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1561. Nuclear factor-kappaB translocation mediates double-stranded ribonucleic acid-induced NIT-1 beta-cell apoptosis and up-regulates caspase-12 and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated ligand (TRAIL). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nuclear factor-kappaB translocation mediates double-stranded ribonucleic acid-induced NIT-1 beta-cell apoptosis and up-regulates caspase-12 and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated ligand (TRAIL). The mechanism of induction of apoptosis by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is not fully characterized. The dsRNA is normally present in extremely low quantities in cells, but following infection with RNA viruses, large quantities of the dsRNA viral replicative intermediate may be produced triggering (...) the antiviral response as well as cell death. In this report, transfection of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly(I:C)] into NIT 1 cells has been used as a model of intracellular dsRNA-induced beta-cell apoptosis. At 18 h post transfection, 45% of the cells were apoptotic as indicated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end-labeling (TUNEL) staining, and this was accompanied by an increase in nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) p50/p65 nuclear translocation

2003 Endocrinology

1562. Phthirus pubis infestation of the eyelids. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phthirus pubis infestation of the eyelids. 8110680 1994 03 31 2018 11 13 0007-1161 77 12 1993 Dec The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Phthirus pubis infestation of the eyelids. 815-6 Rundle P A PA Eye and Ear Clinic, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast. Hughes D S DS eng Case Reports Journal Article England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 U5N7SU872W Malathion IM Adult Blepharitis drug therapy parasitology Conjunctivitis parasitology Female Humans Lice Infestations complications

1993 The British journal of ophthalmology

1563. Treatment of infestation with Phthirus pubis: comparative efficacies of synergized pyrethrins and gamma-benzene hexachloride. (Abstract)

Treatment of infestation with Phthirus pubis: comparative efficacies of synergized pyrethrins and gamma-benzene hexachloride. In recent years there has been a steady increase in the incidence of infestation with Phthirus pubis, a sexually transmitted louse. A recently introduced nonprescription liquid pediculicide, whose major ingredient is 0.3% pyrethrins synergized by 3.0% piperonyl butoxide (RiD), was compared for efficacy and safety with a prescription-only pediculicidal lotion whose major (...) ingredient is 1% gamma-benzene hexachloride (Kwell). Thirty adult man and women with P. pubis infestation were assigned randomly to treatment with either the synergized pyrethrins or gamma-benzene hexachloride. A single 10-min application of the synergized-pyrethrin liquid produced the same results as a single 12-hr application of the gamma-benze hexachloride lotion: total eradication of adult lice and nymphs, cessation of pruritus, and no treatment-induced side effect. A follow-up visit a week after

1980 Sexually transmitted diseases

1564. Wet combing to eradicate head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Wet combing to eradicate head lice 12461157 2002 12 23 2018 11 13 0141-0768 95 12 2002 Dec Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine J R Soc Med Wet combing to eradicate head lice. 630-1 Fry Frances F Ibarra Joanna J Smith Jane J Wickenden Clarice C eng Comment Letter England J R Soc Med 7802879 0141-0768 0 Hair Preparations IM J R Soc Med. 2002 Jul;95(7):348-52 12091509 Animals Child Hair Preparations Humans Lice Infestations therapy Pediculus Scalp Dermatoses therapy Self Care methods 2002 12

2002 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

1565. Simple and effective treatment for head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Simple and effective treatment for head lice 15469684 2005 05 05 2018 11 13 0960-1643 54 507 2004 Oct The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Simple and effective treatment for head lice. 786 McMullen Elizabeth E Eames Elizabeth E eng Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 0 Hair Preparations 0 Insecticides IM Br J Gen Pract. 2004 Nov;54(508):870 Eames, Elizabeth [corrected to McMullen, Elizabeth] Animals Child (...) Hair Preparations Humans Insecticides adverse effects Lice Infestations therapy Pediculus 2004 10 8 9 0 2005 5 6 9 0 2004 10 8 9 0 ppublish 15469684 PMC1324891 J Am Acad Dermatol. 1998 Jun;38(6 Pt 1):979-82 9632008 Lancet. 2000 Mar 4;355(9206):819-26 10711939 Parasitol Today. 1999 Jan;15(1):1-4 10234166

2004 The British Journal of General Practice

1566. Eradication of head lice with a single treatment. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Eradication of head lice with a single treatment. Single application of Nix (permethrin 1% creme rinse) and Rid were compared as treatments for Pediculosis capitis in 435 patients, the majority of whom were children. Seven days after the treatment, 98 per cent of the permethrin-treated and 85 per cent of the Rid-treated patients were free of lice. At 14 days, prior to nit removal, 96 per cent of the permethrin-treated and 62 per cent of the Rid-treated patients were still lice free. Seventeen

1988 American Journal of Public Health

1567. Head lice in schoolchildren. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head lice in schoolchildren. 9014597 1997 02 19 2018 11 13 1468-2044 75 6 1996 Dec Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Head lice in schoolchildren. 471-3 Ibarra J J Children's Hospital, Sheffield. Hall D M DM eng Journal Article Review England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 0 Pesticides AIM IM Animals Child Drug Resistance Humans Lice Infestations therapy Pediculus physiology Pest Control methods Pesticides Scalp Dermatoses therapy School Nursing 29 1996 12 1 1996 12 1 0 1 1996

1996 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1568. Topical treatments for head lice. Review's weaknesses may undermine its conclusions. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Topical treatments for head lice. Review's weaknesses may undermine its conclusions. 8555912 1996 02 28 2018 11 13 0959-8138 312 7023 1996 Jan 13 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Topical treatments for head lice. Review's weaknesses may undermine its conclusions. 123; author reply 123 Dixon R R Glenny A M AM Eastwood A A Sharp D L DL Fullerton D D Petticrew M M Sheldon T T eng Comment Letter Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Insecticides AIM IM BMJ. 1995 Sep 2;311 (...) (7005):604-8 7545045 Administration, Topical Animals Insecticides administration & dosage Lice Infestations therapy Scalp Dermatoses therapy 1996 1 13 1996 1 13 0 1 1996 1 13 0 0 ppublish 8555912 PMC2349748 BMJ. 1995 Sep 2;311(7005):604-8 7545045

1996 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1569. Topical treatments for head lice. Several questions remain. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Topical treatments for head lice. Several questions remain. 8555911 1996 02 28 2018 11 13 0959-8138 312 7023 1996 Jan 13 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Topical treatments for head lice. Several questions remain. 123 Laekeman G M GM eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Insecticides AIM IM BMJ. 1995 Sep 2;311(7005):604-8 7545045 Administration, Topical Animals Humans Insecticides administration & dosage Lice Infestations therapy Scalp Dermatoses therapy 1996 1 13 1996 1 13 0 1 1996

1996 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1570. Head lice resistant to pyrethroid insecticides in Britain. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head lice resistant to pyrethroid insecticides in Britain. 7549714 1995 10 25 2018 11 13 0959-8138 311 7007 1995 Sep 16 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Head lice resistant to pyrethroid insecticides in Britain. 752 Burgess I F IF Brown C M CM Peock S S Kaufman J J eng Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Insecticides 0 Pyrethrins 509F88P9SZ Permethrin AIM IM Animals Humans Insecticide Resistance Insecticides Lice Infestations epidemiology Permethrin Pyrethrins Scalp Dermatoses epidemiology

1995 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1571. Clinical efficacy of treatment for head lice. Authors differ on assessment of flaws in trials. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical efficacy of treatment for head lice. Authors differ on assessment of flaws in trials. 7496303 1996 01 18 2018 11 13 0959-8138 311 7016 1995 Nov 18 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Clinical efficacy of treatment for head lice. Authors differ on assessment of flaws in trials. 1369-70 Burgess I F IF eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1995 Sep 2;311(7005):604-8 7545045 Clinical Protocols Clinical Trials as Topic Humans Lice Infestations therapy Scalp Dermatoses

1995 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1572. Treating head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treating head lice 12791744 2003 06 30 2018 11 13 1756-1833 326 7401 2003 Jun 07 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Treating head lice. 1256-7 Nash Beth B BMJ Publishing Group, London WC1H 9JR. bnash@bmjgroup.com eng Journal Article Review England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Insecticides 0 Plant Preparations AIM IM Animals Health Education Humans Insecticides therapeutic use Lice Infestations drug therapy Pediculus Physical Therapy Modalities Plant Preparations therapeutic use Research Scalp

2003 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1573. Treatment for head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment for head lice 9933206 1999 03 05 2018 11 13 0959-8138 318 7180 1999 Feb 06 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Evidence based case report: treatment for head lice. 385-6 Dawes M M Hollow Way Medical Centre, Oxford OX4 2NJ. martin.dawes@dphpc.ox.ac.uk Hicks N R NR Fleminger M M Goldman D D Hamling J J Hicks L J LJ eng Journal Article Review England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Insecticides AIM IM BMJ. 1999 May 22;318(7195):1422 10334773 Animals Evidence-Based Medicine Humans Insecticides Lice (...) Infestations therapy Pediculus Scalp Dermatoses therapy 9 1999 2 5 1999 2 5 0 1 1999 2 5 0 0 ppublish 9933206 PMC1114845 BMJ. 1995 Sep 2;311(7005):604-8 7545045 BMJ. 1995 Sep 16;311(7007):752 7549714 ACP J Club. 1995 Nov-Dec;123(3):A12-3 7582737 JAMA. 1994 Nov 2;272(17):1367-71 7933399

1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1574. Head lice in schoolchildren Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head lice in schoolchildren 9613370 1998 06 11 2008 11 20 1468-2044 78 3 1998 Mar Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Head lice in children. 288-9 Ibarra J J Hall D M DM eng Letter England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 AIM IM Child Humans Lice Infestations therapy Scalp Dermatoses therapy 1998 6 5 1998 6 5 0 1 1998 6 5 0 0 ppublish 9613370 PMC1717487

1998 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1575. How to manage head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

How to manage head lice 10832431 2000 06 16 2018 11 13 0093-0415 172 5 2000 May The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. How to manage head lice. 342-5 Mazurek C M CM Department of Pharmaceutical Services, University of California, Los Angeles, Medical Center 90095, USA. cmazurek@ucla.edu Lee N P NP eng Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 AIM IM Animals Child Child, Preschool Female Humans Lice Infestations therapy Male Pediculus Scalp Dermatoses therapy 2000 6 1 9 0

2000 Western Journal of Medicine

1576. Wet combing versus traditional scalp inspection to detect head lice in schoolchildren: observational study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Wet combing versus traditional scalp inspection to detect head lice in schoolchildren: observational study 11073509 2000 12 14 2018 11 13 0959-8138 321 7270 2000 Nov 11 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Wet combing versus traditional scalp inspection to detect head lice in schoolchildren: observational study. 1187-8 De Maeseneer J J Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, 1K3 UZ, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. jan.demaeseneer@rug.ac.be Blokland I I Willems S S Vander (...) Stichele R R Meersschaut F F eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM Animals Child Child, Preschool Female Humans Lice Infestations diagnosis Male Mass Screening methods Pediculus Physical Examination Scalp 2000 11 10 11 0 2001 2 28 10 1 2000 11 10 11 0 ppublish 11073509 PMC27522 Public Health. 2000 Jul;114(4):265-8 10962588

2000 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1577. Treatment of head lice : Choice of treatment will depend on local patterns of resistance Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of head lice : Choice of treatment will depend on local patterns of resistance 11701562 2001 12 07 2018 11 13 0959-8138 323 7321 2001 Nov 10 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Treatment of head lice. 1084 Dodd C C eng Editorial England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Insecticides AIM IM BMJ. 2002 May 18;324(7347):1220 12016202 Animals Drug Resistance Humans Insecticides therapeutic use Lice Infestations drug therapy Pediculus Scalp Dermatoses drug therapy 2001 11 10 10 0 2002 1 5 10 1 2001 11 10

2001 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1578. Experience based treatment of head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Experience based treatment of head lice 12016202 2002 06 03 2018 11 13 1756-1833 324 7347 2002 May 18 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Experience based treatment of head lice. 1220 Crossan Liz L eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 2001 Nov 10;323(7321):1084 11701562 Animals Child Humans Lice Infestations therapy Pediculus Scalp Dermatoses therapy 2002 5 23 10 0 2002 6 4 10 1 2002 5 23 10 0 ppublish 12016202 PMC1123177 BMJ. 2001 Nov 10;323(7321):1084 11701562

2002 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1579. Comparative study of permethrin 1% creme rinse and lindane shampoo for the treatment of head lice. (Abstract)

Comparative study of permethrin 1% creme rinse and lindane shampoo for the treatment of head lice. The efficacy and safety of permethrin 1% creme rinse and lindane shampoo were compared for the treatment of head lice (Pediculus humanus var. capitis). A total of 1040 patients in the Nezahualcoyotl community of Mexico City representing 296 family groups were enrolled and randomized to treatment, with one patient in each family designated as the index patient. Among index patients 98% treated (...) with permethrin and 76% treated with lindane were louse-free 2 weeks after treatment (P less than 0.001). Comparable results were found with nonindex patients as well. Mild dermal reactions, such as pruritus or erythema, occurred in 1.2% of permethrin-treated patients and 2.6% of lindane-treated patients. There were no reports of central nervous system adverse effects or conjunctivitis.

1987 The Pediatric infectious disease journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1580. Pyrethrins combined with piperonyl butoxide (RID) vs 1% permethrin (NIX) in the treatment of head lice. (Abstract)

Pyrethrins combined with piperonyl butoxide (RID) vs 1% permethrin (NIX) in the treatment of head lice. In a randomized controlled trial, 58 subjects were treated for Pediculus humanus var capitis with either pyrethrins combined with piperonyl butoxide (RID, Pfizer Inc, New York) or 1% permethrin (NIX, Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, NC); 31 subjects received RID and 27 subjects received NIX. Both products were applied according to manufacturer's directions so that NIX (...) was applied only on the first visit and RID was applied on the first visit and again seven days later. After each treatment with a pediculicide, the comb supplied by the manufacturer was used to remove nits. Seven days after the initial visit, NIX was determined to be significantly better than RID for eradicating the lice infestation. Of the 27 subjects receiving NIX, 26 were live free vs 14 of the 31 RID-treated subjects. At day 14, there was no statistically significant difference in the treatments (27

1988 American journal of diseases of children (1960) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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