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1. Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals. (PubMed)

Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals. Medical trainees and professionals do not perceive that they are adequately taught the skills to address issues of grief with their patients. Atypical grief responses can prolong suffering, interrupt normal activities and lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Grief training can help physicians cope with feelings about and responses to suffering, loss and death (...) in a way that improves both physician and patient/family wellness. This scoping review will describe the current landscape of grief training worldwide in medical school and residency and in continuing professional development in the disciplines of paediatrics, family medicine and psychiatry. The ultimate goal is to help physicians support patients experiencing grief.The study design has been adapted from Arksey and O'Malley's review methodology. We will work with an information specialist who will run

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2019 BMJ open

2. Medical YouTube Videos and Methods of Evaluation: Literature Review (PubMed)

Medical YouTube Videos and Methods of Evaluation: Literature Review Online medical education has relevance to public health literacy and physician efficacy, yet it requires a certain standard of reliability. While the internet has the potential to be a viable medical education tool, the viewer must be able to discern which information is reliable.Our aim was to perform a literature review to determine and compare the various methods used when analyzing YouTube videos for patient education (...) to evaluate the content. However, a concrete set of methods did not exist. This is notable since many patients turn to the internet for medical information yet lack the tools to evaluate the advice being given. There was, however, a common aim of discovering what health-related content the public is accessing, and how credible that material is.©Brandy Drozd, Emily Couvillon, Andrea Suarez. Originally published in JMIR Medical Education (http://mededu.jmir.org), 12.02.2018.

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2018 JMIR medical education

3. Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices among medical students: A systematic search and literature review (PubMed)

Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices among medical students: A systematic search and literature review As future physicians, medical students will play an important role in the prevention of skin cancers by becoming directly involved in skin cancer prevention education and counseling patients about the hazards of ultraviolet light.We assessed the skin cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and prevention practices reported in previous studies of medical (...) students.The search for relevant articles was performed in four electronic databases: PubMed (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, ERIC, and PsycINFO. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: 1) targeted medical students; 2) assessed sun avoidance, sun protection, skin self-examination, and/or indoor tanning behaviors; 3) were published in peer-reviewed journals; and 4) complete data were available for extraction.A total of 21 studies are included in this review

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2018 International journal of women's dermatology

4. Literature review: It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherenceEditor's Choice FREE

Literature review: It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherenceEditor's Choice FREE It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherence | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see (...) Text Nursing issues Literature review It is unclear if combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy improve medication adherence Free Stacey Roles , Hannah Smith Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Spoelstra SL , Schueller M , Hilton M , et al . Interventions combining motivational interviewing and cognitive behaviour to promote medication adherence: a literature review . Implications for practice and research Interventions in motivational interviewing (MI

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2016 Evidence-Based Nursing

5. What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review (PubMed)

What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years.The literature search was carried out by two (...) researchers independently in PubMed, Google Scholar, Wiley and IndMED databases for articles published from year 2006 till 2016. A total of 38 combinations of MeSH words were used for search purpose. Studies related to medical students and interns have been included. The application of inclusion and exclusion criteria and PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic review led to the final selection of 24 articles.The majority of the studies (n = 16; 66.6%) were from high-income countries followed

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2018 BMC medical education

6. Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review (PubMed)

Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review The need for increased expertise in evidence-based medicine and concerns about the decreasing numbers of physician-scientists have underscored the need for promoting and encouraging research in medical education. The critical shortage of physician-scientists has assumed a dimension demanding a coordinated global response. This systematic review examined (...) to inclusion.A total of 26 articles from the literature met the set criteria for final inclusion. Contents of the abstracts and corresponding full-text articles were analyzed for themes on the research perspectives of medical students. The themes derived comprised: research interest, physician-scientist decline and shortage, responses to physician-scientist shortage, curriculum issues, skills (motivation and self-efficacy), research needs, socioeconomic and cultural issues, and barriers.Despite the wide

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2018 Medical education online

7. Medication Reconciliation at Discharge from Hospital: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. (PubMed)

Medication Reconciliation at Discharge from Hospital: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. Medicines reconciliation is a way to identify and act on discrepancies in patients' medical histories and it is found to play a key role in patient safety. This review focuses on discrepancies and medical errors that occurred at point of discharge from hospital. Studies were identified through the following electronic databases: PubMed, Sciences Direct, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Cochrane (...) of discrepancies. The variation in the number of discrepancies found in the 15 studies could be due to the fact that some studies excluded patient taking more than 5 drugs at admission. Medication reconciliation would be a way to avoid the high number of discrepancies that was found in this literature review and thereby increase patient safety.

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2017 Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

8. Promotion and prevention interventions in medical students: a systematic review of the literature

Promotion and prevention interventions in medical students: a systematic review of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

9. Evaluation of the performance of smartphone readers for medical diagnostic tests: a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis

Evaluation of the performance of smartphone readers for medical diagnostic tests: a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

10. Systematic literature review on the efficacy and effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in high risk medical groups for preventing community acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease

Systematic literature review on the efficacy and effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in high risk medical groups for preventing community acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

11. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of medical cannabis: a systematic review of the literature

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of medical cannabis: a systematic review of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

12. What improves access, quality and utilization of primary healthcare services in rural, remote and medically underserved communities: a systematic literature review

What improves access, quality and utilization of primary healthcare services in rural, remote and medically underserved communities: a systematic literature review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

13. Discrimination and Calibration of Clinical Prediction Models: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. (PubMed)

Discrimination and Calibration of Clinical Prediction Models: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. Accurate information regarding prognosis is fundamental to optimal clinical care. The best approach to assess patient prognosis relies on prediction models that simultaneously consider a number of prognostic factors and provide an estimate of patients' absolute risk of an event. Such prediction models should be characterized by adequately discriminating between patients who will have an event

2017 JAMA

14. Adjusted Analyses in Studies Addressing Therapy and Harm: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. (PubMed)

Adjusted Analyses in Studies Addressing Therapy and Harm: Users' Guides to the Medical Literature. Observational studies almost always have bias because prognostic factors are unequally distributed between patients exposed or not exposed to an intervention. The standard approach to dealing with this problem is adjusted or stratified analysis. Its principle is to use measurement of risk factors to create prognostically homogeneous groups and to combine effect estimates across groups.The purpose

2017 JAMA

15. Inadequate assessment of adherence to maintenance medication leads to loss of power and increased costs in trials of severe asthma therapy. Results from a systematic literature review and modelling study. (PubMed)

Inadequate assessment of adherence to maintenance medication leads to loss of power and increased costs in trials of severe asthma therapy. Results from a systematic literature review and modelling study. Adherence to inhaled maintenance therapy in severe asthma is rarely adequately assessed, and its influence on trial outcomes is unknown. We systematically determined how adherence to maintenance therapy is assessed in clinical trials of "add-on" therapy for severe asthma. We model

2019 European Respiratory Journal

16. Gender Bias in Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education: Review of the Literature. (PubMed)

Gender Bias in Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education: Review of the Literature. Competency-based medical education relies on meaningful resident assessment. Implicit gender bias represents a potential threat to the integrity of resident assessment. We sought to examine the available evidence of the potential for and impact of gender bias in resident assessment in graduate medical education.A systematic literature review was performed to evaluate the presence and influence of gender (...) bias on resident assessment. We searched Medline and Embase databases to capture relevant articles using a tiered strategy. Review was conducted by two independent, blinded reviewers. We included studies with primary objective of examining the impact of gender on resident assessment in graduate medical education in the USA or Canada published from 1998 to 2018.Nine studies examined the existence and influence of gender bias in resident assessment and data included rating scores and qualitative

2019 Journal of General Internal Medicine

17. Rare pancreatic carcinosarcoma in a patient with medical history of esophageal cancer: A case report and literature review. (PubMed)

Rare pancreatic carcinosarcoma in a patient with medical history of esophageal cancer: A case report and literature review. Pancreatic carcinosarcoma (PCS) is a very rare pancreatic cancer with an extremely poor prognosis. Interestingly, PCS can coexist with other metachronous malignant cancers. Here we report a case of PCS combined with esophageal cancer (EC).The patient was a 66-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain and progressive nausea. He had undergone esophagectomy for EC 5 (...) years previously.Both EC and PCS were confirmed via postoperative pathological diagnosis.Owing to the patient's previous esophagectomy for EC, pancreaticoduodenectomy for the PCS could not be performed. Instead, he underwent cholecystectomy with bile duct-jejunum Roux-en-Y anastomosis and radioactive seed implantation.The patient is still alive for >1 year.To our knowledge, this is the first report of PCS combined with EC and thus of metachronous multiple primary carcinoma. A detailed literature

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2019 Medicine

18. Antiparasitic and Antifungal Medications for Targeting Cancer Cells Literature Review and Case Studies. (PubMed)

Antiparasitic and Antifungal Medications for Targeting Cancer Cells Literature Review and Case Studies. Chronic inflammation is a new catch phrase for the explanation of all chronic degenerative diseases, from asthma, arthritis, heart disease, auto-immune disease, and irritable bowel disease to cancer. Occult infections from oncovirus, bacterial, and fungal infections as well as from lesser known parasitic infections are driving forces in the cellular evolution and degeneration of cancer cells (...) ) PubMed database databases, using different keyword combinations, including repurposed drug, antifungal, antiparasitic, cancer, parasite, anti-cancer repurposed.Prevention and Healing, St Louis, Mo, USA.The literature search identified a number of studies, including in vitro, in vivo and clinical, which support the use of antifungal and antiparasitic medication in the treatment of cancer. In the clinical area, the authors observed benefit from the use of antifungal and antiparasitic medication

2019 Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine

19. Trends in usage of the terms keratinocyte carcinoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer in the medical literature. (PubMed)

Trends in usage of the terms keratinocyte carcinoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer in the medical literature. Skin cancer is important because of its morbidity, mortality, and cost. It constitutes a large proportion of most dermatology practices, and the vast majority (>97%) are keratinocyte carcinomas (KCs, i.e. basal and squamous cell carcinomas, BCCs and SCCs).1 A previous publication in JAAD called for physicians to utilize better language for skin cancers, and stop usage of the term (...) nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC).2 Nomenclature and language are useful for the appreciation of the importance of these skin cancers. We sought to evaluate whether the preferred terminology, when referring to both BCC and SCC, "keratinocyte carcinoma," was being adopted in the medical literature. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2019 British Journal of Dermatology

20. Anaplastic Large Cell T Cell Lymphoma in a Patient With Severe Therapy-refractory Crohn's Disease on Long-standing Immunosuppressive Medication During Ustekinumab Treatment: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. (PubMed)

Anaplastic Large Cell T Cell Lymphoma in a Patient With Severe Therapy-refractory Crohn's Disease on Long-standing Immunosuppressive Medication During Ustekinumab Treatment: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Use of ustekinumab in Crohn's disease was approved in 2016, and consequently data regarding its real-world safety are still limited. We here present a 29-year-old woman with severe therapy-refractory Crohn's disease, who developed an anaplastic large cell T cell lymphoma during

2019 Journal of Crohn's & colitis

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