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Lindane

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181. Organochlorine pesticides in placentas from Southern Spain and some related factors. (Abstract)

/electron-capture detection and mass spectrometry were used to identify and quantify p,p'-DDT and congeners/metabolites, endosulphan and congeners/metabolites, lindane, aldrin/dieldrin/endrin, hexachlorobenzene, methoxychlor and mirex. A mean of eight pesticides per placenta were detected (range, 3-15 pesticides). Endosulphan-ether, endosulphan-diol, endosulphan-I, p,p'-DDE, o,p'-DDD, p,p'-DDT, o,p'-DDT and lindane were detected in >or=50% of samples; p,p'-DDE was the most frequent (96.03%), followed (...) by endosulphan-diol (76.86%) and lindane (74.17%). Presence of more pesticides was significantly associated with lower birth weight. Mean concentration of p,p'-DDE was 2.37+/-2.80 ng/g of placenta or 76.62+/-104.85 ng/g of lipid. Higher maternal body mass index was significantly associated with higher endosulphan concentrations in placenta, and greater maternal weight gain was significantly associated with higher p,p'-DDE concentrations. Prenatal exposure to OC xenoestrogens may be a causative factor

2007 Placenta

182. Acaricidal activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil: in vitro sensitivity of sarcoptes scabiei var hominis to terpinen-4-ol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

products and acaricides.The 5% TTO and active component terpinen-4-ol were highly effective in reducing mite survival times. Statistically significant differences in mite survival curves were observed for 5% TTO, 2.1% terpinen-4-ol, 5% permethrin, and ivermectin (100 microg/g of Emulsifying Ointment British Pharmacopoeia 88). In vivo effectiveness was also observed.Documentation of resistance against antiectoparasitic compounds is increasing. Reported S scabiei treatment failures with lindane

2004 Archives of Dermatology

183. Veron Scabies Education and Eradication Program

Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this project is to develop a community scabies eradication and education program for the highly endemic areas surrounding the Veron community on the eastern tip of the Dominican Republic. It proposes the use of oral Ivermectin as a replacement for topical Lindane--a readily available medical formulation, pesticide, and environmental toxin that is reported to be banned in the Dominican Republic as well as over 80 other countries throughout (...) Drug: Permethrin 5% lotion apply lotion to entire body, excluding head, at bedtime, rinse off following morning, wait one week, repeat application for a total of 2 applications, PRN frequency, NMT 6 applications in 12 months, total duration = 12 months. Other Name: Permethrina locion Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Scabies incidence [ Time Frame: monthly ] Secondary Outcome Measures : Scabies-induced skin abscess incidence [ Time Frame: monthly ] Incidence of Lindane prescription

2008 Clinical Trials

184. A comparison of infant hair, cord blood and meconium analysis to detect fetal exposure to environmental pesticides Full Text available with Trip Pro

to pesticides.Pregnant women were prospectively recruited from an agricultural site in the Philippines where a preliminary survey indicated a substantial use at home and in the farm of the following pesticides: propoxur, cyfluthrin, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, pretilachlor, bioallethrin, malathion, diazinon and transfluthrin. Infant hair, cord blood and meconium were obtained after birth and were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for the above compounds, including lindane and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis

2007 Environmental Research

185. Scabies Full Text available with Trip Pro

for interventions.In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: benzyl benzoate (topical), crotamiton (topical), lindane (topical), malathion (topical), ivermectin (oral), permethrin (topical), and sulphur compounds (topical).

2008 BMJ Clinical Evidence

186. Interventions for treating scabies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

was placebo controlled, 16 compared two or more drug treatments, two compared treatment regimens, and one compared different drug vehicles.Fewer treatment failures occurred by day seven with oral ivermectin in one small trial (55 participants). Topical permethrin appeared more effective than oral ivermectin (85 participants, 1 trial), topical crotamiton (194 participants, 2 trials), and topical lindane (753 participants, 5 trials). Permethrin also appeared more effective in reducing itch persistence than (...) either crotamiton (94 participants, 1 trial) or lindane (490 participants, 2 trials). One small trial did not detect a difference between permethrin (a synthetic pyrethroid) and a natural pyrethrin-based topical treatment (40 participants). No significant difference was detected in the number of treatment failures between crotamiton and lindane (100 participants, 1 trial), lindane and sulfur (68 participants, 1 trial), benzyl benzoate and sulfur (158 participants, 1 trial), and benzyl benzoate

2007 Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

187. Relationship of treatment-resistant head lice to the safety and efficacy of pediculicides. (Abstract)

to the emergence of treatment-resistant lice. In regions where resistant lice are common, patients may self-treat numerous times with over-the-counter pediculicides before seeking treatment from a physician. Resistance has decreased the efficacy of lindane, a prescription pediculicide that has been used for decades. In addition, the Food and Drug Administration recently warned of potentially serious adverse effects associated with lindane and recommended strict controls for its use. Malathion, recently

2004 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

188. Localised genital Norwegian scabies in an AIDS patient Full Text available with Trip Pro

Localised genital Norwegian scabies in an AIDS patient We present a case of an AIDS patient with Norwegian scabies manifest by a single, crusted plaque localised to the glans penis.A 45 year old man with AIDS presented to our clinic complaining of a red papular pruritic rash on his abdomen and anterior thighs and a single, thick, crusted, non-pruritic lesion on the penis. He had been treated with lindane topically prior to the development of the penile lesion without resolution of the pruritus

2004 Sexually transmitted infections

189. Drosophila melanogaster GRD and LCCH3 subunits form heteromultimeric GABA-gated cation channels Full Text available with Trip Pro

ligand-gated ion channel subunits GRD and LCCH3 combine to form cation-selective GABA-gated ion channels when coexpressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. The heteromultimeric receptor is activated by GABA (EC50=4.5 microm), muscimol (EC50=4.8 microm) and trans-4-aminocrotonic acid (EC50=104.5 microm), and partially by cis-4-aminocrotonic acid (EC50=106.3 microm). Picrotoxin effectively blocked the GABA-gated channel (IC50=0.25 microm), but bicuculline, TPMTA, dieldrin and lindane did

2004 British journal of pharmacology

190. Monitoring Cell Cycle Distributions in MCF-7 Cells Using Near-Field Photothermal Microspectroscopy Full Text available with Trip Pro

were carried out in the absence or presence of lindane, a pesticide known to induce G(1)-arrest in MCF-7 cells. Significant (P < 0.05) elevations in spectral intensities were associated with exponentially growing cell populations, predominantly in S-phase or G(2)-phase, compared to more quiescent populations predominantly in G(1)-phase. Increases in the absorption band at 970 cm(-1), associated with elevated protein phosphorylation, were observed in vibrational spectra of exponentially growing cell

2005 Biophysical journal

191. Structural model for γ-aminobutyric acid receptor noncompetitive antagonist binding: Widely diverse structures fit the same site Full Text available with Trip Pro

Structural model for γ-aminobutyric acid receptor noncompetitive antagonist binding: Widely diverse structures fit the same site Several major insecticides, including alpha-endosulfan, lindane, and fipronil, and the botanical picrotoxinin are noncompetitive antagonists (NCAs) for the GABA receptor. We showed earlier that human beta(3) homopentameric GABA(A) receptor recognizes all of the important GABAergic insecticides and reproduces the high insecticide sensitivity and structure-activity

2006 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

192. Pollution-Affected Fish Hepatic Transcriptome and Its Expression Patterns on Exposure to Cadmium Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pollution-Affected Fish Hepatic Transcriptome and Its Expression Patterns on Exposure to Cadmium Individuals of the fish Lithognathus mormyrus were exposed to a series of pollutants including: benzo[a]pyrene, pp-DDE, Aroclor 1254, perfluorooctanoic acid, tributyl-tin chloride, lindane, estradiol, 4-nonylphenol, methyl mercury chloride, and cadmium chloride. Five mixtures of the pollutants were injected. Each mixture included one to three compounds. A microarray was constructed using 4608 L

2008 Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.)

193. Systematic review of clinical efficacy of topical treatments for head lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of cure rate above 90%.Only for permethrin has sufficient evidence been published to show efficacy. Less expensive treatments such as malathion and carbaryl need more evidence of efficacy. Lindane and the natural pyrethrines are not sufficiently effective to justify their use.

1995 BMJ

194. Organochlorines and breast cancer risk. (Abstract)

Organochlorines and breast cancer risk. Organochlorines are a diverse group of synthetic chemicals that include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, and organochlorine pesticides such as dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), lindane, and hexachlorobenzene. Although use of DDT and PCBs has been banned in the United States since the 1970s, some organochlorine compounds have accumulated and persisted within the environment. As a result, measurable amounts can still be found in human tissue

2002 CA: a cancer journal for clinicians

195. Scabies and pediculosis pubis: an update of treatment regimens and general review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Scabies and pediculosis pubis: an update of treatment regimens and general review. The ectoparasites scabies and pediculosis pubis are common causes of skin rash and pruritus worldwide. They are transmitted primarily by person-to-person spread and are generally associated with low morbidity. The preferred treatment for scabies has generally been topical agents such as lindane and permethrin. Recently, ivermectin has demonstrated good efficacy in the treatment of scabies, and it may (...) be of particular use in institutional outbreaks and in communities in which scabies is endemic. Combination treatment with topical agents and oral ivermectin may be necessary for crusted scabies. Treatment of pediculosis pubis is best accomplished with topical permethrin, lindane, or pyrethrins with piperonyl butoxide. Although resistance to these topical agents has been reported in head lice, decreased efficacy in the treatment of pediculosis pubis has not been reported.

2002 Clinical Infectious Diseases

196. Lipophil-mediated reduction of toxicants in humans: an evaluation of an ayurvedic detoxification procedure. (Abstract)

-nonachlor (TNC), p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE), oxychlordane, and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) levels were also markedly lower in the detoxification group. All subjects had undetectable levels of p,p'-DDT, lindane, and a-hexachlorocyclohexane (a-HCH). Beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) levels were significantly higher in detoxification subjects than in controls. In the longitudinal evaluation, after treatment, mean levels of PCBs (46%) and beta-HCH (58%) declined significantly

2002 Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine

197. Rhodanobacter sp. Strain BPC1 in a Benzo[a]pyrene-Mineralizing Bacterial Consortium Full Text available with Trip Pro

BPC1, most vigorously stimulated benzo[a]pyrene mineralization by the original consortium; its effect was more than twofold greater than the effect of the SSLF obtained from the original consortium. A 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and biochemical tests identified strain BPC1 as a member of the genus Rhodanobacter, whose type strain, Rhodanobacter lindaniclasticus RP5557, which was isolated for its ability to grow on the pesticide lindane, is not extant. Strain BPC1 could not grow on lindane

2002 Applied and environmental microbiology

198. A review of insecticide poisonings among domestic livestock in southern Ontario, Canada, 1982-1989 Full Text available with Trip Pro

three poisonings of livestock occurred following the ingestion of the foliar insecticide, endosulfan (two poisonings), and the seed protectant insecticides diazinon plus lindane (one poisoning). There were six poisoning cases as a result of excessive topical applications of the three insecticides coumpahos, fenthion, and lindane as dusts or sprays to control external parasites. Together, these events caused the deaths of 258 domestic animals of which 200 were cattle, 23 were swine, and 35 were sheep

1991 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

199. Postmarketing surveillance study of permethrin creme rinse. Full Text available with Trip Pro

return visit or telephone contact.One hundred three adverse events were reported among 41,955 evaluable treatments. The rates of reported adverse events were 2.2 per 1000 treatments among permethrin treatments, 3.4 per 1000 treatments among lindane treatments, and 1.5 per 1000 treatments among other over-the-counter treatments. No serious, unexpected adverse events were detected in the 18,950 patients treated with permethrin.This study confirmed the safety profile of permethrin in conditions

1992 American Journal of Public Health

200. Uroporphyrin accumulation produced by halogenated biphenyls in chick-embryo hepatocytes. Reversal of the accumulation by piperonyl butoxide. Full Text available with Trip Pro

by piperonyl butoxide was not affected by addition of cycloheximide, indicating recovery was probably not due to protein synthesis de novo. Piperonyl butoxide also reversed uroporphyrin accumulation caused by 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl, mixtures of other halogenated biphenyls, lindane, parathion, nifedipine and verapamil. The effect of piperonyl butoxide was probably not due to inhibition of metabolism of these compounds, since the hexachlorobiphenyl was scarcely metabolized. Other

1986 Biochemical Journal

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