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21. Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans

Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Hypertension Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search May 2019 April 2019 March 2019 February 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans (...) in Selecting Cuff Sizes for BP Measurement Arm circumference should be measured at the midpoint of the acromion and olecranon. BP cuff bladder length should be 75%–100% of the patient’s measured arm circumference. BP cuff bladder width should be at 37%–50% of the patient’s arm circumference (a length-to-width ratio of 2:1) BP cuff should be placed on bare skin. Shirtsleeves should not be rolled up because this may create a tourniquet effect. The most frequent error in measuring office BP is “miscuffing

2019 American Heart Association

22. Innovation to Create a Healthy and Sustainable Food System: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association

Innovation to Create a Healthy and Sustainable Food System: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association Innovation to Create a Healthy and Sustainable Food System: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search June 2019 June 2019 June 2019 May 2019 May 2019 May 2019 May 2019 April 2019 April 2019 April 2019 April 2019 April 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March (...) Small increases in healthier purchases , Online shopping strategies to promote healthier purchases Potential to increase healthier food purchases, but research is limited Restaurants Menu labeling Increases healthier food choices Restrictions on children’s meals with toys May reduce children’s intake of calories, sodium, and fat , Healthy default choices (eg, no SSBs in children’s meals, smaller portion sizes, whole grain rather than refined grains in breads/rolls) Potential to reduce intake

2019 American Heart Association

23. School-based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion

performance, increase motivation and promote more adaptive behaviour. Edmunds et al., (2012) tested an intervention to boost the academic progress of students in order to facilitate their future access to college while in the case of Cook et al., (2014), the intervention involved academic remediation plus social skills training. After-school programmes. Two effect sizes come from interventions that offered students after-school activities. While the intervention tested by Dynarski et al., (2003) was more (...) focused on academic support and recreational activities, Hirsch, Hedges, Stawicki, & Mekinda, (2011) tested an after-school programme offering students paid apprenticeships. Mentoring/monitoring programmes. Five effect sizes reported the impact of interventions focused on mentoring/monitoring. These programmes involved structured and supportive relationships between a young person who presents academic, emotional or behavioural difficulties and a non-parental adult, their mentor. Mentoring entails

2018 Campbell Collaboration

25. Adalimumab (Hyrimoz) - Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn Disease, Papulosquamous Skin Diseases, Hidradenitis Suppurativa, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Uveitis

with treatment as factor. b 2-sided p value from log rank test. c NE = not estimable. Fewer than half of at-risk subjects had an event. 49 Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier curves summarizing time to treatment failure on or after week 6 (study UV I) or week 2 (study UV II) Note: P# = Placebo (Number of Events/Number at Risk); A# = Adalimumab (Number of Events/Number at Risk). In Study UV I statistically significant differences in favour of adalimumab versus placebo were observed for each component of treatment failure (...) Response Adalimumab significantly delayed the time to treatment failure, as compared to placebo (See Figure 3, P < 0.0001 from log rank test).The median time to treatment failure was 24.1 weeks for subjects treated with placebo, whereas the median time to treatment failure was not estimable for subjects treated with adalimumab because less than one-half of these subjects experienced treatment failure. Adalimumab significantly decreased the risk of treatment failure by 75% relative to placebo, as shown

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

26. Review of information management practices in the HSE Computerised Infectious Disease Reporting (CIDR) system

to ensure a high-quality safe service. Safe, reliable healthcare depends on access to, and the use of, information that is accurate, valid, reliable, timely, relevant, legible and complete. For example, when giving a patient a drug, a nurse needs to be sure that they are administering the appropriate dose of the correct drug to the right patient and that the patient is not allergic to it. Similarly, lack of up- to-date information can lead to the unnecessary duplication of tests — if critical diagnostic (...) results are missing or overlooked, tests have to be repeated unnecessarily and, at best, appropriate treatment is delayed or at worst not given. In addition, health information has an important role to play in healthcare planning decisions — where to locate a new service, whether or not to introduce a new national screening programme and decisions on best value for money in health and social care provision. Under Section (8)(1)(k) of the Health Act 2007, the Health Information and Quality Authority

2019 HIQA Health Information

27. Achieving Health Equity in Preventive Services

of randomized controlled trials of the overall effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening rates 103 Figure 6. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of the effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening rates by screening test, where subgroup results include all relevant studies 104 Figure 7. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of the effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening rates by screening adherence at baseline 105 Figure 8. Meta-analysis (...) of randomized controlled trials of the effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening rates by followup time 106 Figure 9. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of the effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening rates by study quality 107 Figure 10. Meta-analysis of observational studies of the effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening rates by screening test 108 xi Figure 11. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of the effect of patient

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

29. The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries

effect. Test results suggested that studies with non-significant effects of contract farming are likely to exist but are not reported in the academic literature. Studies also suffer from survivor bias. All studies are cross-sectional studies that assess the effectiveness of the contractual arrangement at one moment in time, but only after the contractual arrangements had been in place for some years when these had already survived the start-up problems. This implies that contractual arrangements

2017 Campbell Collaboration

30. Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions

from Ontario found that individuals with schizophrenia and diabetes received diabetes care that was significantly sub-optimal compared with those without schizophrenia in relation to guideline-concordant testing for HbA1c, lipid testing and eye exams);(16) • overuse of some types of services (such as increased rates of intensive-care-unit admissions, ambulatory care, and emergency department visits);(14; 16) and • high risk of medical errors.(17) While there are a number of reasons for the delivery (...) -systematic reviews, 37 primary studies, and five program and system descriptions/analyses. Core principles of collaborative-care models The AIMS centre at the University of Washington in partnership with a group of U.S. experts have been at the forefront of research on collaborative-care models, which has included developing their own model of collaborative care, testing it, and supporting its implementation in different contexts. Since the centre’s initial work, it has identified five core principles

2017 McMaster Health Forum

31. The effectiveness and efficiency of cash-based approaches in emergencies

from cash infusions without negative distortions (this can erode the value of the cash transfer and create hardships for non- beneficiaries). While the assumption that certain enabling conditions are required has not been robustly tested, a variety of tools and guidance documents are available to help organizations determine whether cash transfers are appropriate and how information to determine how to best operationalize a cash based response can be collected (CaLP, 2015). It should also be noted (...) University Welch Medical Library Public Health Information Specialist developed the search strategy after input from investigators on the research team. Results of the pilot search were reviewed by the research team and the strategy was developed iteratively. We also provided the information specialist with several key papers as a test set that was used to check to completeness of the search results. The search strategy included a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords for cash and emergencies

2017 Campbell Collaboration

32. Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Systems of Care: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Systems of Care: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Systems of Care: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January (...) centers continues to result in improved outcomes for patients with OHCA. In 2007, Arizona rolled out a statewide model of regionalizing postarrest care that included state-recognized cardiac receiving centers, implementation of postarrest care focused on therapeutic hypothermia, emergent coronary angiography, and delayed prognostication of neurological status, along with an EMS bypass protocol triaging comatose, postarrest patients with OHCA with ROSC to the closest recognized cardiac arrest center

2018 American Heart Association

33. Urban disaster risk governance: A systematic review

of this are deregulation and the transferring of responsibilities to the private sector and/or civil society (Castree 2008). Those skeptical of neoliberal arguments see this as ‘hollowing out’ 6 or ‘rolling back’ the state both horizontally, but also vertically to international institutions and local bodies (Rhodes 1997). In short, ‘state boundaries have become more politically and economically permeable to decisions and flows emanating from diverse, overlapping and integrated networks of power which operate beyond (...) with testing hypothesis or theories (Gough et al. 2013). Systematic reviews that configure findings tend to address research questions that are aimed at generating new theories or exploring the relevance of an existing theory. The studies included in a configurative synthesis tend to be heterogeneous (Gough et al. 2013). Characteristics of configurative synthesis include (Gough et al. 2013: 52-64): ? Concepts are the data for analysis; ? Conceptual analysis is within, rather than before and after

2017 EPPI Centre

34. A Guide to Utilization of the Microbiology Laboratory for Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: 2018 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Society for Microbiology

laboratory in infectious disease diagnosis calls for a close, positive working relationship between the physician/advanced practice provider and the microbiologists who provide enormous value to the healthcare team. This document, developed by experts in laboratory and adult and pediatric clinical medicine, provides information on which tests are valuable and in which contexts, and on tests that add little or no value for diagnostic decisions. This document presents a system-based approach rather than (...) , and blood and tissue parasite infections. Each section contains introductory concepts, a summary of key points, and detailed tables that list suspected agents; the most reliable tests to order; the samples (and volumes) to collect in order of preference; specimen transport devices, procedures, times, and temperatures; and detailed notes on specific issues regarding the test methods, such as when tests are likely to require a specialized laboratory or have prolonged turnaround times. In addition

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2018 Infectious Diseases Society of America

35. What is the evidence on the policy specifications, development processes and effectiveness of existing front-of-pack food labelling policies in the WHO European Region?

of this reference amount. This compared with 25% who self-reported understanding of per 100?g information but 41% who could actually understand it when objectively tested (31). A study based on consumers from six European countries (France, Germany, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) found that the smaller the reference amount used to present nutrient information the more healthful a food WHAT IS THE EVIDENCE ON THE POLICY SPECIFICATIONS, DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES AND EFFECTIVENESS OF EXISTING FRONT

2018 WHO Health Evidence Network

36. Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Routine Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity in Healthcare Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 (...) a long and rich history of scientific statements on the role of exercise, PA, and sedentary behavior for primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of CVD. PA and public health recommendations for adults, older adults, and children and youth, as well as the risk of exercise-related acute CVD events, and the role of exercise testing in various populations have also been published. , Other AHA statements have assessed the evidence on clinical and population-level lifestyle interventions

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2018 American Heart Association

37. Relative effectiveness assessment of Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared to standard ultrasound phacoemulsification cataract surgery

platforms 44 Table 8 Intended use for the five systems 50 Table 9 Technologies and procedures associated with cataract surgery (ref Alcon) 53 Table 10 Risk factors for age-related cataract (13) 58 Table 11 Diagnostic tests recommended in Europe and the US (13,77) 62 Table 12 Annual cataract surgical rates (per 1,000,000 people) in different years and countries. 64 Table 13 Age distribution of cataract surgeries in public hospitals in Austria, 2001, 2007, 2011 (81) 64 Table 14 Complications of cataract (...) no difference between study arms). Data from two studies (25,28) assessing refractive outcomes were used for the analysis and pooled estimate showed no difference between study groups. [D0006] At one week, one study found a marginally significant and not clinically relevant difference (less than 0.1 log MAR varia- tion) in favour of FLACS, while the second study found no statistically significant difference be- tween the two study arms. At one month, neither study found a statistically significant result

2018 EUnetHTA

38. HTA of extending the HPV vaccination to boys

benefits of the vaccine for boys. An awareness campaign that addresses the information needs of parents and boys will be required prior to the roll-out of a gender-neutral vaccination programme. Given the significant move from female only to male and female vaccination, tailored information and communications must also be provided to professionals supporting the vaccine (such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists and teachers) to ensure they are fully informed and educated. If a decision is reached

2018 Health Information and Quality Authority

39. Emergency Medicine Early Warning System (EMEWS) In Pilot Sites

and assistance with the development of this guideline. Special thanks to the staff of the Emergency Departments in Connolly Hospital, Blanchardstown; Naas General Hospital; University Hospital, Waterford; University Hospital, Galway; Sligo University Hospital and St James’s Hospital who pilot tested the guideline at various stages during its development. Guideline developers note: The working title used during the development of this guideline was the Emergency Department Monitoring and Clinical Escalation (...) the development of this guideline 16 2.6.1 Development and testing of EMEWS – Overview of the initial development project 16 2.7 Clinical and financial impact of deterioration in EDs 18 2.8 Elements of EMEWS 20 2.8.1 Development and testing of EMEWS 20 2.8.2 The Manchester Triage System interface with EMEWS 20 2.8.3 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the EMEWS 21 2.9 Post-Triage Emergency Nursing Review Process 22 2.9.1 Starting Post-Triage Emergency Nursing Review 22 2.9.2 Post-Triage Emergency Nursing

2018 National Clinical Guidelines (Ireland)

40. Multidisciplinary guidelines for the management of paediatric tracheostomy emergencies

differences in paediatric management. Early versions were discussed among the Working Party and our multidisciplinary colleagues, and were tested using high‐fidelity medical simulation at local bespoke meetings using faculty and volunteers. Key steps were designed to address contributing factors to poorly managed emergencies, which include lack of access to information or emergency algorithms, loss of situational awareness and poor communication , . We recognised the role that simulation could play (...) in further refining the algorithm key steps and have previously described testing versions of the algorithm in over 450 volunteer healthcare professional encounters at national and international meetings, where the algorithm was also formally presented . We were able to demonstrate significant improvements in performance metrics when multidisciplinary responders followed the algorithm in similar scenarios. Scenarios were completed more quickly, the simulated children were less hypoxic and more candidates

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2018 Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland

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