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Neuropsychological Assessment

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1. BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines

BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines BrainFX for Neuropsychological Assessment: Validity, Clinical Effectiveness, and Guidelines Published on: October 13, 2015 Project Number: RB0922-000 Product Line: Research Type (...) : Other Diagnostics Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the validity of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological trauma? What is the clinical effectiveness of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological trauma? What are the guidelines associated with the use of the BrainFX tool for neuropsychological assessment in patients with brain injury or psychological

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Systematic review of neuropsychological assessment batteries used in diagnosis for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Systematic review of neuropsychological assessment batteries used in diagnosis for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

3. Evaluating the relationship between self-report tests and neuropsychological tests assessing flexibility: a systematic review

Evaluating the relationship between self-report tests and neuropsychological tests assessing flexibility: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

4. Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. (PubMed)

Assessment of 3-dimensional wisdom in schizophrenia: Associations with neuropsychological functions and physical and mental health. Recent decades have seen growing empirical research in wisdom as a complex, trait-based psychological characteristic. Wisdom has been shown to possess individual and societal benefits through associations with health and well-being, but it has not yet been evaluated in people with schizophrenia (PwS). In the current study, we administered a widely used, validated 3

2019 Schizophrenia Research

5. Neuropsychological assessment and cortisol levels in biofluids from early Alzheimer's disease patients. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological assessment and cortisol levels in biofluids from early Alzheimer's disease patients. Cortisol dysregulation is proposed as a factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD patients can show high cortisol levels in prodromal phases of AD, early enough that neuropsychological alterations exist but activities of daily living remain unimpaired. Nevertheless, it is unknown if biofluid cortisol levels can have some AD predictive power together with neuropsychological (...) tau), and studied with an extensive neuropsychological assessment including global, neuropsychological, functional and affective scales. We used a logistic regression model to discriminate between the AD and non-AD groups. Higher plasma cortisol levels were found in the AD group than in the non-AD group (p < 0.001). Regarding neuropsychological evaluation, delayed memory was used as representative of the neuropsychological status, and lower scores were obtained in the AD group (p < 0.001

2019 Experimental Gerontology

6. Cognitive Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias in Clinical Practice: Pragmatics of Brief Instruments and Neuropsychological Evaluation. (PubMed)

Cognitive Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias in Clinical Practice: Pragmatics of Brief Instruments and Neuropsychological Evaluation. Detection of cognitive impairment and dementia (CID) through the use of brief cognitive assessment tools (BCATs) is the first step to establishing an accurate diagnosis and care plan for individuals seen in primary practices. While the cognitive-behavioral syndrome and underlying etiology may not be readily apparent through brief assessment (...) , clinicians can refer patients for a more comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. A timely diagnosis maximizes the potential for patients to be involved in decision-making and planning for their future, and allows for expedited intervention and harm reduction. This activity provides a practical review of validated and standardized BCATs that can aid in the detection of CID; reviews cognitive and neuropsychological domains and their clinical relevance; and delineates circumstances for referral

2019 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

7. Decline in changing Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores is associated with post-stroke cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological evaluation. (PubMed)

Decline in changing Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores is associated with post-stroke cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological evaluation. We aimed to examine changes in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores within a one-year period after stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) in associating cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological test battery.Patients with ischemic stroke/TIA received MoCA (...) and MMSE at baseline within 14 days after stroke/TIA, at 3-6 months and 1-year follow-ups. The scores of MoCA and MMSE were considered to have declined if there were a reduction of ≥2 points in the respective scores measured across two time points. The decline in neuropsychological diagnosis transitional status was defined by a category transition from no cognitive impairment or any cognitive impairment to a more severe cognitive impairment or dementia.275 patients with a mean age of 59.8 ± 11.6 years

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2017 PLoS ONE

8. Neuropsychological and behavioral assessment of impulsivity in adolescents: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological and behavioral assessment of impulsivity in adolescents: a systematic review. The aim of neuropsychological assessment is to understand the multifaceted relationship between behavior, cognition and brain organization. The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on impulsivity and inhibitory control in healthy adolescents and preadolescents.Three researchers conducted a systematic review on November 25, 2014. The first step (...) was to conduct searches on the Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases for articles in English using the following keywords: child; adolescents; impulsivity; inhibition; inhibitory control; and neuropsychology. The second step was to analyze all the references cited in the articles selected from the search results in order to identify further literature.Just 13 articles met all the inclusion criteria. There was no consistency in the aims of these studies, or in the instruments or procedures employed.There

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2016 Trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy

9. A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. (PubMed)

A Comparison of Four Computerized Neurocognitive Assessment Tools to a Traditional Neuropsychological Test Battery in Service Members with and without Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (NCATS) are often used as a screening tool to identify cognitive deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, differing methodology across studies renders it difficult to identify a consensus regarding the validity of NCATs. Thus, studies where multiple (...) NCATs are administered in the same sample using the same methodology are warranted.We investigated the validity of four NCATs: the ANAM4, CNS-VS, CogState, and ImPACT. Two NCATs were randomly assigned and a battery of traditional neuropsychological (NP) tests administered to healthy control active duty service members (n = 272) and to service members within 7 days of an mTBI (n = 231). Analyses included correlations between NCAT and the NP test scores to investigate convergent and discriminant

2018 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

10. Systematic Review: A Prevention-Based Model of Neuropsychological Assessment for Children With Medical Illness.

Systematic Review: A Prevention-Based Model of Neuropsychological Assessment for Children With Medical Illness. Many pediatric chronic illnesses have shown increased survival rates, leading to greater focus on cognitive and psychosocial issues. Neuropsychological services have traditionally been provided only after significant changes in the child's cognitive or adaptive functioning have occurred. This model of care is at odds with preventative health practice, including early identification (...) and intervention of neuropsychological changes related to medical illness. We propose a tiered model of neuropsychological evaluation aiming to provide a preventative, risk-adapted level of assessment service to individuals with medical conditions impacting the central nervous system based on public health and clinical decision-making care models.Elements of the proposed model have been used successfully in various pediatric medical populations. We summarize these studies in association with the proposed

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2018 Journal of pediatric psychology

11. Examining the beneficial effect of neuropsychological assessment on adult patient outcomes: a systematic review.

Examining the beneficial effect of neuropsychological assessment on adult patient outcomes: a systematic review. Neuropsychological assessment (NPA) addresses important aspects of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and rehabilitation planning. This review set out to determine the impact of NPA on the adult patient's outcome, by examining how and whether NPA influences diagnostic decision-making and surgical planning, how NPA can be used to predict patient outcome, and how clients, referrers (...) planning, to predict patient outcomes, and in its clinical benefit as reported by physicians and patients.The review demonstrated the benefit of NPA in assisting with diagnosis and prognosis, and showed positive findings with regard to consumer perceptions of NPA. The neuropsychological literature would materially benefit from high-quality randomized control trials of NPA to definitively demonstrate the efficacy of this measure in clinical management.

2018 The Clinical neuropsychologist

12. Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment for the Selection of Patients Undergoing DBS for Parkinson's Disease (PubMed)

Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment for the Selection of Patients Undergoing DBS for Parkinson's Disease DBS is an increasingly offered advanced treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Neuropsychological assessment is considered to be an important part of the screening for selection of candidates for this treatment. However, no standardised screening procedure currently exists. In this study, we examined the use of our standardised neuropsychological assessment for the evaluation (...) and irreversible global cognitive decline, which was associated with older age and more encompassing cognitive deficits at baseline. Case note review revealed that a high proportion of patients developed mood disorder, which was associated with higher levels of depression at baseline and greater reduction in levodopa medication. We conclude that our neuropsychological assessment is suitable for the screening of candidates and can identify baseline risk factors, which requires careful consideration before

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2018 Parkinson's disease

13. The Role of Executive Functioning and Academic Achievement in the Academic Self-Concept of Children and Adolescents Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment (PubMed)

The Role of Executive Functioning and Academic Achievement in the Academic Self-Concept of Children and Adolescents Referred for Neuropsychological Assessment The current study evaluated a model of youth academic self-concept which incorporates practical executive functioning behaviors and academic achievement. Though greater academic achievement has been linked to both positive self-concept and better executive functioning, these constructs have not been examined simultaneously (...) . It was hypothesized that academic achievement would mediate the association between problems with executive functioning and academic self-concept such that youth with more problems with executive functioning would have lower academic achievement and, in turn, lower academic self-concept. Clinical data was analyzed from a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of youth (n = 122) who underwent neuropsychological evaluation. Problems with executive functioning were assessed using the Behavior Rating Inventory

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2018 Children

14. Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status (PubMed)

Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status The development of neuropsychological assessment methods using virtual reality (VR) is a valid and promising option for the detection of cognitive impairment in the older people, focusing on activities composed of tasks of multiple demands. This study verified the association of age, schooling, and general cognitive status on the performance of neurologically healthy (...) older adults in ECO-VR, a VR task of multiple demands for neuropsychological assessment. A total of 111 older adults answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Vocabulary subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults (third edition), and the ECO-VR. Correlation analyses, multiple linear regression, and comparisons between groups (effects by age and schooling groups) were used to evaluate the results. The ECO-VR total score was significantly associated

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2018 Frontiers in psychology

15. Impaired Cognitive Functioning in Cochlear Implant Recipients Over the Age of 55 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) (PubMed)

Impaired Cognitive Functioning in Cochlear Implant Recipients Over the Age of 55 Years: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-Impaired Individuals (RBANS-H) Primary Objective: To compare cognitive functioning among experienced, unilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients and normal-hearing (NH) controls by means of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for Hearing-impaired individuals (...) (RBANS-H). Methods: Sixty-one post-lingually and bilaterally severely hearing-impaired CI recipients (median age: 71.0, range: 58.3 to 93.9 years) with at least 1 year of CI experience (median: 12.4, range: 1.1 to 18.6 years) and 81 NH control participants (median age: 69.9, range: 50.1 to 87.1 years) took part in this cross-sectional study. The RBANS-H was performed, as well as an audiometric assessment, including best-aided speech audiometry in quiet (monosyllabic words) and in noise (Leuven

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2018 Frontiers in neuroscience

16. Deep learning based low-cost high-accuracy diagnostic framework for dementia using comprehensive neuropsychological assessment profiles. (PubMed)

Deep learning based low-cost high-accuracy diagnostic framework for dementia using comprehensive neuropsychological assessment profiles. The conventional scores of the neuropsychological batteries are not fully optimized for diagnosing dementia despite their variety and abundance of information. To achieve low-cost high-accuracy diagnose performance for dementia using a neuropsychological battery, a novel framework is proposed using the response profiles of 2666 cognitively normal elderly (...) individuals and 435 dementia patients who have participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia (KLOSCAD).The key idea of the proposed framework is to propose a cost-effective and precise two-stage classification procedure that employed Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) as a screening test and the KLOSCAD Neuropsychological Assessment Battery as a diagnostic test using deep learning. In addition, an evaluation procedure of redundant variables is introduced to prevent

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2018 BMC Geriatrics

17. Current standards of neuropsychological assessment in epilepsy surgery centers across Europe. (PubMed)

Current standards of neuropsychological assessment in epilepsy surgery centers across Europe. We explored the current practice with respect to the neuropsychological assessment of surgical epilepsy patients in European epilepsy centers, with the aim of harmonizing and establishing common standards. Twenty-six epilepsy centers and members of "E-PILEPSY" (a European pilot network of reference centers in refractory epilepsy and epilepsy surgery), were asked to report the status (...) of neuropsychological assessment in adults and children via two different surveys. There was a consensus among these centers regarding the role of neuropsychology in the presurgical workup. Strong agreement was found on indications (localization, epileptic dysfunctions, adverse drugs effects, and postoperative monitoring) and the domains to be evaluated (memory, attention, executive functions, language, visuospatial skills, intelligence, depression, anxiety, and quality of life). Although 186 different tests

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2017 Epilepsia

18. Practice Effects on Story Memory and List Learning Tests in the Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults. (PubMed)

Practice Effects on Story Memory and List Learning Tests in the Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults. Two of the most commonly used methods to assess memory functioning in studies of cognitive aging and dementia are story memory and list learning tests. We hypothesized that the most commonly used story memory test, Wechsler's Logical Memory, would generate more pronounced practice effects than a well validated but less common list learning test, the Neuropsychological Assessment (...) Battery (NAB) List Learning test. Two hundred eighty-seven older adults, ages 51 to 100 at baseline, completed both tests as part of a larger neuropsychological test battery on an annual basis. Up to five years of recall scores from participants who were diagnosed as cognitively normal (n = 96) or with mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 72) or Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 121) at their most recent visit were analyzed with linear mixed effects regression to examine the interaction between the type

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2016 PLoS ONE

19. The neuropsychology of delirium: advancing the science of delirium assessment. (PubMed)

The neuropsychology of delirium: advancing the science of delirium assessment. The diagnosis of delirium depends on eliciting its features through mental status examination and informant history. However, there is marked heterogeneity in how these features are assessed, from binary subjective clinical judgement to more comprehensive methods supported by cognitive testing. The aim of this article is to review the neuropsychological research in delirium and suggest future directions in research (...) and clinical practice.We reviewed the neuropsychological literature on formal assessment and quantification of the different domains in delirium, focusing on the core feature of inattention.Few studies have characterised and quantified the features of delirium using objective methods commonly employed in neuropsychological research. The existing evidence confirms that patients with delirium usually show impairments on objective tests of attention compared with cognitively intact controls and, in most cases

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2017 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

20. Three versus seven days to return-to-work after mild traumatic brain injury: a randomized parallel-group trial with neuropsychological assessment. (PubMed)

Three versus seven days to return-to-work after mild traumatic brain injury: a randomized parallel-group trial with neuropsychological assessment. Although most patients with a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) recover within days to weeks, some experience persistent physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms, often described as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). The optimal recovery time including return-to-work (RTW) after mTBI is unclear. In this single-centre parallel-group trial, patients (...) assigned three days (3D-group) or seven days (7D-group) sick leave were compared with a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery including the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) within one week, after three and 12 months post-injury. The influence of the effective time until RTW on post-concussional symptoms and cognitive performance was analysed. The 3D-group rated significantly higher mean scores in some PCSS symptoms, tended to fulfil diagnosis criteria of PCS more often and showed better

2017 The International journal of neuroscience

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