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Lindane

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1. Electrocatalysis of Lindane Using Antimony Oxide Nanoparticles Based-SWCNT/PANI Nanocomposites (PubMed)

Electrocatalysis of Lindane Using Antimony Oxide Nanoparticles Based-SWCNT/PANI Nanocomposites This work describes the chemical synthesis of antimony oxide nanoparticles (AONPs), polyaniline (PANI), acid functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (fSWCNTs), and the nanocomposite (AONP-PANI-SWCNT) as catalyst for the trace detection of lindane. Successful synthesis of the nanomaterials was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy (...) studies further showed that GCE-AONP-PANI-SWCNT modified electrode was stable (after 20 scans) with only a small current drop in lindane (0.57%). The GCE-AONP-PANI-SWCNT electrode with low detection limit of 2.01 nM performed better toward the detection of lindane as compared to other studies in literature. The GCE-AONP-PANI-SWCNT electrode is highly selective toward the detection of lindane in the presence of various organic and inorganic interfering species. Real sample analysis of river water

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2018 Frontiers in chemistry

2. Lindane Bioremediation Capability of Bacteria Associated with the Demosponge Hymeniacidon perlevis (PubMed)

Lindane Bioremediation Capability of Bacteria Associated with the Demosponge Hymeniacidon perlevis Lindane is an organochlorine pesticide belonging to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that has been widely used to treat agricultural pests. It is of particular concern because of its toxicity, persistence and tendency to bioaccumulate in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In this context, we assessed the role of bacteria associated with the sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis in lindane degradation (...) . Seven bacteria isolates were characterized and identified. These isolates showed a remarkable capacity to utilize lindane as a sole carbon source leading to a percentage of residual lindane ranging from 3% to 13% after 12 days of incubation with the pesticide. The lindane metabolite, 1,3-6-pentachloro-cyclohexene, was identified as result of lindane degradation and determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The bacteria capable of lindane degradation were identified on the basis

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2017 Marine drugs

3. Treatment of Scabies: Comparison of Lindane 1% vs Permethrin 5. (PubMed)

Treatment of Scabies: Comparison of Lindane 1% vs Permethrin 5. Scabies, whose etiologic agent is Sarcoptes scabiei, is a neglected parasitic disease that is a major public health problem in many resourcepoor regions. Its current therapies include benzyl benzoate, lindane, permethrin, sulfur, crotamiton, monosulfiram, and oral ivermectin. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of lindane 1% lotion vs permethrin 5% in the treatment of scabies. A total of 120 patients (...) with scabies attending a dermatology outpatient department were included. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. Sixty patients and their family contacts received 5% permethrin cream and the other 60 received 1% lindane lotion. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks. Permethrin provided improvement in 48 patients (80%) after 2 weeks, whereas lindane was effective in only 28 patients (46.6%). Permethrin (5%) cream was found to be significantly more effective in the treatment

2016 Skinmed

4. Lindane

Lindane Lindane Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Lindane Lindane Aka: Lindane , Kwell , Organochlorine , Gamma Benzene (...) Hexachloride From Related Chapters II. Precautions Do not use in infants Much greater risk of toxicity than with other agents Percutaneous absorption 10-20 fold over Serum levels are 40 fold higher than CNS toxicity 2-4 fold over risk in epileptics and children III. Mechanism Organochlorine similar to DDT Organochlorine Agents Chlorobenzilate Dicofol Dienochlor Endosulfan Lindane IV. Indications V. Preparation Lindane 1% (60 ml) Lindane 1% Lotion (60 ml) VI. Directions for use Apply lotion to skin from

2018 FP Notebook

5. Degradation study of lindane by novel strains Kocuria sp. DAB-1Y and Staphylococcus sp. DAB-1W (PubMed)

Degradation study of lindane by novel strains Kocuria sp. DAB-1Y and Staphylococcus sp. DAB-1W This study was carried out to isolate and characterize the bacterial strains from lindane-contaminated soil and they were also assessed for their lindane-degrading potential.In this study the enrichment culture method was used for isolation of  lindane degrading bacterial isolates, in which the mineral salt medium (MSM) supplemented with different concentrations of lindane was used. Further (...) , the screening for the potential lindane degrading isolates was done using the spray plate method and colorimetric dechlorinase enzyme assay. The selected isolates were also studied for their growth response under varying range of temperature, pH, and NaCl. The finally selected isolates DAB-1Y and DAB-1W showing best lindane degradation activity was further subjected to biochemical characterization, microscopy, degradation/kinetic study, and 16S rDNA sequencing. The strain identification were performed using

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2016 Bioresources and Bioprocessing

6. Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety

Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). 2010 Authors' conclusions In summary, there are several promising new treatments for the management of head lice including ivermectin, malathion, benzyl alcohol, spinosad, isopropyl myristate, and dimeticone. However, benzyl

2010 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

7. Amelioration of Gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (Lindane) induced renal toxicity by Camellia sinensis in Wistar rats (PubMed)

Amelioration of Gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (Lindane) induced renal toxicity by Camellia sinensis in Wistar rats A study to assess the toxic effects of gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH) (lindane) and ameliorative effects of Camellia sinensis on renal system has been carried out in male Wistar rats.Four groups of rats with 18 each were maintained under standard laboratory hygienic conditions and provided feed and water ad libitum. γ-HCH was gavaged at 20 mg/kg b.wt. using olive oil as vehicle

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2016 Veterinary world

8. Massive Lindane Overdose with Toxicokinetics Analysis (PubMed)

Massive Lindane Overdose with Toxicokinetics Analysis Lindane is a possible carcinogen with known teratogenicity and immunologic and neurotoxic properties. Despite reports of seizures, coma, and death associated with its use as well as banning of its environmental use by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) still allows treatment with lindane as a second-line scabicide and pediculicide. We present a case of a massive suicidal ingestion of lindane (...) in which the patient survived the ingestion, though he did expire shortly thereafter from an unrelated cause pre-discharge.Pharmacokinetic analysis of serum lindane concentrations was performed with Phoenix® WinNONLIN®. The estimated distribution half-life for lindane was 10.3 h, and the terminal half-life was 162.9 h, much longer than the previously reported terminal half-life of 25-36 h. Because of this long half-life, repeated lindane exposures may lead to accumulation of lindane

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2014 Journal of Medical Toxicology

9. Ivermectin vs. lindane in the treatment of scabies. (PubMed)

Ivermectin vs. lindane in the treatment of scabies. Scabies is commonly treated with acaricides but the treatment of choice is still controversial. This study aimed at comparing the efficacy of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies. Four hundred fourty patients with scabies were enrolled, and randomized into two groups: the first group received a single dose of oral ivermectin 200 microg/kg body weight, and the second group were treated with two applications (...) of topical lindane lotion 1%, with a 1-week interval. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks, and if there was treatment failure at the 2-week follow-up, treatment was repeated. Single dose of oral ivermectin provided a cure rate of 63.6% at the 2-week follow-up, which increased to 81.8% at the 4-week follow-up after repeating the treatment. Treatment with two applications of lindane lotion 1%, with a 1-week interval between them, was effective in 45.4% of patients at the 2-week follow-up

2013 Annals of parasitology

10. Comparison of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies.

Comparison of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies. Scabies is a common parasitic infestation that is an important public-health problem in many resource-poor regions. It is commonly treated with the insecticides ivermectin and permethrin.To compare the efficacy and safety of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies.In total, 148 patients with scabies were enrolled, and were randomized into two groups: the first group received a single (...) dose of oral ivermectin 200 μg/kg body weight, and the second group were treated with two applications of topical lindane lotion 1%, with a 1-week interval between applications. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks, and if there was treatment failure at the 2-week follow-up, treatment was repeated.A single dose of ivermectin provided a cure rate of 60.8% at the 2-week follow-up, which increased to 89.1% at the 4-week follow-up. after crossing over to the lindane lotion 1% group

2013 Clinical and experimental dermatology

11. Ivermectin vs. lindane in the treatment of scabies.

Ivermectin vs. lindane in the treatment of scabies. Scabies is commonly treated with acaricides but the treatment of choice is still controversial. This study aimed at comparing the efficacy of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies. Four hundred fourty patients with scabies were enrolled, and randomized into two groups: the first group received a single dose of oral ivermectin 200 microg/kg body weight, and the second group were treated with two applications (...) of topical lindane lotion 1%, with a 1-week interval. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks, and if there was treatment failure at the 2-week follow-up, treatment was repeated. Single dose of oral ivermectin provided a cure rate of 63.6% at the 2-week follow-up, which increased to 81.8% at the 4-week follow-up after repeating the treatment. Treatment with two applications of lindane lotion 1%, with a 1-week interval between them, was effective in 45.4% of patients at the 2-week follow-up

2013 Annals of parasitology

12. Comparison of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies. (PubMed)

Comparison of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies. Scabies is a common parasitic infestation that is an important public-health problem in many resource-poor regions. It is commonly treated with the insecticides ivermectin and permethrin.To compare the efficacy and safety of oral ivermectin vs. lindane lotion 1% for the treatment of scabies.In total, 148 patients with scabies were enrolled, and were randomized into two groups: the first group received a single (...) dose of oral ivermectin 200 μg/kg body weight, and the second group were treated with two applications of topical lindane lotion 1%, with a 1-week interval between applications. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks, and if there was treatment failure at the 2-week follow-up, treatment was repeated.A single dose of ivermectin provided a cure rate of 60.8% at the 2-week follow-up, which increased to 89.1% at the 4-week follow-up. after crossing over to the lindane lotion 1% group

2013 Clinical & Experimental Dermatology

13. Comparative trial of permethrin 5% versus lindane 1% for the treatment of scabies. (PubMed)

Comparative trial of permethrin 5% versus lindane 1% for the treatment of scabies. Objective: Treatment of scabies is an important issue in infectious dermatology. The aim of this study was to specify whether permethrin is effective for the treatment of human scabies and to compare its effectiveness with that of 1% lindane by topical application. Methods: 220 patients with scabies with the mean age of 44 ± 12/24 attended the study. Patients were divided into two groups randomly. The first group (...) and their family contacts received 5% permethrin cream and the other received 1% lindane lotion. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks. Results: Of 254 patients, 220 completed the study. 110 in the group treated with lindane and 110 in the group treated with permethrin. Permethrin provided an improvement rate of 92 (83.6%) after 2 weeks, whereas lindane was effective only in 54 (49%) of patients. After 4 weeks improvement rate was 96.3% (106 of 110) in permethrin group since it was only 69.1

2013 Journal of Dermatological Treatment

14. Draft Genome Sequence of Pandoraea sp. Strain SD6-2, Isolated from Lindane-Contaminated Australian Soil (PubMed)

Draft Genome Sequence of Pandoraea sp. Strain SD6-2, Isolated from Lindane-Contaminated Australian Soil Pandoraea sp. strain SD6-2 is a δ-hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading bacterial strain isolated from lindane-contaminated soil in Queensland, Australia. The genome of SD6-2 was sequenced to investigate its ability to degrade δ-hexachlorocyclohexane. Here we report the annotated genome sequence of this strain.

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2013 Genome Announcements

15. Lindane

Lindane Lindane Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Lindane Lindane Aka: Lindane , Kwell , Organochlorine , Gamma Benzene (...) Hexachloride From Related Chapters II. Precautions Do not use in infants Much greater risk of toxicity than with other agents Percutaneous absorption 10-20 fold over Serum levels are 40 fold higher than CNS toxicity 2-4 fold over risk in epileptics and children III. Mechanism Organochlorine similar to DDT Organochlorine Agents Chlorobenzilate Dicofol Dienochlor Endosulfan Lindane IV. Indications V. Preparation Lindane 1% (60 ml) Lindane 1% Lotion (60 ml) VI. Directions for use Apply lotion to skin from

2015 FP Notebook

16. Acute lindane poisoning with development of muscle necrosis. (PubMed)

Acute lindane poisoning with development of muscle necrosis. A 35-year-old man ingested food contaminated with lindane, an insecticide containing almost pure gamma hexachlorocyclohexane. Grand mal seizures and severe acidemia developed rapidly. The seizures recurred for nearly 2 hours, then ceased. In addition, the patient had muscle weakness and pain, headaches, episodic hypertension, myoglobinuria, acute renal failure and anemia. Pancreatitis developed 13 days after the ingestion of lindane (...) . A muscle biopsy on the 15th day of illness demonstrated widespread necrosis and regeneration of muscle fibres. The patient's condition improved and he was discharged 24 days after the onset of his illness. During the year following the poisoning the patient noted difficulty with recent memory, loss of libido and easy fatigability. One year after lindane ingestion the results of physical examination, including those for muscle power and bulk, were normal.

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1977 Canadian Medical Association Journal

17. Acute lindane poisoning (PubMed)

Acute lindane poisoning 20312944 2010 06 28 2010 06 28 0008-4409 118 2 1978 Jan 21 Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Acute lindane poisoning. 125 Munk Z Z eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 2010 3 24 6 0 1978 1 21 0 0 1978 1 21 0 1 ppublish 20312944 PMC1880379

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1978 Canadian Medical Association Journal

18. Acute lindane poisoning. (PubMed)

Acute lindane poisoning. 93506 1980 04 17 2018 11 30 0008-4409 118 2 1978 Jan 21 Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Acute lindane poisoning. 123, 125 McLeod W A WA eng Letter Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 59NEE7PCAB Hexachlorocyclohexane AIM IM Hexachlorocyclohexane poisoning therapeutic use Humans Infant Scabies drug therapy 1978 1 21 1978 1 21 0 1 1978 1 21 0 0 ppublish 93506 PMC1880389 Can Med Assoc J. 1977 Nov 5;117(9):1050-4 71942

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1978 Canadian Medical Association Journal

19. Gamma-BHC/Cereclor—a new, long-acting lindane formulation for malaria control (PubMed)

Gamma-BHC/Cereclor—a new, long-acting lindane formulation for malaria control Sorption of insecticides by muds and other materials used in the construction of native huts prolongs their duration of action or persistence. The use of gamma-BHC as a residual insecticide has been limited by the fact that its sorption by most materials is of a low order, so that it is comparatively short acting. If gamma-BHC is melted with a resin, the solid solution can be converted into a water-dispersible

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1960 Bulletin of the World Health Organization

20. Toxicity Of Lindane And Other Acaricides To The Eggs Of The Mange Mite Chorioptes Bovis (PubMed)

Toxicity Of Lindane And Other Acaricides To The Eggs Of The Mange Mite Chorioptes Bovis 17649099 2007 07 27 2018 11 13 0316-5957 22 12 1958 Dec Canadian journal of comparative medicine and veterinary science Can J Comp Med Vet Sci Toxicity Of Lindane And Other Acaricides To The Eggs Of The Mange Mite Chorioptes Bovis. 409-15 Sweatman G K GK Pullin J W JW eng Journal Article Canada Can J Comp Med Vet Sci 0151757 0316-5957 1958 12 1 0 0 1958 12 1 0 1 1958 12 1 0 0 ppublish 17649099 PMC1614699

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1958 Canadian journal of comparative medicine and veterinary science

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