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Life Expectancy

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1. Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 diabetes: a rapid review

Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 diabetes: a rapid review 2019 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 314 EXCESS MORTALITY AND LIFE EXPECTANCY OF INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES: A RAPID REVIEW 2019 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 314 HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH EXCESS MORTALITY AND LIFE EXPECTANCY OF INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES: A RAPID REVIEW PETER LOUWAGIE, CHRIS DE LAET, DOMINIQUE ROBERFROID COLOPHON Title: Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 (...) : Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Life expectancy; Mortality; Survival NLM Classification: WK810 Language: English Format: Adobe® PDF™ (A4) Legal depot: D/2019/10.273/37 ISSN: 2466-6459 Copyright: KCE reports are published under a “by/nc/nd” Creative Commons Licence http://kce.fgov.be/content/about-copyrights-for-kce-publications. How to refer to this document? Louwagie P, De Laet C, Roberfroid D. Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 diabetes: a rapid review. Health Services

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

2. What is happening to life expectancy in the UK?

What is happening to life expectancy in the UK? What is happening to life expectancy in the UK? | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply What is happening to life expectancy in the UK? This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Authors 2010 marked a turning point in long-term mortality trends in the UK, with improvements tailing off after (...) decades of steady decline. In this piece Veena Raleigh looks at how overall life expectancy has changed over time, along with considerations such as the difference in life expectancy between males and females, geographical inequalities, how the UK compares with other countries, and possible factors in the more recent slowdown in mortality improvements in the UK. How has life expectancy changed over time? Mortality rates in England and Wales have , leading to a long-term rise in life expectancy

2018 The King's Fund

3. Stalling life expectancy in the UK

Stalling life expectancy in the UK Stalling life expectancy in the UK | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Stalling life expectancy in the UK This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Authors The stalling of improvements in life expectancy in the UK since 2011, highlighted again in the most , has prompted much comment and speculation (...) about the causes. Longevity is the ultimate measure of health, and the flatlining of life expectancy after decades of steady improvement has unsurprisingly led to calls for action. The Department of Health and Social Care has belatedly commissioned a review by Public Health England (PHE). The negative effect of post-2008 'austerity' on health, social care, and other public spending is cited as a potential cause in studies examining temporal associations between mortality trends and markers of NHS

2018 The King's Fund

4. Minimal difference in survival between radical prostatectomy and observation in men with modest life expectancy

Minimal difference in survival between radical prostatectomy and observation in men with modest life expectancy Minimal difference in survival between radical prostatectomy and observation in men with modest life expectancy | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Minimal difference in survival between radical prostatectomy and observation in men with modest life expectancy Article Text Commentary: Surgery Minimal difference

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

5. The Influence of Universal Health Coverage on Life Expectancy at Birth (LEAB) and Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE): A Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study (PubMed)

The Influence of Universal Health Coverage on Life Expectancy at Birth (LEAB) and Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE): A Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study Background: There are substantial differences in long term health outcomes across countries, particularly in terms of both life expectancy at birth (LEAB) and healthy life expectancy (HALE). Socio-economic status, disease prevention approaches, life style and health financing systems all influence long-term health goals such as life expectancy (...) . Within this context, universal health coverage (UHC) is expected to influence life expectancy as a comprehensive health policy. The aim of the study is to investigate this relationship between Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and life expectancy. Method: A multi-country cross-sectional study was performed drawing on different sources of data (World Health Organization, UNDP-Education and World Bank) from 193 UN member countries, applying administrative record linkage theory. Descriptive statistics, t

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2018 Frontiers in pharmacology

6. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. (PubMed)

Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. How long one lives, how many years of life are spent in good and poor health, and how the population's state of health and leading causes of disability change over time all have implications for policy, planning, and provision of services. We (...) comparatively assessed the patterns and trends of healthy life expectancy (HALE), which quantifies the number of years of life expected to be lived in good health, and the complementary measure of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), a composite measure of disease burden capturing both premature mortality and prevalence and severity of ill health, for 359 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories over the past 28 years.We used data for age-specific mortality rates, years of life lost (YLLs

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2018 Lancet

7. Forecasting life expectancy, years of life lost, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 250 causes of death: reference and alternative scenarios for 2016-40 for 195 countries and territories. (PubMed)

Forecasting life expectancy, years of life lost, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 250 causes of death: reference and alternative scenarios for 2016-40 for 195 countries and territories. Understanding potential trajectories in health and drivers of health is crucial to guiding long-term investments and policy implementation. Past work on forecasting has provided an incomplete landscape of future health scenarios, highlighting a need for a more robust modelling platform from which (...) policy options and potential health trajectories can be assessed. This study provides a novel approach to modelling life expectancy, all-cause mortality and cause of death forecasts -and alternative future scenarios-for 250 causes of death from 2016 to 2040 in 195 countries and territories.We modelled 250 causes and cause groups organised by the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) hierarchical cause structure, using GBD 2016 estimates from 1990-2016, to generate

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2018 Lancet

8. Life expectancy in schizophrenia and years of potential life lost

Life expectancy in schizophrenia and years of potential life lost Life expectancy in schizophrenia and years of potential life lost Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » Life expectancy in schizophrenia and years of potential life lost Apr 12 2017 Posted by People with schizophrenia often die at a considerably younger age than the rest of the population. Reasons for this include: late diagnosis and poor treatment of physical illnesses, metabolic side effects (...) . In contrast, life expectancy can be used as a measure of mortality and health status in a population and enables comparisons of sub-populations. This allows researchers to quantify years of potential life lost to schizophrenia, a more direct measure of increased mortality. However, to date, life expectancy data has not been systematically reviewed. The subject of today’s blog is a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of literature that tries to address this issue by reporting life expectancy

2017 The Mental Elf

9. Association of Household Income With Life Expectancy and Cause-Specific Mortality in Norway, 2005-2015. (PubMed)

Association of Household Income With Life Expectancy and Cause-Specific Mortality in Norway, 2005-2015. Examining causes of death and making comparisons across countries may increase understanding of the income-related differences in life expectancy.To describe income-related differences in life expectancy and causes of death in Norway and to compare those differences with US estimates.A registry-based study including all Norwegian residents aged at least 40 years from 2005 to 2015.Household (...) income adjusted for household size.Life expectancy at 40 years of age and cause-specific mortality.In total, 3 041 828 persons contributed 25 805 277 person-years and 441 768 deaths during the study period (mean [SD] age, 59.3 years [13.6]; mean [SD] number of household members per person, 2.5 [1.3]). Life expectancy was highest for women with income in the top 1% (86.4 years [95% CI, 85.7-87.1]) which was 8.4 years (95% CI, 7.2-9.6) longer than women with income in the lowest 1%. Men with the lowest

2019 JAMA

10. Contribution of specific diseases and injuries to changes in health adjusted life expectancy in 187 countries from 1990 to 2013: retrospective observational study. (PubMed)

Contribution of specific diseases and injuries to changes in health adjusted life expectancy in 187 countries from 1990 to 2013: retrospective observational study. To quantify and compare the contribution of 306 diseases and injuries to the changes in health adjusted life expectancy at birth (HALE0) between 1990 and 2013.Retrospective demographic analysis based on aggregated data and using life table technique, Sullivan method, and decomposition method for differences in health expectancy.The (...) years in life expectancy lived with disability at birth. Only 44 (27%) of 163 causes at level 3 in the GBD cause hierarchy influenced changes in HALE0, mainly or only through disability.Between 1990 and 2013, the globe made achievements in not only promoting population health as a whole but reducing health inequality between countries. This study pinpoints the priority diseases and injuries for altering the declining health trend in 11 countries, for curbing the epidemic of non-communicable diseases

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2019 BMJ

11. Factors Associated With Subjective Life Expectancy: Comparison With Actuarial Life Expectancy (PubMed)

Factors Associated With Subjective Life Expectancy: Comparison With Actuarial Life Expectancy Subjective life expectancy (SLE) has been found to show a significant association with mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the major factors affecting SLE. We also examined whether any differences existed between SLE and actuarial life expectancy (LE) in Korea.A cross-sectional survey of 1000 individuals in Korea aged 20-59 was conducted. Participants were asked about SLE via a self (...) sample) had an expected LE 1.59 years longer than that of men. The socioeconomic factors of household income and housing arrangements were related to SLE. Among the health behaviors, smoking status, alcohol status, and physical activity were associated with SLE. Among the psychosocial factors, stress, self-rated health, and social connectedness were related to SLE. SLE had a positive correlation with actuarial estimates (r=0.61, p<0.001). Gender, household income, history of smoking, and distress

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2017 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

12. Upsurge of Homicides and Its Impact on Life Expectancy and Life Span Inequality in Mexico, 2005-2015. (PubMed)

Upsurge of Homicides and Its Impact on Life Expectancy and Life Span Inequality in Mexico, 2005-2015. To quantify the effect of the upsurge of violence on life expectancy and life span inequality in Mexico after 2005.We calculated age- and cause-specific contributions to changes in life expectancy and life span inequality conditional on surviving to age 15 years between 1995 and 2015. We analyzed homicides, medically amenable conditions, diabetes, ischemic heart diseases, and traffic accidents (...) by state and sex.Male life expectancy at age 15 years increased by more than twice in 1995 to 2005 (1.17 years) than in 2005 to 2015 (0.55 years). Life span inequality decreased by more than half a year for males in 1995 to 2005, whereas in 2005 to 2015 the reduction was about 4 times smaller. Homicides for those aged between 15 and 49 years had the largest effect in slowing down male life expectancy and life span inequality. Between 2005 and 2015, three states in the north experienced life expectancy

2019 American Journal of Public Health

13. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. (PubMed)

Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme (...) decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE). We used these measures to track trends and benchmark progress compared with expected trends on the basis of the Socio-demographic Index (SDI).We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 for all-cause

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2017 Lancet

14. How Do Older Adults Consider Age, Life Expectancy, Quality of Life, and Physician Recommendation When Making Cancer Screening Decisions? Results from a National Survey Using a Discrete Choice Experiment. (PubMed)

How Do Older Adults Consider Age, Life Expectancy, Quality of Life, and Physician Recommendation When Making Cancer Screening Decisions? Results from a National Survey Using a Discrete Choice Experiment. Background. Older adults with limited life expectancy frequently receive cancer screening, although on average, harms outweigh benefits. We examined the influence of life expectancy on older adults' cancer screening decisions relative to three other factors. Methods. Adults aged 65+ years (N (...) = 1272) were recruited from a national online survey panel. Using a discrete choice experiment, we systematically varied a hypothetical patient's life expectancy, age, quality of life, and physician's recommendation and asked whether the participant would choose screening. Participants were randomized to questions about colonoscopy or prostate-specific antigen/mammography screenings. Logistic regression produced preference weights that quantified the relative influence of the 4 factors on screening

2019 Medical Decision Making

15. Stillbirths: how should its rate be reported, its disability-adjusted-life-years (DALY), and stillbirths adjusted life expectancy. (PubMed)

Stillbirths: how should its rate be reported, its disability-adjusted-life-years (DALY), and stillbirths adjusted life expectancy. A 2016 study standardized the definition of stillbirths. It estimated the rate as a proportion of total births. A 2015 paper addressed the problem of disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) for stillbirths. There has been no adjustment of life expectancy at birth to account for stillbirths.We follow mathematical and computational methods, use algebra to derive (...) relationships, and large databases. We express the rate as a proportion of live births and use this rate to adjust life expectancy at birth for stillbirths. We then use the difference between the traditional life expectancy and stillbirths adjusted life expectancy (SALE) to obtain DALY for stillbirths for 194 countries, the Millennium Development Goal regions, and income groups. We show defining stillbirths' rate as a proportion of live births enhances stillbirths' importance, especially in poorer countries

2019 Medical Informatics and Decision Making

16. Supporting and Strengthening Families Through Expected and Unexpected Life Events

Supporting and Strengthening Families Through Expected and Unexpected Life Events Supporting and Strengthening Families Through Expected and Unexpected Life Events | Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario l’Association des infirmières et infirmiers autorisés de l’Ontario Speaking out for nursing. Speaking out for health. » » Supporting and Strengthening Families Through Expected and Unexpected Life Events Type of Guideline: Clinical Status: Published Publish Date: 2002 About this Guideline (...) goal of the guideline is to assist nurses in promoting family health through interventions and supports provided during expected as well as unexpected life events. Expected life events may include birth, school, adolescence, aging, and death, while unexpected life events may include trauma/accidents, chronic illness, developmental delay and disability. The guideline also includes recommendations for connecting nurses with families, in order to be able to assist families during these events. Lastly

2016 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

17. Life Expectancy Calculators

Life Expectancy Calculators Management Briefs eBrief-no115 -- Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no115 -- Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 115 » Issue 115 August 2016 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. Life Expectancy Calculators Estimation of life expectancy serves an important role in clinical (...) decisions about screening for disease and treatment in primary care practices. Increasingly, clinical guidelines recommend a course of action in context of the patient's life expectancy. While many tools have been developed to estimate life expectancy or the likelihood of surviving for a period of time, there are no well-established decision support tools that are broadly applicable to primary care. For a life expectancy calculator to gain widespread use in primary care, it needs to have acceptable

2016 Veterans Affairs - R&D

18. Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis–Attributable Years of Potential Life Lost to Life Expectancy and Potential Life Lost Before Age 65 Years — United States, 1999–2016 (PubMed)

Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis–Attributable Years of Potential Life Lost to Life Expectancy and Potential Life Lost Before Age 65 Years — United States, 1999–2016 Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is a preventable occupational lung disease caused by inhaling coal mine dust that can lead to premature* death (1,2). To assess trends in premature mortality attributed to CWP (3), CDC analyzed underlying† causes of death data from 1999 to 2016, the most recent years for which complete data (...) are available. Years of potential life lost to life expectancy (YPLL) and years of potential life lost before age 65 years (YPLL65)§ were calculated (4). During 1999-2016, a total of 38,358 YPLL (mean per decedent = 8.8 years) and 2,707 YPLL65 (mean per decedent = 7.3 years) were attributed to CWP. The CWP-attributable YPLL decreased from 3,300 in 1999 to 1,813 in 2007 (p<0.05). No significant change in YPLL occurred after 2007. During 1996-2016, however, the mean YPLL per decedent significantly increased

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2018 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

19. Decomposition of age- and cause-specific adult mortality contributions to the gender gap in life expectancy from census and survey data in Zambia (PubMed)

Decomposition of age- and cause-specific adult mortality contributions to the gender gap in life expectancy from census and survey data in Zambia In the context of high adult mortality and an immense impact on the health burden of Zambia, a decomposition analysis of age- and cause-specific mortality in age group 15-59 was performed to determine the contributions to the gap in life expectancy at birth between males and females. Previous studies on decomposition have examined income groups (...) , ethnicity, and regional differences' contributions to gaps in life expectancy, but not the adult mortality age group 15-59. These studies focus on developed countries and few on developing countries. Arriaga's decomposition method was applied to 2010 census and 2010-2012 sample vital registration with verbal autopsy survey (SAVVY) data to decompose contributions of age- and cause-specific adult mortality to the gap in life expectancy at birth between males and females. The decomposition analysis

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2018 SSM - population health

20. Living arrangements and disability-free life expectancy in the United States. (PubMed)

Living arrangements and disability-free life expectancy in the United States. No studies have investigated the association between living arrangements and disability-free life expectancy in the United States, nor worldwide. This study aims to examine the differences in total and disability-free life expectancy among older Americans according to living arrangements. Data from the Health and Retirement Study (1998 to 2014) for non-Hispanic whites aged 50 and over (N = 21,612). Disability-free (...) life expectancy by gender, living arrangement, and education are obtained from incidence-based multistate life tables. Overall, those who live only with their spouses/partners live 1-19 years longer with 3-25 more years without disability and 1-7 fewer years with disability than do those with other living arrangements. Among those with the same living arrangement, the higher educated live up to 6 years longer with up to 8 more years in a disability-free state and up to 2 fewer years in a disabled

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2019 PLoS ONE

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