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McMurray Test

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401. New York City infant day care study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

New York City infant day care study. 1180364 1975 12 29 2018 11 13 0090-0036 65 11 1975 Nov American journal of public health Am J Public Health New York City infant day care study. 1175-8 Rosenbluth L L Golden M M O'Hare D D McMurray G G Freeman H H Jr eng Comparative Study Journal Article Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. United States Am J Public Health 1254074 0090-0036 AIM IM Child Day Care Centers Child Development Child Health Services Child Rearing Child, Preschool Family (...) Government Agencies Humans Infant Infant Care methods Interpersonal Relations New York City Psychological Tests Public Health Administration 1975 11 11 19 15 2001 3 28 10 1 1975 11 11 19 15 ppublish 1180364 PMC1775991 Am J Public Health. 1972 Jan;62(1):43-5 5008639

1975 American Journal of Public Health

402. Knee Pain … How Everything Is Connected — Why Can’t We Treat The Whole Person?

there ( did not repair it ) .I was very shocked and disappointed that is was torn. Back Story: The original examination in his office did not include any hands on testing for ligament tears. He only did what I later researched to be The McMurray Test after I explained symptoms of occasional locking while sitting on the floor ( Indian Style) and certain time instability, like slippage in the joint. He did an MRI in his office that showed ACL intact and the meniscus tear. So after all that rambling I would

2015 Howard J. Luks, MD blog

403. Quantitative MRI T2 Relaxation Time Evaluation of Knee Cartilage: Comparison of Meniscus-Intact and -Injured Knees After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. (Abstract)

. The MRI multiecho sagittal images were segmented to determine the T2 relaxation time value of each meniscus and articular cartilage plate. Differences in each measurement were compared among groups.No patient had joint-line tenderness or reported pain or clicking on McMurray test or instability. There were also no statistically significant differences in functional scores or medial or lateral meniscus T2 values among the 3 groups (P > .05 for both). There was a significantly higher articular cartilage

2015 American Journal of Sports Medicine

404. Pain in and Around a Single Joint

hypertrophy. The joint can also be compressed without flexing or extending it. Range of motion is assessed actively and passively, with attention to the presence of crepitus and whether pain is triggered by joint motion (passive as well as active). For injuries, the joint is stressed with various maneuvers (as tolerated) to identify disruption of cartilage or ligaments (eg, in the knee, valgus and varus tests, anterior and posterior drawer tests, Lachman test, McMurray test). Findings should be compared (...) IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge Sciatica Which of the following deficits is the most objective finding in sciatica? CNS Motor Reflex Sensory NEWS & VIDEOS Autoimmune Disorders May Up Risk for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome FRIDAY, March 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Common autoimmune disorders are associated with an increased risk for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), according to a study presented at the annual meeting... 3D Model The Foot Video How to Examine the Wrist SOCIAL MEDIA Add to Any Platform Loading , MD

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

405. Small Medial Meniscocapsular Separations: A Potential Cause of Chronic Medial-Side Knee Pain. (Abstract)

. All patients recalled an acute twisting knee injury. Symptoms were related mainly to sports and were absent or very minimal during activities of daily living. On physical examination, the medial joint line was tender in all patients, whereas medial-side knee discomfort while squatting (i.e., baseball catcher's position) and McMurray tests were positive only in some. The negative MRI scans used a 3-T magnet in 5 cases and a 1.5-T magnet in 1 case. The duration of symptoms from injury to surgery

2011 Arthroscopy

406. Ketogenic diet Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ketogenic diet Ketogenic diet - Wikipedia Ketogenic diet From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about a dietary therapy for epilepsy. For information on ketogenic diets as a lifestyle choice or for weight loss, see . Testing for The ketogenic diet is a high- , adequate- , that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than . Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted (...) " and boasted of a 90% cure rate in children, falling to 50% in adults. Later analysis of Conklin's case records showed 20% of his patients achieved freedom from seizures and 50% had some improvement. Conklin's fasting therapy was adopted by in mainstream practice. In 1916, a Dr McMurray wrote to the New York Medical Journal claiming to have successfully treated epilepsy patients with a fast, followed by a starch- and sugar-free diet, since 1912. In 1921, prominent Henry Rawle Geyelin reported his

2012 Wikipedia

407. Food irradiation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food irradiation Food irradiation - Wikipedia Food irradiation From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sterilization of food with ionizing radiations for enhanced preservation and longer shelflife irradiation facility is used to test irradiation as a tool to ensure food safety. The international logo, used to show a food has been treated with ionizing radiation. A portable, trailer-mounted food irradiation machine, circa 1968 Food irradiation is the process of exposing food and food packaging (...) is already not alive, so irradiation will not affect it meaningfully. Irradiation will kill the living bacteria, however. Additionally, all independent research, the (FDA), the (WHO), the (CDC), and (USDA) have performed studies that confirm irradiation to be safe. In order for a food to be irradiated in the US, the FDA will still require that the specific food be thoroughly tested for irradiation safety. Food irradiation is permitted by over 60 countries, with about 500,000 metric tons of food annually

2012 Wikipedia

408. All-Inside Repair for a Root Tear of the Medial Meniscus Using a Suture Anchor. (Abstract)

status was performed using physical examination criteria, specifically joint line tenderness, McMurray test, and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Functional evaluations were performed using Tegner activity level and Lysholm knee score. Follow-up MRI scans were obtained 6 months postoperatively to evaluate healing of the root tear and measure extrusion of the midbody of the medial meniscus.The average follow-up was 30.8 months (range, 24-40 months). No patients had joint line tenderness (...) or effusion. No patients demonstrated a positive McMurray test result postoperatively. The preoperative mean Tegner activity level was 1.9 (range, 1-6), and the mean Lysholm score was 69.1 (range, 53-91). At last follow-up, the mean Tegner activity level was 3.9 (range, 2-6), and the mean Lysholm score was 90.3 (range, 75-100). Improvements in both the Tegner activity level and Lysholm score were statistically significant (P = .001 and P = .000, respectively). Follow-up MRI was performed in 10 patients

2012 American Journal of Sports Medicine

409. Heart failure

virtually excludes left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Blood tests [ ] routinely performed include ( , ), measures of , , , a , and often if infection is suspected. An elevated (BNP) is a specific test indicative of heart failure. Additionally, BNP can be used to differentiate between causes of dyspnea due to heart failure from other causes of dyspnea. If myocardial infarction is suspected, various may be used. BNP is a better indicator than N-terminal pro-BNP (NTproBNP) for the diagnosis (...) limitation of any activity; the person is comfortable only at rest. Class IV: any physical activity brings on discomfort and symptoms occur at rest. This score documents the severity of symptoms and can be used to assess response to treatment. While its use is widespread, the NYHA score is not very reproducible and does not reliably predict the walking distance or exercise tolerance on formal testing. In its 2001 guidelines the / working group introduced four stages of heart failure: Stage A: People

2012 Wikipedia

410. Rosuvastatin

the lipid profile data (surrogate end-points) and too little on hard clinical end-points, which are available for other statins that had been on the market longer. The manufacturer responded by stating that few drugs had been tested so successfully on so many patients. In correspondence published in The Lancet , AstraZeneca's CEO called the editorial "flawed and incorrect" and slammed the journal for making "such an outrageous critique of a serious, well-studied medicine." In 2004, the consumer interest (...) . ^ . RxList. 14 November 2012 . Retrieved 1 December 2012 . . LactMed . U.S. National Library of Medicine . Retrieved 1 December 2012 . . . ^ . The Food and Drug Administration. March 14, 2005. Archived from on 2005-03-05 . Retrieved 2005-03-20 . - This page is subject to change; the date reflects the last revision date. Sattar, N; Preiss, D; Murray, HM; Welsh, P; Buckley, BM; de Craen, AJ; Seshasai, SR; McMurray, JJ; Freeman, DJ; Jukema, JW; Macfarlane, PW; Packard, CJ; Stott, DJ; Westendorp, RG

2012 Wikipedia

411. Diabetes mellitus Full Text available with Trip Pro

of formal glucose tolerance testing, which takes two hours to complete and offers no prognostic advantage over the fasting test. According to the current definition, two fasting glucose measurements above 7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl) is considered diagnostic for diabetes mellitus. Per the WHO, people with fasting glucose levels from 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/l (110 to 125 mg/dl) are considered to have . people with plasma glucose at or above 7.8 mmol/l (140 mg/dl), but not over 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl), two hours after (...) in the in 1993. Test subjects all had diabetes mellitus type 1 and were randomized to a tight glycemic arm and a control arm with the standard of care at the time; people were followed for an average of seven years, and people in the treatment had dramatically lower rates of diabetic complications. It was as a landmark study at the time, and significantly changed the management of all forms of diabetes. The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) was a clinical study conducted by Z

2012 Wikipedia

412. Leprosy

during speech. Often, atrophy of the testes with resulting impotence occurs. There is no recommended test to diagnose latent leprosy in asymptomatic contacts. However few people with latent leprosy went on to develop a positive test. Classification [ ] Several different approaches for classifying leprosy exist, but parallels exist. The World Health Organization system distinguishes "paucibacillary" and "multibacillary" based upon the proliferation of bacteria. (" -" refers to a low quantity (...) .) The Ridley-Jopling scale provides five gradations. The , though developed by the WHO, uses Ridley-Jopling and not the WHO system. It also adds an indeterminate ("I") entry. In , three groupings are used. WHO Ridley-Jopling Description test Paucibacillary tuberculoid ("TT"), borderline tuberculoid ("BT") A30.1, A30.2 Tuberculoid It is characterized by one or more skin macules and patches where skin sensations are lost because of damaged peripheral nerves that have been attacked by the human host's immune

2012 Wikipedia

413. Basal metabolic rate

energy utilization. The anaerobic threshold is defined as the energy utilization level of heart rate exertion that occurs without oxygen during a standardized test with a specific protocol for accuracy of measurement, [ ] such as the Bruce Treadmill protocol (see ). With four to six weeks of targeted training the body systems can adapt to a higher perfusion of mitochondrial density for increased oxygen availability for the Krebs cycle, or tricarboxylic cycle, or the glycolitic cycle. [ ] This in turn (...) leads to a lower resting heart rate, lower blood pressure, and increased resting or basal metabolic rate. [ ] By measuring heart rate we can then derive estimations of what level of substrate utilization is actually causing biochemical metabolism in our bodies at rest or in activity. [ ] This in turn can help a person to maintain an appropriate level of consumption and utilization by studying a graphical representation of the anaerobic threshold. This can be confirmed by blood tests and gas analysis

2012 Wikipedia

414. Statin Full Text available with Trip Pro

are addressed, the potential for benefit from a statin is weighed against the potential for adverse effects or drug interactions and informed patient preference is elicited. Moreover, if a risk decision was uncertain, factors such as family history, coronary calcium score, , and an inflammation test ( ≥ 2.0 mg/L) were suggested to inform the risk decision. Additional factors that could be used were an LDL-C ≥ 160 or a very high lifetime risk. However, critics such as Steven E. Nissen say that the AHA/ACC (...) effectively, Merck had to demonstrate the dangers of high cholesterol. As a result of public campaigns, people in the United States became familiar with their cholesterol numbers and the difference between HDL and LDL cholesterol, and rival pharmaceutical companies began producing their own statins, such as pravastatin (Pravachol), manufactured by Sankyo and . In April 1994, the results of a Merck-sponsored study, the , were announced. Researchers tested , later sold by Merck as Zocor, on 4,444 patients

2012 Wikipedia

415. Myocardial infarction Full Text available with Trip Pro

pain , , , Causes Usually , , , , , (ECGs), blood tests, Treatment , Medication , , Prognosis STEMI 10% risk of death (developed world) Frequency 15.9 million (2015) Myocardial infarction ( MI ), commonly known as a heart attack , occurs when decreases or stops to a part of the , causing damage to the . The most common symptom is or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes (...) of an is usually the underlying mechanism of an MI. MIs are less commonly caused by , which may be due to , , and extreme cold, among others. A number of tests are useful to help with diagnosis, including (ECGs), blood tests, and . An ECG, which is a recording of the heart's electrical activity, may confirm an ST elevation MI (STEMI) if is present. Commonly used blood tests include and less often . Treatment of an MI is time-critical. is an appropriate immediate treatment for a suspected MI. or may be used

2012 Wikipedia

416. Tuberculosis treatment

Observed Treatment, Short-course" and is a major plank in the Global Plan to Stop TB. The DOTS strategy focuses on five main points of action. These include government commitment to control TB, diagnosis based on sputum-smear microscopy tests done on patients who actively report TB symptoms, direct observation short-course chemotherapy treatments, a definite supply of drugs, and standardized reporting and recording of cases and treatment outcomes. The WHO advises that all TB patients should have (...) is provided to countries trying to reach their TB prevention, and treatment aims. Some researchers suggest that, because the DOTS framework has been so successful in the treatment of tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa, DOTS should be expanded to such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and epilepsy. The WHO extended the DOTS programme in 1998 to include the treatment of MDR-TB (called "DOTS-Plus"). Implementation of DOTS-Plus requires the capacity to perform drug-susceptibility testing (not routinely

2012 Wikipedia

417. Results of arthroscopic all-inside repair for lateral meniscus root tear in patients undergoing concomitant anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. (Abstract)

, or positive McMurray provocation testing observed at the last follow-up. No statistically significant improvement was observed in the coronal plane in the 18 follow-up MRI scans (P = .096); however, sagittal extrusion improved significantly (P = .007). Posterior lateral meniscus root tears were classified based on arthroscopic findings: type I, oblique flap; type II, T shape; type III, longitudinal cleavage; or type IV, chronic inner loss. A type I tear was found in 7 patients, type II in 4, type III in 4

2010 Arthroscopy

418. Diagnostic Values of 3 Methods for Evaluating Meniscal Healing Status After Meniscal Repair: Comparison Among Second-Look Arthroscopy, Clinical Assessment, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. (Abstract)

follow-up time of 25.4 months (SD, 6.0; range, 17.4-48.3 months). Defined criteria for unhealed meniscus were any symptoms such as joint-line tenderness, swelling, locking, or positive McMurray test for clinical assessment; cleft or instability on second-look arthroscopy; and grade 3 signal intensity shown at the repaired site on postoperative MRI.Seventy-seven menisci were confirmed completely healed by second-look arthroscopy, with a total healing rate of 86.5%. Clinical assessment found 63 menisci

2011 American Journal of Sports Medicine

419. Biotin

with multiple sclerosis. Other conditions . More evidence is needed to rate biotin for these uses. How does it work? Biotin is an important component of enzymes in the body that break down certain substances like fats, carbohydrates, and others. There isn't a good laboratory test for detecting low biotin levels, so this condition is usually identified by its symptoms, which include thinning of the hair (frequently with loss of hair color) and red scaly rash around the eyes, nose, and mouth. Other symptoms (...) . Laboratory tests : Taking biotin supplements might interfere with the results of many different blood lab tests. Biotin can cause falsely high or falsely low test results. This might lead to missed or incorrect diagnoses. Tell your doctor if you are taking biotin supplements, especially if you are having lab tests done as you may need to stop taking biotin before your blood test. Most multivitamins contain low doses of biotin, which are not likely to interfere with blood tests, but talk to your doctor

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

420. Meniscal Repair for Radial Tears of the Midbody of the Lateral Meniscus. (Abstract)

criteria were radial tears involving the red-red or red-white zone. All patients underwent all-inside meniscal repair using absorbable sutures. Postoperative evaluation was performed using joint-line tenderness, McMurray test, range of motion, and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan at 6 months postoperatively. Lysholm knee score and Tegner activity level were evaluated at last follow-up. In 4 patients, second-look arthroscopies were performed.The average follow-up was 36.3 months (...) . No patient had joint-line tenderness. Three patients complained of pain or a click on McMurray test. The mean follow-up range of motion was 138.6°. Follow-up MRI scans demonstrated that 5 (35.7%) menisci were healed, 8 (57.1%) were partially healed, and 1 (7.1%) was not healed. The follow-up Lysholm score was 94.7 (range, 81-100; standard deviation [SD] = 6.4) and Tegner score was 5.7 (range, 3-7; SD = 1.4). Second-look arthroscopies in 4 patients showed partial healing of meniscal tears.Meniscal repair

2010 American Journal of Sports Medicine

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