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1421. Pediculocidal and scabicidal properties of Lippia multiflora essential oil. (Abstract)

Pediculocidal and scabicidal properties of Lippia multiflora essential oil. The essential oil from the leaves of Lippia multiflora Moldenke (Verbenaceae) was tested for its pediculocidal and scabicidal activites against bodylice, headlice and scabies' mites. The 'knockdown' times obtained for bodylice and headlice using lippia oil preparations were comparatively shorter than those obtained using benzyl benzoate and Delvap Super, a brand of dichlorvos. The lethal effect of the lippia oil (...) on headlice was increased when applied in an enclosed system that prevented volatilization of the oil while allowing maximum contact of the vapour with the headlice. A 20% v/v preparation of lippia oil applied to scabietic subjects for 5 consecutive days gave 100% cure compared with 87.5% cure obtained for benzyl benzoate preparation of the same concentration. The GC-MS analysis of oil revealed, among others, the presence of terpineol, alpha- and beta-pinene which are known to be lethal to body

2000 Journal of Ethnopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1422. Myocardial stunning following coronary angioplasty: protective effects of calcium-channel blockers. (Abstract)

Myocardial stunning following coronary angioplasty: protective effects of calcium-channel blockers. The beneficial effects of calcium-channel blockers against myocardial stunning have been tested in experimental studies, showing that, when added before or during ischemia, a protective effect against postischemia stunning is achieved. The present study was undertaken to test and compare the protective effect of calcium antagonists [nisoldipine (NIS) and nifedipine (NIF)] and nitrates (NIT (...) and with the absence of collaterals on the coronary angiograms. Moreover, all patients had normal left ventricular (LV) overall function, as well as normal systolic thickening of the anterior wall, supplied by the diseased artery. Patients were randomized to a pre-PTCA treatment with NIT, 80-120 mg/day (10 patients), NIF, 40-60 mg/day (10 patients), and NIS, 10-20 mg/day (10 patients). Pre-PTCA treatment was initiated 7 days before the procedure and continued after. During the PTCA, at the first balloon inflation

1992 Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1423. Nitrendipine 20 mg once daily versus nicardipine slow release 40 mg twice daily in mild essential hypertension: evaluation by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. (Abstract)

Nitrendipine 20 mg once daily versus nicardipine slow release 40 mg twice daily in mild essential hypertension: evaluation by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The extent and duration of the blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of 20 mg nitrendipine (NIT) once daily and 40 mg nicardipine slow release (NIC) twice daily were compared in 12 men (aged 39-55 years) with mild essential hypertension according to a randomized, cross over study. Twenty-four-hour non invasive ambulatory BP (...) monitoring (Spacelabs 5200) was performed at the end of a 2-week placebo run-in and after 4 weeks of each active treatment; automatic BP measurements were programmed at 15-min intervals. Both treatments significantly (p less than .01) reduced mean 24-hour and daytime systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) BP, but had different effects on daytime BP profiles. NIT decreased SBP and DBP (p less than .05) in 5 out of 8 two-hour subperiods (from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.), followed by a loss of effect; NIC reduced SBP

1992 Clinical and experimental hypertension. Part A, Theory and practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1424. Chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition may improve sodium excretion in cardiac transplant hypertension. (Abstract)

Chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition may improve sodium excretion in cardiac transplant hypertension. Cyclosporine-associated hypertension (CAH) may be mediated in part by sodium and volume retention. To investigate this issue, we studied the effects of a calcium antagonist, nitrendipine (NIT, 10-20 mg b.i.d.), and a converting enzyme inhibitor, lisinopril (LIS, 10-20 mg o.d.), on blood pressure (office BP, 24 hr ambulatory BP), excretion of an acute sodium load (200 mmol/2 hr i.v (...) .), glomerular filtration rate (insulin clearance), cumulative dopamine excretion, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and endothelin excretion in 8 patients with CAH after cardiac transplantation in a double-blind, randomized, crossover trial for 6 weeks. Five patients received a diuretic during the trial at a constant dose. Office diastolic BP (DBP) decreased significantly with LIS from 97 +/- 6 to 87 +/- 9 mmHg and with NIT from 96 +/- 7 to 92 +/- 12 mmHg. Ambulatory 24 hr DBP decreased significantly

1995 Transplantation. Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1425. A randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mandibular implant-supported overdentures and conventional dentures in diabetic patients. Part V: food preference comparisons. (Abstract)

complete dentures participated in this study. Diabetes was controlled with insulin in 38 patients (IT) and without insulin in 30 patients (NIT). All subjects received conventional maxillary dentures; 25 received mandibular conventional dentures (CD), and 43 received overdentures with plastic clips and a Hader bar attached to 2 osseointegrated implants (IOD). Subjects rated their perceptions of taste acceptability, texture acceptability, and chewing ease on a 4-point nominal scale and eating frequency (...) differences were found between the frequency distributions of responses in the CD and IOD groups or the IT and NIT groups for all 52 comparisons. With both types of study dentures, a higher percentage of patients perceived deterioration rather than improvement in function. When percentage distributions based on actual positive or negative change (treatment effect) in patient responses were compared, significant differences were found for 3 of the 52 responses, in favor of the IOD group. ANOVA demonstrated

2002 The Journal of prosthetic dentistry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1426. The in vivo pediculicidal efficacy of a natural remedy. (Abstract)

The in vivo pediculicidal efficacy of a natural remedy. Head louse infestations are prevalent worldwide. Over the past 20-25 years, 15-20% of all children in Israel between 4 and 13 years of age have been infested with head lice. This is mainly due to the existence of ineffective pediculicides on the market.To examine the pediculicidal efficacy and safety of a natural remedy ("Chick-Chack") and to compare it in an open clinical study with a known pesticide spray.The natural remedy, which (...) %) were infested with lice and eggs, while 164 (17.4%) were infested only with nits. Altogether, 119 children were randomly treated with either the natural remedy or the control product. Treatment was successful with the natural remedy in 60 children (92.3%) and with the control pediculicide in 59 children (92.2%). There were no significant side effects associated with either formulation.The natural remedy was very effective in controlling louse infestations under clinical conditions and caused

2002 The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1427. Randomized open trial of gentamicin and doxycycline for eradication of Bartonella quintana from blood in patients with chronic bacteremia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomized open trial of gentamicin and doxycycline for eradication of Bartonella quintana from blood in patients with chronic bacteremia. Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia is known to occur in homeless people exposed to lice. We present here the results of an open randomized trial performed to evaluate the efficacy of doxycycline in combination with gentamicin in the eradication of B. quintana bacteremia. From 1 January 2001 to 1 April 2002, homeless people with blood cultures positive

2003 Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1428. A salen-manganese catalytic free radical scavenger inhibits type 1 diabetes and islet allograft rejection. (Abstract)

oxygen and nitrogen species contribute to the pathoetiology of both spontaneous type 1 diabetes and allograft rejection. In cultures of NIT-1 cells, EUK-8 inhibited cytotoxicity caused by superoxide as well as nitric oxide. Collectively, our findings implicate a greater role for nitrogen oxides (other than peroxynitrite) in beta-cell damage. Antioxidants designed to prevent the formation of both cytotoxic reactive oxygen and nitrogen species may effectively protect beta-cells from spontaneous

2004 Diabetes

1429. The prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas on the panoramic radiographs of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (Abstract)

-treated, or NIT) would have a lower prevalence of atheromas on their radiographs and a lower prevalence of risk factors than those treated with insulin (insulin-treated, or IT).The authors evaluated the panoramic radiographs and medical records of 46 neurologically asymptomatic men (n = 34) and women (n = 12) (age range 62-77 years, mean age 68.5 years) with type 2 diabetes. They used Fisher exact test to perform a statistical comparison of the prevalence of atherogenic atheromas and risk factors (...) between groups.The radiographs showed that 24 percent of the NIT patients and 36 percent of the IT patients had atheromas; this difference was not statistically significant (P = .52). The groups had similar risk factors--that is, high levels of glycosylated hemoglobin A, or HbA1c; smoking; hypertension; and obesity (P > .05). When compared with the 4 percent atheroma prevalence rate among healthy people of similar age, the rates were significantly higher in both the NIT (P = .02) and IT (P = .0006

2002 Journal of the American Dental Association

1430. West Nile virus outbreak in North American owls, Ontario, 2002. Full Text available with Trip Pro

West Nile virus outbreak in North American owls, Ontario, 2002. From July to September 2002, an outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) caused a high number of deaths in captive owls at the Owl Foundation, Vineland, Ontario, Canada. Peak death rates occurred in mid-August, and the epidemiologic curve resembled that of corvids in the surrounding Niagara region. The outbreak occurred in the midst of a louse fly (Icosta americana, family Hippoboscidae) infestation. Of the flies tested, 16 (88.9 %) of 18

2004 Emerging Infectious Diseases

1431. Bartonella quintana Bacteremia among Homeless People. (Abstract)

facilities in the city since 1 January 1997. Samples of blood and body lice were collected for culture for B. quintana and for serological testing. Bartonella bacteremia was associated with sweats, evidence of louse infestation, serological tests that were positive for B. quintana, and high titers of B. quintana antibody. Bacteremia was also associated with being homeless for <3 years. Asymptomatic, prolonged bacteremia (duration, up to 78 weeks) and intermittent bacteremia were found to occur. Data (...) Bartonella quintana Bacteremia among Homeless People. Bartonella quintana infections have recently reemerged, predominantly among the homeless populations in cities in both Europe and the United States. B. quintana can cause trench fever, endocarditis, and chronic bacteremia; the human body louse is the only known vector. Homeless people who presented to the emergency departments of University Hospital in Marseilles, France, were studied, as were those who had been admitted to other medical

2002 Clinical Infectious Diseases

1432. Blood-feeding performance of nymphs and adults of Triatoma brasiliensis on human hosts. (Abstract)

Blood-feeding performance of nymphs and adults of Triatoma brasiliensis on human hosts. The blood-feeding behaviour of nymphs and adults of Triatoma brasiliensis fed on the forearm of human volunteers was studied by electronic monitoring of the cibarial pump. Parameters of total contact time (TT), initial weight (IW), weight gain (WG), ingestion rate (IR), pump frequency (F), quantity of liquid ingested per cibarial pump stroke (QLC) and non-ingestive time (NIT) (cumulative probing time

2003 Acta Tropica

1433. Metabolic and immunogenetic prediction of long-term insulin remission in African patients with atypical diabetes. (Abstract)

and sensitivity at inclusion. Immunogenetic (anti-GAD, anti-ICA and HLA class II) markers of Type 1 diabetes were compared with a 90-non-diabetic unrelated adult African population.Twenty-one ketonuric patients (age 42 +/- 9 (sd) years; body mass index (BMI) 26 +/- 3 kg/m2) were initially insulin-treated (IT), and 21 non-ketonuric patients (age 38 +/- 8 years; BMI 26 +/- 5 kg/m2) had oral and/or diet therapy (NIT). Insulin could be discontinued in 47.6% (10/21) IT with adequate glycaemic control (HbA1c 6.7 (...) +/- 1.3%), while insulin was secondarily started in 38.1% (8/21) NIT in expectation of better control. The initial basal (odds ratio (OR) 9.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-64.4) and stimulated C-peptide (OR 8.17, 95% CI 1.5-44.1) were independently associated with remission. Insulin resistance was present in all the groups, more marked in the insulin-treated NIT. Anti-GAD antibodies and ICA were rare, but 38.1% IT vs. 1.1% controls had Type 1 diabetes HLA susceptibility haplotypes (P < 0.001

2002 Diabetic Medicine

1434. Prevalence of skin diseases in rural areas of Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt. (Abstract)

a representative of three villages of Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt. The data were collected through personal interview and examination at homes from December 1994 to December 1996.They showed that 6961 (86.93%) of the studied population had one or more skin diseases. The group with parasitic skin infestations had the highest prevalence rate (27.40%) of the total sample, of which pediculosis capitis (19.37%) was the commonest. Eczema/dermatitis group had a rate of 19.82%, with pityriasis alba forming

2003 International Journal of Dermatology

1435. Arthropods in dermatology. (Abstract)

. This eruption occurs primarily in children, who eventually "outgrow" this disease, probably through desensitization after multiple arthropod exposures. Papular urticaria is most often caused by fleas or bedbugs, but virtually any arthropod is capable of inducing such a reaction. Two arthropod classes of medical importance are the Arachnida (spiders, scorpions, ticks, and mites) and the Insecta (lice, fleas, bedbugs, flies, bees, and ants). Animals in these two classes are probably responsible for more

2004 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

1436. Ethnobotanical survey and testing of plants traditionally used against hematophagous insects in Eritrea. (Abstract)

integrifolia, Lamiaceae) and Neorautanenia mitis (Fabaceae) and Calpurnea aurea (Fabaceae) against animal lice. The effect of fresh leaves and shoots of O. forskolei hanging on walls at the head and foot of beds was tested in Eritrea against Anopheles arabiensis and 53% reduction in mean number of mosquitoes per house was achieved. Blood meals of mosquitoes collected from houses and pit shelters were analysed to determine whether biting diversion occurred due to the use of plants in the houses

2004 Journal of Ethnopharmacology

1437. WITHDRAWN: Interventions for treating headlice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

WITHDRAWN: Interventions for treating headlice. Infection with head lice is a widespread condition in developed and developing countries. Infection occurs most commonly in children, but also affects adults. If left untreated the condition can become intensely irritating and skin infections may occur if the bites are scratched.The aim of this review was to assess the effects of interventions for head lice.Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group specialized trials register (July 2002); The Cochrane (...) study comparing synergised pyrethrins with permethrin showed their effects to be equivalent. A comparative trial of malathion lotion vs combing, showed combing to be ineffective for the cureative treatment of head lice infection. Adverse effects were reported in a number of trials and were all minor, although reporting quality varied between trials.Permethrin, synergised pyrethrin and malathion were effective in the treatment of head lice. However, the emergence of drug resistance since these trials

2007 Cochrane

1438. exclusion from school (head lice)

exclusion from school (head lice) exclusion from school (head lice) - General Practice Notebook This site is intended for healthcare professionals General Practice Notebook | Medical search exclusion from school (head lice) Exclusion for five days (1,2): from rash onset - chickenpox*, measles from starting antibiotics - whooping cough (pertussis) from onset of swollen glands - mumps German measles (rubella) (3) six days from onset of rash Scarlet fever (3) child can return 24 hours after (...) therapy should be allowed to attend school or nursery (5) Conditions where there is no recommended period to be kept away from school (once the child is well): influenza; cold sores (HSV); molluscum contagiosum; ringworm (tinea); athlete's foot; roseola; slapped cheek disease (parvovirus); warts and verrucae; conjunctivitis; glandular fever; head lice; non-meningiococcal meningitis; thread worm; tonsillitis hand, foot and mouth disease infected children should be kept away from school while

2010 GP Notebook

1439. Interventions for treating headlice. (Abstract)

Interventions for treating headlice. Infection with head lice is a widespread condition in developed and developing countries. Infection occurs most commonly in children, but also affects adults. If left untreated the condition can become intensely irritating and skin infections may occur if the bites are scratched.The aim of this review was to assess the effects of interventions for head lice.Trials register of The Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group; Medline; Embase; Science Citation Index (...) reporting quality varied between trials.Permethrin, synergised pyrethrin and malathion were effective in the treatment of head lice. However, the emergence of drug resistance since these trials were conducted means there is no direct contemporary evidence of the comparative effectiveness of these products. The 'best' choice will now depend on local resistance patterns. There is currently no evidence from trials to indicate the effectiveness of physical methods, such as combing/'BugBusting' or other

2000 Cochrane

1440. ‘Why genomes in pieces?’ revisited: Sucking lice do their own thing in mtDNA circle game Full Text available with Trip Pro

‘Why genomes in pieces?’ revisited: Sucking lice do their own thing in mtDNA circle game 19411594 2009 09 22 2018 11 13 1088-9051 19 5 2009 May Genome research Genome Res. 'Why genomes in pieces?' revisited: sucking lice do their own thing in mtDNA circle game. 700-2 10.1101/gr.091132.109 Rand David M DM Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. David_Rand@brown.edu eng R01 GM067862 GM NIGMS NIH HHS United States R01 GM067862-07 GM NIGMS

2009 Genome Research

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