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41. Effects of bystander programs on the prevention of sexual assault among adolescents and college students: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

approach One promising strategy for preventing sexual assault among adolescents and young adults is the implementation of bystander programs, which encourage young people to intervene when witnessing incidents or warning signs of sexual assault. Bystander programs seek to sensitize young people to warning signs of sexual assault, create attitudinal changes that foster bystander responsibility for intervening (e.g., creating empathy for victims), and build requisite skills and knowledge of tactics (...) for taking action (Banyard, ; Banyard, Plante, & Moynihan, ; Burn, ; McMahon & Banyard, ). Many of these programs are implemented with large groups of adolescents or college students in the format of a single training/education session (e.g., as part of college orientation). However, some programs use broader implementation strategies, such as advertising campaigns that post signs across college campuses to encourage students to act when witnessing signs of violence. By treating young people as potential

2019 Campbell Collaboration

42. Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain

(Appendix D). Step 9: Evidence Analysis Members independently developed evidentiary ta- bles summarizing study conclusions, identifying strengths and weaknesses and assigning levels of ev- idence. In order to systematically control for poten- tial biases, two or more work group members have reviewed each article selected and independently as- signed levels of evidence to the literature using the NASS levels of evidence. Any discrepancies in scoring have been addressed by two or more reviewers. Final

2020 North American Spine Society

43. Antibiotic Use for the Urgent Management of Dental Pain and Intra-oral Swelling Clinical Practice Guideline Full Text available with Trip Pro

-olds with toothache during 2001-2010. JADA . 2015 ; 146 : 295–302 e2 | | | | | These signs and symptoms are associated with pulpal and periapical conditions, which usually result from caries. Bacteria associated with caries can cause symptomatic irreversible pulpitis (SIP), an inflammation of the pulpal tissue. This condition may manifest as occasional sharp pain, usually stimulated by temperature change, and can worsen to spontaneous, constant, and dull or severe pain. Progressive pulp (...) in United States: a meta-analysis and modelling study. BMC Infect Dis . 2016 ; 16 : 447 | | | , x 46 Mainous, A.G. 3rd, Diaz, V.A., Matheson, E.M., Gregorie, S.H., and Hueston, W.J. Trends in hospitalizations with antibiotic-resistant infections: U.S., 1997-2006. Public Health Rep . 2011 ; 126 : 354–360 | | , x 47 Johnston, K.J., Thorpe, K.E., Jacob, J.T., and Murphy, D.J. The incremental cost of infections associated with multidrug-resistant organisms in the inpatient hospital setting-a national

2020 American Dental Association Guidelines

44. Safeguarding in general dental practice

Health and Jasmine Murphy, Consultant in Dental Public Health For queries relating to this document, please contact: colum.durkan@phe.gov.uk or jasmine.murphy@phe.gov.uk © Crown copyright 2019 You may re-use this information (excluding logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0. To view this licence, visit OGL. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned (...) and that they have the maturity and ability to fully understand the information given and what they are consenting to. A person is unable to decide for themselves if they are unable to: Understand the information relevant to the decision Retain that information Use or evaluate that information as part of the process of making the decision Communicate their decision verbally, by sign lanuage or another meansSafeguarding in general dental practice: a toolkit for dental teams 15 There is a legal duty to refer

2019 Public Health England

45. Recommendations for good practice in Ultrasound: Oocyte retrieval

Case report Clinical signs/symptoms (day of OPU) Clinical signs/symptoms (post-OPU) Clinical signs/symptoms (during pregnancy) Management Bleeding Intra-abdominal bleeding (Mashiach et al., 2013) None OPU + 2 days: - Severe abdominal and shoulder pain - Abdominal bloating Tenesmus. Exploratory laparoscopy - The vessel was successfully coagulated. None OPU + 3 days: - Lower abdominal pain - Dyspnea with stable Hb concentration (10.43–10.95 g/dL). OPU + 4 days: - Pale and tachycardiac, with a drop

2019 European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

46. Preventing and Managing Infectious Diseases Among People who Inject Drugs in Ontario

are not always attuned to the complexities of providing treatments for this population and, as a result, may miss opportunities to prevent or manage infection. Similarly, in acute-care settings, health professionals may not recognize the signs of withdrawal or overdose, or prioritize substance use as important to address in the context of other significant clinical challenges, which often leads to patients leaving against medical advice and further exacerbating their infection(s). In addition, during (...) of care may help health professionals realize the many interacting factors that contribute to injection drug use, recognize signs and symptoms of trauma, and to respond appropriately using multi-faceted interventions that are attuned to each individual’s unique circumstances. However, despite the increase in literature about implementing these models of care for complex patients, including those with concurrent mental health and addictions problems, practical examples of these models are limited

2019 McMaster Health Forum

49. KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in CKD

that may arise as a result of an outside relationship or a personal, professional, or business interest of a member of the Work Group. All members of the Work Group are required to complete, sign, and submit a disclosure and attestation form showing all such relationships that might be perceived or actual conflicts of interest. All reported information will be printed in the final publication and are on file at the National Kidney Foundation (NKF). Guideline on Nutrition in CKD Page 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS (...) of selecting work group members. An open recruitment message with a link to online application was circulated via stakeholders for experts in the topic area of chronic kidney disease. Interested candidates provided: signed Disclosure and Conflict of Interest From, curriculum vitae, and personal statements indicating interest and qualifications that related to the topic. The workgroup selection committee then evaluated each candidate based on set criteria. Higher scoring candidates were considered

2020 National Kidney Foundation

50. Promoting Physical Activity in Schools: A Rapid Review

Currently, there are over 236,000 students attending the 406 elementary, middle and secondary schools across Peel Region. Peel children and youth spend an average of 1,164 hours at school per year. In 2015, Region of Peel – Public Health (ROP-PH), Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board and Peel District School Board signed the Peel Healthy Schools Partnership Declaration. This declaration is a commitment to work collaboratively in creating and sustaining healthy school environments to ensure (...) for design, installation and maintenance…” 15(p17) • “Assess all proposals for signs restricting physical activity in public spaces and facilities...to judge the effect on physical activity levels.” 15(p17) Organizational level Recommendation 6: Responding to children and young people • “Identify local factors that may affect whether or not children and young people are physically active by regularly consulting with them, their parents and carers.” 15(p19) • “Find out what type of physical activities

2020 Peel Health Library

52. Clinical practice guideline for evaluation of psychosocial factors influencing recovery from adult orthopaedic trauma

in the evidence for future research to address. Next steps and areas for additional investigation include: 1. The optimal strategies for identifying mental and social health opportunities. a. The following may have a role: i. Questionnaires ii. Monitoring for verbal and non-verbal signs iii. Identification of greater symptoms and limitations than expected for a given injury and stage of recovery as measured on patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) iv. Formal interviews. b. What is the optimal timing (...) are associated with symptom intensity and magnitude of limitations after adult orthopedic trauma injuries. Studies of general traumatic injuries do not always stratify by the specific orthopaedic population, which leaves gaps in the evidence for future research to address. Next steps and areas for additional investigation include: 1. The optimal strategies for identifying mental and social health opportunities a. The following may have a role: i. Questionnaires ii. Monitoring for verbal and non-verbal signs

2020 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

53. Organizational Guideline for the Delivery of Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastasis in Ontario

of members of the SRS team o Oversee treatment of patient and sign off on treatment plan o Verification of target volume and normal tissues o Selection of patient positioning and immobilization o Participate in the monitoring and follow-up of patients post-SRS Neurosurgeon ? Qualifications: o The neurosurgeon is accredited by a nationally or internationally recognized program or licensing board o Participation in a dedicated fellowship or course that provides technology- specific training is strongly (...) an SRS program is strongly recommended ? Responsibilities include: o Team leader, responsible for the selection of members of the SRS team o Oversee treatment of patient and sign off on treatment plan o Verification of target volume and normal tissues o Selection of patient positioning and immobilization o Participate in the monitoring and follow-up of patients post-SRS Neurosurgeon ? Qualifications: o The neurosurgeon is accredited by a nationally or internationally recognized program or licensing

2019 Cancer Care Ontario

55. CIRSE Standards of Practice on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations Full Text available with Trip Pro

and Evaluation Contrast-Enhanced Echocardiography In patients with symptoms or signs of a PAVM by history and/or physical examination, contrast-enhanced echocardiography (CE) remains the best initial screening tool due to its high sensitivity and a negative predictive value close to 100% (level of evidence 2a) [ ]. If the result is negative, no further evaluation is necessary, since the likelihood of a significant PAVM with feeding artery ≥ 3 mm (i.e. requiring embolisation) is very low. However, some (...) : an overview. Diagn Interv Imaging 94(9):835–848 31. Ryan DJ, O’Connor TM, Murphy MM, Brady AP. Follow-up interval for small untreated pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia. Clin Radiol. 2017;72(3):236–41. 32. Pollak JS, White RI. Distal cross-sectional occlusion is the key to treating pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2012;23:1678–80. 33. White RI Jr. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: how do I embolize? Tech Vasc Interv Radiol

2020 Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe

56. Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Cardiac Surgery Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society Recommendations

Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Cardiac Surgery Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society Recommendations Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Cardiac Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society Recommendations | Cardiothoracic Surgery | JAMA Surgery | JAMA Network Publications | | 2020 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved Individual Sign In Institutional Sign In Purchase Options: Figure. PRISMA Flow Diagram Table 1. Classification of Recommendation and Level of Evidence (...) -effectiveness analysis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol . 2012;33(2):152-159. doi: Hong JC, Saraswat MK, Ellison TA, et al. Staphylococcus aureus prevention strategies in cardiac surgery: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Ann Thorac Surg . 2018;105(1):47-53. doi: Murphy E, Spencer SJ, Young D, Jones B, Blyth MJ. MRSA colonisation and subsequent risk of infection despite effective eradication in orthopaedic elective surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Br . 2011;93(4):548-551. doi: Cimochowski GE, Harostock MD, Brown R

2020 ERAS Society

57. Sexualized drug use (chemsex and methamphetamine) and men who have sex with men

about the new Gay Village crisis: Meth. 2018. Available from: Accessed April 17, 2019. Murphy T. Gay black men confront crystal meth. 2017. Available from: Accessed April 17, 2019. Bradshaw P. ‘Chemsex’ review — Scary but valuable documentary. 2015. Available from: Accessed April 17, 2019. Llewelyn I. Among Angels at the Courtyard Theatre — ‘The Chemsex play that gazes heavenwards’. 2019. Available from: Accessed April 17, 2019. Hochstrasser T. Review — 5 Guys Chillin’. 2017. Available from

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

58. Prenatal Management of Pregnancies at Risk of Fetal Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia (FNAIT)

. Blood 1986 ; 68 : 488 – 92 . 15 Wu, GG , Kaplan, C , Curtis, BR , Pearson, HA . Report on the 14th International Society of Blood Transfusion Platelet Immunology Workshop . Vox Sang 2010 ; 99 : 375 – 81 . 16 Davoren, A , McParland, P , Barnes, CA , Murphy, WG . Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia in the Irish population: a discrepancy between observed and expected cases . J Clin Pathol 2002 ; 55 : 289 – 92 . 17 Kamphuis, MM , Paridaans, N , Porcelijn, L , De Haas, M , van der Schoot, SC , Brand (...) to intravenous γ ‐globulin . Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996 ; 174 : 1414 – 23 . 24 Bussel, JB , Zabusky, ME , Berkowitz, RL , McFarland, JG . Fetal alloimmune thrombocytopenia . N Engl J Med 1997 ; 337 : 22 – 6 . 25 Kroll, H , Kiefel, V , Giers, G , Bald, R , Hoch, J , Hanfland, P , et al. Maternal intravenous immunoglobulin treatment does not prevent intracranial haemorrhage in fetal alloimmune thrombocytopenia . Transfus Med 1994 ; 4 : 293 – 6 . 26 Murphy, MF , Waters, AH , Doughty, HA , Hambley, H , Mibashan

2019 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

59. Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines for Multidisciplinary Spine Care: Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain

group members have reviewed each article selected and independently as- signed levels of evidence to the literature using the NASS levels of evidence. Any discrepancies in scoring have been addressed by two or more reviewers. Final ratings are completed at a final meeting or web con- ference of section workgroup members including the section chair and a guideline co-chair. As a final step in the evidence analysis process, members have iden- tified and documented gaps in the evidence to educate

2020 American Academy of Pain Medicine

60. AASLD Guidelines for Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B

randomized, controlled trials of HBsAg-positive, anti-HBc–positive patients receiv- inganticancertherapy. (174,179,197) HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc–positive patients are at lower risk of HBV reactivation than HBsAg-positive patients, and depending on their clinical situation and feasibility of close monitoring, they could be initiated onanti-HBVprophylaxis ormonitoredwiththeintent of on-demand anti-HBV therapy initiation at the ?rst sign of HBV reactivation. HBsAg-negative, anti- HBc

2020 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

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