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Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers

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41. Screening for autism in extremely preterm infants: problems in interpretation. (PubMed)

Screening for autism in extremely preterm infants: problems in interpretation. The aim of this article was to report the prevalence of, and risk factors for, positive autism screens using the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) in children born extremely preterm in England.All children born at not more than 26 weeks' gestational age in England during 2006 were recruited to the EPICure-2 study. At 2 years of age, postal questionnaires incorporating the M-CHAT and additional

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2012 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

42. Early Detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children

of Pediatrics, St. Louis University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Rationale: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined by deficits in social interaction and communication identified before the age of 3 years. Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is a sensitive tool for ASD screening in children 16-23 months. A limited number of studies with a small number of patients have documented the developmental profile of children with ASD during infancy. Retrospective evaluations (...) Early Detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children Early Detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Early Detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder

2012 Clinical Trials

43. Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in 2-year-olds: a study of community practice. (PubMed)

), using the lower cutoff of ≥12, had adequate sensitivity when differentiating Autism from Not Autism, but weak sensitivity when differentiating ASD from NS, missing about 80% of the children with pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified. Using either the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers or the SCQ in combination with the ADOS did not result in improved specificity over the ADOS alone and led to a drop in sensitivity when differentiating ASD from NS disorders.These results (...) Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in 2-year-olds: a study of community practice. Longitudinal research studies have demonstrated that experienced clinicians using standardized assessment measures can make a reliable diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children under age 3. Limited data are available regarding the sensitivity and specificity of these measures in community settings. The aims of this study were to determine how well a standardized diagnostic observational measure

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2012 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

44. Vitamin D to Prevent Autism in Newborn Siblings

of research trial. Drug: Vitamin D3 5000 IU D3 capsule oral/day for entire pregnancy. 7000 IU D3/day during breastfeeding. If not breast feeding, baby gets 400 IU D3/day. Baby increased to 1000 IU D3/day at one year of age. Other Name: Cholecalciferol Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Number of Children Who Developed Autism [ Time Frame: Child assessed at 3 years of age ] The child will be screened by an Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (MCHAT) interview at 18 months of age (...) Vitamin D to Prevent Autism in Newborn Siblings Vitamin D to Prevent Autism in Newborn Siblings - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Vitamin D to Prevent Autism in Newborn Siblings The safety

2011 Clinical Trials

45. Positive Screening on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) in Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns. (PubMed)

Positive Screening on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) in Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns. To test the hypothesis that children born preterm are more likely to screen positive on the M-CHAT for an autism spectrum disorder.We compared the M-CHAT positive rate of those with cerebral palsy, cognitive impairment, and vision and hearing impairments to those without such deficits.Relative to children who could walk, the odds for screening positive on the M-CHAT were

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2009 Journal of Pediatrics

46. Autism Spectrum Disorders

of impaired social interaction and communication, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, and uneven intellectual development often with intellectual disability. Cause is usually unknown, but there appears to be a genetic component; vaccines are not causative. Screening tests include the Social Communication Questionnaire and the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT-R). Formal diagnostic testing is usually done by psychologists or developmental-behavioral pediatricians. Treatment (...) Autism Spectrum Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorders - Pediatrics - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases / / / / IN THIS TOPIC OTHER TOPICS IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge Cerebral Palsy (CP

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

47. Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children With Down Syndrome: Population Prevalence and Screening Test Characteristics (PubMed)

in the general population. The modified checklist for autism in toddlers and social communication questionnaire were highly sensitive in children with Down syndrome but could result in many false positive tests if universal screening were implemented using current algorithms. Research needs include development of specific ASD screening algorithms and improved diagnostic discrimination in children with Down syndrome. Timely identification of these co-occurring diagnoses is essential so appropriate (...) Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children With Down Syndrome: Population Prevalence and Screening Test Characteristics We assessed the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and screening test characteristics in children with Down syndrome.Eligible children born in a defined geographic area between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2003, were recruited through a population-based birth defects registry and community outreach, then screened with the modified checklist for autism

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2010 Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP

48. What is the best way of picking up autism in pre-school children?

) •The Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) or modified CHAT (M-CHAT) can be used to identify clinical features suggesting autism but should not be used to rule out autism (Grade D evidence) •An appropriate structured instrument can be used to supplement the clinical process when assessing children or young people at high risk of autism e.g. children of autistic parents or with behavioural problems (Grade C evidence). The SIGN guideline identifies the following developmental warning signs of autism in pre (...) What is the best way of picking up autism in pre-school children? What is the best way of picking up autism in pre-school children? - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top

2009 TRIP Answers

49. Children and young people exposed prenatally to alcohol

of their neurodevelopmental disorder, particularly those children with attention deficit and hyperkinetic disorders (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This may contribute to an adverse outcome for the child, and, just as importantly, misses the opportunity to protect subsequent pregnancies. Information from New Zealand and Canada suggests that identification of FASD can be a potent motivator for mothers to abstain from alcohol in subsequent pregnancies. 16 Although birth mothers are generally reticent (...) specific cut-off values for growth parameters. 28 The criteria for CNS involvement were more stringent than other classifications, requiring evidence of deficits in three or more CNS domains. An updated version of the guideline, published in 2016, was the first system to recommend the use of the term FASD as a diagnostic classification rather than a collective category. 29 It removed growth impairment as a diagnostic criterion and modified the domains of neurodevelopmental deficit required

2019 SIGN

50. Depression and anxiety programs for children and young people

health, keyword and subject headings were searched on 1st October 2018 using online databases. The literature search identified 27 systematic reviews that were included in this overview. A grey literature search was also completed within evidence-based program repositories to identify interventions that have been recommended for wider dissemination. Interventions were also identified from the included literature reviews. Evidence grading The AMSTAR 2 checklist was used to rate the quality of the 27 (...) indicated preventive interventions and early case identification. 1 To identify prevention intervention opportunities, it is important to consider evidence of how depression and anxiety develop over the life course and what is known of the modifiable factors that contribute to these problems. In infants and young children, it is difficult to disentangle depression and anxiety and observers generally measure internalising symptoms (that combine observable anxious, fearful and sad behaviours). A large

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

51. Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

the sedation is provided under the direction of a motivated team of specialists. These studies have helped define the skills needed to rescue children experiencing adverse sedation events. The sedation of children is different from the sedation of adults. Sedation in children is often administered to relieve pain and anxiety as well as to modify behavior (eg, immobility) so as to allow the safe completion of a procedure. A child’s ability to control his or her own behavior to cooperate for a procedure (...) for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are as follows: (1) to guard the patient’s safety and welfare; (2) to minimize physical discomfort and pain; (3) to control anxiety, minimize psychological trauma, and maximize the potential for amnesia; (4) to modify behavior and/or movement so as to allow the safe completion of the procedure; and (5) to return the patient to a state in which discharge from medical/dental supervision is safe, as determined by recognized criteria ( ). These goals can best be achieved

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

52. Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health and psychosocial wellbeing: a systematic map of reviews

. The centre and authors give permission for users of the site to display and print the contents of the site for their own non-commercial use, providing that the materials are not modified, copyright and other proprietary notices contained in the materials are retained, and the source of the material is cited clearly following the citation details provided. Otherwise users are not permitted to duplicate, reproduce, re-publish, distribute, or store material from this website without express written (...) evidence map 42 6.4 Data extraction 43 6.5 Quality appraisal 45 6.6 Data management and quality assurance 46 7 References 47 APPENDICES 55 Appendix 1: PRISMA checklist 55 Appendix 2: Methods 57 Appendix 3: Further details of included reviews 68 Appendix 3.2: Screen time 68 Appendix 3.3 Internet Use 75 Appendix 3.4 Problematic/addictive Internet Use 79 Appendix 3.5 Social Media 85 Appendix 3.6 Gaming 92 Appendix 3.7 Cyberbullying 98 Appendix 3.8 Sexting 105 v Appendix 3.9 Smartphone use 109 vi Preface

2018 EPPI Centre

53. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children

- jective experience of both the child and caregiver, including attention to the developmental sensi- tivities and needs of the particular patient and modifying standard practices if needed. The evaluation should allow adequate time for the child to express him or herself freely in an age-appropriate, interactive setting. The case formulation used by psychodynamic psychotherapists is biopsychosocial with partic- ular attention to the “psychological.” The psy- chological component of the formulation (...) and psychody- namic therapy for conduct problems. 40 In recent years, improved research design for psy- chotherapy ef?cacy research is adding to the existing knowledge about effectiveness and ef?cacy. 41-47 Studies of Time-Limited Psychodynamic Psychotherapy According to Cicchetti et al., 48(rct) toddlers of depressed mothers show a higher incidence of insecure attachment. Such children who received 45 weekly sessions of therapy with a focus on changing their self and maternal representations developed

2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

54. Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Clinical Practice Guidelines: Joint Recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutritio

in a total of 9 original studies with 8 studies reporting on pH-metry (27–34), 3 on endos- copy (28,30,33), 2 on GI-scintigraphy (27,28) and one each on biomarkers (26) and upper GI series (28). Characteristics of included studies can be found in Appendix B1 (Supplemental Digital Content 2,http://links.lww.com/MPG/B266). The QUADAS checklist can be found in Appendix C1 (Supplemental Digital Content 3, http://links.lww.com/MPG/B267) (7). Barium contrast study: The search identified 1 study comparing rates (...) . The advantage of the device is that the patient does not have a catheter in the nose, so for some children (eg, those with developmental delay or autism or in patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic cough) the wireless device is preferable. In addition, for patients with exercise induced GERD symptoms, the wireless recording device is often more comfortable when exercising (including swimming). Finally, the wireless device records pH changes for a minimum of 48 hours but some studies have reported up to 5

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

55. Prediction rule: Use of the M-CHAT follow-up interview (M-CHAT/F) by paediatricians during well-child care visits is feasible, valid and reliable

intervention and improved outcomes. 1 The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends universal screening with a validated tool such as the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) at well-child care visits. 2 The M-CHAT/R (original M-CHAT and its revised version) includes a follow-up interview (the M-CHAT/R-F) designed to clarify positive responses. Use of the M-CHAT/R-F significantly improves the positive predictive value (PPV) of the tool, 3 but questions remain regarding the feasibility (...) and reliable Article Text Diagnosis Prediction rule Use of the M-CHAT follow-up interview (M-CHAT/F) by paediatricians during well-child care visits is feasible, valid and reliable Thyde Dumont-Mathieu Statistics from Altmetric.com Citation: Sturner R, Howard B, Bergmann P, et al . Autism screening with online decision support by primary care pediatricians aided by M-CHAT/F. Pediatrics . 2016 Sep;138: e20153036. Context Early identification of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) leads to early

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

56. An update to the Greig Health Record: Preventive health care visits for children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years ? Technical report

Paediatric Society, Executive Summary: Paediatr Child Health 2016;21(5):265-68. What is in this update? The is an evidence-based clinical tool to be used in preventive care visits for school-aged children. It contains a checklist tool with supplementary information for reference and patient information handouts. This tool was designed using the model of the widely used Rourke Baby Record for infants and children from birth to age 5. This is the first update of the Greig Health Record, which was first (...) the strength of the recommendation. The checklist tables are divided arbitrarily into early, middle and late age groupings, but it is important to remember that children develop at different rates and screening questions should be tailored to each individual. For example, it may be appropriate to discuss pubertal development with some 8- or 9- year-olds, especially girls, but not appropriate for their less mature peers. A small area for family history is included on the top left-hand corner of each

2016 Canadian Paediatric Society

57. Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

. Sedation in children is often administered to relieve pain and anxiety as well as to modify behavior (e.g., immobility) so as to allow the safe completion of a procedure. A child’s ability to control his or her own behavior to cooperate for a procedure depends both on his or her chronologic age and cognitive/ emotional development. Many brief procedures, such as suture of a minor laceration, may be accomplished with distraction and guided imagery techniques, along with the use of topical/local (...) psychological trauma, and maximize the potential for amnesia; (4) to modify behavior and/or movement so as to allow the safe completion of the procedure; and (5) to return the patient to a state in which discharge from medical/dental supervision is safe, as determ- ined by recognized criteria (Supplemental Appendix 1). These goals can best be achieved by selecting the lowest dose of drug with the highest therapeutic index for the procedure. It is beyond the scope of this document to specify which drugs

2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

58. Occupational therapy in neonatal services and early intervention

analysis, there is limited evidence for the longer-term benefits of skin-to-skin care on neurodevelopmental outcome. However, it was recognised as a positive strategy for 37 Royal College of Occupational Therapists 2017 Recommendations and supporting evidence promoting neurodevelopment via the mechanisms of: improving early environmental conditions, modifying the infant’s experience of stress, promoting organised sleep, and supporting the development of maternal–infant attachment. Bloch-Salisbury et al

2017 British Association of Occupational Therapists

59. Positive screening for autism in ex-preterm infants: prevalence and risk factors (PubMed)

associated with a positive screening result.We studied 91 ex-preterm infants < or = 1500 g at birth. Infants underwent conventional MRI studies at preterm and/or term-adjusted age. We collected pertinent demographic, prenatal, intrapartum, acute postnatal, and short-term outcome data for all infants. Follow-up assessments were performed at a mean age of 21.9 +/- 4.7 months, using the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, and the Child Behavior Checklist.Twenty (...) -six percent of ex-preterm infants had a positive result on the autism screening tool. Abnormal scores correlated highly with internalizing behavioral problems on the Child Behavior Checklist and socialization and communication deficits on the Vineland Scales. Lower birth weight, gestational age, male gender, chorioamnionitis, acute intrapartum hemorrhage, illness severity on admission, and abnormal MRI studies were significantly associated with an abnormal autism screening score.Early autistic

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2008 EvidenceUpdates

60. A study on the neurodevelopment outcomes of late preterm infants. (PubMed)

A study on the neurodevelopment outcomes of late preterm infants. The study is intended to fill the knowledge gap about the neuropsychology and neuromotor developmental outcomes, and identify the perinatal risk factors for late preterm infants (LPIs 34~36 weeks GA) born with uncomplicated vaginal birth at the age of 24 to 30 months.The parents/guardians of 102 late preterm infants and 153 term infants, from 14 community health centers participated in this study. The Modified Checklist (...) for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) questionnaire, the Chinese version of Gesell Development Diagnosis Scale (GDDS), and the Sensory Integration Schedule (SIS), a neurological examination for motor disorders (MD) were carried out. Infants screening positive to the M-CHAT were referred to specialist autism clinics.Forty-six LPIs (45.1%) scored low in GDDS. Nine LPIs (8.8%) scored positive on M-Chat. 8.8% of LPIs (9 out of 102) were diagnosed MD (p <  0.05). Compared with their full-term peers, LPIs had

2019 BMC Neurology

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