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5941. Local back massage with an automated massage chair: general muscle and psychophysiologic relaxing properties. (Abstract)

Local back massage with an automated massage chair: general muscle and psychophysiologic relaxing properties. The objective of the present study was to test massage applied with an automated massage chair on the back muscles with regard to the effects on the tension of other muscles or on the neurovegetative tone, and to compare three different automated massage techniques.Ten healthy volunteers participated in the study. The experiment consisted of an initial 5-minute period of relaxation (...) without massage, and 5-minute periods of three different massage programs (roll-stretch massage, shiatsu massage, and beat massage). Subjects were randomized as to the presentation order. The following physiologic data were collected: frontalis and gastrocnemius electromyogram (EMG) activity, skin conductance, and peripheral skin temperature. Judgments of valence and arousal were registered using the pencil and- paper version of the five-point Self-Assessment Manikin.Roll-stretch and shiatsu massage

2005 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5942. Finger massage versus a novel massage device after trabeculectomy. (Abstract)

Finger massage versus a novel massage device after trabeculectomy. Ocular massage is a common technique employed after trabeculectomy to aid filtration. This pilot study compares a novel ocular massage device (MD) with finger massage (FM) after trabeculectomy. The device provides the patient with audio feedback about correctly applied force, and the force applied can be customized for each patient.A prospective, randomized study was performed comparing the effects of FM versus MD on intraocular (...) pressure (IOP) and complication rates. All patients were given a standardized tutorial in ocular massage. The efficiency of their massage technique was evaluated at 1 week by having the patient perform the massage in front of the ophthalmologist, with IOP measurements taken before and after massage. Information on bleb morphology, IOP, ocular medications, and complications were recorded on a weekly basis. The patient perspective was recorded by questionnaire at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after

2008 Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5943. [Recommendation of a new prostatic massage--an aside-bending and up-standing vs parallel and semi-squatting method to massage the prostate via the rectum]. (Abstract)

[Recommendation of a new prostatic massage--an aside-bending and up-standing vs parallel and semi-squatting method to massage the prostate via the rectum]. To recommend an improved method of prostate massage, which is safe, effective, simple and tolerable, and may increase the expressed prostatic secretin (EPS) success rate and promote the efficiency of the prostate massage.Two methods are described in this paper, one being the aside-bending and up-standing vs parallel and semi-squatting method (...) to massage the prostate via the rectum, and the other being the traditional massage method. A total of 261 chronic prostatitis (CP) patients were randomly divided into two groups, and treated separately with the new method and the traditional method. Then, the two methods were compared by EPS quantity and the patients' tolerability.The new method made it possible to collect larger quantity of EPS. The results of comparison showed that the new method was better received by the patients.The aside-bending

2004 Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5944. Massage treatment in HIV-1 infected Dominican children: a preliminary report on the efficacy of massage therapy to preserve the immune system in children without antiretroviral medication. (Abstract)

Massage treatment in HIV-1 infected Dominican children: a preliminary report on the efficacy of massage therapy to preserve the immune system in children without antiretroviral medication. More than 1.4 million children are living with HIV and global access to antiretrovirals is not yet readily available. Massage therapy, which has been shown to improve immune function in HIV+ adults and adolescents, may provide an important complementary treatment to boost immune status in young children (...) living with HIV disease, especially those without access to antiretroviral medications. No studies have been conducted, however, that specifically target massage therapy to enhance immune function in HIV+ children.Clinical trial with eligible, consented HIV+ children randomized to receive either massage therapy or a friendly visit (controls).CENISMI/Robert Reid Cabral Hospital, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.HIV+ children ages 2-8 years.Massage therapy sessions (20 minutes, twice weekly, for 12

2004 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5945. How does the pre-massage and post-massage 2-glass test compare to the Meares-Stamey 4-glass test in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome? (Abstract)

How does the pre-massage and post-massage 2-glass test compare to the Meares-Stamey 4-glass test in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome? The Meares-Stamey 4-glass test is the standard method of assessing inflammation and the presence of bacteria in the lower urinary tract in men presenting with the chronic prostatitis syndrome. However, most urologists do not use it in daily practice because of the time and difficulty in performing it, as well as the additional expense. We (...) evaluated a simpler test, the 2-glass pre-massage and post-massage test, and compared it with the Meares-Stamey 4-glass test to detect inflammation and bacteria in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.The study population included 353 men enrolled in the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Cohort study with baseline leukocyte counts and 2-day bacterial cultures on specimens obtained from a standard 4-glass test (VB1, VB2, expressed prostatic secretions, VB3). The chi

2006 Journal of Urology

5946. The role of massage in the management of the athlete: a review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The role of massage in the management of the athlete: a review. Massage has been a therapeutic modality in all cultures since early civilization and has had a long tradition of use in the sporting context. However, there has been a paucity of scientific evidence of the physiological, psychological and therapeutic effects of commonly used massage techniques. This paper reviews the early and more recent studies on the effects of massage and also the more recent literature on its use on the sports (...) person. Little agreement was found in English publications of the efficacy of massage and there were contradictory findings as to the optimum technique and length of time of application. It is clear that the role of massage - a time-consuming technique for a physiotherapist to perform - needs to be evaluated further in order to resolve some contentious issues arising about this mode of treatment and to justify its use.

1993 British Journal of Sports Medicine

5947. Effects of massage on physiological restoration, perceived recovery, and repeated sports performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of massage on physiological restoration, perceived recovery, and repeated sports performance Despite massage being widely used by athletes, little scientific evidence exists to confirm the efficacy of massage for promoting both physiological and psychological recovery after exercise and massage effects on performance.To investigate the effect of massage on perceived recovery and blood lactate removal, and also to examine massage effects on repeated boxing performance.Eight amateur (...) boxers completed two performances on a boxing ergometer on two occasions in a counterbalanced design. Boxers initially completed performance 1, after which they received a massage or passive rest intervention. Each boxer then gave perceived recovery ratings before completing a second performance, which was a repeated simulation of the first. Heart rates and blood lactate and glucose levels were also assessed before, during, and after all performances.A repeated measures analysis of variance showed

2000 British Journal of Sports Medicine

5948. Effleurage massage, muscle blood flow and long-term post-exercise strength recovery. (Abstract)

Effleurage massage, muscle blood flow and long-term post-exercise strength recovery. Manual massage is commonly assumed to enhance long term muscle recovery from intense exercise, partly due to its ability to speed healing via enhanced muscle blood flow. We tested these assumptions by daily (for four days) massaging the quadriceps muscles of one leg on subjects who had previously completed an intense bout of eccentric quadriceps work with both legs. Immediate post-exercise isometric and dynamic (...) quadriceps peak torque measures had declined to approximately 60-70% of pre-exercise values in both legs. Peak torques for both the massage and control leg tended to slowly return toward pre-exercise values through the subsequent four days (96 hrs). There was no significant difference between the isometric and dynamic peak torques between massage and control legs up to 96 hours post-exercise. Leg blood flow was estimated by determining femoral artery and vein mean blood velocities via pulsed Doppler

1995 International Journal of Sports Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5949. Warm-up, stretching and massage diminish harmful effects of eccentric exercise. (Abstract)

Warm-up, stretching and massage diminish harmful effects of eccentric exercise. The effect of a combination of a warm-up, stretching exercises and massage on subjective scores for delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and objective functional and biochemical measures was studied. Fifty people, randomly divided in a treatment and a control group, performed eccentric exercise with the forearm flexors for 30 min. The treatment group additionally performed a warm-up and underwent a stretching (...) protocol before the eccentric exercise and massage afterwards. Functional and biochemical measures were obtained before, and 1, 24, 48, 72 and 96h after exercise. The median values at the five post-exercise time points differed significantly for DOMS measured when the arm was extended (p = 0.043). Significant main effects for treatment were found on the maximal force (p = 0.026), the flexion angle of the elbow (p = 0.014) and the creatine kinase activity in blood (p = 0.006). No time-by-treatment

1994 International Journal of Sports Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5950. Massage--the scientific basis of an ancient art: Part 1. The techniques. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Massage--the scientific basis of an ancient art: Part 1. The techniques. Manual massage is a long established and effective therapy used for the relief of pain, swelling, muscle spasm and restricted movement. Latterly, various mechanical methods have appeared to complement the traditional manual techniques. Both manual and mechanical techniques are described systematically, together with a review of indications for use in sports medicine.

1994 British Journal of Sports Medicine

5951. Massage--the scientific basis of an ancient art: Part 2. Physiological and therapeutic effects. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Massage--the scientific basis of an ancient art: Part 2. Physiological and therapeutic effects. The physiological and therapeutic effects of massage are frequently questioned. This article reviews previous research into the effects of massage on blood flow and composition, oedema, connective tissue, muscle and the nervous system. Although further investigations are clearly required in certain areas, the discussion demonstrates that the use of massage in sports medicine can be justified

1994 British Journal of Sports Medicine

5952. Connective tissue massage. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Connective tissue massage. Connective tissue massage (CTM) is a manipulative technique that facilitates the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of pathologies. Observation and subsequent manipulation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues can have a beneficial effect upon tissues remote from the area of treatment. These effects appear to be mediated by neural reflexes that cause an increase in blood flow to the affected region together with suppression of pain. CTM is becoming accepted more

1991 British Journal of Sports Medicine

5953. The effects of massage on delayed onset muscle soreness Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of massage on delayed onset muscle soreness The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and psychological effects of massage on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).Eighteen volunteers were randomly assigned to either a massage or control group. DOMS was induced with six sets of eight maximal eccentric contractions of the right hamstring, which were followed 2 h later by 20 min of massage or sham massage (control). Peak torque and mood were assessed at 2, 6, 24 (...) , and 48 h postexercise. Range of motion (ROM) and intensity and unpleasantness of soreness were assessed at 6, 24, and 48 h postexercise. Neutrophil count was assessed at 6 and 24 h postexercise.A two factor ANOVA (treatment v time) with repeated measures on the second factor showed no significant treatment differences for peak torque, ROM, neutrophils, unpleasantness of soreness, and mood (p > 0.05). The intensity of soreness, however, was significantly lower in the massage group relative

2003 British Journal of Sports Medicine

5954. Practice-based randomized controlled-comparison clinical trial of chiropractic adjustments and brief massage treatment at sites of subluxation in subjects with essential hypertension: pilot study. (Abstract)

Practice-based randomized controlled-comparison clinical trial of chiropractic adjustments and brief massage treatment at sites of subluxation in subjects with essential hypertension: pilot study. To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized clinical trial in the private practice setting examining short- and long-term effects of chiropractic adjustments for subjects with essential hypertension compared with a brief soft tissue massage, as well as a nontreatment control (...) group.Randomized controlled-comparison trial with 3 parallel groups.Private practice outpatient chiropractic clinic.Twenty-three subjects, aged 24 to 50 years with systolic or diastolic essential hypertension.Two months of full-spine chiropractic care (ie, Gonstead) consisting primarily of specific-contact, short-lever-arm adjustments delivered at motion segments exhibiting signs of subluxation. The massage group had a brief effleurage procedure delivered at localized regions of the spine believed

2002 Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5955. Washing hands before and after performing massages? Changes in bacterial survival count on skin of a massage therapist and a client during massage therapy. (Abstract)

Washing hands before and after performing massages? Changes in bacterial survival count on skin of a massage therapist and a client during massage therapy. Massage therapy involves direct contact between the therapist and the client in a clinical setting, which can result in the transfer of bacteria. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of bacteria transfer between a therapist and a client during a massage session and differences between types of lubricants used.Medium cultures (...) were taken from the therapist's palms and the client's skin before, during, and after the massage session. Experiments proceeded with the following settings: use of three different types of lubricants, without the use of a lubricant, and without massage as control. After each massage session, the therapist washed his or her hands and a bacterial sample was again taken.Changes in bacteria count.(1) Bacteria count on the therapist's palms increased during and after massage with and without the use

2004 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

5956. Perineal massage in pregnancy. Such massage significantly decreases perineal trauma at birth. (Abstract)

Perineal massage in pregnancy. Such massage significantly decreases perineal trauma at birth. 11675731 2001 11 01 2018 11 13 0959-8138 323 7315 2001 Sep 29 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Perineal massage in pregnancy. Such massage significantly decreases perineal trauma at birth. 753-4 Labrecque M M Eason E E Marcoux S S eng Clinical Trial Comment Letter Randomized Controlled Trial England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 2001 May 26;322(7297):1277-80 11375230 Anal Canal injuries Female (...) Humans Massage Obstetric Labor Complications prevention & control Perineum injuries Pregnancy 2001 10 26 10 0 2001 11 3 10 1 2001 10 26 10 0 ppublish 11675731 PMC1121301 BMJ. 2001 May 26;322(7297):1277-80 11375230 BMJ. 1994 Apr 2;308(6933):887-91 8173367 Lancet. 1999 Sep 18;354(9183):983-6 10501360 Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Mar;180(3 Pt 1):593-600 10076134 N Engl J Med. 1993 Dec 23;329(26):1905-11 8247054

2001 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5957. The Effects of Ice Massage, Ice Massage with Exercise, and Exercise on the Prevention and Treatment of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effects of Ice Massage, Ice Massage with Exercise, and Exercise on the Prevention and Treatment of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness We investigated the effects of ice massage, ice massage with exercise, and exercise on the prevention and treatment of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Twenty-two subjects were randomly assigned to one of four groups. Preexercise measures were recorded for range of motion (ROM), strength, perceived soreness, and serum creatine kinase (CK) levels. Subjects (...) in perceived soreness. The nonsignificant mode of treatment/assessment time interaction suggests that the use of ice massage, ice massage with exercise, or exercise alone is not effective in significantly reducing the symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. In fact, though not statistically significant, the pattern of the data suggested the use of ice in the treatment of DOMS may be contraindicated. Further investigation is recommended.

1992 Journal of athletic training Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5958. [Acupuncture massage vs Swedish massage and individual exercise vs group exercise in low back pain sufferers--a randomized controlled clinical trial in a 2 x 2 factorial design]. (Abstract)

[Acupuncture massage vs Swedish massage and individual exercise vs group exercise in low back pain sufferers--a randomized controlled clinical trial in a 2 x 2 factorial design]. Rehabilitation programs for low back pain (LBP) almost always contain massage and exercise therapy in one form or another.This study aimed to quantify the effectiveness of therapeutic 'Acupuncture' massage (APM; i.e. tonic stimulation of entire meridians) according to Penzel versus Swedish massage (SM) and individual (...) = 0.5 and SRMVAS = 0.8 for APM, as opposed to SRMFFbH = -0.01 and SRMVAS = 0.4 for SM. Neither significant group differences between both exercise groups [delta FFbH -0.5% (95% CI -5.2 to 4.2); delta Vas 0.4 cm (95% CI 0.3 to 1.1)] nor significant interactions between medical exercise and massage were found.Given the fact that even the treatments considered to be the best available achieve at best moderate effects, the observed effect sizes with APM are promising and warrant further investigation

2000 Forschende Komplementärmedizin und klassische Naturheilkunde Controlled trial quality: predicted high

5959. Muscular and postural demands of using a massage chair and massage table. (Abstract)

Muscular and postural demands of using a massage chair and massage table. The aim of this study was to determine the difference in muscular and postural demands of performing manual therapy using a massage chair and a massage table.Twelve female senior massage therapy students performed two 10-minute regional back massages on a fully clothed client using both a massage chair and massage table. The root mean square was used to determine the mean activation from the electromyographic signal (...) collected from 8 upper extremity muscles. Integrated electromyography was used to compare activation between the 14 massage techniques used. Eight electromagnetic motion capture sensors were attached: the head, trunk, and upper arm, forearm, and hand bilaterally to track segment kinematics and determine total time spent in different postures.There was higher activation in lumbar erector spinae when using the table and anterior deltoid when using the chair. The anterior deltoid showed a significant

2007 Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

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