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1. Changes in medical research trends of North Korea after economic sanctions: A PRISMA-compliant systematic literature review of North Korean medical journals. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in medical research trends of North Korea after economic sanctions: A PRISMA-compliant systematic literature review of North Korean medical journals. In the 1980s, North Korea established a socialist health care system. However, following the food crisis and the economic sanctions, it is estimated that North Korea's health care system has experienced continuous deterioration. Thus, in the present study, we estimated the current medical research trends of North Korea through an analysis (...) of the medical journal Korean Medicine, published in North Korea.We analyzed the studies in Korean Medicine, which is the only North Korean medical journal accessible to foreigners with more than 30 years of data available, based on PRISMA guidelines. We analyzed the issues of the journal published for a total of 7 years, from 1985 onwards at 5-year intervals until 2015. To evaluate changes in the North Korean medical research trends, we compared and analyzed the issues published before and after

2019 Medicine

2. Acute care surgery education in US medical schools: A systematic review of the current literature and report of a medical student experience. (Abstract)

Acute care surgery education in US medical schools: A systematic review of the current literature and report of a medical student experience. There is currently little known about acute care surgery (ACS) education in US medical schools. The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the state of the literature describing ACS training at the medical school level and introduce an ACS education model provided to medical students at our institution.We conducted a comprehensive literature (...) review using the PubMed database to identify all articles related to ACS (trauma surgery, emergency general surgery, and surgical critical care) and undergraduate medical education.A total of 376 articles were captured with our search strategy. The articles were reviewed for eligibility by 2 separate reviewers.We identified 3 relevant articles for our literature review. All studies were performed at level 1 trauma centers. The duration of ACS rotations ranges from 1 to 4 weeks with variable night

2019 Journal of Surgical Education

3. Traditional Chinese Medicine Self-Care and Lifestyle Medicine Outside of Asia: A Systematic Literature Review. (Abstract)

Traditional Chinese Medicine Self-Care and Lifestyle Medicine Outside of Asia: A Systematic Literature Review. Background: Chinese medicine, when applied as a whole system of care, traditionally incorporates self-care techniques and patient understanding as key aspects of patient recovery and health maintenance. Objectives: This review aims to explore the literature to date on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) self-care in settings outside of Asia, beyond the sole application of t'ai chi

2019 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

4. Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals. Medical trainees and professionals do not perceive that they are adequately taught the skills to address issues of grief with their patients. Atypical grief responses can prolong suffering, interrupt normal activities and lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Grief training can help physicians cope with feelings about and responses to suffering, loss and death (...) in a way that improves both physician and patient/family wellness. This scoping review will describe the current landscape of grief training worldwide in medical school and residency and in continuing professional development in the disciplines of paediatrics, family medicine and psychiatry. The ultimate goal is to help physicians support patients experiencing grief.The study design has been adapted from Arksey and O'Malley's review methodology. We will work with an information specialist who will run

2019 BMJ open

5. Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices among medical students: A systematic search and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices among medical students: A systematic search and literature review As future physicians, medical students will play an important role in the prevention of skin cancers by becoming directly involved in skin cancer prevention education and counseling patients about the hazards of ultraviolet light.We assessed the skin cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices reported in previous studies of medical (...) students.The search for relevant articles was performed in four electronic databases: PubMed (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, ERIC, and PsycINFO. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: 1) targeted medical students; 2) assessed sun avoidance, sun protection, skin self-examination, and/or indoor tanning behaviors; 3) were published in peer-reviewed journals; and 4) complete data were available for extraction.A total of 21 studies are included in this review

2018 International journal of women's dermatology

6. Medical YouTube Videos and Methods of Evaluation: Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical YouTube Videos and Methods of Evaluation: Literature Review Online medical education has relevance to public health literacy and physician efficacy, yet it requires a certain standard of reliability. While the internet has the potential to be a viable medical education tool, the viewer must be able to discern which information is reliable.Our aim was to perform a literature review to determine and compare the various methods used when analyzing YouTube videos for patient education (...) to evaluate the content. However, a concrete set of methods did not exist. This is notable since many patients turn to the internet for medical information yet lack the tools to evaluate the advice being given. There was, however, a common aim of discovering what health-related content the public is accessing, and how credible that material is.©Brandy Drozd, Emily Couvillon, Andrea Suarez. Originally published in JMIR Medical Education (http://mededu.jmir.org), 12.02.2018.

2018 JMIR medical education

7. Top Citations of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Publications in the Emergency Medicine Literature. (Abstract)

Top Citations of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Publications in the Emergency Medicine Literature. The goal of this study was to identify and analyze the 100 most frequently cited journal articles pertaining to the field of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) and published in emergency medicine (EM) peer-reviewed literature.The 3 databases, Scopus Library, Google Scholar, and Web of Science, were subjected to a search by topic, keyword, and publication journal to identify the 100 most frequently (...) cited articles addressing PEM issues in the EM literature. Our search included articles published beginning in 1983 and ending in 2016. Median citation frequency, study topics within the specialty of PEM, years of publication, and countries of origin were each compiled and analyzed. Mean citation frequencies were used to rank the articles, which accounted for differences in the results among the 3 databases. Once organized into a list of the 100 most often cited articles in PEM, those

2018 Pediatric Emergency Care

8. Treatment of severe rash caused by crizotinib with both traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine: Two case reports and literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of severe rash caused by crizotinib with both traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine: Two case reports and literature review. Lung adenocarcinoma is the most common pathologic pattern of lung cancer. During the past decades, a number of targeted agents have been explored to treat advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Recently, Crizotinib, the antagonist of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), has been widely used in ALK-rearranged lung cancer treatment. Crizotinib is generally well (...) without other therapies. We treated severe rash with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy called Zhiyang Pingfu liquid along with Western medicine. Zhiyang Pingfu liquid consists of Scutellaria baicalensis 20 g, Portulaca oleracea 30 g, Cortex Dictamni 30 g, Sophora flavescens 30 g, and other substances. Western medicine includes Minocycline hydrochloride tablets and Aprepitant capsules.Both patients achieved a partial response when treated with crizotinib, and suffered from severe rash

2018 Medicine

9. What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years.The literature search was carried out by two (...) researchers independently in PubMed, Google Scholar, Wiley and IndMED databases for articles published from year 2006 till 2016. A total of 38 combinations of MeSH words were used for search purpose. Studies related to medical students and interns have been included. The application of inclusion and exclusion criteria and PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic review led to the final selection of 24 articles.The majority of the studies (n = 16; 66.6%) were from high-income countries followed

2018 BMC medical education

10. Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review The need for increased expertise in evidence-based medicine and concerns about the decreasing numbers of physician-scientists have underscored the need for promoting and encouraging research in medical education. The critical shortage of physician-scientists has assumed a dimension demanding a coordinated global response. This systematic review examined (...) to inclusion.A total of 26 articles from the literature met the set criteria for final inclusion. Contents of the abstracts and corresponding full-text articles were analyzed for themes on the research perspectives of medical students. The themes derived comprised: research interest, physician-scientist decline and shortage, responses to physician-scientist shortage, curriculum issues, skills (motivation and self-efficacy), research needs, socioeconomic and cultural issues, and barriers.Despite the wide

2018 Medical education online

11. Medication Reconciliation at Discharge from Hospital: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medication Reconciliation at Discharge from Hospital: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. Medicines reconciliation is a way to identify and act on discrepancies in patients' medical histories and it is found to play a key role in patient safety. This review focuses on discrepancies and medical errors that occurred at point of discharge from hospital. Studies were identified through the following electronic databases: PubMed, Sciences Direct, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Cochrane (...) of discrepancies. The variation in the number of discrepancies found in the 15 studies could be due to the fact that some studies excluded patient taking more than 5 drugs at admission. Medication reconciliation would be a way to avoid the high number of discrepancies that was found in this literature review and thereby increase patient safety.

2017 Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

12. Justifications for using complementary and alternative medicine reported by persons with musculoskeletal conditions: A narrative literature synthesis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Justifications for using complementary and alternative medicine reported by persons with musculoskeletal conditions: A narrative literature synthesis. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is very popular with patients frequently combining it with orthodox health care. The high prevalence of CAM use and satisfaction with CAM reported by patients directly challenges an orthodox system that can only approve such use if it results from the application of biomedical concepts and science

2018 PLoS ONE

13. Providing training on critical appraisal of medical literature by junior and senior teacher : an equivalence randomized trial in Algeria. (Abstract)

Providing training on critical appraisal of medical literature by junior and senior teacher : an equivalence randomized trial in Algeria. The scarcity of trained teachers in charge of critical appraisal of medical literature is a major obstacle for the development of this learning in low-middle-income countries.The aim of the study was to show equivalence in providing training on critical appraisal by either junior or senior teacher in epidemiology.Learners, volunteer teachers of all (...) specialties at the medical school of Blida (Algeria), were randomized between the two teachers in an equivalence randomized controlled trial. An adapted Fresno test scored out of 200 points was used to blindly measure learners' performance.Main characteristics of the two learners' groups, of 33 each, who took the post-test, appeared to be similar at baseline. No significant difference was found between the two average scores attributed to the post-test, respectively 87.83 ± 27.44 and 84.31 ± 20.45 (95

2019 La Tunisie Medicale Controlled trial quality: uncertain

14. Rare pancreatic carcinosarcoma in a patient with medical history of esophageal cancer: A case report and literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rare pancreatic carcinosarcoma in a patient with medical history of esophageal cancer: A case report and literature review. Pancreatic carcinosarcoma (PCS) is a very rare pancreatic cancer with an extremely poor prognosis. Interestingly, PCS can coexist with other metachronous malignant cancers. Here we report a case of PCS combined with esophageal cancer (EC).The patient was a 66-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain and progressive nausea. He had undergone esophagectomy for EC 5 (...) years previously.Both EC and PCS were confirmed via postoperative pathological diagnosis.Owing to the patient's previous esophagectomy for EC, pancreaticoduodenectomy for the PCS could not be performed. Instead, he underwent cholecystectomy with bile duct-jejunum Roux-en-Y anastomosis and radioactive seed implantation.The patient is still alive for >1 year.To our knowledge, this is the first report of PCS combined with EC and thus of metachronous multiple primary carcinoma. A detailed literature

2019 Medicine

15. Update in Hospital Medicine: Practical Lessons from Current Literature. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Update in Hospital Medicine: Practical Lessons from Current Literature. Hospital medicine continues to grow in workforce, clinical scope, and academic inquiry. This article provides a summary of recent high-impact publications for busy clinicians who provide care to hospitalized adults.Authors reviewed articles that were published between March 2017 and March 2018 for the Update in Hospital Medicine presentations at the 2018 Society of Hospital Medicine and Society of General Internal Medicine (...) of syncope as previously suggested; (5) balanced intravenous fluids and normal saline are similar with respect to hospital-free days but a difference exists in renal events at 30 days favoring balanced crystalloids; (6) speaker introductions may reveal gender bias in academic medicine; (7) edoxaban is a reasonable choice for the treatment of venous thromboembolism in cancer; (8) high-flow nasal cannula reduces the need for intubation in respiratory failure when compared with usual oxygen therapy

2019 Journal of Hospital Medicine

16. Gender Bias in Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education: Review of the Literature. (Abstract)

Gender Bias in Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education: Review of the Literature. Competency-based medical education relies on meaningful resident assessment. Implicit gender bias represents a potential threat to the integrity of resident assessment. We sought to examine the available evidence of the potential for and impact of gender bias in resident assessment in graduate medical education.A systematic literature review was performed to evaluate the presence and influence of gender (...) bias on resident assessment. We searched Medline and Embase databases to capture relevant articles using a tiered strategy. Review was conducted by two independent, blinded reviewers. We included studies with primary objective of examining the impact of gender on resident assessment in graduate medical education in the USA or Canada published from 1998 to 2018.Nine studies examined the existence and influence of gender bias in resident assessment and data included rating scores and qualitative

2019 Journal of General Internal Medicine

17. Critical developments of 2018: A review of the literature from selected topics in transfusion. A committee report from the AABB's Clinical Transfusion Medicine Committee. (Abstract)

Critical developments of 2018: A review of the literature from selected topics in transfusion. A committee report from the AABB's Clinical Transfusion Medicine Committee. The AABB compiles an annual synopsis of the published literature covering important developments in the field of transfusion medicine. An abridged version of this work is being made available in TRANSFUSION, with the full-length report available as Appendix S1 (available as supporting information in the online version

2019 Transfusion

18. Anaplastic Large Cell T Cell Lymphoma in a Patient With Severe Therapy-refractory Crohn's Disease on Long-standing Immunosuppressive Medication During Ustekinumab Treatment: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. (Abstract)

Anaplastic Large Cell T Cell Lymphoma in a Patient With Severe Therapy-refractory Crohn's Disease on Long-standing Immunosuppressive Medication During Ustekinumab Treatment: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Use of ustekinumab in Crohn's disease was approved in 2016, and consequently data regarding its real-world safety are still limited. We here present a 29-year-old woman with severe therapy-refractory Crohn's disease, who developed an anaplastic large cell T cell lymphoma during

2019 Journal of Crohn's & colitis

19. EMTALA (Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act) Obligations: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. (Abstract)

EMTALA (Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act) Obligations: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) was enacted in 1986 in the United States to address "patient dumping," or refusing to provide emergency care to patients and instead transferring them to other hospitals. Under EMTALA, the "reverse-dumping" provision prevents hospitals from refusing patients who require specialized capabilities or facilities (...) if the hospital has the capacity to treat them. Despite this provision, patients continue to be transferred to distant tertiary care centers.We reviewed the literature on EMTALA in the context of a critically ill woman with an infection associated with an orthopaedic implant who was rejected from 2 geographically closer tertiary care centers and was ultimately transferred by helicopter ambulance to an academic teaching hospital that was 169 miles away from her home.After transfer to our tertiary care, level-I

2019 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

20. Trends in usage of the terms keratinocyte carcinoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer in the medical literature. (Abstract)

Trends in usage of the terms keratinocyte carcinoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer in the medical literature. Skin cancer is important because of its morbidity, mortality, and cost. It constitutes a large proportion of most dermatology practices, and the vast majority (>97%) are keratinocyte carcinomas (KCs, i.e. basal and squamous cell carcinomas, BCCs and SCCs).1 A previous publication in JAAD called for physicians to utilize better language for skin cancers, and stop usage of the term (...) nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC).2 Nomenclature and language are useful for the appreciation of the importance of these skin cancers. We sought to evaluate whether the preferred terminology, when referring to both BCC and SCC, "keratinocyte carcinoma," was being adopted in the medical literature. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2019 British Journal of Dermatology

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