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1,142 results for

Mycobacterium Avium Complex

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141. Detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies in the gut associated lymphoid tissue of slaughtered rabbits (Full text)

Detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies in the gut associated lymphoid tissue of slaughtered rabbits Rabbits are susceptible to infection by different species of the genus Mycobacterium. Particularly, development of specific lesions and isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, both subspecies of the M. avium complex, has been reported in wildlife conditions. Although, rabbit meat production worldwide is 200 million tons per year (...) , microbiological data on this source of meat is lacking and more specifically reports of mycobacterial presence in industrially reared rabbit for human consumption have not been published. To this end, we sought mycobacteria by microbiological and histopathological methods paying special attention to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in rabbits from commercial rabbitries from the North East of Spain.M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis was not detected either by culture or PCR. However, Mycobacterium

2015 BMC veterinary research PubMed

142. Heat inactivation of Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex organisms in aqueous suspension. (Full text)

Heat inactivation of Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex organisms in aqueous suspension. Isolants from swine and from humans representing serotypes 1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 of the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex were compared for heat tolerance in aqueous suspension. The most heat-resistant isolant found was a serovar 10 isolated from a human. This isolant was examined further to determine the rate of kill at various temperatures and pH's, the effect

1979 Applied and environmental microbiology PubMed

143. Heat inactivation of Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex organisms in meat products. (Full text)

Heat inactivation of Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex organisms in meat products. Wieners and sausages were prepared which contained the most heat-tolerant representative of the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex we were able to obtain. They also were prepared with infected tissues obtained from tuberculous swine. Processing conditions were as varied as possible. Neither incorporation of sodium nitrite in the emulsion nor presence of smoke during

1979 Applied and environmental microbiology PubMed

144. Production of Multivalent Fluorescent Antisera for Identification of Organisms in the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare Complex (Full text)

Production of Multivalent Fluorescent Antisera for Identification of Organisms in the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare Complex Antisera to ten strains of mycobacteria in the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare group were obtained by injecting rabbits with ultraviolet light-killed cells. The antisera were conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate and used in the direct fluorescent antibody test. Individual antisera reacted specifically with the mycobacterial

1974 Applied microbiology PubMed

145. Diagnostic test accuracy of anti-glycopeptidolipid-core IgA antibody for Mycobacterium avium complex infection: systematic review and meta-analysis

Diagnostic test accuracy of anti-glycopeptidolipid-core IgA antibody for Mycobacterium avium complex infection: systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2016 PROSPERO

146. Clinical Evaluation of COBAS TaqMan PCR for the Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. avium Complex (Full text)

Clinical Evaluation of COBAS TaqMan PCR for the Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. avium Complex A retrospective observational study was performed to determine the sensitivity and limitation of PCR test for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. avium complex. We obtained clinical specimens collected from the respiratory tract, cultured M. tuberculosis or M. avium complex, and performed PCR analysis. A total of 299 samples (M. tuberculosis, 177; M. avium, 35; M (...) . intracellulare, 87) were analyzed by COBAS TaqMan PCR from April 2007 to March 2011. The PCR positivity rates were 50-55%, 70-100%, 88-98%, and 100% in smear-negative, smear 1+, 2+, and 3+ groups, respectively. The PCR positivity of tuberculosis in smear 1+ was 80.6%, which was statistically significantly (P < 0.001) lower than that of smear 2+ (97.3%). From January 2005 to March 2007, we collected an additional 138 samples (M. tuberculosis, 74; M. avium, 21; M. intracellulare, 43), which were analyzed

2012 Tuberculosis research and treatment PubMed

147. Modulation of Innate Host Factors by Mycobacterium avium Complex in Human Macrophages Includes Interleukin 17. (Full text)

Modulation of Innate Host Factors by Mycobacterium avium Complex in Human Macrophages Includes Interleukin 17. Although opportunistic infections due to Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) have been less common since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, globally, human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-positive patients remain predisposed to these infections. Absence of a properly functioning acquired immune response allows MAC persistence within macrophages localized in lymph

2012 Journal of Infectious Diseases PubMed

148. Serodiagnosis of Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease in the United States. (Full text)

Serodiagnosis of Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease in the United States. Diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease (MAC-PD) can be difficult. A previous study from Japan reported the usefulness of a serodiagnostic test for MAC-PD. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the test in similar patients in the USA. 100 patients with known or suspected MAC-PD and 52 healthy volunteers were enrolled into the study at National Jewish Health, Denver, CO

2012 European Respiratory Journal PubMed

149. Genetic relatedness of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex isolates from patients with pulmonary MAC disease and their residential soils. (Full text)

Genetic relatedness of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex isolates from patients with pulmonary MAC disease and their residential soils. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) strains were recovered from 48.9% of residential soil samples (agricultural farms (n = 7), residential yards (n = 79), and planting pots (n = 49)) of 100 pulmonary MAC patients and 35 non-infected control patients. The frequency of MAC recovery did not differ among soil types or among patients regardless (...) of the presence of pulmonary MAC disease, infecting MAC species or period of soil exposure. Variable numbers of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis for MAC clinical and soil isolates revealed 78 different patterns in 47 M. avium clinical isolates and 41 soil isolates, and 53 different patterns in 18 M. intracellulare clinical isolates and 37 soil isolates. Six clinical and corresponding soil isolate pairs with an identical VNTR genotype were from case patients with high soil exposure (≥2 h per week, 37.5% (6/16

2012 Clinical Microbiology and Infection PubMed

150. Association between pulmonary mycobacterium avium complex infection and lung cancer. (Full text)

Association between pulmonary mycobacterium avium complex infection and lung cancer. Patients with lung cancer are sometimes found to have respiratory cultures growing Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). This study describes the clinical, pathologic, and radiographic -characteristics of individuals who harbor concomitant lung cancer and MAC.Retrospective analysis of patients with positive respiratory cultures for MAC (370 men, 475 women) and with newly diagnosed lung cancer (792 men, 840 women

2012 Journal of Thoracic Oncology PubMed

151. Mycobacterium Avium Complex

Mycobacterium Avium Complex Mycobacterium Avium Complex Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Mycobacterium Avium Complex (...) Mycobacterium Avium Complex Aka: Mycobacterium Avium Complex , Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Disseminated MAC infection: 40% of North American Most common reported HIV Normal Children may develop Occurs under age 5 years Rarely affects children over age 12 years III. Pathophysiology MAC is ubiquitous in environment (water, soil, food) Causes in birds and swine Colonization by respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts Rarely occurs if >50 Infection in normal children

2015 FP Notebook

152. Environment or Host?: A Case-control Study of Risk Factors for Mycobacterium Avium Complex Lung Disease. (Full text)

Environment or Host?: A Case-control Study of Risk Factors for Mycobacterium Avium Complex Lung Disease. Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease is an increasingly common and chronically debilitating problem. Several host traits have been suggested or confirmed as risk factors. Potential environmental and behavioral risk factors have also been proposed. Few have been evaluated in comparative studies.To determine if aerosol-generating activities in the home and garden, features of the home (...) water supply, or several pulmonary and immune-compromising conditions are associated with Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease.Cases were recruited from academic medical centers and by informal referrals from nonuniversity practices in Washington and Oregon. Control subjects were recruited by random-digit dialing and matched to cases by age, sex, and partial telephone number. Associations were measured as odds ratios (OR) estimated using conditional logistic regression.Known and potential risk

2012 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine PubMed

153. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Diagnosis)

Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Diagnosis) Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]): Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjIyNjY0LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Updated: Oct 18, 2018 Author: Janak Koirala, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Overview Background Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) consists of two species: M avium and M intracellulare ; because these species are difficult to differentiate

2014 eMedicine.com

154. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection (Diagnosis)

preexisting lung disease. Sputum culture grew Mycobacterium avium complex. The diagnosis was Lady Windermere syndrome. An interesting case reported in 2012 involved in a child with complete interferon (IFN)–γ receptor-1 deficiency interrupting the interleukin (IL)–12/IFN-γ pathway and resulting in granulomatous skin papules and plaques and lower extremity edema. In this child, recurrent infection with MAI, Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium bovis , and Mycobacterium fortuitum all occurred. [ ] MAI (...) complex involving osteomyelitis, DRESS syndrome has been reported to occur. [ ] MAI olecranon bursitis resolving without surgical or antimicrobial intervention has been noted to occur. [ ] Previous Next: Workup Considerations Primary cutaneous Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI, or MAC) infection is rare, but it does not necessarily mandate a workup for immunosuppression. Biopsy should be performed for suspected dermatologic manifestations of MAI infection. Tissue samples of cutaneous lesions may

2014 eMedicine.com

155. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection (Overview)

preexisting lung disease. Sputum culture grew Mycobacterium avium complex. The diagnosis was Lady Windermere syndrome. An interesting case reported in 2012 involved in a child with complete interferon (IFN)–γ receptor-1 deficiency interrupting the interleukin (IL)–12/IFN-γ pathway and resulting in granulomatous skin papules and plaques and lower extremity edema. In this child, recurrent infection with MAI, Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium bovis , and Mycobacterium fortuitum all occurred. [ ] MAI (...) complex involving osteomyelitis, DRESS syndrome has been reported to occur. [ ] MAI olecranon bursitis resolving without surgical or antimicrobial intervention has been noted to occur. [ ] Previous Next: Workup Considerations Primary cutaneous Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI, or MAC) infection is rare, but it does not necessarily mandate a workup for immunosuppression. Biopsy should be performed for suspected dermatologic manifestations of MAI infection. Tissue samples of cutaneous lesions may

2014 eMedicine.com

156. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Overview)

Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Overview) Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]): Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjIyNjY0LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Updated: Oct 18, 2018 Author: Janak Koirala, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Overview Background Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) consists of two species: M avium and M intracellulare ; because these species are difficult to differentiate

2014 eMedicine.com

157. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Treatment)

Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Treatment) Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pulmonary MAC Infection in Immunocompetent Patients, Disseminated MAC Infection in Patients with AIDS Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px (...) /getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjIyNjY0LXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Treatment & Management Updated: Oct 18, 2018 Author: Janak Koirala, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Treatment Approach Considerations

2014 eMedicine.com

158. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection (Treatment)

preexisting lung disease. Sputum culture grew Mycobacterium avium complex. The diagnosis was Lady Windermere syndrome. An interesting case reported in 2012 involved in a child with complete interferon (IFN)–γ receptor-1 deficiency interrupting the interleukin (IL)–12/IFN-γ pathway and resulting in granulomatous skin papules and plaques and lower extremity edema. In this child, recurrent infection with MAI, Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium bovis , and Mycobacterium fortuitum all occurred. [ ] MAI (...) complex involving osteomyelitis, DRESS syndrome has been reported to occur. [ ] MAI olecranon bursitis resolving without surgical or antimicrobial intervention has been noted to occur. [ ] Previous Next: Workup Considerations Primary cutaneous Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI, or MAC) infection is rare, but it does not necessarily mandate a workup for immunosuppression. Biopsy should be performed for suspected dermatologic manifestations of MAI infection. Tissue samples of cutaneous lesions may

2014 eMedicine.com

159. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection (Follow-up)

preexisting lung disease. Sputum culture grew Mycobacterium avium complex. The diagnosis was Lady Windermere syndrome. An interesting case reported in 2012 involved in a child with complete interferon (IFN)–γ receptor-1 deficiency interrupting the interleukin (IL)–12/IFN-γ pathway and resulting in granulomatous skin papules and plaques and lower extremity edema. In this child, recurrent infection with MAI, Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium bovis , and Mycobacterium fortuitum all occurred. [ ] MAI (...) complex involving osteomyelitis, DRESS syndrome has been reported to occur. [ ] MAI olecranon bursitis resolving without surgical or antimicrobial intervention has been noted to occur. [ ] Previous Next: Workup Considerations Primary cutaneous Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI, or MAC) infection is rare, but it does not necessarily mandate a workup for immunosuppression. Biopsy should be performed for suspected dermatologic manifestations of MAI infection. Tissue samples of cutaneous lesions may

2014 eMedicine.com

160. Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Follow-up)

Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare (Follow-up) Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pulmonary MAC Infection in Immunocompetent Patients, Disseminated MAC Infection in Patients with AIDS Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px (...) /getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjIyNjY0LXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Treatment & Management Updated: Oct 18, 2018 Author: Janak Koirala, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) (Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare [MAI]) Treatment Approach Considerations

2014 eMedicine.com

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