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1. Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals. (PubMed)

Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals. Medical trainees and professionals do not perceive that they are adequately taught the skills to address issues of grief with their patients. Atypical grief responses can prolong suffering, interrupt normal activities and lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Grief training can help physicians cope with feelings about and responses to suffering, loss and death (...) in a way that improves both physician and patient/family wellness. This scoping review will describe the current landscape of grief training worldwide in medical school and residency and in continuing professional development in the disciplines of paediatrics, family medicine and psychiatry. The ultimate goal is to help physicians support patients experiencing grief.The study design has been adapted from Arksey and O'Malley's review methodology. We will work with an information specialist who will run

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2019 BMJ open

2. Medical YouTube Videos and Methods of Evaluation: Literature Review (PubMed)

Medical YouTube Videos and Methods of Evaluation: Literature Review Online medical education has relevance to public health literacy and physician efficacy, yet it requires a certain standard of reliability. While the internet has the potential to be a viable medical education tool, the viewer must be able to discern which information is reliable.Our aim was to perform a literature review to determine and compare the various methods used when analyzing YouTube videos for patient education (...) to evaluate the content. However, a concrete set of methods did not exist. This is notable since many patients turn to the internet for medical information yet lack the tools to evaluate the advice being given. There was, however, a common aim of discovering what health-related content the public is accessing, and how credible that material is.©Brandy Drozd, Emily Couvillon, Andrea Suarez. Originally published in JMIR Medical Education (http://mededu.jmir.org), 12.02.2018.

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2018 JMIR medical education

3. Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices among medical students: A systematic search and literature review (PubMed)

Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices among medical students: A systematic search and literature review As future physicians, medical students will play an important role in the prevention of skin cancers by becoming directly involved in skin cancer prevention education and counseling patients about the hazards of ultraviolet light.We assessed the skin cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices reported in previous studies of medical (...) students.The search for relevant articles was performed in four electronic databases: PubMed (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, ERIC, and PsycINFO. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: 1) targeted medical students; 2) assessed sun avoidance, sun protection, skin self-examination, and/or indoor tanning behaviors; 3) were published in peer-reviewed journals; and 4) complete data were available for extraction.A total of 21 studies are included in this review

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2018 International journal of women's dermatology

4. Literature review: It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherenceEditor's Choice FREE

Literature review: It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherenceEditor's Choice FREE It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherence | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see (...) Text Nursing issues Literature review It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherence Free Stacey Roles , Hannah Smith Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Spoelstra SL , Schueller M , Hilton M , et al . Interventions combining motivational interviewing and cognitive behaviour to promote medication adherence: a literature review . Implications for practice and research Interventions in motivational interviewing (MI

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2016 Evidence-Based Nursing

5. What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review (PubMed)

What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years.The literature search was carried out by two (...) researchers independently in PubMed, Google Scholar, Wiley and IndMED databases for articles published from year 2006 till 2016. A total of 38 combinations of MeSH words were used for search purpose. Studies related to medical students and interns have been included. The application of inclusion and exclusion criteria and PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic review led to the final selection of 24 articles.The majority of the studies (n = 16; 66.6%) were from high-income countries followed

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2018 BMC medical education

6. Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review (PubMed)

Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review The need for increased expertise in evidence-based medicine and concerns about the decreasing numbers of physician-scientists have underscored the need for promoting and encouraging research in medical education. The critical shortage of physician-scientists has assumed a dimension demanding a coordinated global response. This systematic review examined (...) to inclusion.A total of 26 articles from the literature met the set criteria for final inclusion. Contents of the abstracts and corresponding full-text articles were analyzed for themes on the research perspectives of medical students. The themes derived comprised: research interest, physician-scientist decline and shortage, responses to physician-scientist shortage, curriculum issues, skills (motivation and self-efficacy), research needs, socioeconomic and cultural issues, and barriers.Despite the wide

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2018 Medical education online

7. Medication Reconciliation at Discharge from Hospital: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. (PubMed)

Medication Reconciliation at Discharge from Hospital: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. Medicines reconciliation is a way to identify and act on discrepancies in patients' medical histories and it is found to play a key role in patient safety. This review focuses on discrepancies and medical errors that occurred at point of discharge from hospital. Studies were identified through the following electronic databases: PubMed, Sciences Direct, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Cochrane (...) of discrepancies. The variation in the number of discrepancies found in the 15 studies could be due to the fact that some studies excluded patient taking more than 5 drugs at admission. Medication reconciliation would be a way to avoid the high number of discrepancies that was found in this literature review and thereby increase patient safety.

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2017 Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

8. Systematic literature review on the efficacy and effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in high risk medical groups for preventing community acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease

Systematic literature review on the efficacy and effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in high risk medical groups for preventing community acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

9. Promotion and prevention interventions in medical students: a systematic review of the literature

Promotion and prevention interventions in medical students: a systematic review of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

10. Discrimination and Calibration of Clinical Prediction Models: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. (PubMed)

Discrimination and Calibration of Clinical Prediction Models: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. Accurate information regarding prognosis is fundamental to optimal clinical care. The best approach to assess patient prognosis relies on prediction models that simultaneously consider a number of prognostic factors and provide an estimate of patients' absolute risk of an event. Such prediction models should be characterized by adequately discriminating between patients who will have an event

2017 JAMA

11. Adjusted Analyses in Studies Addressing Therapy and Harm: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. (PubMed)

Adjusted Analyses in Studies Addressing Therapy and Harm: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. Observational studies almost always have bias because prognostic factors are unequally distributed between patients exposed or not exposed to an intervention. The standard approach to dealing with this problem is adjusted or stratified analysis. Its principle is to use measurement of risk factors to create prognostically homogeneous groups and to combine effect estimates across groups.The purpose

2017 JAMA

12. Inadequate assessment of adherence to maintenance medication leads to loss of power and increased costs in trials of severe asthma therapy. Results from a systematic literature review and modelling study. (PubMed)

Inadequate assessment of adherence to maintenance medication leads to loss of power and increased costs in trials of severe asthma therapy. Results from a systematic literature review and modelling study. Adherence to inhaled maintenance therapy in severe asthma is rarely adequately assessed, and its influence on trial outcomes is unknown. We systematically determined how adherence to maintenance therapy is assessed in clinical trials of "add-on" therapy for severe asthma. We model

2019 European Respiratory Journal

13. Gender Bias in Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education: Review of the Literature. (PubMed)

Gender Bias in Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education: Review of the Literature. Competency-based medical education relies on meaningful resident assessment. Implicit gender bias represents a potential threat to the integrity of resident assessment. We sought to examine the available evidence of the potential for and impact of gender bias in resident assessment in graduate medical education.A systematic literature review was performed to evaluate the presence and influence of gender (...) bias on resident assessment. We searched Medline and Embase databases to capture relevant articles using a tiered strategy. Review was conducted by two independent, blinded reviewers. We included studies with primary objective of examining the impact of gender on resident assessment in graduate medical education in the USA or Canada published from 1998 to 2018.Nine studies examined the existence and influence of gender bias in resident assessment and data included rating scores and qualitative

2019 Journal of General Internal Medicine

14. Rare pancreatic carcinosarcoma in a patient with medical history of esophageal cancer: A case report and literature review. (PubMed)

Rare pancreatic carcinosarcoma in a patient with medical history of esophageal cancer: A case report and literature review. Pancreatic carcinosarcoma (PCS) is a very rare pancreatic cancer with an extremely poor prognosis. Interestingly, PCS can coexist with other metachronous malignant cancers. Here we report a case of PCS combined with esophageal cancer (EC).The patient was a 66-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain and progressive nausea. He had undergone esophagectomy for EC 5 (...) years previously.Both EC and PCS were confirmed via postoperative pathological diagnosis.Owing to the patient's previous esophagectomy for EC, pancreaticoduodenectomy for the PCS could not be performed. Instead, he underwent cholecystectomy with bile duct-jejunum Roux-en-Y anastomosis and radioactive seed implantation.The patient is still alive for >1 year.To our knowledge, this is the first report of PCS combined with EC and thus of metachronous multiple primary carcinoma. A detailed literature

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2019 Medicine

15. Implications for the NHS of inward and outward medical tourism: a policy and economic analysis using literature review and mixed-methods approaches

Implications for the NHS of inward and outward medical tourism: a policy and economic analysis using literature review and mixed-methods approaches Implications for the NHS of inward and outward medical tourism: a policy and economic analysis using literature review and mixed-methods approaches Implications for the NHS of inward and outward medical tourism: a policy and economic analysis using literature review and mixed-methods approaches Lunt N, Smith R, Mannion R, Green S, Exworthy M (...) , Hanefeld J, Horsfall D, Machin L, King H Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Lunt N, Smith R, Mannion R, Green S, Exworthy M, Hanefeld J, Horsfall D, Machin L, King H. Implications for the NHS of inward and outward medical tourism: a policy and economic analysis using literature review and mixed-methods approaches. Health Services

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

16. Case-Based Learning and its Application in Medical and Health-Care Fields: A Review of Worldwide Literature (PubMed)

Case-Based Learning and its Application in Medical and Health-Care Fields: A Review of Worldwide Literature Case-based learning (CBL) is a newer modality of teaching healthcare. In order to evaluate how CBL is currently used, a literature search and review was completed.A literature search was completed using an OVID© database using PubMed as the data source, 1946-8/1/2015. Key words used were "Case-based learning" and "medical education", and 360 articles were retrieved. Of these, 70 articles (...) is a teaching tool used in a variety of medical fields using human cases to impart relevance and aid in connecting theory to practice. The impact of CBL can reach from simple knowledge gains to changing patient care outcomes.

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2016 Journal of medical education and curricular development

17. Dental implants in patients treated with antiresorptive medication – a systematic literature review (PubMed)

Dental implants in patients treated with antiresorptive medication – a systematic literature review Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (BP-ONJ) is triggered by inflammatory processes. Typical trigger factors are periodontal disease, denture pressure sores, and surgical interventions such as tooth extractions. Unfortunately there is only little data on how to proceed with implant therapy in patients with bisphosphonate treatment. This topic is not addressed in the German (...) guidelines on medication-associated osteonecrosis. Therefore a systematic literature review was performed.The PICO design was used: (Patients) For which subclientel of patients with antiresorptive therapy (intervention) do dental implants have a benefit (control) compared to forgoing dental implants (outcome) in regards to oral rehabilitation and quality of life without having a substantial risk of BP-ONJ development? A PubMed search was performed including all studies dealing with this topic. Case

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2016 International journal of implant dentistry

18. Post-marketing surveillance in the published medical and grey literature for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty catheters: a systematic review

Post-marketing surveillance in the published medical and grey literature for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty catheters: a systematic review Post-marketing surveillance in the published medical and grey literature for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty catheters: a systematic review Post-marketing surveillance in the published medical and grey literature for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty catheters: a systematic review Polisena J, Forster AJ, Cimon K (...) catheters (balloon-tipped catheters used to enlarged narrowed arteries) in patients with coronary artery disease. Searching PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched for articles published in English or French from 2007 up to July 2012. Search terms were reported. In addition, grey literature was identified from the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH) website. Study selection Eligible for inclusion were post-marketing randomised

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2013 DARE.

19. A comparison of the content and primary literature support for online medication information provided by Lexicomp and Wikipedia (PubMed)

A comparison of the content and primary literature support for online medication information provided by Lexicomp and Wikipedia The research compared the comprehensiveness and accuracy of two online resources that provide drug information: Lexicomp and Wikipedia.Medication information on five commonly prescribed medications was identified and comparisons were made between resources and the relevant literature. An initial content comparison of the following three categories of medication (...) information was performed: dose and instructions, uses, and adverse effects or warnings. The content comparison included sixteen points of comparison for each of the five investigated medications, totaling eighty content comparisons. For each of the medications, adverse reactions that appeared in only one of the resources were identified. When primary, peer-reviewed literature was not referenced supporting the discrepant adverse reactions, a literature search was performed to determine whether

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2018 Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA

20. Important Design Features of Personal Health Records to Improve Medication Adherence for Patients with Long-Term Conditions: Protocol for a Systematic Literature Review (PubMed)

Important Design Features of Personal Health Records to Improve Medication Adherence for Patients with Long-Term Conditions: Protocol for a Systematic Literature Review The National Health Service (NHS) England spent £15.5 billion on medication in 2015. More than a third of patients affected by at least one long-term condition do not adhere to their drug regime. Many interventions have been trialed to improve medication adherence. One promising innovation is the electronic personal health (...) record.This systematic literature review aims to identify the important design features of personal health records to improve medication adherence for patients with long-term conditions.This protocol follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocol (PRISMA-P 2015) statement. The following databases will be searched for relevant articles: PubMed, Science Direct, BioMed Central, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Database of Systematic

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2018 JMIR Research Protocols

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