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Lindane

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81. Pressure Ulcers and Wound Care (Follow-up)

and greater than the venous capillary closing pressure (8-12 mm Hg) to impede the return of flow for an extended time. Tissues are capable withstanding enormous pressures for brief periods, but prolonged exposure to pressures just slightly above capillary filling pressure initiates a downward spiral toward tissue necrosis and ulceration. [ , ] The inciting event is compression of the tissues against an external object such as a mattress, wheelchair pad, bed rail, or other surface. Lindan et al documented (...) ):407-11. . Daniel RK, Faibisoff B. Muscle coverage of pressure points--the role of myocutaneous flaps. Ann Plast Surg . 1982 Jun. 8(6):446-52. . Paget J. Clinical lecture on bed sores. Students J Hosp Gaz . 1873. 1:144-7. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 1. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 15-21. 23(45):64, 66, 68 passim. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 2. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 22-28. 23(46):40-4. . LINDAN O

2014 eMedicine.com

82. Scabies (Follow-up)

& Management Updated: Jun 28, 2018 Author: Megan Barry, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Scabies Treatment Approach Considerations Scabies treatment includes administration of a scabicidal agent (eg, permethrin, lindane, or ivermectin), as well as an appropriate antimicrobial agent if a secondary infection has developed. In a World Health Organization (WHO)–sponsored study in the Solomon Islands, an intervention of mass treatment with ivermectin (...) of treatment failure include the following [ ] : Improper application Inadequate application Reinfestation - Recurrence of the eruption usually means reinfection has occurred, underscoring the importance of treating all members of the household Resistance - Resistance to lindane has been widely reported; less frequently, cases of resistance to permethrin have been noted; resistance to ivermectin is still rare but has been reported in patients who received multiple doses of the drug over several years

2014 eMedicine.com

83. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Treatment)

and outcome (5%) cream is recommended, with application to the entire skin surface below the chin. The cream should be left on for 8-14 hours (overnight) and then washed off. Second-line therapy includes the use of 1% lotion/cream or oral . Ivermectin may be repeated in 2 weeks. Lindane is not recommended for pregnant women or children younger than 2 years. Use lindane as a single dose (do not repeat). [ ] Antipruritic agents may be helpful in reducing discomfort related to pruritus. All household members

2014 eMedicine.com

84. Psychosocial and Environmental Pregnancy Risks (Treatment)

cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina with a young age of onset. Women with fetal exposure to DES have an increased risk of developing vaginal cancer at 20-30 years of age. Lindane is a drug used to kill lice. It has antiestrogenic and weak estrogenic effects, but it does not occupy estrogen receptors. Heptachlor and hexachlorobenzene are also possible endocrine disruptors. Phthalates are chemicals used in industry, plastic production, and metal can linings. Some preliminary evidence suggests

2014 eMedicine.com

85. Pressure Ulcers and Wound Care (Treatment)

and greater than the venous capillary closing pressure (8-12 mm Hg) to impede the return of flow for an extended time. Tissues are capable withstanding enormous pressures for brief periods, but prolonged exposure to pressures just slightly above capillary filling pressure initiates a downward spiral toward tissue necrosis and ulceration. [ , ] The inciting event is compression of the tissues against an external object such as a mattress, wheelchair pad, bed rail, or other surface. Lindan et al documented (...) ):407-11. . Daniel RK, Faibisoff B. Muscle coverage of pressure points--the role of myocutaneous flaps. Ann Plast Surg . 1982 Jun. 8(6):446-52. . Paget J. Clinical lecture on bed sores. Students J Hosp Gaz . 1873. 1:144-7. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 1. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 15-21. 23(45):64, 66, 68 passim. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 2. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 22-28. 23(46):40-4. . LINDAN O

2014 eMedicine.com

86. Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury (Treatment)

dysreflexia after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2009 Apr. 90(4):682-95. . . Lindan R, Joiner F, Freechafer A, Hazel C. Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. Paraplegia . 1980. 18:285-292. Huang YH, Bih LI, Liao JM, Chen SL, Chou LW, Lin PH. Blood pressure and age associated with silent autonomic dysreflexia during urodynamic examinations in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord . 2012 Dec 11. . Liu N, Zhou M, Biering-Sorensen F

2014 eMedicine.com

87. Pediculosis (Treatment)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine.com

88. Pediculosis (Lice) (Treatment)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

89. Coccidioidomycosis (Treatment)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

90. Pediculosis (Lice) (Follow-up)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

91. Coccidioidomycosis (Overview)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

92. Coccidioidomycosis (Diagnosis)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine.com

93. Coccidioidomycosis (Infectious Diseases) (Diagnosis)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine.com

94. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Diagnosis)

and outcome (5%) cream is recommended, with application to the entire skin surface below the chin. The cream should be left on for 8-14 hours (overnight) and then washed off. Second-line therapy includes the use of 1% lotion/cream or oral . Ivermectin may be repeated in 2 weeks. Lindane is not recommended for pregnant women or children younger than 2 years. Use lindane as a single dose (do not repeat). [ ] Antipruritic agents may be helpful in reducing discomfort related to pruritus. All household members

2014 eMedicine.com

95. Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury (Diagnosis)

dysreflexia after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2009 Apr. 90(4):682-95. . . Lindan R, Joiner F, Freechafer A, Hazel C. Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. Paraplegia . 1980. 18:285-292. Huang YH, Bih LI, Liao JM, Chen SL, Chou LW, Lin PH. Blood pressure and age associated with silent autonomic dysreflexia during urodynamic examinations in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord . 2012 Dec 11. . Liu N, Zhou M, Biering-Sorensen F

2014 eMedicine.com

96. Acropustulosis of Infancy (Diagnosis)

acropustulosis. Previous Next: Etiology The cause of infantile acropustulosis is unknown. Scabies as a preceding or concomitant infestation is well-documented in some cases. Many children are undoubtedly misdiagnosed with scabies and initially treated with lindane or permethrin without any confirmatory scrapings. It has been postulated that infantile acropustulosis is a cutaneous hypersensitivity reaction to antigens associated with scabies infestation. [ ] No other infectious agent has been documented

2014 eMedicine.com

97. Toxicity, Hydrocarbon Insecticides (Diagnosis)

. [ ] The toxicity of these agents varies according to their molecular size, volatility, and effects on the central nervous system (CNS). In general, they cause either CNS depression or stimulation, depending upon the agent and dose. [ ] These compounds can be separated into 5 groups, as follows: DDT and analogues (eg, dicofol, methoxychlor) Hexachlorocyclohexane (ie, benzene hexachloride) and isomers (eg, lindane, gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane) Cyclodienes (eg, endosulfan, chlordane, heptachlor, aldrin, dieldrin (...) absorption is variable. For example, DDT is poorly absorbed transdermally, whereas cyclodienes have significant transdermal absorption rates. [ ] Cyclodienes have high absorption levels when taken orally as in the case of food contamination with these pesticides. [ ] Lindane is known to be absorbed after topical application, but oral ingestions are not rare. [ ] Young age, malnourishment, and frequent exposure increases the risk for toxicity. [ ] Organic chlorines are strongly lipid soluble and sequester

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

98. Coccidioidomycosis (Follow-up)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

99. Lice (Follow-up)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

100. Pediculosis (Follow-up)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

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