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Lindane

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61. Biochar in Co-Contaminated Soil Manipulates Arsenic Solubility and Microbiological Community Structure, and Promotes Organochlorine Degradation Full Text available with Trip Pro

sp) was pyrolysed at 350 or 550°C and added to soil at rates of 10 g kg-1 and 20 g kg-1 (representing 30 t ha-1 and 60 t ha-1). The isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) alpha-HCH and gamma-HCH (lindane), underwent 10-fold and 4-fold reductions in concentration as a function of biochar treatment. Biochar also resulted in a significant reduction in soil DDT levels (P < 0.01), and increased the DDE:DDT ratio. Soil microbial activity was significantly increased (P < 0.01) under all biochar

2015 PloS one

62. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and occupational exposure to agricultural pesticide chemical groups and active ingredients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

groups and 80 active ingredients were extracted from 44 papers, all of which reported results from analyses of studies conducted in high-income countries. Random effects meta-analyses showed that phenoxy herbicides, carbamate insecticides, organophosphorus insecticides and the active ingredient lindane, an organochlorine insecticide, were positively associated with NHL. In a handful of papers, associations between pesticides and NHL subtypes were reported; B cell lymphoma was positively associated

2014 International journal of environmental research and public health

63. Pediatric Head Lice Study Product Comparison

will instruct the parent/guardian to retreat. Other Names: permethrin (5%) malathion (0.5%) lindane (1%) Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Number of Participants Free of Live Head Lice and Free of Viable Eggs [ Time Frame: Day after first treatment and Day 14 of study ] A determination of head lice effectiveness, measured by number of subjects free of live lice and by number of subjects free of viable eggs, was calculated using two week post-treatment data as the primary study outcome

2014 Clinical Trials

64. Acropustulosis of Infancy (Overview)

acropustulosis. Previous Next: Etiology The cause of infantile acropustulosis is unknown. Scabies as a preceding or concomitant infestation is well-documented in some cases. Many children are undoubtedly misdiagnosed with scabies and initially treated with lindane or permethrin without any confirmatory scrapings. It has been postulated that infantile acropustulosis is a cutaneous hypersensitivity reaction to antigens associated with scabies infestation. [ ] No other infectious agent has been documented

2014 eMedicine.com

65. Coccidioidomycosis (Overview)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine.com

66. Coccidioidomycosis (Infectious Diseases) (Overview)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine.com

67. Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury (Overview)

dysreflexia after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2009 Apr. 90(4):682-95. . . Lindan R, Joiner F, Freechafer A, Hazel C. Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. Paraplegia . 1980. 18:285-292. Huang YH, Bih LI, Liao JM, Chen SL, Chou LW, Lin PH. Blood pressure and age associated with silent autonomic dysreflexia during urodynamic examinations in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord . 2012 Dec 11. . Liu N, Zhou M, Biering-Sorensen F

2014 eMedicine.com

68. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Overview)

is recommended, with application to the entire skin surface below the chin. The cream should be left on for 8-14 hours (overnight) and then washed off. Second-line therapy includes the use of 1% lotion/cream or oral . Ivermectin may be repeated in 2 weeks. Lindane is not recommended for pregnant women or children younger than 2 years. Use lindane as a single dose (do not repeat). [ ] Antipruritic agents may be helpful in reducing discomfort related to pruritus. All household members and close contacts must

2014 eMedicine.com

69. Coccidioidomycosis (Follow-up)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine.com

70. Coccidioidomycosis (Infectious Diseases) (Follow-up)

. [Identification of the agents of coccidioidomycosis using polymerase chain reaction]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol . 2007. 25-31. . Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia . 2006 Feb. 161(2):67-72. . Adam RD, Elliott SP, Taljanovic MS. The spectrum and presentation of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Am J Med . 2009 Aug

2014 eMedicine.com

71. Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury (Follow-up)

dysreflexia after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2009 Apr. 90(4):682-95. . . Lindan R, Joiner F, Freechafer A, Hazel C. Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. Paraplegia . 1980. 18:285-292. Huang YH, Bih LI, Liao JM, Chen SL, Chou LW, Lin PH. Blood pressure and age associated with silent autonomic dysreflexia during urodynamic examinations in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord . 2012 Dec 11. . Liu N, Zhou M, Biering-Sorensen F

2014 eMedicine.com

72. Scabies (Diagnosis)

) assay. [ ] In addition, elevated immunoglobulin E (IgE) titers and eosinophilia may be demonstrated in some patients with scabies. See for more detail. Management Scabies treatment includes administration of a scabicidal agent (eg, permethrin, lindane, or ivermectin), as well as an appropriate antimicrobial agent if a secondary infection has developed. Pruritus may be partially alleviated with an oral antihistamine, such as hydroxyzine hydrochloride (Atarax), diphenhydramine hydrochloride (Benadryl

2014 eMedicine.com

73. Psychosocial and Environmental Pregnancy Risks (Diagnosis)

cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina with a young age of onset. Women with fetal exposure to DES have an increased risk of developing vaginal cancer at 20-30 years of age. Lindane is a drug used to kill lice. It has antiestrogenic and weak estrogenic effects, but it does not occupy estrogen receptors. Heptachlor and hexachlorobenzene are also possible endocrine disruptors. Phthalates are chemicals used in industry, plastic production, and metal can linings. Some preliminary evidence suggests

2014 eMedicine.com

74. Pressure Ulcers and Wound Care (Diagnosis)

and greater than the venous capillary closing pressure (8-12 mm Hg) to impede the return of flow for an extended time. Tissues are capable withstanding enormous pressures for brief periods, but prolonged exposure to pressures just slightly above capillary filling pressure initiates a downward spiral toward tissue necrosis and ulceration. [ , ] The inciting event is compression of the tissues against an external object such as a mattress, wheelchair pad, bed rail, or other surface. Lindan et al documented (...) ):407-11. . Daniel RK, Faibisoff B. Muscle coverage of pressure points--the role of myocutaneous flaps. Ann Plast Surg . 1982 Jun. 8(6):446-52. . Paget J. Clinical lecture on bed sores. Students J Hosp Gaz . 1873. 1:144-7. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 1. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 15-21. 23(45):64, 66, 68 passim. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 2. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 22-28. 23(46):40-4. . LINDAN O

2014 eMedicine.com

75. Lice (Follow-up)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine.com

76. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Follow-up)

and outcome (5%) cream is recommended, with application to the entire skin surface below the chin. The cream should be left on for 8-14 hours (overnight) and then washed off. Second-line therapy includes the use of 1% lotion/cream or oral . Ivermectin may be repeated in 2 weeks. Lindane is not recommended for pregnant women or children younger than 2 years. Use lindane as a single dose (do not repeat). [ ] Antipruritic agents may be helpful in reducing discomfort related to pruritus. All household members

2014 eMedicine.com

77. Pediculosis (Follow-up)

- [ ] CDC: [ , , ] Next: Pesticides Various topical pediculicidal agents are available for the treatment of head and pubic lice. Pyrethrin shampoos and permethrin 1% are available over the counter; permethrin 5% (approved to treat scabies, but occasionally used to treat lice), malathion 0.5% (Ovide), lindane, topical ivermectin (Sklice), and spinosad are prescription agents. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter permethrin 1% lotion and a mousse containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (...) effect and decreased frequency of re-infestation, if used properly. It is approved for use in individuals aged 6 years or older. Malathion 0.5% lotion (Ovide) is flammable and should not be used in the presence of hot hair care products or near individuals who are smoking. Lindane is an organochloride that should be reserved for treatment of individuals in whom alternative treatment has failed or is intolerable. [ , ] Seizures may result from abnormal absorption or gross overuse of the product

2014 eMedicine.com

78. Psychosocial and Environmental Pregnancy Risks (Follow-up)

cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina with a young age of onset. Women with fetal exposure to DES have an increased risk of developing vaginal cancer at 20-30 years of age. Lindane is a drug used to kill lice. It has antiestrogenic and weak estrogenic effects, but it does not occupy estrogen receptors. Heptachlor and hexachlorobenzene are also possible endocrine disruptors. Phthalates are chemicals used in industry, plastic production, and metal can linings. Some preliminary evidence suggests

2014 eMedicine.com

79. Pressure Ulcers and Wound Care (Follow-up)

and greater than the venous capillary closing pressure (8-12 mm Hg) to impede the return of flow for an extended time. Tissues are capable withstanding enormous pressures for brief periods, but prolonged exposure to pressures just slightly above capillary filling pressure initiates a downward spiral toward tissue necrosis and ulceration. [ , ] The inciting event is compression of the tissues against an external object such as a mattress, wheelchair pad, bed rail, or other surface. Lindan et al documented (...) ):407-11. . Daniel RK, Faibisoff B. Muscle coverage of pressure points--the role of myocutaneous flaps. Ann Plast Surg . 1982 Jun. 8(6):446-52. . Paget J. Clinical lecture on bed sores. Students J Hosp Gaz . 1873. 1:144-7. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 1. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 15-21. 23(45):64, 66, 68 passim. . Gefen A. Reswick and Rogers pressure-time curve for pressure ulcer risk. Part 2. Nurs Stand . 2009 Jul 22-28. 23(46):40-4. . LINDAN O

2014 eMedicine.com

80. Scabies (Follow-up)

& Management Updated: Jun 28, 2018 Author: Megan Barry, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Scabies Treatment Approach Considerations Scabies treatment includes administration of a scabicidal agent (eg, permethrin, lindane, or ivermectin), as well as an appropriate antimicrobial agent if a secondary infection has developed. In a World Health Organization (WHO)–sponsored study in the Solomon Islands, an intervention of mass treatment with ivermectin (...) of treatment failure include the following [ ] : Improper application Inadequate application Reinfestation - Recurrence of the eruption usually means reinfection has occurred, underscoring the importance of treating all members of the household Resistance - Resistance to lindane has been widely reported; less frequently, cases of resistance to permethrin have been noted; resistance to ivermectin is still rare but has been reported in patients who received multiple doses of the drug over several years

2014 eMedicine.com

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