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1481. Lice on horses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Horses Insecticides administration & dosage therapeutic use Lice Infestations drug therapy prevention & control veterinary Phthiraptera growth & development Solutions 2 2002 5 11 10 0 2002 8 7 10 1 2002 5 11 10 0 ppublish 12001343 PMC1539778 (...) Lice on horses. 12001343 2002 08 06 2016 08 18 0008-5286 40 8 1999 Aug The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne Can. Vet. J. Lice on horses. 590-1 Wright R R Health Management, Livestock Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Wellington Place, RR # 1 Fergus, Ontario N1M 2W3. eng Journal Article Review Canada Can Vet J 0004653 0008-5286 0 Insecticides 0 Solutions IM Administration, Cutaneous Animals Horse Diseases drug therapy prevention & control

1999 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

1482. Bartonella quintana in body lice collected from homeless persons in Russia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

genetics isolation & purification DNA, Bacterial analysis Homeless Persons Humans Lice Infestations Pediculus microbiology Polymerase Chain Reaction methods Russia Trench Fever transmission 1999 3 19 1999 3 19 0 1 1999 3 19 0 0 ppublish 10081691 PMC2627705 10.3201/eid0501.990126 Clin Microbiol Rev. 1996 Jul;9(3):273-92 8809460 N Engl J Med. 1998 Jan 8;338(2):112-9 9424578 Arch Intern Med. 1996 Nov 25;156(21):2491-5 8944742 Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1994 May;1(3):318-24 7496969 N Engl J Med. 1997 Dec (...) Bartonella quintana in body lice collected from homeless persons in Russia. 10081691 1999 07 07 2018 11 13 1080-6040 5 1 1999 Jan-Feb Emerging infectious diseases Emerging Infect. Dis. Bartonella quintana in body lice collected from homeless persons in Russia. 176-8 Rydkina E B EB Roux V V Gagua E M EM Predtechenski A B AB Tarasevich I V IV Raoult D D eng Letter United States Emerg Infect Dis 9508155 1080-6040 0 DNA, Bacterial IM Animals Arthropod Vectors microbiology Bartonella quintana

1999 Emerging Infectious Diseases

1483. The facts of lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

The facts of lice 9307562 1997 10 16 2008 11 20 0820-3946 157 6 1997 Sep 15 CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne CMAJ The facts of lice. 747-8 eng fre Journal Article Canada CMAJ 9711805 0820-3946 AIM IM Humans Lice Infestations Scalp Dermatoses 1997 10 6 1997 10 6 0 1 1997 10 6 0 0 ppublish 9307562 PMC1228117

1997 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

1484. Estimating the cost of sea lice to salmon aquaculture in eastern Canada. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Estimating the cost of sea lice to salmon aquaculture in eastern Canada. Parasitic sea lice are serious problems in aquaculture. The true cost of these parasites is unknown. We demonstrate the economic burden imposed by sea lice, so that researchers, aquatic specialists, and policy makers can approximate the economic cost of this problem and work towards developing alternative control methods.

2001 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

1485. Prevalence of sucking and chewing lice on cattle entering feedlots in southern Alberta. Full Text available with Trip Pro

involved hair-part examination of 8 louse predilection sites, was conducted on each selected calf to determine prevalence and intensity of infestation. The long-nosed sucking louse, Linognathus vituli, was the most commonly encountered species. This species infested from 57.8% to 95.6% of the calves selected from both MS and SS calves during both winters. Louse index values, indicating intensity of infestation, for L. vituli ranged from 1 to 243 lice per animal. The chewing louse, Bovicola bovis (...) , was present on MS and SS calves only in the winter of 1998-99. The louse index values for B. bovis ranged from 1 to 230 lice per animal. Mixed infestations of the L. vituli and B. bovis were common. The little blue cattle louse, Solenopotes capillatus, was present only on the SS calves in the winter of 1997-98. The short-nosed sucking louse, Haematopinus eurysternus, was present at very low intensities, 1-2 lice per animal, on 2.6% to 4.4% of the MS calves during both winters. Comparison of results from

2001 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

1486. Sexually transmitted diseases in children: non viral including bacterial vaginosis, Gardnerella vaginalis, mycoplasmas, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, scabies and pubic lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sexually transmitted diseases in children: non viral including bacterial vaginosis, Gardnerella vaginalis, mycoplasmas, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, scabies and pubic lice. 8039788 1994 08 23 2018 11 13 0266-4348 70 3 1994 Jun Genitourinary medicine Genitourin Med Sexually transmitted diseases in children: non viral including bacterial vaginosis, Gardnerella vaginalis, mycoplasmas, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, scabies and pubic lice. 208-14 Robinson A J AJ Department (...) of Genitourinary Medicine, University College London Hospitals, UK. Ridgway G L GL eng Journal Article Review England Genitourin Med 8503853 0266-4348 IM Child Child, Preschool Female Humans Infant Lice Infestations etiology Scabies etiology Sexually Transmitted Diseases etiology 89 1994 6 1 1994 6 1 0 1 1994 6 1 0 0 ppublish 8039788 PMC1195233 JAMA. 1972 Sep 18;221(12):1375-7 5068553 Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Apr;158(4):935-9 3259076 Pediatr Rev. 1986 Jul;8(1):12-9 3332327 Sex Transm Dis. 1987 Jan-Mar;14(1

1994 Genitourinary Medicine

1487. Treatment of public lice infestation: a comparison of two agents. (Abstract)

Treatment of public lice infestation: a comparison of two agents. Bulletins issued by both the United States Public Health Service and the Pan American Health Organization have noted a sharp increase in the incidence of public lice infestation (pediculosis pubis) in this country. At the Haight-Ashbury Free Medical Clinic we conducted a controlled, open study comparing the efficacy and safety of Kwell Shampoo (gamma benzene hexachloride; lindane) with RID, an over-the-counter, pyrethrin-based (...) pediculicide. The results showed the two treatments to be equally effective and safe. All adult lice, nymphs, and nits were eradicated at the one week follow-up in fifteen patients treated with single applications of either product. Two patients in each group experienced very slight and transient erythema.

1980 Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1488. Further evidence that zinc sulphate compromises the efficacy of dipping treatments using diazinon to control sheep lice (Bovicola ovis). (Abstract)

infested line of sheep was treated using a plunge dip with nil or 1% zinc sulphate. In both experiments, wetting was assessed after dipping and louse counts were conducted for 9 months after treatment. Five in-vitro experiments compared the wettability of dip wash containing diazinon with up to 1.5% zinc sulphate added.In the shower dipping experiment, live lice were found at 1 month after dipping in the cloudy water groups with 0.75%, 1.0% and 1.5% zinc sulphate and at 2 months in the 0.75% zinc (...) Further evidence that zinc sulphate compromises the efficacy of dipping treatments using diazinon to control sheep lice (Bovicola ovis). To compare the wettability and efficacy of diazinon dip wash made with and without the addition of zinc sulphate.Field experiments using a shower and a plunge dip complemented by in-vitro wettability experiments.A flock of infested sheep was divided into groups and treated in a shower dip with clear or cloudy dam water plus up to 1.5% zinc sulphate. Another

1998 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1489. Persistence of the activity of topical ivermectin against biting lice (Bovicola bovis). (Abstract)

Persistence of the activity of topical ivermectin against biting lice (Bovicola bovis). To assess the persistence of the activity of topical ivermectin against a natural challenge with biting lice (Bovicola bovis), 90 mixed-breed cattle that had been treated to remove lice, were blocked by bodyweight within sex and randomly allocated to three treatments: untreated control, doramectin at 200 micrograms/kg by subcutaneous injection, and ivermectin at 500 micrograms/kg by topical application (...) of the donors. There were no significant differences between the control and doramectin groups for the numbers of animals infested, or the geometric mean louse counts at the final examination for any of the challenge periods. At the final examination for each challenge period, the louse counts of the cattle treated with topical ivermectin were all zero, and significantly (P < 0.05) fewer cattle treated with topical ivermectin were infested than either the controls or cattle treated with doramectin.

1998 The Veterinary record Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1490. Rainfall and breed effects on the efficacy of ivermectin jetting fluid for the prevention of fly strike and treatment of infestations of lice in long-wooled sheep. (Abstract)

Rainfall and breed effects on the efficacy of ivermectin jetting fluid for the prevention of fly strike and treatment of infestations of lice in long-wooled sheep. An ivermectin-based jetting fluid was assessed for its efficacy in the prevention of blowfly strike and treatment of lice in long-wooled sheep. The ivermectin concentrate was diluted to 0.03 mg/mL and applied via a standard hand jetting technique. In insectary studies, using laboratory-reared Lucilia cuprina, sheep jetted (...) with ivermectin were protected from induced breech and body strikes for 18 weeks after treatment. Merino and Corriedale sheep were equally protected, as were sheep subjected to 25 mm simulated rainfall at 1, 3 or 6 hours after jetting. Naturally occurring infestations of lice, Bovicola (Damalinia) ovis, were successfully treated with ivermectin jetting fluid in Merino and Corriedale sheep using a standard hand jetting technique. In addition, the efficacy of treatment was not affected by simulated rainfall

1994 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1491. Therapeutic efficacy of zeta-cypermethrin pour-on for the treatment of biting and sucking lice in cattle under field conditions. (Abstract)

Therapeutic efficacy of zeta-cypermethrin pour-on for the treatment of biting and sucking lice in cattle under field conditions. To assess the efficacy of zeta-cypermethrin pour-on to control cattle lice.Five field trials in south-eastern Australia.Zeta-cypermethrin pour-on, deltamethrin pour-on and pour-on vehicle were applied to groups of 10 cattle. Lice were counted before treatment and 14, 28, 42 and 56 days after treatment.Zeta-cypermethrin pour-on given at 2.5 mg/kg was equivalent (...) to, or marginally more effective than a deltamethrin pour-on at 0.75 mg/kg. It eliminated B bovis and H eurysternus and gave good control of L vituli and S capillatus. Zeta-cypermethrin at 1 mg/kg gave good control of B bovis and H eurysternus but was not satisfactory against L vituli and S capillatus.Zeta-cypermethrin pour-on, given at 2.5 mg/kg, is an effective treatment for cattle lice control. Zeta-cypermethrin, and other synthetic pyrethroid pour-ons, are the treatment of choice to control B bovis.

1999 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1492. Spectrum of activity of doramectin against cattle mites and lice. (Abstract)

Spectrum of activity of doramectin against cattle mites and lice. A series of 16 studies was conducted involving 288 cattle with naturally acquired or experimentally induced mite or louse infestations to evaluate the efficacy of doramectin. Four studies were conducted against the mite species Psoroptes bovis and two against the mite species Sarcoptes scabiei. Ten studies involved cattle with one or more of the following louse species: Damalinia bovis, Haematopinus eurysternus, Linognathus (...) vituli and Solenopotes capillatus. In each study, a group of at least nine but not more than 25 cattle were randomly allocated to a control or a treated group. One group was treated with doramectin at 200 micrograms kg-1 and the other group received no medication. Mites or lice were quantified by species immediately before treatment and at weekly intervals for 4 weeks thereafter. Doramectin was 100% efficacious against infestations of P. bovis, Sarcoptes scabiei, H. eurysternus, L. vituli

1993 Veterinary parasitology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1493. Efficacy against sheep lice (Bovicola ovis) and fleece wetting of six shower dip preparations. (Abstract)

Efficacy against sheep lice (Bovicola ovis) and fleece wetting of six shower dip preparations. The relative efficacy of 6 shower dip chemicals most frequently used for the treatment of sheep lice (Bovicola ovis) in Western Australia was examined. Groups of 20 sheep infested with lice were treated with products containing either alphamethrin, cyhalothrin, diazinon or diazinon plus piperonyl butoxide and rotenone, formulated as emulsifiable concentrates, and with products containing either (...) coumaphos or magnesium fluorosilicate, formulated as wettable powders. All treatments were applied through a shower dip (Sunbeam model SSD). Inspections for lice were conducted until 9 months after dipping. No lice were found on sheep treated with the 4 emulsifiable concentrate products. In contrast, treatment with the wettable powders, which contained either coumaphos or magnesium fluorosilicate as the active ingredient, did not eradicate the lice infestations. The degree to which the fleece was wetted

1994 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1494. The efficacy of formulations of triclabendazole and ivermectin in combination against liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) and gastro-intestinal nematodes in cattle and sheep and sucking lice species in cattle. (Abstract)

The efficacy of formulations of triclabendazole and ivermectin in combination against liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) and gastro-intestinal nematodes in cattle and sheep and sucking lice species in cattle. To assess the efficacy of two formulations of triclabendazole and ivermectin in combination against liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica), gastro-intestinal nematodes and sucking louse species in cattle and sheep.A study of 540 cattle and 428 sheep at 18 sites throughout Victoria and New South (...) Wales was undertaken. At each site, one group of cattle or sheep was treated with a combined formulation (Fasimec Cattle or Fasimec Sheep), another received ivermectin and triclabendazole separately. In trials on lice infestation, an additional group remained untreated. Samples for faecal egg counts were collected on days -7, 0 (treatment day), +7, +14 and +21 after treatment. Lice assessments were carried out on days -7, 0, +7, +14, +28, +42 and +56.Both treatments were highly efficacious (> 98

2002 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1495. Evaluation of the efficacy of fipronil formulations in the treatment and control of biting lice, Trichodectes canis (De Geer, 1778) on dogs. (Abstract)

Evaluation of the efficacy of fipronil formulations in the treatment and control of biting lice, Trichodectes canis (De Geer, 1778) on dogs. The efficacy of FRONTLINE SPRAY (0.25% (w/v) fipronil), FRONTLINE SPOT-ON FOR DOGS (10% (w/v) fipronil) and FRONTLINE PLUS FOR DOGS (10% (w/v) fipronil and 9% (S)-methoprene) against the biting louse Trichodectes canis on dogs was confirmed under laboratory conditions. A field study evaluated the efficacy of a single topical application of FRONTLINE SPRAY (...) and FRONTLINE SPOT-ON against the parasite on dogs. A total of 48 dogs of mixed breeds, both sexes, aged 2 months-7 years and weighing 1.8-37.0kg were used. The animals were either experimentally (laboratory study) or naturally (field study) infested with lice. Dogs were housed individually in order to prevent contact between animals. In the laboratory study, animals were allocated based on pre-treatment louse counts from 38 hair coat-partings per animal. Dogs were randomly assigned to the four treatment

2002 Veterinary parasitology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1496. Efficacy of a 1% lambdacyhalothrin cattle Pour-on (Saber) against sucking and biting lice infesting beef cattle. (Abstract)

in Wisconsin, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and North Dakota were included in the study. Pretreatment lice samples were taken and identified by genus with the exception that sucking lice were not identified by genus at the North Dakota site. In January or February, half of the cattle at each location received a single application of 1% lambdacyhalothrin pour-on at 10 ml per head for cattle weighing less than 273 kg (600 lb) or 15 ml per head for cattle weighing 273 kg or more. The other cattle at each site served (...) Efficacy of a 1% lambdacyhalothrin cattle Pour-on (Saber) against sucking and biting lice infesting beef cattle. Four studies were conducted to determine the efficacy of a 1% lambdacyhalothrin pour-on (Saber Pour-on, Schering-Plough Animal Health) for control of sucking lice (Linognathus vituli, Haematopinus eurysternus, Solenopotes capillatus) and biting lice (Damalinia bovis) on beef cattle. Seventy-four mixed-breed cattle naturally infested with one or more species of lice at locations

2002 Veterinary therapeutics : research in applied veterinary medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1497. Efficacy of selamectin against biting lice on dogs and cats. (Abstract)

(adults and nymphs) on each animal by using a coat-parting technique on days -3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42 for the dogs, and on days -1, 7, 21, 35 and 42 for the cats. On day 43, the number of live lice on each dog was also assessed by using a whole-body combing technique. Selamectin was 100 per cent effective in killing biting lice on the dogs and cats throughout the period of assessment; the louse counts on the treated dogs and cats were significantly lower than the pretreatment counts (P = 0.0001 (...) Efficacy of selamectin against biting lice on dogs and cats. The efficacy of selamectin was evaluated against naturally acquired Trichodectes canis infestations on dogs and against Felicola subrostratus infestations on cats. Twenty dogs and 18 cats were randomly allocated to treatment with either a placebo or selamectin (6 mg/kg), administered topically once only on day 0. The treatment had no adverse effects in either the dogs or the cats. Efficacy was assessed by counting the live lice

2003 The Veterinary record Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1498. Scratching an ancient itch: an Eocene bird louse fossil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Scratching an ancient itch: an Eocene bird louse fossil. Out of the 30 extant orders of insects, all but one, the parasitic lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera), have a confirmed fossil record. Here, we report the discovery of what appears to be the first bird louse fossil: an exceptionally well-preserved specimen collected from the crater of the Eckfeld maar near Manderscheid, Germany. The 44-million-year-old specimen shows close phylogenetic affinities with modern feather louse ectoparasites (...) of aquatic birds. Preservation of feather remnants in the specimen's foregut confirms its association as a bird ectoparasite. Based on a phylogenetic analysis of the specimen and palaeoecological data, we suggest that this louse was the parasite of a large ancestor to modern Anseriformes (swans, geese and ducks) or Charadriiformes (shorebirds). The crown group position of this fossil in the phylogeny of lice confirms the group's long coevolutionary history with birds and points to an early origin

2004 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1499. Chlorpyrifos for control of the short-nosed cattle louse, Haematopinus eurysternus (Nitzsch) (Anoplura, Haematopinidae) during winter. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chlorpyrifos for control of the short-nosed cattle louse, Haematopinus eurysternus (Nitzsch) (Anoplura, Haematopinidae) during winter. Two groups (A and C) of range cows were treated in February with chlorpyrifos (16 mL Dursban 44/cow) for the control of heavy infestations of the short-nosed cattle louse. Group A was treated in 1977 and group C in 1979 and each treated group was compared with a separate untreated group. Some of the treated cows were identified as carriers of louse infestation (...) (subgroups A1 and C1), while others were noncarriers (subgroups A2 and C2). The maximum level of reduction in louse populations was 99% at week 4 posttreatment in subgroup A1, 99% from weeks 2-16 posttreatment in subgroup A2, 92% at week 3 posttreatment in subgroup C1 and 100% at weeks 15-17 in subgroup C2. Clinically, the treated cows, which were anemic at the time of treatment, recovered from anemia during the posttreatment period of 25 weeks for group A and 17 weeks for group C. Remission of anemia

1985 Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine

1500. School's back, and so is the lowly louse Full Text available with Trip Pro

School's back, and so is the lowly louse 11584573 2001 11 01 2018 11 13 0820-3946 165 6 2001 Sep 18 CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne CMAJ School's back, and so is the lowly louse. 814 Weir E E eng Journal Article Canada CMAJ 9711805 0820-3946 AIM IM Animals Child Health Education Humans Lice Infestations diagnosis drug therapy epidemiology prevention & control Pediculus 2001 10 5 10 0 2001 11 3 10 1 2001 10 5 10 0 ppublish 11584573

2001 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

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