaviors and academic achievement. Though greater academic achievement has been linked to both positive self-concept and better executive functioning, these constructs have not been examined simultaneously (...) . It was hypothesized that academic achievement would mediate the association between problems with executive functioning and academic self-concept such that youth with more problems with executive functioning would have lower academic achievement and, in turn, lower academic self-concept. Clinical data was analyzed from a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of youth (n = 122) who underwent neuropsychological evaluation. Problems with executive functioning were assessed using the Behavior Rating Inventory

2018 Children

15. A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (NCATS) are often used as a screening tool to identify cognitive deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, differing methodology across studies renders it difficult to identify a consensus regarding the validity of NCATs. Thus, studies where multiple (...) NCATs are administered in the same sample using the same methodology are warranted.We investigated the validity of four NCATs: the ANAM4, CNS-VS, CogState, and ImPACT. Two NCATs were randomly assigned and a battery of traditional neuropsychological (NP) tests administered to healthy control active duty service members (n = 272) and to service members within 7 days of an mTBI (n = 231). Analyses included correlations between NCAT and the NP test scores to investigate convergent and discriminant

2018 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans The present study sought to investigate the measurement invariance of commonly used neuropsychological tests in an ethnically (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and linguistically (Spanish vs. English) diverse sample.Participants were 736 middle-aged and older adults (MAge = 62.1, SD = 9.1) assessed at baseline. Measurement invariance testing

2018 Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis, assessment & disease monitoring

17. Decline in changing Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores is associated with post-stroke cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological evaluation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Decline in changing Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores is associated with post-stroke cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological evaluation. We aimed to examine changes in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores within a one-year period after stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) in associating cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological test battery.Patients with ischemic stroke/TIA received MoCA (...) and MMSE at baseline within 14 days after stroke/TIA, at 3-6 months and 1-year follow-ups. The scores of MoCA and MMSE were considered to have declined if there were a reduction of ≥2 points in the respective scores measured across two time points. The decline in neuropsychological diagnosis transitional status was defined by a category transition from no cognitive impairment or any cognitive impairment to a more severe cognitive impairment or dementia.275 patients with a mean age of 59.8 ± 11.6 years

2017 PLoS ONE

18. Neuropsychological Assessments via Telemedicine: Updated Systematic Review

Neuropsychological Assessments via Telemedicine: Updated Systematic Review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email (...) will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary

2020 PROSPERO

19. Cognition in older adults with bipolar disorder: a systematic review based on a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment

Cognition in older adults with bipolar disorder: a systematic review based on a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) : Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2

2020 PROSPERO

20. Reliable change in neuropsychological assessment of breast cancer survivors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reliable change in neuropsychological assessment of breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to enhance the current understanding and interpretation of longitudinal change on tests of neurocognitive function in individuals with cancer. Scores on standard neuropsychological instruments may be impacted by practice effects and other random forms of error.The current study assessed the test-retest reliability of several tests and overarching cognitive domains comprising (...) a neurocognitive battery typical of those used for research and clinical evaluation using relevant time frames. Practice effect-adjusted reliable change confidence intervals for test-retest difference scores based on a sample of patient-matched healthy controls are provided.By applying reliable change confidence intervals to scores from two samples of breast cancer patients at post-treatment follow-up assessment, meaningful levels of detectable change in cognitive functioning in breast cancer survivors were

2017 Psycho-oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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