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Metabolic Syndrome

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181. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in Kerala, South India: Analysis of a community based cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in Kerala, South India: Analysis of a community based cross-sectional study. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and disability in Kerala, India. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a constellation of established risk factors for CAD. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of MS and evaluate the association between MS and CAD using a community-based sample population.A cross-sectional community based survey was conducted in urban (...) , the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Kerala was 24%, 29% and 33% for the NCEP ATP III, IDF and AHA/NHLBI Harmonization definitions, respectively. The mean (SD) age of the participants was 51 (14) years, and 60% were women. Women had a higher prevalence of MS than men (28% versus 20% for ATP III, p<0.001). Similarly, participants living in urban areas had higher prevalence of MS than their rural counterparts (26% versus 22%, p<0.001). Elevated body mass index, older age, and female sex were associated

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2018 PLoS ONE

182. Cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome: Roles of inflammation and abdominal obesity. (PubMed)

Cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome: Roles of inflammation and abdominal obesity. Individuals with metabolic syndrome have increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to test the hypothesis that a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CR-fitness), counteracts accumulation of visceral fat, decreases inflammation and lowers risk factors of the metabolic syndrome.The study sample included 1,293 Danes (age 49-52 years) who from 2009 to 2011 (...) participated in the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank, including a questionnaire, physical tests, and blood samples. Multiple linear regression models were performed with CR-fitness as exposure and plasma levels of cytokines and high sensitive C-reactive protein as outcomes and measures of abdominal obesity were added to test if they explained the potential association. Similarly, multiple linear regression models were performed with CR-fitness as exposure and factors of the metabolic syndrome

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2018 PLoS ONE

183. Metabolic Syndrome and cognitive decline in the elderly: A systematic review. (PubMed)

Metabolic Syndrome and cognitive decline in the elderly: A systematic review. Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) refers to a cluster of metabolic disturbances which is associated with increased risk for vascular and degenerative conditions in general population. Although the relationship between vascular risk factors and dementia is undisputable, additional hazard for cognitive decline in older population with concurrent metabolic disorders still waits to be demonstrated. The present review aims

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2018 PLoS ONE

184. Metabolic Syndrome and Meaningful Statistics. (PubMed)

Metabolic Syndrome and Meaningful Statistics. Much has been discussed about the effects of the obesity epidemic in the countries involved in the multi-national study by Grieger et al (BJOG, 2019 xxxx). Although obesity has been associated with impaired fertility, the impact of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a more specifically pointed measure, has rarely been assessed. From this very large multi-national study, it is apparent that MetS is associated with a longer time to pregnancy and infertility

2019 BJOG

185. Greater Susceptibility for Metabolic Syndrome in Pediatric Solid Organ and Stem Cell Transplant Recipients. (PubMed)

Greater Susceptibility for Metabolic Syndrome in Pediatric Solid Organ and Stem Cell Transplant Recipients. Cardiovascular (CV) comorbidity is of increasing importance after transplantation (Tx). Metabolic syndrome (MS) contributes to the risk for CV sequelae. Our aim was to assess the risk for MS in pediatric solid organ and stem cell transplant recipients by comparing them to matched untransplanted peers in a multicenter study.We prospectively assessed MS in 295 pediatric transplant (...) recipients and compared them to 1.475 age- and sex-matched controls.Post transplant metabolic syndrome (PTMS) was most frequent in lung (43%) and kidney (39%), followed by liver (16%) and stem cell (13%) recipients compared to non transplanted peers (4%; p<0.01). The risk of displaying PTMS was almost 22-fold higher after lung (95%CI 8.2-57.4), 16-fold higher after kidney (95%CI 9.1-28.9), 5-fold higher after liver (95%CI 2.1-10.1) and 4-fold higher after stem cell (95%CI 1.4-9.5) Tx. The contribution

2019 Transplantation

186. Association of metabolic syndrome and its components with suicidal ideation and depression in adults: A nationally representative sample of the Korean population. (PubMed)

Association of metabolic syndrome and its components with suicidal ideation and depression in adults: A nationally representative sample of the Korean population. Few studies have evaluated the association of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. This study examined the associations of MetS and its components with suicidal ideation and depression and determined the mediation effect of self-rated health (SRH) on these associations.This study

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

187. Correction to: Association of HIV-infection, antiretroviral treatment and metabolic syndrome with large artery stiffness: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Correction to: Association of HIV-infection, antiretroviral treatment and metabolic syndrome with large artery stiffness: a cross-sectional study. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that they have provided the wrong caption.

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2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

188. What is the impact of metabolic syndrome and its components on reflux esophagitis? A cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

What is the impact of metabolic syndrome and its components on reflux esophagitis? A cross-sectional study. The prevalence rate of reflux esophagitis (RE) in Asia, including Taiwan, has increased dramatically in recent years. However, few studies have discussed on its relationship with metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between RE and MetS and its components.We conducted a cross-sectional study during 2013 to 2014 in Taiwan. A total of 4895 subjects who

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2019 BMC Gastroenterology

189. Even Short-Term Telmisartan Treatment Ameliorated Insulin Resistance But Had No Influence on Serum Adiponectin and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Levels in Hypertensive Patients with Metabolic Syndrome. (PubMed)

Even Short-Term Telmisartan Treatment Ameliorated Insulin Resistance But Had No Influence on Serum Adiponectin and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Levels in Hypertensive Patients with Metabolic Syndrome. We investigated the effect of short-term telmisartan usage in addition to lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, and serum adiponectin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels in hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS).A total of 36 (...) there was no statistically significant change in the lipid profiles of the two groups. Serum adiponectin level was increased by 19.1% ± 41.7% in the telmisartan group, but intergroup analysis revealed no significant change. There was also no significant change in serum TNF-α level in either group.It has been observed that even short-term telmisartan treatment had favorable effects on insulin resistance and glucose metabolism compared with lifestyle changes alone. The fundamental effect of telmisartan treatment

2019 Metabolic syndrome and related disorders

190. Effects of Protein Intake Beyond Habitual Intakes Associated With Resistance Training on Metabolic Syndrome-Related Parameters, Isokinetic Strength and Body Composition in Older Women. (PubMed)

Effects of Protein Intake Beyond Habitual Intakes Associated With Resistance Training on Metabolic Syndrome-Related Parameters, Isokinetic Strength and Body Composition in Older Women. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of protein intake beyond habitual intakes associated with resistance training on metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related parameters, isokinetic strength, and body composition in health older women. A total of 30 older women (68.8 ± 4.3 years) participated

2019 Journal of aging and physical activity

191. Swimming intervention alleviates insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in metabolic syndrome. (PubMed)

Swimming intervention alleviates insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in metabolic syndrome. In view of the high incidence of metabolic syndrome and the role of exercise in promoting metabolic disorders, the present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of swimming intervention on metabolic syndrome. In the present study, a total of 100 patients with metabolic syndrome and 100 healthy individuals were included. Fasting blood was extracted from each participant, and the serum (...) in metabolic syndrome patients as compared with those in the normal controls, while swimming intervention reduced HOMA-IR and these serum levels to different extents. Swimming intervention also promoted IRS-1 and Akt phosphorylation, and increased GLUT4 expression level. Thus, it is concluded that swimming intervention may improve metabolic syndrome through multiple pathways.

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2019 Experimental and therapeutic medicine

192. Coaching of lifestyle recommendations improves sensory neurophysiological parameters in neuropathies related to glycemic disorder or metabolic syndrome. A pilot study. (PubMed)

Coaching of lifestyle recommendations improves sensory neurophysiological parameters in neuropathies related to glycemic disorder or metabolic syndrome. A pilot study. Metabolic abnormalities, such as, glycemic disorders and metabolic syndrome (GDMS) are one of the main causes of peripheral neuropathies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of adding specific coaching care (CC) to standard care (SC) of therapeutic education based on lifestyle recommendations for neuropathies (...) and for the percentage of change at 3 months.All patients (4 men and 4 women) had diabetes or pre-diabetes, which was associated with metabolic syndrome in 5 cases. There was no difference on any variable at baseline, but at 3 months, Mann-Whitney test showed a difference (P=0.0008) between the two groups regarding the sensory neurophysiological variable, which deteriorated in the SC group (median: -6.0%) and improved in the CC group (median: +12.4%). No significant difference was observed between the two groups

2019 Neurophysiologie clinique = Clinical neurophysiology

193. Prospective associations of adolescent conscientiousness with psychological resources and metabolic syndrome in Black and White men. (PubMed)

Prospective associations of adolescent conscientiousness with psychological resources and metabolic syndrome in Black and White men. Conscientiousness predicts better psychological resources as well as lower cardiovascular mortality and lower metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk. However, the benefits of conscientiousness might be amplified, disabled, or reversed in disadvantaged groups. This study is the first to test these competing hypotheses for prospective associations between adolescent

2019 Psychosomatic Medicine

194. The association between a dietary habits score and the risk of metabolic syndrome: A cohort study. (PubMed)

The association between a dietary habits score and the risk of metabolic syndrome: A cohort study. Dietary habits are proposed to affect the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The present study aimed to investigate the association between a dietary habits score (DHS) and the risk of MetS and its components among Iranian adults.In this cohort study 1092 participants without MetS were followed up to 10 years. The baseline data on general characteristics as well as dietary habits were assessed (...) of MetS and some of its components. Future studies are needed to confirm the approach used to calculate the DHS and its association with the risk of MetS and its components in other populations.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

2019 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

195. Metabolic Syndrome and Cognitive Impairment among High Socioeconomic, Nondemented Older US Adults. (PubMed)

Metabolic Syndrome and Cognitive Impairment among High Socioeconomic, Nondemented Older US Adults. Nondemented cognitive impairment (CI) presents opportunities for early interventions among individuals at risk for dementia. Identification of modifiable determinants is paramount to the development of effective clinical interventions. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was theorized as a risk factor, but current research yields inconsistent findings. Few studies have examined the association between MetS

2019 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

196. Associations of the metabolic syndrome and its components with cognitive impairment in older adults. (PubMed)

Associations of the metabolic syndrome and its components with cognitive impairment in older adults. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an established cardiovascular risk factor. Here, we investigated its role in cognitive impairment.Baseline data from 202 participants (aged 65 to 87 years) of the BioCog study were used. All were free of clinical dementia (MMSE≥24/30). Cognitive impairment was defined as the lowest tertile of a cognitive summary score. Multiple logistic regression analyses

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2019 BMC Geriatrics

197. Additive interaction of snoring and body mass index on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Chinese coal mine employees: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Additive interaction of snoring and body mass index on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Chinese coal mine employees: a cross-sectional study. Although snoring has been previously reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), its interaction with body mass index(BMI) on MetS remains unclear. We aimed to examine the individual effects and possible interaction between snoring and BMI on MetS.From July 2013 to December 2013, 3794 employees of coal mining enterprises aged 18

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2019 BMC Endocrine Disorders

198. Validation of Predictive Metabolic Syndrome Biomarkers of World Trade Center Lung Injury: a 16-Year Longitudinal Study. (PubMed)

Validation of Predictive Metabolic Syndrome Biomarkers of World Trade Center Lung Injury: a 16-Year Longitudinal Study. Metabolic Syndrome (MetSyn) predicted future development of World Trade Center lung injury(WTC-LI) in a subgroup of never smoking, male firefighters. An intra-cohort validation of MetSyn as predictors of WTC-LI is examined in the WTC-exposed cohort that has been longitudinally followed for 16 years.PFTs(N=98,221) of WTC-exposed workers(N=9,566) were evaluated. A baseline

2019 Chest

199. Effects of melatonin administration on mental health parameters, metabolic and genetic profiles in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effects of melatonin administration on mental health parameters, metabolic and genetic profiles in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of melatonin supplementation on mental health parameters, metabolic and genetic parameters in women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on 58 subjects, aged 18-40 (...) years old. Subjects were randomly allocated to take either 10 mg melatonin (2 melatonin capsules, 5 mg each) (n = 29) or placebo (n = 29) once a day 1 h before bedtime for 12 weeks. Glycemic control and lipid profiles were measured at baseline and after the 12-week intervention. Using RT-PCR method, gene expression related to insulin and lipid metabolism was conducted on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of PCOS women.Melatonin supplementation significantly decreased Pittsburgh Sleep

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

200. Elucidating bidirectional relationship between metabolic syndrome and elevated faecal haemoglobin concentration: a Taiwanese community-based cohort study. (PubMed)

Elucidating bidirectional relationship between metabolic syndrome and elevated faecal haemoglobin concentration: a Taiwanese community-based cohort study. To elucidate the bidirectional temporal relationship between elevated faecal haemoglobin (f-Hb) concentration and metabolic syndrome (MetS).A longitudinal cohort study was conducted by utilising data on community-based periodical screening for colorectal cancer with faecal immunochemical test (FIT) and health check-up for MetS.Population

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2019 BMJ open

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