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Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia

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1. Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia

Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia (...) Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia Aka: Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia II. Epidemiology : 12,000 cases per year in United States Occurs in <10% of vaginal deliveries from mothers with active genitourinary III. Pathophysiology infection in the newborn acquired via vertical transmission during delivery from a mother with chlamydia Not the same as the of ( ) seen in the elderly and to a lesser extent in young adults IV. Symptoms: Onset 1-3 months after delivery Staccato cough (coughing in short bursts) No fever V

2018 FP Notebook

2. Public health guidance on chlamydia control in Europe

be transmitted from mother to baby during labour leading to disease in the neonate. Early clinical studies demonstrated that treating chlamydia reduced women’s risk of pelvic inflammatory disease [7-9]. Ecological studies from the 1990s reported a decline in the hospitalisation rates for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and ectopic pregnancy following the introduction of chlamydia control [10-12]. This led many settings to introduce widespread chlamydia testing for asymptomatic people [4]. The rationale (...) Public health guidance on chlamydia control in Europe SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Guidance on chlamydia control in Europe 2015 www.ecdc.europa.eu SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Guidance on chlamydia control in Europe 2015 ii This guidance document was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and coordinated by Otilia Mårdh and Andrew J. Amato-Gauci. Technical input was received from Gianfranco Spiteri and Helena de Carvalho Gomes. This guidance document was written by Bethan

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

3. Overview of pneumonia

resulting in death. Treatment is mainly supportive. Atypical bacterial pneumonia is caused by atypical organisms that are not detectable on Gram stain and cannot be cultured using standard methods. The most common organisms are Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Chlamydophila pneumoniae ( Chlamydia pneumoniae ), and Legionella pneumophila . Waites KB, Talkington DF. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and its role as a human pathogen. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004;17:697-728. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15489344?tool (...) respiratory illness. Occurs mainly in children and young adults, and is often seen in close community settings (e.g., boarding schools, army bases, and universities). Chlamydia pneumoniae is a frequent respiratory pathogen in humans that occurs worldwide and in all age groups. It is a major cause of community-acquired pneumonia. Pneumonia due to C pneumoniae cannot be differentiated clinically from other atypical pneumonia-causing organisms, especially Mycoplasma pneumoniae . Hammerschlag MR. Pneumonia

2018 BMJ Best Practice

4. Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia

Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia (...) Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia Aka: Neonatal Chlamydia Pneumonia II. Epidemiology : 12,000 cases per year in United States Occurs in <10% of vaginal deliveries from mothers with active genitourinary III. Pathophysiology infection in the newborn acquired via vertical transmission during delivery from a mother with chlamydia Not the same as the of ( ) seen in the elderly and to a lesser extent in young adults IV. Symptoms: Onset 1-3 months after delivery Staccato cough (coughing in short bursts) No fever V

2015 FP Notebook

5. UK National Guidelines on the Management of infection with Chlamydia Trachomatis

Helens, UK 10. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV Clinical Effectiveness Group, London, UK New in the 2015 Guidelines Use of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) and point of care testing Advice on repeat chlamydia testing Discussion of adequacy of single dose azithromycin treatment Treatment of individuals co-infected with chlamydia and gonorrhoea Treatment of rectal chlamydia Vertical transmission and management of the neonate 3 Introduction and Methodology Scope and purpose (...) Database searches up to 1 st April 2015 The search strategy comprised the following terms in the title or abstract: Chlamydia trachomatis 4 Management of Chlamydia trachomatis Management of neonatal chlamydia infection Natural history of Chlamydia trachomatis Pelvic inflammatory disease Chlamydia screening Chlamydia treatment Chlamydia partner notification Chlamydia sequelae Chlamydia repeat testing Chlamydia treatment failure Extra genital chlamydia infection 2. 2006 UK National Guideline

2015 British Association for Sexual Health and HIV

6. Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Pregnancy: The Global Challenge of Preventing Adverse Pregnancy and Infant Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia (PubMed)

literature surrounding Chlamydia trachomatis in pregnancy, particularly focusing on countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. We discuss possible chlamydial adverse pregnancy and infant health outcomes (miscarriage, stillbirth, ectopic pregnancy, preterm birth, neonatal conjunctivitis, neonatal pneumonia, and other potential effects including HIV perinatal transmission) and review studies of chlamydial screening and treatment in pregnancy, while simultaneously highlighting research from resource-limited (...) Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Pregnancy: The Global Challenge of Preventing Adverse Pregnancy and Infant Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia Screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in pregnancy represents an overlooked opportunity to improve the health outcomes of women and infants worldwide. Although Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common treatable bacterial STI, few countries have routine pregnancy screening and treatment programs. We reviewed the current

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2016 BioMed research international

7. The Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age

The Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age: Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (...) | Clinical Infectious Diseases | Oxford Academic Search Account Menu Menu Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite Search Term Close search filter search input Article Navigation Close mobile search navigation Article navigation 1 October 2011 Article Contents Article Navigation The Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age: Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America John S

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Infectious Diseases Society of America

8. Rapid urine test for Chlamydia trachomatis

of maternal death and morbidity in the first trimester. In untreated women, 10-40 per cent of chlamydia infections may result in PID, and of these, 20 per cent will become infertile. Chlamydia infection can be transmitted to the neonate at birth, causing conjunctivitis and pneumonia (Hocking & Fairley 2003; Walleser et al 2006; Watson et al 2002). The Rapid Chlamydia urine test requires subjects to provide a urine sample, collected using the FirstBurst urine collection device which collects the first 4-5 (...) Rapid urine test for Chlamydia trachomatis Horizon Scanning Technology Prioritising Summary Rapid urine test for Chlamydia trachomatis November 2009 © Commonwealth of Australia 2009 ISBN Publications Approval Number: This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights

2009 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

9. Chlamydia (Diagnosis)

Manifestations of Chlamydia Updated: Oct 04, 2018 Author: Mounir Bashour, MD, PhD, CM, FRCSC, FACS; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Chlamydia Overview Background Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular organisms from bacteria that now comprise 3 species. They include the following: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci, and Chlamydia pneumoniae. C trachomatis , which is almost exclusively a human pathogen, includes (...) Chlamydia (Diagnosis) Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Chlamydia: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9yZWZlcmVuY2UubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIwMzM4NS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Ophthalmologic

2014 eMedicine.com

10. Chlamydia (Overview)

Manifestations of Chlamydia Updated: Oct 04, 2018 Author: Mounir Bashour, MD, PhD, CM, FRCSC, FACS; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Chlamydia Overview Background Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular organisms from bacteria that now comprise 3 species. They include the following: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci, and Chlamydia pneumoniae. C trachomatis , which is almost exclusively a human pathogen, includes (...) Chlamydia (Overview) Ophthalmologic Manifestations of Chlamydia: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9yZWZlcmVuY2UubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTIwMzM4NS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Ophthalmologic

2014 eMedicine.com

11. Chlamydia (Overview)

(of which the type species is Chlamydia trachomatis ) and Chlamydophila (eg, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila psittaci ). C trachomatis can be differentiated into 18 serovars (serologically variant strains) on the basis of monoclonal antibody–based typing assays. These serovars are associated with different medical conditions, as follows: Serovars A, B, Ba, and C – , a serious eye disease endemic in Africa and Asia that is characterized by chronic conjunctivitis and can lead to blindness (...) to infected mothers), Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, and trachoma (the world’s leading cause of acquired blindness). [ ] C pneumoniae infection is spread via respiratory droplets and causes pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. C psittaci infection is spread by bird droppings and aerosols and causes psittacosis. These infections are not discussed in this article. At present, fewer than 50% of sexually active young females in the United States are screened for the presence of chlamydiae. Nationally

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

12. Chlamydia (Diagnosis)

(of which the type species is Chlamydia trachomatis ) and Chlamydophila (eg, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila psittaci ). C trachomatis can be differentiated into 18 serovars (serologically variant strains) on the basis of monoclonal antibody–based typing assays. These serovars are associated with different medical conditions, as follows: Serovars A, B, Ba, and C – , a serious eye disease endemic in Africa and Asia that is characterized by chronic conjunctivitis and can lead to blindness (...) to infected mothers), Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, and trachoma (the world’s leading cause of acquired blindness). [ ] C pneumoniae infection is spread via respiratory droplets and causes pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. C psittaci infection is spread by bird droppings and aerosols and causes psittacosis. These infections are not discussed in this article. At present, fewer than 50% of sexually active young females in the United States are screened for the presence of chlamydiae. Nationally

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

13. Klebsiella pneumonia: An unusual cause of ophthalmia neonatorum in a healthy newborn. (PubMed)

Klebsiella pneumonia: An unusual cause of ophthalmia neonatorum in a healthy newborn. Ophthalmia neonatorum is one of the most common infections during the neonatal period. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea must be ruled out, given their high virulence and systemic complications. We describe a case of ophthalmia neonatroum from Klebsiella pneumonia. Gram-negative organisms have been reported in hospital-acquired conjunctivitis (HAC), but we are unaware of any published reports of K (...) . pneumonia conjunctivitis in an otherwise healthy full-term infant born in the United States who has received prophylaxis. It is important to promptly identify and treat Klebsiella conjunctivitis because it can lead to severe complications. Copyright © 2015 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2015 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

14. Neonatal Pneumonia

), all neonates treated with erythromycin or azithromycin should be monitored for symptoms and signs of HPS and their parents should be counseled regarding potential risks. The diagnosis of pneumonia secondary to Chlamydia trachomatis should prompt an evaluation of the mother and her partner because untreated maternal chlamydial infection may have complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and sterility. Last full review/revision July 2018 by Brenda L. Tesini, MD NOTE: This is the Professional (...) Neonatal Pneumonia Neonatal Pneumonia - Pediatrics - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases / / / / IN THIS TOPIC OTHER TOPICS IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge Cerebral Palsy (CP) Syndromes

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

15. Pneumonia (Overview)

admission and the presence of pleural effusion were significantly associated with bacterial pneumonia. [ ] Specific etiologic agents vary based on age groups (ie, newborns, young infants, infants and toddlers, 5-year-olds, school-aged children and young adolescents, older adolescents). Newborns In newborns (age 0-30 d), organisms responsible for infectious pneumonia typically mirror those responsible for early onset neonatal sepsis. This is not surprising in view of the role that maternal genitourinary (...) chemoprophylaxis in reducing neonatal and maternal infection by this organism became evident. E coli has become the most common bacterial isolate among VLBW infants (1500 g or less) since that time. [ ] Other potential bacterial organisms include the following: Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) Other gram-negative bacilli Enterococci Some organisms acquired perinatally may not cause illness until later in infancy, including Chlamydia trachomatis , U urealyticum , Mycoplasma hominis , CMV

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

16. Chlamydial Pneumonias (Diagnosis)

27, 2015 Author: Yuji Oba, MD, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Chlamydial Pneumonias Overview Overview Three chlamydial organisms are pathogenic to humans: Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Chlamydia trachomatis . These are small, gram-negative, obligate intracellular organisms. All three species can cause pneumonia in humans. C pneumoniae causes mild pneumonia or bronchitis in adolescents and young adults (...) diseases, including , , and . C trachomatis can also cause pneumonia, primarily in infants and young children. Document cases of pneumonia due to C trachomatis have been reported in immunocompromised adults and laboratory workers. For patient education information, see eMedicineHealth's , as well as and . For more information, see the following: Next: Pathophysiology Chlamydiae have a unique biphasic reproductive cycle. They attach to the outer membrane of susceptible host cells and enter throughout

2014 eMedicine.com

17. Chlamydial Pneumonias (Treatment)

27, 2015 Author: Yuji Oba, MD, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Chlamydial Pneumonias Overview Overview Three chlamydial organisms are pathogenic to humans: Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Chlamydia trachomatis . These are small, gram-negative, obligate intracellular organisms. All three species can cause pneumonia in humans. C pneumoniae causes mild pneumonia or bronchitis in adolescents and young adults (...) diseases, including , , and . C trachomatis can also cause pneumonia, primarily in infants and young children. Document cases of pneumonia due to C trachomatis have been reported in immunocompromised adults and laboratory workers. For patient education information, see eMedicineHealth's , as well as and . For more information, see the following: Next: Pathophysiology Chlamydiae have a unique biphasic reproductive cycle. They attach to the outer membrane of susceptible host cells and enter throughout

2014 eMedicine.com

18. Chlamydial Pneumonias (Overview)

27, 2015 Author: Yuji Oba, MD, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Chlamydial Pneumonias Overview Overview Three chlamydial organisms are pathogenic to humans: Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Chlamydia trachomatis . These are small, gram-negative, obligate intracellular organisms. All three species can cause pneumonia in humans. C pneumoniae causes mild pneumonia or bronchitis in adolescents and young adults (...) diseases, including , , and . C trachomatis can also cause pneumonia, primarily in infants and young children. Document cases of pneumonia due to C trachomatis have been reported in immunocompromised adults and laboratory workers. For patient education information, see eMedicineHealth's , as well as and . For more information, see the following: Next: Pathophysiology Chlamydiae have a unique biphasic reproductive cycle. They attach to the outer membrane of susceptible host cells and enter throughout

2014 eMedicine.com

19. Chlamydial Pneumonias (Follow-up)

27, 2015 Author: Yuji Oba, MD, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Chlamydial Pneumonias Overview Overview Three chlamydial organisms are pathogenic to humans: Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Chlamydia trachomatis . These are small, gram-negative, obligate intracellular organisms. All three species can cause pneumonia in humans. C pneumoniae causes mild pneumonia or bronchitis in adolescents and young adults (...) diseases, including , , and . C trachomatis can also cause pneumonia, primarily in infants and young children. Document cases of pneumonia due to C trachomatis have been reported in immunocompromised adults and laboratory workers. For patient education information, see eMedicineHealth's , as well as and . For more information, see the following: Next: Pathophysiology Chlamydiae have a unique biphasic reproductive cycle. They attach to the outer membrane of susceptible host cells and enter throughout

2014 eMedicine.com

20. Pneumonia (Diagnosis)

admission and the presence of pleural effusion were significantly associated with bacterial pneumonia. [ ] Specific etiologic agents vary based on age groups (ie, newborns, young infants, infants and toddlers, 5-year-olds, school-aged children and young adolescents, older adolescents). Newborns In newborns (age 0-30 d), organisms responsible for infectious pneumonia typically mirror those responsible for early onset neonatal sepsis. This is not surprising in view of the role that maternal genitourinary (...) chemoprophylaxis in reducing neonatal and maternal infection by this organism became evident. E coli has become the most common bacterial isolate among VLBW infants (1500 g or less) since that time. [ ] Other potential bacterial organisms include the following: Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) Other gram-negative bacilli Enterococci Some organisms acquired perinatally may not cause illness until later in infancy, including Chlamydia trachomatis , U urealyticum , Mycoplasma hominis , CMV

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

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