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61. NOTES ON PEDICULUS HUMANUS (VESTIMENTI) AND PEDICULUS CAPITIS Full Text available with Trip Pro

NOTES ON PEDICULUS HUMANUS (VESTIMENTI) AND PEDICULUS CAPITIS 20768159 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 2892 1916 Jun 03 British medical journal Br Med J NOTES ON PEDICULUS HUMANUS (VESTIMENTI) AND PEDICULUS CAPITIS. 788-9 Bacot A A eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1916 6 3 0 0 1916 6 3 0 1 ppublish 20768159 PMC2349080

1916 British medical journal

62. Ivermectin for Parasitic Skin Infections of Lice: A Review of Comparative Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

was identified regarding the comparative clinical effectiveness of oral versus topical ivermectin for parasitic skin infections of lice. This evidence of limited quality suggested that both oral and topical ivermectin were effective for the treatment of patients with pediculosis capitis. The study found that the cure rates of lice infestation and pruritus were significantly higher among those receiving topical ivermectin compared to oral ivermectin one week after initial treatment; however, after a second (...) for parasitic skin infections of lice was identified.One evidence-based guideline was identified regarding the use of ivermectin for parasitic skin infections of lice. The guideline provides weak recommendations (based on evidence of limited quality) for the use of oral or topical ivermectin for the treatment of individuals with pediculosis pubis. Oral ivermectin should be considered as a second-line therapy or as an option for individuals with infestation in the eyelashes (with the exception of children

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

63. Efficacy and Safety of a Mineral Oil-Based Head Lice Shampoo: A Randomized, Controlled, Investigator-Blinded, Comparative Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy and Safety of a Mineral Oil-Based Head Lice Shampoo: A Randomized, Controlled, Investigator-Blinded, Comparative Study. Due to increased resistance and safety concerns with insecticide-based pediculicides, there is growing demand for head lice treatments with a physical mode of action. Certain mineral oils kill lice by blocking spiracles or by disrupting the epicuticular wax layer. The present study was performed to evaluate efficacy and safety of a mineral oil-based shampoo.This (...) randomized, controlled, investigator-blinded, monocentric study (EudraCT registration no. 2014-002918-23) was performed from October 2014-June 2015 in Germany. A mineral oil shampoo (Mosquito® Med Läuse Shampoo 10 in Germany, Paranix or Silcap shampoo elsewhere), registered as medical device, was compared to a conventional, locally reimbursed, pyrethroid-based pediculicide (Goldgeist® Forte solution). In total, 107 patients (>1 year) with confirmed head lice infestation were included (test arm: n = 53

2016 PloS one Controlled trial quality: uncertain

64. Head Lice of Pygmies Reveal the Presence of Relapsing Fever Borreliae in the Republic of Congo Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head Lice of Pygmies Reveal the Presence of Relapsing Fever Borreliae in the Republic of Congo Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, occur in four divergent mitochondrial clades (A, B, C and D), each having particular geographical distributions. Recent studies suggest that head lice, as is the case of body lice, can act as a vector for louse-borne diseases. Therefore, understanding the genetic diversity of lice worldwide is of critical importance to our understanding of the risk of louse-borne (...) was not reported in the Republic of Congo, and B. theileri in one head louse. The results also show widespread infection among head lice with several species of Acinetobacter. A. junii was the most prevalent, followed by A. ursingii, A. baumannii, A. johnsonii, A. schindleri, A. lwoffii, A. nosocomialis and A. towneri.Our study is the first to show the presence of B. recurrentis in African pygmies' head lice in the Republic of Congo. This study is also the first to report the presence of DNAs of B. theileri

2016 PLoS neglected tropical diseases

65. Treatment of Head Lice Infestation Using Novel Ultrasonic Comb

. Information provided by (Responsible Party): ParaSonic Ltd. Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: A pilot study to evaluate safety and efficacy of the Lucy combined with LucyGel in killing head lice and their eggs. 23 participants will be enrolled in this study. The first 12 will be combed with model A and the remaining 11 will be combed with model B Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Pediculus, Device: The Lucy ultrasonic comb models A and B combined with the LucyGel Phase 1 (...) Treatment of Head Lice Infestation Using Novel Ultrasonic Comb Treatment of Head Lice Infestation Using Novel Ultrasonic Comb - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Treatment of Head Lice

2016 Clinical Trials

66. Head Lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head Lice. Conflicting information about the proper treatment of head lice has given rise to uncertainty among patients and treating personnel. For example, the reported efficacy of permethrin fell from 97% in the 1990s to 30% in 2010.Review of the literature based on a selective search of PubMed.In Germany, outbreaks of head lice mainly occur among 5- to 13-year-olds returning to school after the summer vacation. Nymphs hatch from eggs after an average of 8 days and become sexually mature lice (...) be managed with the synchronous treatment of all infested persons to break the chain of infestation. If the agent used is not ovicidal, the treatment must be repeated in 8-10 days and sometimes in a further 7 days as well.Outbreaks of head lice can be successfully terminated by synchronous treatment with ovicidal dimethicones.

2016 Deutsches Arzteblatt international

67. Two Bacterial Genera, Sodalis and Rickettsia, Associated with the Seal Louse Proechinophthirus fluctus (Phthiraptera: Anoplura) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Two Bacterial Genera, Sodalis and Rickettsia, Associated with the Seal Louse Proechinophthirus fluctus (Phthiraptera: Anoplura) Roughly 10% to 15% of insect species host heritable symbiotic bacteria known as endosymbionts. The lice parasitizing mammals rely on endosymbionts to provide essential vitamins absent in their blood meals. Here, we describe two bacterial associates from a louse, Proechinophthirus fluctus, which is an obligate ectoparasite of a marine mammal. One of these is a heritable (...) endosymbiont that is not closely related to endosymbionts of other mammalian lice. Rather, it is more closely related to endosymbionts of the genus Sodalis associated with spittlebugs and feather-chewing bird lice. Localization and vertical transmission of this endosymbiont are also more similar to those of bird lice than to those of other mammalian lice. The endosymbiont genome appears to be degrading in symbiosis; however, it is considerably larger than the genomes of other mammalian louse endosymbionts

2016 Applied and environmental microbiology

68. Head lice predictors and infestation dynamics among primary school children in Norway. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head lice predictors and infestation dynamics among primary school children in Norway. Health providers need to know which measures to take and children to prioritize in order to decrease costs associated with head lice infestations.Our aim was to determine the most important predictors for head lice and identify the major drivers of an infestation outbreak in a low-prevalence area.The study was based on three datasets of head lice prevalence (retrospective, point prevalence and prospective (...) approach) from primary school children (ages 6-12) at 12 schools in Oslo, Norway. The tested predictors were siblings with lice, individual and household characteristics as well as class and school affiliation. Self-reported monthly incidences (prospective approach) of head lice were used to evaluate infestation dynamics.Infested siblings strongly increased the odds of head lice infestation of school children (odds ratio 36, 26 and 7 in the three datasets) whereas having short hair halved the odds

2015 Family Practice

69. A New Clade of African Body and Head Lice Infected by Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis-Democratic Republic of the Congo. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A New Clade of African Body and Head Lice Infected by Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis-Democratic Republic of the Congo. The human body louse is known as a vector for the transmission of three serious diseases-specifically, epidemic typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, Bartonella quintana, and Borrelia recurrentis, respectively-that have killed millions of people. It is also suspected in the transmission of a fourth pathogen, Yersinia pestis, which (...) is the etiologic agent of plague. To date, human lice belonging to the genus Pediculus have been classified into three mitochondrial clades: A, B, and C. Here, we describe a fourth mitochondrial clade, Clade D, comprising head and body lice. Clade D may be a vector of B. quintana and Y. pestis, which is prevalent in a highly plague-endemic area near the Rethy Health District, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

2015 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

70. Two Treatment Regimens of Cocamide DEA Lotion for Head Lice

): Medical Entomology Centre Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To assess the efficacy and safety of 10% Cocamide DEA using two treatment regimens in the eradication of head lice. To assess the ability of each treatment regimen to kill all viable ova and to assess patient acceptability of the product in use Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Pediculosis Head Louse Infestation Drug: cocamide diethanolamine Phase 2 Phase 3 Detailed Description: A previous study found (...) that a formulation of 10% cocamide diethanolamine (DEA) aqueous lotion showed some efficacy to eliminate head louse infestation but that the treatment regimen was inadequate to kill all lice or louse eggs. This study has been designed to compare two different application regimens that have been shown effective in vitro. A planned total of 120 patients who, following examination, are found to suffer from active head lice infestation will be recruited to the trial. The patient will be treated with 10% cocamide DEA

2015 Clinical Trials

71. Cocamide DEA vs Permethrin for Head Lice

Entomology Centre Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To assess the efficacy and safety of 10% Cocamide DEA and Lyclear creme rinse (permethrin1%) in the eradication of head lice. To assess the ability of each product to kill all viable ova and to assess patient acceptability of the product in use. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Pediculosis Capitis Head Louse Infestation Drug: Cocamide diethanolamine Drug: Permethrin Phase 3 Detailed Description: A formulation (...) of cocamide diethanolamine (DEA) surfactant was previously reported as showing efficacy to eliminate head louse infestation. This study has been designed to test those data using a new formulation of 10% cocamide DEA in an aqueous basis in comparison with the standard of care product 1% permethrin creme rinse. It is believed that surfactants like cocamide DEA are capable of eliminating lice resistant to conventional insecticides. A planned total of 120 patients who, following examination, are found

2015 Clinical Trials

72. Head lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Head lice. Head lice infestation is associated with limited morbidity but causes a high level of anxiety among parents of school-aged children. Since the 2010 clinical report on head lice was published by the American Academy of Pediatrics, newer medications have been approved for the treatment of head lice. This revised clinical report clarifies current diagnosis and treatment protocols and provides guidance for the management of children with head lice in the school setting. Copyright © 2015

2015 Pediatrics

73. Interventional VSD-Closure with the Nit-Occlud<sup>®</sup> Lê VSD-Coil in 110 Patients: Early and Midterm Results of the EUREVECO-Registry. (Abstract)

Interventional VSD-Closure with the Nit-Occlud® Lê VSD-Coil in 110 Patients: Early and Midterm Results of the EUREVECO-Registry. In August 2010, the Nit-Occlud® Lê (EUREVECO) became available for transcatheter coil occlusion of ventricular septal defects (VSDs). Retrospective European Registry for VSD Closure using the Nit-Occlud® Lê-VSD-Coil; analysis of the feasibility, results, safety and follow-up of VSD-closure over a 3-year period in 18 European centers. In 102 of 111 patients (...)  months and 97% after 1 year. Out of the 102 patients, there were 2 severe complications (1.8%) (1 severe hemolysis, 1 embolization) and 8 moderate/transient (=7.2%) including 1 transient AV block. During a mean follow-up period of 31.3 months (range 24-48) and a total follow-up time of 224.75 patient years, no further problems occurred. VSD closure with the Nit-Occlud® Lê VSD coil is feasible and safe with a minimal risk of severe side effects. The long-term effects and safety require further

2016 Pediatric Cardiology

74. Initial Experience with the Nit-Occlud ASD-R: Short-Term Results. (Abstract)

Initial Experience with the Nit-Occlud ASD-R: Short-Term Results. We aim to assess the safety, feasibility and efficacy of the new Nit-Occlud ASD-R (NOASD-R) device. From 2014 to 2015, transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) using the NOASD-R was performed in 30 consecutive patients. The standard deployment technique as the left upper pulmonary vein approach was used in 25 patients. Right upper pulmonary vein approach was required in five. The median age was 6 years (range 3.5-60

2016 Pediatric Cardiology

75. The Different Effects of Atorvastatin and Pravastatin on Cell Death and PARP Activity in Pancreatic NIT-1 Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Different Effects of Atorvastatin and Pravastatin on Cell Death and PARP Activity in Pancreatic NIT-1 Cells Statins have been widely used drugs for lowering low-density lipoprotein and for preventing heart attack and stroke. However, the increased risk for developing diabetes during extended stain use and the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. The objective of this study was to elucidate the signaling pathway and biological function between necrosis and autophagy induced by atorvastatin (...) (AS) and pravastatin (PS). Here we observed that atorvastatin (AS) can increase intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induce necrotic cell death and autophagy in NIT-1 cells, whereas pravastatin (PS) does not cause ROS and cell death but also induces autophagy. PARP1 exhibited a dual role in modulating necrosis and autophagy in AS- and PS-treated NIT-1 cells through RIP1-RIP3-MLKL pathway and PARP1-AMPK-mTOR pathway. Lastly, AS treatment induced mitochondrial morphology injury significantly more than PS

2016 Journal of diabetes research

76. Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. The emergence of resistance to treatment complicates the public health problem of head-louse infestations and drives the need for continuing development of new treatments. There are limited data on the activity of ivermectin as a topical lousicide.In two multisite, randomized, double-blind studies, we compared a single application of 0.5% ivermectin lotion with vehicle control for the elimination of infestations without nit combing (...) in patients 6 months of age or older. A tube of topical ivermectin or vehicle control was dispensed on day 1, to be applied to dry hair, left for 10 minutes, then rinsed with water. The primary end point was the percentage of index patients (youngest household member with ≥3 live lice) in the intention-to-treat population who were louse-free 1 day after treatment (day 2) and remained so through days 8 and 15.A total of 765 patients completed the studies. In the intention-to-treat population, significantly

2012 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

77. A remarkable new genus and a new species of chewing louse (Phthiraptera, Ischnocera, Philopteridae) from Brazil Full Text available with Trip Pro

A remarkable new genus and a new species of chewing louse (Phthiraptera, Ischnocera, Philopteridae) from Brazil A new genus of chewing louse as Bobdalgleishia, and its type species Bobdalgleishia stephanophallus sp. n. (Phthiraptera) belonging to the Brueelia-complex (Ischnocera: Philopteridae) are described. Adults of the new species are fully described, illustrated and compared morphologically with the type species of Motmotnirmus Mey & Barker, 2014, which is its closest relative. The type

2015 ZooKeys

78. The susceptibility to dieldrin of Pulex irritans and Pediculus humanus corporis in the Pare area of north-east Tanganyika Full Text available with Trip Pro

The susceptibility to dieldrin of Pulex irritans and Pediculus humanus corporis in the Pare area of north-east Tanganyika 13831868 1998 11 01 2018 12 01 0042-9686 21 1959 Bulletin of the World Health Organization Bull. World Health Organ. The susceptibility to dieldrin of Pulex irritans and Pediculus humanus corporis in the Pare area of north-east Tanganyika. 240-1 SMITH A A eng Journal Article Switzerland Bull World Health Organ 7507052 0042-9686 I0246D2ZS0 Dieldrin OM Animals Biomedical (...) Research Dieldrin pharmacology Disease Susceptibility Humans Lice Infestations prevention & control Pediculus Siphonaptera pharmacology Tanzania DIELDRIN/pharmacology FLEAS/pharmacology PEDICULOSIS/prevention and control 1959 1 1 1959 1 1 0 1 1959 1 1 0 0 ppublish 13831868 PMC2537873 Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1957 Mar;51(2):137-51 13422574

1959 Bulletin of the World Health Organization

79. Graphene Oxide Inhibits hIAPP Amyloid Fibrillation and Toxicity in Insulin-Producing NIT-1 Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Graphene Oxide Inhibits hIAPP Amyloid Fibrillation and Toxicity in Insulin-Producing NIT-1 Cells Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP or amylin) aggregation is directly associated with pancreatic β-cell death and subsequent insulin deficiency in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Since no cure is currently available for T2D, it is of great benefit to devise new anti-aggregation molecules, which protect β-cells against hIAPP aggregation-induced toxicity. Engineered nanoparticles have been recently (...) insulin-secreting NIT-1 pancreatic β-cells against hIAPP-induced toxicity. Our multidisciplinary study suggests that GO nanosheets have the potential to be utilized as an anti-aggregation nanomedicine itself in addition to a biosensor or delivery vehicle for the mitigation of T2D progression.

2015 Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP

80. Chewing lice of genus Ricinus (Phthiraptera, Ricinidae) deposited at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia, with description of a new species Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chewing lice of genus Ricinus (Phthiraptera, Ricinidae) deposited at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia, with description of a new species We revised a collection of chewing lice deposited at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia. We studied 60 slides with 107 specimens of 10 species of the genus Ricinus (De Geer, 1778). The collection includes lectotype specimens of Ricinus ivanovi

2016 Parasite

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