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81. Inventory of lice of mammals and farmyard chicken in North-eastern Algeria (PubMed)

Inventory of lice of mammals and farmyard chicken in North-eastern Algeria Lice are permanent ectoparasites, extremely specific to their hosts. Their great importance in veterinary medicine remain significant, they can cause their direct pathogenic actions like irritability, dermatitis, anemia, decreased weight gain, and milk production. The purpose of this work was to made the first time an inventory of mammalian lice in North-eastern Algeria.Our survey of lice infestation was conducted (...) on several animal species from five provinces of North-eastern Algeria. A total of 57 cattle, 83 sheep, 77 goats, 111 wild boars, and 63 farmyard chickens were examined. The collection of lice was carried out much more in mammals and chickens during the winter period. Lice were collected either manually or using brushing and kept in flasks containing 70% ethanol. The identification of lice was achieved in the laboratory using a binocular loupe.Concerning cattle, 63% and 27% of those examined subjects

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2018 Veterinary world

82. Genome Sequence of Candidatus Riesia pediculischaeffi, Endosymbiont of Chimpanzee Lice, and Genomic Comparison of Recently Acquired Endosymbionts from Human and Chimpanzee Lice (PubMed)

Genome Sequence of Candidatus Riesia pediculischaeffi, Endosymbiont of Chimpanzee Lice, and Genomic Comparison of Recently Acquired Endosymbionts from Human and Chimpanzee Lice The obligate-heritable endosymbionts of insects possess some of the smallest known bacterial genomes. This is likely due to loss of genomic material during symbiosis. The mode and rate of this erosion may change over evolutionary time: faster in newly formed associations and slower in long-established ones (...) . The endosymbionts of human and anthropoid primate lice present a unique opportunity to study genome erosion in newly established (or young) symbionts. This is because we have a detailed phylogenetic history of these endosymbionts with divergence dates for closely related species. This allows for genome evolution to be studied in detail and rates of change to be estimated in a phylogenetic framework. Here, we sequenced the genome of the chimpanzee louse endosymbiont (Candidatus Riesia pediculischaeffi

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2014 G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics

83. Gene Splicing in Lice and the Challenge of Clothing

Gene Splicing in Lice and the Challenge of Clothing Gene Splicing in Lice and the Challenge of Clothing | DNA Science Blog PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis (...) & Scientific Policy Post navigation in A terrific article recently published in , “Alternative Splice in Alternative Lice,” provides a compelling example of maximizing genome information – adaptation of the louse Pediculus humanus to the new habitat created when our ancestors invented clothing. HEAD VS BODY LICE Many parents encounter when their children are sent home from school with instructions to get rid of the horrible rice-krispie-like eggs (“nits”) clinging to their scalp hairs. A good washing won’t

2015 PLOS Blogs Network

84. Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety

Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). 2010 Authors' conclusions In summary, there are several promising new treatments for the management of head lice including ivermectin, malathion, benzyl alcohol, spinosad, isopropyl myristate, and dimeticone. However, benzyl

2010 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

85. Topical Ivermectin Lotion for Head Lice

Topical Ivermectin Lotion for Head Lice Rotation Prep | NEJM Resident 360 Social Login Email Login Log in via Email Create Your Account We will not share your email with anyone. Password must be at least 8 characters. Show or Hide the password you are typing. Request to Join has invited you to join this group Your browser does not support video tags Welcome! NEJM Resident 360 helps you prepare for your next rotation quickly and efficiently, provides support for coping with the pressures

2012 Now@NEJM

86. Acute poisoning in a child following topical treatment of head lice (pediculosis capitis) with an organophosphate pesticide (PubMed)

Acute poisoning in a child following topical treatment of head lice (pediculosis capitis) with an organophosphate pesticide This is a case report of acute organophosphate poisoning in a child treated with topical application of Diazinon-60 (WHO Class II toxicity) for head lice (pediculosis capitis). The patient presented with neurological symptoms and signs. After emergency respiratory and circulatory resuscitation the patient underwent dermal decontamination and was treated with atropine, high (...) flow oxygen and pralidoxime. Scanning electron micrographs of scalp hair specimens revealed both viable and empty head lice nits (lice eggs that attach to the hair shaft). The patient was hospitalized for seven days and discharged after full recovery. The case highlights the importance of raising the awareness of health workers and the community about the danger of misusing pesticides for the treatment of head lice.

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2016 Sudanese journal of paediatrics

87. Evaluation of emamectin benzoate and substance EX against salmon lice in sea-ranched Atlantic salmon smolts. (PubMed)

Evaluation of emamectin benzoate and substance EX against salmon lice in sea-ranched Atlantic salmon smolts. Experimental releases of Atlantic salmon smolts treated with emamectin benzoate (EB) against salmon lice have previously been used to estimate the significance of salmon lice on the survival of migrating smolts. In recent years, the salmon louse has developed reduced sensitivity to EB, which may influence the results of such release experiments. We therefore tested the use of 2 anti-lice (...) drugs: EB was administered to salmon smolts in high doses by intra-peritoneal injection and the prophylactic substance EX (SubEX) was administered by bathing. A third, untreated control group was also established. Salmon were challenged with copepodids of 2 strains of salmon lice (1 EB-sensitive strain and 1 with reduced EB-sensitivity) in mixed-group experimental tanks. At 31 d post-challenge, the numbers of pre-adult lice on treated fish were around 20% compared with the control fish, with minor

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2015 Diseases of aquatic organisms

88. Prevalence of head lice infestation among primary school students worldwide - a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of past four decades

Prevalence of head lice infestation among primary school students worldwide - a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of past four decades Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2018 PROSPERO

89. Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15

Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15 Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15 | Margaret McCartney's Blog Physical treatments which finds it works better than pesticides, and does but previous Non – pesticide treatments Dimethicone – evidence , , open label study , RCT , , vs , and l Systematic review – , and another, and an important and disappearing trials very thorough over view from of what’s known , and on Comments Off on Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15 Comments are closed. Twitter Follow

2015 Margaret McCartney's Blog

90. Two Treatment Regimens of Cocamide DEA Lotion for Head Lice

Two Treatment Regimens of Cocamide DEA Lotion for Head Lice Two Treatment Regimens of Cocamide DEA Lotion for Head Lice - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Two Treatment Regimens of Cocamide DEA (...) Lotion for Head Lice The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02499549 Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of efficacy) First Posted : July 16, 2015 Last Update Posted : July 16, 2015 Sponsor: Medical Entomology Centre Collaborator: Riemann a/s Information provided by (Responsible Party

2015 Clinical Trials

91. Cocamide DEA vs Permethrin for Head Lice

Cocamide DEA vs Permethrin for Head Lice Cocamide DEA vs Permethrin for Head Lice - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cocamide DEA vs Permethrin for Head Lice The safety and scientific validity (...) Entomology Centre Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To assess the efficacy and safety of 10% Cocamide DEA and Lyclear creme rinse (permethrin1%) in the eradication of head lice. To assess the ability of each product to kill all viable ova and to assess patient acceptability of the product in use. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Pediculosis Capitis Head Louse Infestation Drug: Cocamide diethanolamine Drug: Permethrin Phase 3 Detailed Description: A formulation

2015 Clinical Trials

92. Head lice predictors and infestation dynamics among primary school children in Norway. (PubMed)

Head lice predictors and infestation dynamics among primary school children in Norway. Health providers need to know which measures to take and children to prioritize in order to decrease costs associated with head lice infestations.Our aim was to determine the most important predictors for head lice and identify the major drivers of an infestation outbreak in a low-prevalence area.The study was based on three datasets of head lice prevalence (retrospective, point prevalence and prospective (...) approach) from primary school children (ages 6-12) at 12 schools in Oslo, Norway. The tested predictors were siblings with lice, individual and household characteristics as well as class and school affiliation. Self-reported monthly incidences (prospective approach) of head lice were used to evaluate infestation dynamics.Infested siblings strongly increased the odds of head lice infestation of school children (odds ratio 36, 26 and 7 in the three datasets) whereas having short hair halved the odds

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2015 Family Practice

93. Little Known Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) Infesting Crab Plover Dromas ardeola Paykull, 1805 (Charadriiformes: Dromadidae) From The Red Sea. (PubMed)

Little Known Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) Infesting Crab Plover Dromas ardeola Paykull, 1805 (Charadriiformes: Dromadidae) From The Red Sea. Scanty information is available for many species of chewing lice of marine birds. Through this work we investigated one of most characteristic marine bird for chewing lice. Seven individuals of crab plovers Dromas ardeola Paykull, 1805 were trapped using standard mist nets on Humr Island in Farasan Archipelago, Saudi Arabia. Two species of chewing lice were

2015 Acta Tropica

94. A New Clade of African Body and Head Lice Infected by Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis-Democratic Republic of the Congo. (PubMed)

A New Clade of African Body and Head Lice Infected by Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis-Democratic Republic of the Congo. The human body louse is known as a vector for the transmission of three serious diseases-specifically, epidemic typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, Bartonella quintana, and Borrelia recurrentis, respectively-that have killed millions of people. It is also suspected in the transmission of a fourth pathogen, Yersinia pestis, which (...) is the etiologic agent of plague. To date, human lice belonging to the genus Pediculus have been classified into three mitochondrial clades: A, B, and C. Here, we describe a fourth mitochondrial clade, Clade D, comprising head and body lice. Clade D may be a vector of B. quintana and Y. pestis, which is prevalent in a highly plague-endemic area near the Rethy Health District, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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2015 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

95. Fragmented mitochondrial genomes in two suborders of parasitic lice of eutherian mammals (Anoplura and Rhynchophthirina, Insecta) (PubMed)

Fragmented mitochondrial genomes in two suborders of parasitic lice of eutherian mammals (Anoplura and Rhynchophthirina, Insecta) Parasitic lice (order Phthiraptera) infest birds and mammals. The typical animal mitochondrial (mt) genome organization, which consists of a single chromosome with 37 genes, was found in chewing lice in the suborders Amblycera and Ischnocera. The sucking lice (suborder Anoplura) known, however, have fragmented mt genomes with 9-20 minichromosomes. We sequenced the mt (...) genome of the elephant louse, Haematomyzus elephantis - the first species of chewing lice investigated from the suborder Rhynchophthirina. We identified 33 mt genes in the elephant louse, which were on 10 minichromosomes. Each minichromosome is 3.5-4.2 kb in size and has 2-6 genes. Phylogenetic analyses of mt genome sequences confirm that the elephant louse is more closely related to sucking lice than to the chewing lice in the Amblycera and Ischnocera. Our results indicate that mt genome

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2015 Scientific reports

96. Studies of Ancient Lice Reveal Unsuspected Past Migrations of Vectors. (PubMed)

Studies of Ancient Lice Reveal Unsuspected Past Migrations of Vectors. Lice are among the oldest parasites of humans representing an excellent marker of the evolution and migration of our species over time. Here, we analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) developed in this study the mitochondrial DNA of seven ancient head louse eggs found on hair remains recovered from two sites in Israel: 1) five nits dating from Chalcolithic period (4,000 bc) were found in the Cave

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2015 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

97. Mechanism behind Resistance against the Organophosphate Azamethiphos in Salmon Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) (PubMed)

Mechanism behind Resistance against the Organophosphate Azamethiphos in Salmon Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is the primary target for organophosphates (OP). Several mutations have been reported in AChE to be associated with the reduced sensitivity against OP in various arthropods. However, to the best of our knowledge, no such reports are available for Lepeophtheirus salmonis. Hence, in the present study, we aimed to determine the association of AChE(s) gene(s (...) ) with resistance against OP. We screened the AChE genes (L. salmonis ace1a and ace1b) in two salmon lice populations: one sensitive (n=5) and the other resistant (n=5) for azamethiphos, a commonly used OP in salmon farming. The screening led to the identification of a missense mutation Phe362Tyr in L. salmonis ace1a, (corresponding to Phe331 in Torpedo californica AChE) in all the samples of the resistant population. We confirmed the potential role of the mutation, with reduced sensitivity against azamethiphos

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2015 PloS one

98. Common sense guidelines for children with lice

Common sense guidelines for children with lice Common sense guidelines for children with lice Common sense guidelines for children with lice | | May 25, 2015 54 Shares A from the American Academy of Pediatrics is a rare beacon of coherent thought about lice and children. Rather than humiliating children and driving them away like lepers, the AAP recommends common-sense steps to identify and treat lice. Some facts really shouldn’t be in dispute: Lice is not a serious illness or a significant (...) hazard to health. They don’t make anyone sick, and they do not spread any disease. Lice is not a sign of poor hygiene or parental failure. Lice cannot jump or fly from person to person — they’re only transmitted by close and prolonged personal contact. Transmission via objects — combs, hats, and pillowcases — is uncommon. Most lice transmission occurs in neighborhoods and households, not in schools. Nonetheless, a case of lice in a school seems to cause hysteria and panic. Children are marched

2015 KevinMD blog

99. Head lice. (PubMed)

Head lice. Head lice infestation is associated with limited morbidity but causes a high level of anxiety among parents of school-aged children. Since the 2010 clinical report on head lice was published by the American Academy of Pediatrics, newer medications have been approved for the treatment of head lice. This revised clinical report clarifies current diagnosis and treatment protocols and provides guidance for the management of children with head lice in the school setting. Copyright © 2015

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2015 Pediatrics

100. Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. (PubMed)

Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. The emergence of resistance to treatment complicates the public health problem of head-louse infestations and drives the need for continuing development of new treatments. There are limited data on the activity of ivermectin as a topical lousicide.In two multisite, randomized, double-blind studies, we compared a single application of 0.5% ivermectin lotion with vehicle control for the elimination of infestations without nit combing (...) in patients 6 months of age or older. A tube of topical ivermectin or vehicle control was dispensed on day 1, to be applied to dry hair, left for 10 minutes, then rinsed with water. The primary end point was the percentage of index patients (youngest household member with ≥3 live lice) in the intention-to-treat population who were louse-free 1 day after treatment (day 2) and remained so through days 8 and 15.A total of 765 patients completed the studies. In the intention-to-treat population, significantly

2012 NEJM

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