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101. Effect of permethrin-impregnated underwear on body lice in sheltered homeless persons: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effect of permethrin-impregnated underwear on body lice in sheltered homeless persons: a randomized controlled trial. The control of body lice in homeless persons remains a challenge.To determine whether the use of long-lasting insecticide-treated underwear provides effective long-term protection against body lice in homeless persons.A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in February and December 2011 in 2 homeless shelters (Madrague Ville and Forbin) in Marseille (...) , France. Of the 125 homeless persons screened for eligibility, 73 body lice-infested homeless persons, 18 years or older, were enrolled.Body lice-infested homeless persons were randomly assigned to receive 0.4% permethrin-impregnated underwear or an identical-appearing placebo for 45 days, in a 1:1 ratio, with a permuted block size of 10. Visits were scheduled at days 14 and 45. Data regarding the presence or absence of live body lice were collected.The primary and secondary end points were

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2014 JAMA dermatology (Chicago, Ill.)

102. Pediatric Head Lice Study Product Comparison

Pediatric Head Lice Study Product Comparison Pediatric Head Lice Study Product Comparison - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Pediatric Head Lice Study Product Comparison The safety (...) Description Go to Brief Summary: To evaluate the efficacy of LiceMD for the treatment of head lice in a pediatric population. To evaluate the safety of LiceMD in a pediatric population. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Head Lice Drug: LICEMD Drug: Standard Head lice product Phase 2 Detailed Description: Head lice, or Pediculus humanus capitis, cause an estimated 6 to 12 million infestations per year in the U.S., most commonly affecting children 3 to 11 years of age. Despite common

2014 Clinical Trials

103. Ovicidal Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion 0.74% Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation

Ovicidal Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion 0.74% Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation Ovicidal Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion 0.74% Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Ovicidal Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion 0.74% Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02097485 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : March 27, 2014 Last

2014 Clinical Trials

104. Phase 3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation

Phase 3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation Phase 3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Phase 3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02060903 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted

2014 Clinical Trials

105. P3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation

P3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation P3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. P3 Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Abametapir Lotion Administered for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02062060 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : February 13, 2014

2014 Clinical Trials

106. Differential gene expression in laboratory strains of human head and body lice when challenged with Bartonella quintana, a pathogenic bacterium (PubMed)

Differential gene expression in laboratory strains of human head and body lice when challenged with Bartonella quintana, a pathogenic bacterium Human head and body lice are obligatory hematophagous ectoparasites that belong to a single species, Pediculus humanus. Only body lice, however, are vectors of the infectious Gram-negative bacterium Bartonella quintana. Because of their near identical genomes, yet differential vector competence, head and body lice provide a unique model system to study (...) the gain or loss of vector competence. Using our in vitro louse-rearing system, we infected head and body lice with blood containing B. quintana in order to detect both differences in the proliferation of B. quintana and transcriptional differences of immune-related genes in the lice. B. quintana proliferated rapidly in body lice at 6 days post-infection, but plateaued in head lice at 4 days post-infection. RNAseq and quantitative real-time PCR validation analyses determined gene expression differences

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2014 Insect molecular biology

107. Efficacy of herbal shampoo base on native plant against head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, Pediculidae: Phthiraptera) in vitro and in vivo in Thailand. (PubMed)

Efficacy of herbal shampoo base on native plant against head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, Pediculidae: Phthiraptera) in vitro and in vivo in Thailand. Head lice infestation (or pediculosis) is an important public health problem in Thailand, especially in children between the ages 5 and 11 years. Head lice resistance is increasing, chemical pediculicides have lost their efficacy, and, therefore, alternative pediculicides such as herbal shampoos have been proposed to treat head lice (...) infestation. Thus, the present study investigated the efficacy of three herbal shampoos based on native plants in Thailand (Acorus calamus Linn., Phyllanthus emblica Linn., and Zanthoxylum limonella Alston) against head lice and compared them with carbaryl shampoo (Hafif shampoo, 0.6% w/v carbaryl), malathion shampoo (A-Lice shampoo, 1.0% w/v malathion), and commercial shampoos (Babi Mild Natural' N Mild and Johnson's baby shampoo) in order to assess their in vitro and in vivo efficacy. For in vitro study

2014 Parasitology research

108. Bartonella quintana in Body Lice from Scalp Hair of Homeless Persons, France (PubMed)

Bartonella quintana in Body Lice from Scalp Hair of Homeless Persons, France 24751237 2014 12 08 2018 11 13 1080-6059 20 5 2014 May Emerging infectious diseases Emerging Infect. Dis. Bartonella quintana in body lice from scalp hair of homeless persons, France. 907-8 10.3201/eid2005.131242 Drali Rezak R Sangaré Abdoul Karim AK Boutellis Amina A Angelakis Emmanouil E Veracx Aurélie A Socolovschi Cristina C Brouqui Philippe P Raoult Didier D eng Letter United States Emerg Infect Dis 9508155 1080 (...) -6040 IM Animals Bartonella quintana classification genetics isolation & purification France Genotyping Techniques Homeless Persons Humans Pediculus classification genetics microbiology Scalp Dermatoses microbiology Trench Fever epidemiology transmission Bartonella quintana Pediculus humanus arthropods bacillary angiomatosis bacteria chronic bacteremia chronic lymphadenopathy clothing lice dual infestation endocarditis hair head lice homeless louse louse lineage nits parasites scalp trench fever

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2014 Emerging Infectious Diseases

109. Rates of genomic divergence in humans, chimpanzees and their lice (PubMed)

Rates of genomic divergence in humans, chimpanzees and their lice The rate of DNA mutation and divergence is highly variable across the tree of life. However, the reasons underlying this variation are not well understood. Comparing the rates of genetic changes between hosts and parasite lineages that diverged at the same time is one way to begin to understand differences in genetic mutation and substitution rates. Such studies have indicated that the rate of genetic divergence in parasites (...) is often faster than that of their hosts when comparing single genes. However, the variation in this relative rate of molecular evolution across different genes in the genome is unknown. We compared the rate of DNA sequence divergence between humans, chimpanzees and their ectoparasitic lice for 1534 protein-coding genes across their genomes. The rate of DNA substitution in these orthologous genes was on average 14 times faster for lice than for humans and chimpanzees. In addition, these rates were

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2014 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

110. Prevalence of Bartonella quintana in Patients with Fever and Head Lice from Rural Areas of Sine-Saloum, Senegal. (PubMed)

Prevalence of Bartonella quintana in Patients with Fever and Head Lice from Rural Areas of Sine-Saloum, Senegal. Trench fever is poorly known by the staff of health facilities that manage febrile patients in Senegal. Bartonella quintana DNA was identified in 5 of 274 (2%) febrile patients from two rural dispensaries and 2 of 71 (3%) head lice specimens collected from the same villages. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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2014 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

111. Effect of Permethrin-Impregnated Underwear on Body Lice in Sheltered Homeless Persons: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Permethrin-Impregnated Underwear on Body Lice in Sheltered Homeless Persons: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The control of body lice in homeless persons remains a challenge.To determine whether the use of long-lasting insecticide-treated underwear provides effective long-term protection against body lice in homeless persons.A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in February and December 2011 in 2 homeless shelters (Madrague Ville and Forbin) in Marseille (...) , France. Of the 125 homeless persons screened for eligibility, 73 body lice-infested homeless persons, 18 years or older, were enrolled.Body lice-infested homeless persons were randomly assigned to receive 0.4% permethrin-impregnated underwear or an identical-appearing placebo for 45 days, in a 1:1 ratio, with a permuted block size of 10. Visits were scheduled at days 14 and 45. Data regarding the presence or absence of live body lice were collected.The primary and secondary end points were

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2014 JAMA dermatology (Chicago, Ill.)

112. Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) from Calidris fuscicollis (Aves: Scolopacidae) in Southern Brazil. (PubMed)

Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) from Calidris fuscicollis (Aves: Scolopacidae) in Southern Brazil. During April and September from 2010 to 2012, 80 birds of the species Calidris fuscicollis (white-rumped sandpiper) were collected for parasitological studies in the southern coast of Rio Grande do Sul, under ICMBIO license No. 26234-1. For ectoparasite collection, the birds were first submerged in water with detergent. The parasites found were fixed in 70% alcohol, cleared in 10% potassium hydroxide (...) and mounted in Canada balsam. Of 80 birds examined, 79% were parasitized. Actornithophilus umbrinus (47.5%), Actornithophilus lacustris (37.5%), Actornithophilus spp. (13.75%), Carduiceps zonarius (26.25%), Lunaceps incoenis (27.5%), and Lunaceps spp. (16.25%) were the species found with their respective prevalence. We record for the first time parasitism by chewing lice in Calidris fuscicollis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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2014 Acta Tropica

113. Risk factors for human lice and bartonellosis among the homeless, San Francisco, California, USA. (PubMed)

Risk factors for human lice and bartonellosis among the homeless, San Francisco, California, USA. Homeless persons in San Francisco, California, USA,have been shown to have head and body lice infestations and Bartonella quintana infections. We surveyed a self selected population of homeless persons in San Francisco to assess infestations of head and body lice, risks of having body lice, and presence of B. quintana in lice. A total of 203 persons who reported itching were surveyed during 2008 (...) -2010 and 2012: 60 (30%) had body lice, 10 (4.9%)had head lice, and 6 (3.0%) had both. B. quintana was detected in 10 (15.9%) of 63 body lice pools and in 6 (37.5%)of 16 head lice pools. Variables significantly associated(p<0.05) with having body lice in this homeless population included male sex, African-American ethnicity, and sleeping outdoors. Our study findings suggest that specific segments of the homeless population would benefit from information on preventing body lice infestations and louse

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2014 Emerging Infectious Diseases

114. Detection of Bartonella quintana in African Body and Head Lice. (PubMed)

Detection of Bartonella quintana in African Body and Head Lice. Currently, the body louse is the only recognized vector of Bartonella quintana, an organism that causes trench fever. In this work, we investigated the prevalence of this bacterium in human lice in different African countries. We tested 616 head lice and 424 body lice from nine African countries using real-time polymerase chain reaction targeting intergenic spacer region 2 and specific B. quintana genes. Overall, B. quintana DNA (...) was found in 54% and 2% of body and head lice, respectively. Our results also show that there are more body lice positive for B. quintana in poor countries, which was determined by the gross domestic product, than in wealthy areas (228/403 versus 0/21, P < 0.001). A similar finding was obtained for head lice (8/226 versus 2/390, P = 0.007). Our findings suggest that head lice in Africa may be infected by B. quintana when patients live in poor economic conditions and are also exposed to body lice. ©

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2014 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

115. Permethrin Treatment of Head Lice with Knockdown Resistance-like Gene. (PubMed)

Permethrin Treatment of Head Lice with Knockdown Resistance-like Gene. 21268748 2011 02 04 2013 11 21 1533-4406 364 4 2011 Jan 27 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Permethrin treatment of head lice with knockdown resistance-like gene. 386-7 10.1056/NEJMc1007171 Bialek Ralf R Zelck Ulrike E UE Fölster-Holst Regina R eng Comment Letter Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 0 Insecticides 509F88P9SZ Permethrin 70288-86-7 Ivermectin AIM IM (...) N Engl J Med. 2010 Mar 11;362(10):896-905 20220184 Adolescent Animals Child Child, Preschool Female Humans Infant Insecticide Resistance genetics Insecticides therapeutic use Ivermectin therapeutic use Lice Infestations drug therapy Male Permethrin Phthiraptera genetics Scalp Dermatoses drug therapy 2011 1 28 6 0 2011 1 28 6 0 2011 2 5 6 0 ppublish 21268748 10.1056/NEJMc1007171

2011 NEJM

116. Lice (Diagnosis)

Lice (Diagnosis) Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation): Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MDEzLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (...) (Lice Infestation) Updated: Mar 01, 2018 Author: Lyn C C Guenther, MD, FRCPC, FAAD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Overview Background Pediculosis (ie, louse infestation) dates back to prehistory. The oldest known fossils of louse eggs (ie, nits) are approximately 10,000 years old. [ ] Lice have been so ubiquitous that related terms and phrases such as "lousy," "nit-picking," and "going over

2014 eMedicine.com

117. Lice (Overview)

Lice (Overview) Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation): Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MDEzLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (...) (Lice Infestation) Updated: Mar 01, 2018 Author: Lyn C C Guenther, MD, FRCPC, FAAD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Overview Background Pediculosis (ie, louse infestation) dates back to prehistory. The oldest known fossils of louse eggs (ie, nits) are approximately 10,000 years old. [ ] Lice have been so ubiquitous that related terms and phrases such as "lousy," "nit-picking," and "going over

2014 eMedicine.com

118. Lice (Treatment)

Lice (Treatment) Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pesticides, Occlusive and Nonpesticide Therapy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MDEzLXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Treatment & Management Updated: Mar 01, 2018 Author: Lyn C C Guenther, MD, FRCPC, FAAD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Treatment Approach Considerations Treatment of pediculosis has 2 aspects: medication and environmental control measures. Increasing emphasis is being placed on understanding the life cycle of lice in order

2014 eMedicine.com

119. Lice (Follow-up)

Lice (Follow-up) Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pesticides, Occlusive and Nonpesticide Therapy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MDEzLXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Treatment & Management Updated: Mar 01, 2018 Author: Lyn C C Guenther, MD, FRCPC, FAAD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Treatment Approach Considerations Treatment of pediculosis has 2 aspects: medication and environmental control measures. Increasing emphasis is being placed on understanding the life cycle of lice in order

2014 eMedicine.com

120. Pediculosis (Lice) (Diagnosis)

Pediculosis (Lice) (Diagnosis) Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation): Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MDEzLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pediculosis (...) and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Updated: Mar 01, 2018 Author: Lyn C C Guenther, MD, FRCPC, FAAD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediculosis and Pthiriasis (Lice Infestation) Overview Background Pediculosis (ie, louse infestation) dates back to prehistory. The oldest known fossils of louse eggs (ie, nits) are approximately 10,000 years old. [ ] Lice have been so ubiquitous that related terms and phrases such as "lousy," "nit-picking," and "going

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

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