How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,142 results for

Mycobacterium Avium Complex

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

161. Accurate differentiation of Mycobacterium chimaera from Mycobacterium intracellulare by MALDI-TOF MS analysis. (Full text)

chimaera and M. intracellulare could not be separated from each other by MALDI-TOF MS.The conventional identification methods used in routine diagnostics have similar limitations. Recently, the differentiation of these two species within the Mycobacterium avium complex has become increasingly important due to reports of M. chimaera infections related to open heart surgery in Europe and in the USA. In this report, a method for the distinct differentiation of M. chimaera and M. intracellulare using (...) Accurate differentiation of Mycobacterium chimaera from Mycobacterium intracellulare by MALDI-TOF MS analysis. The increasing number of infections caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has prompted the need for rapid and precise identification methods of these pathogens. Several studies report the applicability of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) for identification of NTM. However, some closely related species have very similar spectral mass fingerprints, and until recently, Mycobacterium

2017 Journal of Medical Microbiology PubMed

162. Serum concentrations of clarithromycin and rifampicin in pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex disease: long-term changes due to drug interactions and their association with clinical outcomes (Full text)

Serum concentrations of clarithromycin and rifampicin in pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex disease: long-term changes due to drug interactions and their association with clinical outcomes Concomitant use of clarithromycin (CAM) and rifampicin (RFP) for the treatment of pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease affects the systemic concentrations of both drugs due to CYP3A4-related interactions. To date, however, there has been no report that investigates the long-term relationship

2015 Journal of pharmaceutical health care and sciences PubMed

163. Aging, COPD and other risk factors do not explain the increased prevalence of pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex in Ontario. (PubMed)

Aging, COPD and other risk factors do not explain the increased prevalence of pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex in Ontario. The cause of observed increases in pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (pMAC) isolation and disease is unexplained. To explore possible causes of the increase in pMAC isolation and disease prevalence in Ontario, Canada, we studied age and other population-level risk factors.We determined age and sex of patients with pMAC disease between 2003 and 2008. We

2011 Chest

164. Evaluation of a rapid detection method of clarithromycin resistance genes in Mycobacterium avium complex isolates. (Full text)

Evaluation of a rapid detection method of clarithromycin resistance genes in Mycobacterium avium complex isolates. Clarithromycin is the key drug in the various treatment regimens of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) diseases, and is the only drug for which drug susceptibility has been shown to correlate with clinical response in these diseases. A point mutation at either positions 2058 or 2059 of the 23S rRNA gene has been reported to occur in high-level clarithromycin-resistant isolates

2011 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy PubMed

165. Environmental risk factors for pulmonary Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex disease. (PubMed)

Environmental risk factors for pulmonary Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex disease. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) is a ubiquitous pathogen found in soil and water. Environmental exposure is the primary route for MAC infection. However, specific environmental risk factors have been poorly determined in immunocompetent patients with pulmonary MAC disease.A case-control study was performed with 106 patients with pulmonary MAC disease (men [women], 23 [83]; age, 64.3

2011 Chest

166. An unusual cause of chest pain: Mycobacterium avium complex and the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. (Full text)

An unusual cause of chest pain: Mycobacterium avium complex and the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. The HIV-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome usually manifests as new infections or worsening of pre-existing infections during the first few months of initiating anti-retroviral therapy. It is commonly associated with local or systemic inflammation, presumably due to rapid reconstitution of host immune system. Here we describe a unique case of the immune (...) reconstitution inflammatory syndrome presenting as acute pericarditis and pericardial effusion caused by mycobacterium avium complex. We also demonstrate that judicious use of steroids, along with pathogen specific antimicrobial therapy, can prevent local complications of the inflammatory response.Copyright © 2010 Society of Hospital Medicine.

2011 Journal of Hospital Medicine PubMed

167. Radical surgical debridement alone for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome caused by mycobacterium avium complex flexor tenosynovitis: case report. (PubMed)

Radical surgical debridement alone for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome caused by mycobacterium avium complex flexor tenosynovitis: case report. We present a case of proliferative flexor tenosynovitis caused by Mycobacterium avium complex resulting in recurrent symptoms of median nerve compression. The patient was treated with radical tenosynovectomy and release of the carpal tunnel without antimicrobial therapy. She remains symptom-free and is apparently disease-free more than 2 years after

2011 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

168. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Patients Coinfected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Disseminated Mycobacterium avium Complex. (PubMed)

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Patients Coinfected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Disseminated Mycobacterium avium Complex.

2011 Pharmacotherapy

169. Primary isolation of Mycobacterium avium complex-serotype 6 on blood agar. (Full text)

Primary isolation of Mycobacterium avium complex-serotype 6 on blood agar. Mycobacterium avium complex-serotype 6 was isolated in pure culture on blood agar plates from inocula taken from the heart blood, lungs, liver, kidneys, and spleen of a naturally infected captive female opossum (Didelphis marsupialis virginiana). Repeat cultures from stored tissues and transfer of colonies from original blood agar plates revealed that the mycobacterium grew on tryptose, brilliant green, eosin-methylene (...) blue. Sabouraud glucose, and mycobiotic agar plates and in Fletcher leptospira medium. The cultural, biochemical, and serological characteristics of the test isolate were compared with other mycobacteria. This is the first report to describe the primary isolation of a serotype from the M. avium complex from an animal species on blood agar or in Fletcher broth. In addition, this is the second documented report describing the isolation and identification of a mycobacterial species from the American

1976 Journal of clinical microbiology PubMed

170. Comparison of four culture media for isolation of Mycobacterium avium complex from porcine tissues. (Full text)

Comparison of four culture media for isolation of Mycobacterium avium complex from porcine tissues. The efficiency of four culture media was compared for the isolation of Mycobacterium avium complex from 197 procine tissues. In 82 tissues with microscopic granulomas and acid-fast bacilli, a significantly greater number of isolates were obtained on Middlebrook 7H10 medium with sodium pyruvate than on Stonebrink medium, Herrold egg yolk agar medium, or Lowenstein-Jensen medium (P=0.01). In 46 (...) tissues in which no microscopic granulomas or acid-fast bacilli were observed, a significantly greater number of isolates were made on Middlebrook 7H10 medium or Herrold egg yolk agar medium than on Stonebrink medium or on Lowenstein-Jensen medium (P=0.01). The time required to grow M. avium complex on Lowenstein-Jensen medium was significantly greater than the time required to observe growth on Stonebrink, Middlebrook 7H10, or Herrold egg yolk agar medium (p=0.001).

1979 Journal of clinical microbiology PubMed

171. Modification of Schaefer's Procedure for Serotyping of Organisms of the Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare-M. scrofulaceum complex (Full text)

Modification of Schaefer's Procedure for Serotyping of Organisms of the Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare-M. scrofulaceum complex Modifications to the tube-agglutination procedure which Schaefer developed for serotyping of organisms of the Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare-M. scrofulaceum complex are proposed.

1972 Applied microbiology PubMed

172. Serological Examination of Some Strains That Are in the Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare-scrofulaceum Complex But Do Not Belong to Schaefer's Serotypes (Full text)

Serological Examination of Some Strains That Are in the Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare-scrofulaceum Complex But Do Not Belong to Schaefer's Serotypes One hundred strains belonging to the Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare-scrofulaceum (MAIS) complex but not agglutinating with antisera type-specific for Schaefer's 23 MAIS serotypes were examined using antisera against seven other such strains. Four of the 100 strains were found to be of the same serotype as one of the 7 against which

1973 Applied microbiology PubMed

173. PCR detection of co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium in AIDS patients with meningitis. (Full text)

GENBANK JQ081272 Case Reports Letter 2012 08 30 England J Med Microbiol 0224131 0022-2615 IM AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections diagnosis Adult Coinfection Fatal Outcome Humans Male Meningitis, Bacterial complications diagnosis Middle Aged Molecular Sequence Data Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Mycobacterium avium Complex genetics isolation & purification Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection complications diagnosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis genetics isolation & purification (...) PCR detection of co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium in AIDS patients with meningitis. 22935849 2013 01 18 2012 11 19 1473-5644 61 Pt 12 2012 Dec Journal of medical microbiology J. Med. Microbiol. PCR detection of co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium in AIDS patients with meningitis. 1789-91 10.1099/jmm.0.045898-0 Sharma Kusum K Sharma Aman A Modi Manish M Singh Gagandeep G Kaur Harsimran H Varma Subhash S Sharma Meera M eng

2012 Journal of Medical Microbiology PubMed

174. Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Clinical and Environmental <i>Mycobacterium chimaera</i> isolates. (PubMed)

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Clinical and Environmental Mycobacterium chimaera isolates. Mycobacterium chimaera is a slow-growing nontuberculous Mycobacterium species belonging to the Mycobacterium avium Complex (MAC). It has been identified globally as the cause of a large outbreak of cardiovascular infections following open heart surgery, but can also cause respiratory infections in individuals with underlying structural pulmonary disease. Invasive M. chimaera infections

2019 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

175. Pathogenicity of Mycolicibacterium phlei, a non-pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacterium in an immunocompetent host carrying anti-interferon gamma autoantibodies: a case report. (Full text)

Pathogenicity of Mycolicibacterium phlei, a non-pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacterium in an immunocompetent host carrying anti-interferon gamma autoantibodies: a case report. Mycolicibacterium phlei (M. phlei) is known to be a non-pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) which rarely causes diseases in humans. A disseminated NTM infection is mostly caused by the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and is known to develop in immunocompromised hosts, like those with acquired immune

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases PubMed

176. Altered Toll-Like Receptor 9 Signaling in Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-Infected Bovine Monocytes Reveals Potential Therapeutic Targets (Full text)

Altered Toll-Like Receptor 9 Signaling in Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-Infected Bovine Monocytes Reveals Potential Therapeutic Targets Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is the causative agent of Johne's disease in cattle. The complex, multifaceted interaction of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis with its host includes dampening the ability of infected cells to respond to stimuli that promote M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis clearance. By disrupting host defenses, M (...) . avium subsp. paratuberculosis creates an intracellular environment that favors the establishment and maintenance of infection. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important sensors that initiate innate immune responses to microbial challenge and are also immunotherapeutic targets. For example, TLR9 contributes to host defense against M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis, and its agonists (CpG oligodeoxynucleotides [ODNs]) are under investigation for treatment of Johne's disease and other infections. Here we

2013 Infection and immunity PubMed

177. Endobronchial Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacterium Infection Presenting in a Healthy Child. (PubMed)

Endobronchial Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacterium Infection Presenting in a Healthy Child. To describe a safe and effective treatment for endobronchial Mycobacterium avium complex.Case report and literature review.We present a case of endobronchial M. avium complex in a healthy child treated with serial carbon-dioxide laser excisions and antibiotic triple therapy using azithromycin, rifampin, and ethambutol. No current guideline for the treatment of these lesions in the pediatric population

2018 Rhinology and Laryngology

178. Mycobacterium triplex Pulmonary Disease with Acquired Macrolide Resistance in Immunocompetent Patients. (PubMed)

Anti-Bacterial Agents 0 Macrolides 0 RNA, Ribosomal, 16S IM Anti-Bacterial Agents adverse effects pharmacology therapeutic use Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial Female Humans Immunocompetence Lung diagnostic imaging microbiology Lung Diseases drug therapy Macrolides adverse effects therapeutic use Middle Aged Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous diagnosis drug therapy Mycobacterium avium Complex drug effects Nontuberculous Mycobacteria drug effects genetics isolation & purification RNA (...) Mycobacterium triplex Pulmonary Disease with Acquired Macrolide Resistance in Immunocompetent Patients. 29309938 2018 11 08 2018 11 08 1469-0691 24 6 2018 Jun Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Mycobacterium triplex pulmonary disease with acquired macrolide resistance in immunocompetent patients. 671-672 S1198-743X(17)30713-9 10.1016/j.cmi.2017.12.018 Matsuda S S

2018 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

179. Characterization of non-tuberculous mycobacterium from humans and water in an Agropastoral area in Zambia. (Full text)

Characterization of non-tuberculous mycobacterium from humans and water in an Agropastoral area in Zambia. The non-tuberculous mycobacteria include those mycobacterium species that are not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. In Zambia, Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria are gaining recognition as pathogens of public health significance. However, there is scanty information on the isolation and speciation (...) water, Borehole water, rivers, wells and streams. Standard TB culture methods were employed to isolate Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria and later 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer region Sequencing was employed to characterize NTM.Seven (7, 4.6%) NTM species were identified from humans with M. arupense (3, 42.9%) being the most common organism, while twenty three (23, 15.4%) NTM were identified from water with the common species being Mycobacterium gordonae (5, 21.7%). Mycobacterium avium

2018 BMC Infectious Diseases PubMed

180. Non-tuberculous Mycobacterium species causing mycobacteriosis in farmed aquatic animals of South Africa (Full text)

, Mycobacterium fortuitum, a member of the Mycobacterium avium complex, and Mycobacterium szulgai. Phylogenetic analysis of mycobacteria, based on esxA and esxB genes, separated slow growing from rapidly growing mycobacteria as well as pathogenic from non-pathogenic mycobacteria in some cases.Isolation of the different NTM species from samples presenting granuloma suggests the significance of these NTM species in causing mycobacteriosis in these aquatic animals. The study also revealed the potential of esxA (...) Non-tuberculous Mycobacterium species causing mycobacteriosis in farmed aquatic animals of South Africa Mycobacteriosis caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), is among the most chronic diseases of aquatic animals. In addition, fish mycobacteriosis has substantial economic consequences especially in the aquaculture and fisheries industry as infections may significantly decrease production and trade. Some fish NTM pathogens are highly virulent and zoonotic; as such, infection of aquaria

2018 BMC microbiology PubMed

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>