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1. Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness

Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness Published on: February 12, 2016 Project Number: RB0961-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices (...) and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of the use of mouthguards for the reduction in the number and severity of dental injuries resulting from contact sports? What is the clinical effectiveness of the use of mouthguards for the reduction in the number and severity of concussions resulting from contact sports? Key Message Three systematic reviews, one randomized controlled trial, and five non-randomized studies were identified

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Mouthguards: Do they affect athletic performance?

Mouthguards: Do they affect athletic performance? Mouthguards: Do they affect athletic performance? - National Elf Service Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Mouthguards: Do they affect athletic performance? Jun 22 2018 Posted by The use of mouthguards helps reduce injuries to the mouth particular to the upper teeth during sporting activity and have been recommended by the American Dental Association since 1950. However, there is concern among some athletes (...) that they have a detrimental impact on athletic performance. The aim of this review was to determine the effect of mouthguards on athletic performance and if the type of mouthguard influences this factor. Methods Searches were conducted in the Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Opensigle databases. (http://www.opengrey.eu) Randomised-controlled trials, cross-over clinical trials and controlled clinical trials assessing the effect of on athletics, breathing, strength, speed and performance

2018 The Dental Elf

3. Mouthguards: Do they reduce dental trauma in contact sports?

Mouthguards: Do they reduce dental trauma in contact sports? Mouthguards: Do they reduce dental trauma in contact sports? - National Elf Service Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Mouthguards: Do they reduce dental trauma in contact sports? Nov 2 2018 Posted by The use of mouthguards to prevent injuries to the mouth during sporting activity has been recommended by the American Dental Association since the 1950s. Adoption of mouthguard use has been higher is some (...) areas that others and reasons for non-use include, breathing and speech difficulty, dry mouth, nausea and cost. Stock , self-adapted and dentist fabricated mouthguards are available and design and material used are considered to have an impact on their efficacy. The aim of this review was to assess whether the use of mouthguards reduces the prevalence of injuries among contact sports athletes. Methods Searches were conducted in the Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE

2018 The Dental Elf

4. The prevalence of mouthguard use in team sports: a systematic review

The prevalence of mouthguard use in team sports: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation

2019 PROSPERO

5. Effect of Mouthguard Use on Metabolic and Cardiorespiratory Responses to Aerobic Exercise in Males. (PubMed)

Effect of Mouthguard Use on Metabolic and Cardiorespiratory Responses to Aerobic Exercise in Males. This study investigated the physiological effects of wearing a mouthguard during submaximal treadmill exercise.Twenty-four recreationally active males (Mage = 21.3 ± 2.4 years, Mheight = 1.78 ± 0.06 m, Mweight = 81.9 ± 10.6 kg, Mbody mass index = 25.8 ± 3.4 kg·m-2) performed incremental, continuous exercise at 2, 4, 6, and 8 mph (3.2, 6.4, 9.7, 12.9 kph) for 5 min at each speed on a motor-driven (...) treadmill on 2 separate occasions in a randomized, crossover, counterbalanced design while wearing or not wearing a self-adaptable "boil and bite" mouthguard. Respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (VT), ventilation (VE), oxygen consumption (VO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and heart rate (HR) data were averaged during the last 60 s of each exercise stage; blood lactate (LA) was measured before exercise and 3 min and 10 min following exercise.Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed

2018 Research quarterly for exercise and sport

6. Preliminary Investigation of a Novel Mouthguard (PubMed)

Preliminary Investigation of a Novel Mouthguard Mouthguards (MGs) remain an important piece of personal protection for athletes for the prevention of injury. Although MGs provide tremendous benefits, the design and fabrication process does not record the position of the mandible or the occlusion, which could lead to injury. This study compared a novel MG to over-the-counter (OTC) and custom MGs on a skull model.The OTC MG was formed as per manufacturer's guidelines, the custom MG was laboratory (...) was significantly different (P < 0.05). The average distance of condylar displacement for the OTC, custom and novel MG were 1.9 mm, 1.3 mm and 0.6 mm, respectively.The novel MG was significantly different (P < 0.05). The data from this preliminary investigation suggests that the novel mouthguard had maximized occlusal contacts, minimized vertical dimension change and condylar displacement as compared to OTC and custom MGs.

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2018 International journal of preventive medicine

7. The Effects of Mouthguard and Desensitizing Toothpaste in Reducing Dental Hypersensitivity

The Effects of Mouthguard and Desensitizing Toothpaste in Reducing Dental Hypersensitivity The Effects of Mouthguard and Desensitizing Toothpaste in Reducing Dental Hypersensitivity - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. The Effects of Mouthguard and Desensitizing Toothpaste in Reducing Dental Hypersensitivity The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03515902 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : May 4, 2018 Last Update Posted : January 15, 2019 Sponsor: Khon Kaen

2018 Clinical Trials

8. Effect of Shortening the Palatal Extension of the Mouthguard on the Degree of Satisfaction of Water Polo Players

Effect of Shortening the Palatal Extension of the Mouthguard on the Degree of Satisfaction of Water Polo Players Effect of Shortening the Palatal Extension of the Mouthguard on the Degree of Satisfaction of Water Polo Players - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of Shortening the Palatal Extension of the Mouthguard on the Degree of Satisfaction of Water Polo Players The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03685318 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : September 26, 2018

2018 Clinical Trials

9. Effects of jaw clenching wearing customized mouthguards on agility, power and vertical jump in male high-standard basketball players. (PubMed)

Effects of jaw clenching wearing customized mouthguards on agility, power and vertical jump in male high-standard basketball players. Basketball players commonly use mouthguards for protecting their mouths from collisions with other players. Besides, literature reports that specific types of mouthguards may become an ergogenic device that facilitates a powerful jaw clenching, and a subsequent concurrent activation potentiation through this remote voluntary contraction of the mandible muscles.A (...) randomized within-subjects design was used to study the effects of this mechanism on muscular performance (vertical jump, agility, bench press power and leg press power) into two different conditions (mouthguard and no mouthguard) in high-standard basketball players (n = 13). A mean differences analysis and a responder analysis were conducted.Significant improvements were found (p < 0.05) in all vertical jump protocols using the mouthguard when compared to the no mouthguard conditions. However

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2018 Journal of exercise science and fitness

10. Satisfaction with shortening the palatal extension of a mouthguard for water polo players: A randomized crossover study. (PubMed)

Satisfaction with shortening the palatal extension of a mouthguard for water polo players: A randomized crossover study. Approximately 50% of water polo players have suffered orofacial injuries. However, fewer than 8% of players wear a mouthguard. A more comfortable mouthguard design is therefore needed to increase compliance. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of reducing the palatal extension of a custom-made mouthguard on the degree of satisfaction with a mouthguard among water (...) polo players.Eighteen elite water polo players participated in this randomized crossover trial. Two custom-made mouthguards were fabricated for each participant using 4-mm-thick ethyl vinyl acetate foils, defined by the extension of the palatal margin from the cervical line: conventional (6 mm) and shortened (2 mm). The mouthguards were worn during all training sessions and matches, in a randomized sequence (one mouthguard type for the first and fourth weeks and the other for the second and third

2018 Dental traumatology : official publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology

11. Do Neuromuscular Dentistry-Designed Mouthguards Enhance Dynamic Movement Ability in Competitive Athletes? (PubMed)

Do Neuromuscular Dentistry-Designed Mouthguards Enhance Dynamic Movement Ability in Competitive Athletes? The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a neuromuscular dentistry-designed mouthguard (NMDD) on dynamic movement ability. Forty-two competitive athletes (8 women, 21.9 ± 2.9 years, 66.8 ± 18.8 kg, 1.68 ± 0.11 m; 34 men, 22.8 ± 4.8 years, 77.4 ± 12.7 kg, 1.78 ± 0.08 m) with greater than 2 years' experience in their designated sport were enrolled in the study. Participants (...) completed the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT), and a single-leg landing (SLL) task. Each subject was tested with 3 separate mouthguard conditions in random order: (a) no mouthguard (NO), (b) over-the-counter boil-and-bite mouthguard (BB; Shockdoctor Gravity, (c) and an NMDD (Pure Power Elite). Data were analyzed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance for each variable. There were no differences between mouthguard conditions in each of the 7

2017 Journal of Strength And Conditioning Research

12. The effects of over-the-counter jaw-repositioning mouthguards on aerobic performance. (PubMed)

The effects of over-the-counter jaw-repositioning mouthguards on aerobic performance. Though jaw-repositioning devices have been found to increase size of upper respiratory airways in individuals, the effects of jaw-repositioning mouthguards on respiratory function during exercise have not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of over-the-counter (OTC) jaw-repositioning mouthguards on respiratory function and aerobic performance in male athletes.College-aged (...) , male athletes (N.=20) participated in this randomized, crossover, controlled study. Each subject completed one testing session per condition: a no mouthguard control (CON), a placebo mouthguard (PLA), an OTC self-adapted jaw-repositioning mouthguard (SA), and an OTC custom-fitted jaw-repositioning mouthguard (CF). Each testing session consisted of respiratory flow dynamic tests at rest. Ventilation and gas exchange were assessed during a graded maximal treadmill test. Peak blood lactate values were

2017 The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness

13. Mouthguard use may reduce dentofacial injuries in field hockey players. (PubMed)

Mouthguard use may reduce dentofacial injuries in field hockey players. Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, OvidSP, Web of Science, Cochrane and CINAHL databases were searched up to February 2015 with no language restrictions.Study selectionTwo review authors independently assessed tiles and abstracts of the retrieved case-control, cohorts and cross-sectional studies. For the studies to have been included in the meta-analysis, they must have included the total number of hockey players reporting (...) at least one dentofacial injury, the total number of these injuries compared with other types of injuries and quantitative data on characteristics of dentofacial injuries. Recreational and competitive elite level were included.Data extraction and synthesisThe included studies fell into three categories, related to dentofacial injury, mouthguard use or both, and their quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). A random effects model was used to calculate the overall effect size when

2017 Evidence Based Dentistry

14. A review of mouthguards: effectiveness, types, characteristics and indications for use. (PubMed)

A review of mouthguards: effectiveness, types, characteristics and indications for use. Participation in sport carries an increased risk of sustaining dental trauma which can be reduced by the use of a mouthguard. Mouthguards work by dissipating the force of impact, thus reducing the force which is transferred to the dentition. There are different types of mouthguard available which vary in design, costs and the level of protection provided. This article aims to review the use of mouthguards (...) in sport, the common barriers to their use and also the different types of mouthguards and their characteristics.

2017 British Dental Journal

15. Crystallization and hardening of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) mouthguards during routine use (PubMed)

Crystallization and hardening of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) mouthguards during routine use Mouthguards (MGs) made from poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) are widely used in contact sports to prevent injuries such as breaking teeth and lip lacerations and to reduce brain concussion. However, the changes in morphology and the molecular mobility of EVA, which can affect its physical properties during practical usage, have not been precisely examined. Therefore, we attempted to determine

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2017 Scientific reports

16. Effects of mouthguards on vertical dimension, muscle activation, and athlete preference: a prospective cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Effects of mouthguards on vertical dimension, muscle activation, and athlete preference: a prospective cross-sectional study. Mandibular repositioning and subsequent neuromuscular signaling are proposed mechanisms of action for commercial mouthguards marketed for performance enhancement. A prospective cross-sectional study of 24 healthy adult weightlifters with normal occlusal relationships was designed to determine whether 2 self-fit performance mouthguards; a custom-fabricated, bilaterally (...) balanced, dual-laminated mouthguard; and no mouthguard (control) differed in their effects on vertical dimension, muscle activation, and user preference during a 75% maximum power clean lift. Each subject was tested for each of the mouthguard categories: Power Balance POWERUP, Under Armour ArmourBite, custom, and no mouthguard. Interocclusal distance was measured at baseline and with each mouthguard. Mean and peak activity of the anterior temporalis, masseter, sternocleidomastoid, and cervical

2017 General dentistry

17. Preventive effects of mouthguard use while sleeping on recurrent aphthous stomatitis: Preliminary interventional study (PubMed)

Preventive effects of mouthguard use while sleeping on recurrent aphthous stomatitis: Preliminary interventional study Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common inflammatory ulceration in the oral mucosa of otherwise healthy individuals and is often accompanied by severe pain. However, the etiology of RAS is not completely understood, and currently, no therapy can completely prevent RAS recurrence. In our clinical experience, we noticed that patients using a night guard, which (...) is often used for bruxism treatment, did not develop RAS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether mouthguard use can suppress RAS development. The cohort of this interventional, prospective, single-center, and self-controlled study included 20 subjects who developed RAS at least once a month. The oral health of all the subjects was recorded for 60 days before and after intervention with a mouthguard. The average number of RAS incidences decreased from 5.5 to 1.0, the average days

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2017 Clinical and Experimental Dental Research

18. No Strong Evidence Exists For The Use Of Mouthguards To Prevent Concussions

No Strong Evidence Exists For The Use Of Mouthguards To Prevent Concussions UTCAT2256, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title No Strong Evidence Exists For The Use Of Mouth Guards To Prevent Concussions Clinical Question In persons playing sports, does mouth guard use help prevent concussions compared to no mouth guard use? Clinical Bottom Line No strong evidence exists for the use of mouth guards to prevent (...) , cluster-randomized, controlled trial compared the WIPPS Brain-Pad mouth guard against the mouthguard of choice was reported by Barbic. Applicability It cannot be determined if the patient would see reduce concussion risk from a mouth guard. Specialty/Discipline (General Dentistry) (Dental Hygiene) Keywords mouthguard, concussions ID# 2256 Date of submission: 04/25/2012 E-mail reaganj@livemail.uthscsa.edu Author J.C. Reagan Co-author(s) Co-author(s) e-mail Faculty mentor/Co-author Edward F. Wright, DDS

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

19. Effectiveness of Three Oral Devices as Mouthguard in Electroconvulsive Therapy. Randomized Crossover Clinical Trial.

Effectiveness of Three Oral Devices as Mouthguard in Electroconvulsive Therapy. Randomized Crossover Clinical Trial. Effectiveness of Three Oral Devices as Mouthguard in Electroconvulsive Therapy. Randomized Crossover Clinical Trial. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effectiveness of Three Oral Devices as Mouthguard in Electroconvulsive Therapy. Randomized Crossover Clinical Trial. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details

2016 Clinical Trials

20. Effects of a Custom Bite-Aligning Mouthguard on Performance in College Football Players. (PubMed)

Effects of a Custom Bite-Aligning Mouthguard on Performance in College Football Players. Besides injury prevention, mouthguards can also be employed to improve physical performance. The effects of personalization of mouthguards have rarely been investigated. This 3-armed, randomized, controlled crossover trial investigated the difference of wearing (a) personalized or custom-made (CM, e.g., bite-aligned), (b) standard (BB, boil and bite), and (c) no (CON) mouthguards on general fitness (...) parameters in experienced collegiate football players. A group of 10 upperclassmen (age, 19-22 years; mean ± SD: age = 20.7 ± 0.8 years; body mass = 83 ± 7.4 kg; height = 179.1 ± 5.2 cm; body mass index = 25.9 ± 2.2 kg·cm), National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II football players with at least 2 years of playing experience, were randomly assigned to the 3 mouthguard conditions: a randomized, within-subjects repeated-measures design was applied. All participants were randomly tested

2016 Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association

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