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Neuropsychological Assessment

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1. BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines

BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines Published on: October 13, 2015 Project Number: RB0922-000 Product Line: Research Type (...) : Other Diagnostics Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the validity of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological trauma? What is the clinical effectiveness of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological trauma? What are the guidelines associated with the use of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Using Rates of Low Scores to Assess Agreement between Brief Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries: A Clinically-based Approach for Psychometric Comparisons. (PubMed)

Using Rates of Low Scores to Assess Agreement between Brief Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries: A Clinically-based Approach for Psychometric Comparisons. To assess agreement between four brief computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (CNTs), ANAM, CogState, CNS Vital Signs, and ImPACT, by comparing rates of low scores.Four hundred and six US Army service members (SMs) with and without acute mild traumatic brain injury completed two randomly assigned CNTs with order

2019 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3. Performance of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) in detecting cognitive impairment in heart failure patients. (PubMed)

Performance of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) in detecting cognitive impairment in heart failure patients. Evaluate capacity of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) to detect cognitive impairment (CI) in heart failure (HF) patients.CI is a key prognostic marker in HF. Though the most widely used cognitive screen in HF, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is insufficiently sensitive. The ANAM has demonstrated sensitivity to cognitive domains (...) affected by HF, but has not been assessed in this population.Investigators administered the ANAM and MMSE to 57 HF patients, compared against a composite model of cognitive function.ANAM efficiency (p < .05) and accuracy scores (p < .001) successfully differentiated CI and non-CI. ANAM efficiency and accuracy scores classified 97.7% and 93.0% of non-CI patients, and 14.3% and 21.4% with CI, respectively.The ANAM is more effective than the MMSE for detecting CI, but further research is needed to develop

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2020 Heart & Lung

4. Systematic review of neuropsychological assessment batteries used in diagnosis for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Systematic review of neuropsychological assessment batteries used in diagnosis for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

5. Evaluating the relationship between self-report tests and neuropsychological tests assessing flexibility: a systematic review

Evaluating the relationship between self-report tests and neuropsychological tests assessing flexibility: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

6. Cognitive Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias in Clinical Practice: Pragmatics of Brief Instruments and Neuropsychological Evaluation. (PubMed)

Cognitive Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias in Clinical Practice: Pragmatics of Brief Instruments and Neuropsychological Evaluation. Detection of cognitive impairment and dementia (CID) through the use of brief cognitive assessment tools (BCATs) is the first step to establishing an accurate diagnosis and care plan for individuals seen in primary practices. While the cognitive-behavioral syndrome and underlying etiology may not be readily apparent through brief assessment (...) , clinicians can refer patients for a more comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. A timely diagnosis maximizes the potential for patients to be involved in decision-making and planning for their future, and allows for expedited intervention and harm reduction. This activity provides a practical review of validated and standardized BCATs that can aid in the detection of CID; reviews cognitive and neuropsychological domains and their clinical relevance; and delineates circumstances for referral

2019 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

7. Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. (PubMed)

Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. Recent decades have seen growing empirical research in wisdom as a complex, trait-based psychological characteristic. Wisdom has been shown to possess individual and societal benefits through associations with health and well-being, but it has not yet been evaluated in people with schizophrenia (PwS). In the current study, we administered a widely used, validated 3

2019 Schizophrenia Research

8. Neuropsychological assessment and cortisol levels in biofluids from early Alzheimer's disease patients. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological assessment and cortisol levels in biofluids from early Alzheimer's disease patients. Cortisol dysregulation is proposed as a factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD patients can show high cortisol levels in prodromal phases of AD, early enough that neuropsychological alterations exist but activities of daily living remain unimpaired. Nevertheless, it is unknown if biofluid cortisol levels can have some AD predictive power together with neuropsychological (...) tau), and studied with an extensive neuropsychological assessment including global, neuropsychological, functional and affective scales. We used a logistic regression model to discriminate between the AD and non-AD groups. Higher plasma cortisol levels were found in the AD group than in the non-AD group (p < 0.001). Regarding neuropsychological evaluation, delayed memory was used as representative of the neuropsychological status, and lower scores were obtained in the AD group (p < 0.001

2019 Experimental Gerontology

9. Impact of Diagnosis Threat on Neuropsychological Assessment of People with Acquired Brain Injury: Evidence of Mediation by Negative Emotions. (PubMed)

Impact of Diagnosis Threat on Neuropsychological Assessment of People with Acquired Brain Injury: Evidence of Mediation by Negative Emotions. Some studies have shown that diagnosis threat (DT) could negatively impact the cognitive performance of undergraduate students who had sustained a mild traumatic brain injury. This study was designed to examine DT in people with acquired brain injury (ABI). As a second goal, we investigated the effect of stereotype lift as a way to overcome DT's harmful (...) can aggravate the cognitive difficulties of people with ABI during neuropsychological assessment. The mediating role of negative emotions and the selective impact of DT on tasks that rely heavily on executive functioning are discussed in the light of the stereotype threat model.

2019 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. The differential influence of computerized neuropsychological assessment across psychopathology. (PubMed)

The differential influence of computerized neuropsychological assessment across psychopathology. Objective: Novel technologies have transformed neuropsychological test administration so that research examining the equivalency of computerized versions of traditional tests is needed. This study examined the relationship between psychological symptom severity and performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) using the manual versus computerized administration. Method: Eighty-five

2019 The Clinical neuropsychologist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Diagnostic accuracy and factor structure of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in the assessment of memory impairment among elders suspected of dementia

Diagnostic accuracy and factor structure of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in the assessment of memory impairment among elders suspected of dementia Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary

2017 PROSPERO

12. Neuropsychological tools for the assessment of cognition in cerebral small vessel disease: a systematic review

Neuropsychological tools for the assessment of cognition in cerebral small vessel disease: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about

2018 PROSPERO

13. A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. (PubMed)

A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (NCATS) are often used as a screening tool to identify cognitive deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, differing methodology across studies renders it difficult to identify a consensus regarding the validity of NCATs. Thus, studies where multiple (...) NCATs are administered in the same sample using the same methodology are warranted.We investigated the validity of four NCATs: the ANAM4, CNS-VS, CogState, and ImPACT. Two NCATs were randomly assigned and a battery of traditional neuropsychological (NP) tests administered to healthy control active duty service members (n = 272) and to service members within 7 days of an mTBI (n = 231). Analyses included correlations between NCAT and the NP test scores to investigate convergent and discriminant

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2018 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

14. Impaired Cognitive Functioning in Cochlear Implant Recipients Over the Age of 55 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) (PubMed)

Impaired Cognitive Functioning in Cochlear Implant Recipients Over the Age of 55 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) Primary Objective: To compare cognitive functioning among experienced, unilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients and normal-hearing (NH) controls by means of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-impaired individuals (...) (RBANS-H). Methods: Sixty-one post-lingually and bilaterally severely hearing-impaired CI recipients (median age: 71.0, range: 58.3 to 93.9 years) with at least 1 year of CI experience (median: 12.4, range: 1.1 to 18.6 years) and 81 NH control participants (median age: 69.9, range: 50.1 to 87.1 years) took part in this cross-sectional study. The RBANS-H was performed, as well as an audiometric assessment, including best-aided speech audiometry in quiet (monosyllabic words) and in noise (Leuven

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2018 Frontiers in neuroscience

15. Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans (PubMed)

Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans The present study sought to investigate the measurement invariance of commonly used neuropsychological tests in an ethnically (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and linguistically (Spanish vs. English) diverse sample.Participants were 736 middle-aged and older adults (MAge = 62.1, SD = 9.1) assessed at baseline. Measurement invariance testing

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2018 Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis, assessment & disease monitoring

16. Neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease (PubMed)

Neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease Freezing of gait (FOG) is a disabling phenomenon characterized by a brief, episodic absence or reduction of forward progression of the feet despite the intention to walk. It is a common cause of falls and mortality in cases with Parkinson's disease (PD). This article reviews neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies to date and introduces a new study of multimodal imaging and cognition in PD-FOG.A (...) comprehensive literature search identified studies using neuropsychological evaluation and/or neuroimaging to evaluate PD-FOG.Several studies have evaluated PD-FOG, but few have combined neuropsychological and comprehensive neuroimaging and none longitudinally.A study using a combined approach longitudinally evaluating cognitive dysfunction and underlying neural networks in FOG is needed. We introduce the framework of a study which demonstrates the use of establishing an infrastructure for studying

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2018 Alzheimer's & dementia : translational research & clinical interventions

17. Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment for the Selection of Patients Undergoing DBS for Parkinson's Disease (PubMed)

Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment for the Selection of Patients Undergoing DBS for Parkinson's Disease DBS is an increasingly offered advanced treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Neuropsychological assessment is considered to be an important part of the screening for selection of candidates for this treatment. However, no standardised screening procedure currently exists. In this study, we examined the use of our standardised neuropsychological assessment for the evaluation (...) and irreversible global cognitive decline, which was associated with older age and more encompassing cognitive deficits at baseline. Case note review revealed that a high proportion of patients developed mood disorder, which was associated with higher levels of depression at baseline and greater reduction in levodopa medication. We conclude that our neuropsychological assessment is suitable for the screening of candidates and can identify baseline risk factors, which requires careful consideration before

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2018 Parkinson's disease

18. Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status (PubMed)

Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status The development of neuropsychological assessment methods using virtual reality (VR) is a valid and promising option for the detection of cognitive impairment in the older people, focusing on activities composed of tasks of multiple demands. This study verified the association of age, schooling, and general cognitive status on the performance of neurologically healthy (...) older adults in ECO-VR, a VR task of multiple demands for neuropsychological assessment. A total of 111 older adults answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Vocabulary subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults (third edition), and the ECO-VR. Correlation analyses, multiple linear regression, and comparisons between groups (effects by age and schooling groups) were used to evaluate the results. The ECO-VR total score was significantly associated

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2018 Frontiers in psychology

19. The Role of Executive Functioning and Academic Achievement in the Academic Self-Concept of Children and Adolescents Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment (PubMed)

The Role of Executive Functioning and Academic Achievement in the Academic Self-Concept of Children and Adolescents Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment The current study evaluated a model of youth academic self-concept which incorporates practical executive functioning behaviors and academic achievement. Though greater academic achievement has been linked to both positive self-concept and better executive functioning, these constructs have not been examined simultaneously (...) . It was hypothesized that academic achievement would mediate the association between problems with executive functioning and academic self-concept such that youth with more problems with executive functioning would have lower academic achievement and, in turn, lower academic self-concept. Clinical data was analyzed from a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of youth (n = 122) who underwent neuropsychological evaluation. Problems with executive functioning were assessed using the Behavior Rating Inventory

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2018 Children

20. Systematic Review: A Prevention-Based Model of Neuropsychological Assessment for Children With Medical Illness.

Systematic Review: A Prevention-Based Model of Neuropsychological Assessment for Children With Medical Illness. Many pediatric chronic illnesses have shown increased survival rates, leading to greater focus on cognitive and psychosocial issues. Neuropsychological services have traditionally been provided only after significant changes in the child's cognitive or adaptive functioning have occurred. This model of care is at odds with preventative health practice, including early identification (...) and intervention of neuropsychological changes related to medical illness. We propose a tiered model of neuropsychological evaluation aiming to provide a preventative, risk-adapted level of assessment service to individuals with medical conditions impacting the central nervous system based on public health and clinical decision-making care models.Elements of the proposed model have been used successfully in various pediatric medical populations. We summarize these studies in association with the proposed

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2018 Journal of pediatric psychology

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