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41. Comparison of the Proliferation and Excretion of Bartonella quintana between Body and Head Lice Following Oral Challenge Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of the Proliferation and Excretion of Bartonella quintana between Body and Head Lice Following Oral Challenge Human body and head lice are highly related haematophagous ectoparasites but only the body louse has been shown to transmit Bartonella quintana, the causative agent of trench fever. The mechanisms by which body lice became a vector for B. quintana, however, are poorly understood. Following oral challenge, green fluorescent protein-expressing B. quintana proliferated over 9 (...) days postchallenge with the number of bacteria being significantly higher in whole body vs. head lice. The numbers of B. quintana detected in faeces from infected lice, however, were approximately the same in both lice. Nevertheless, the viability of B. quintana was significantly higher in body louse faeces. Comparison of immune responses in alimentary tract tissues revealed that basal transcription levels of peptidoglycan recognition protein and defensins were lower in body lice

2017 Insect molecular biology

42. Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin – resistant head lice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin – resistant head lice Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is an important disease worldwide, especially in children under 11 years old. Permethrin is the most common insecticide for treatment of human pediculosis, but nowadays resistance to permethrin and other pyrethroids has caused many treatment failures. The second treatment of choice is malathion.

2017 Clinical Case Reports

43. Novel polymeric micelles for insect pest control: encapsulation of essential oil monoterpenes inside a triblock copolymer shell for head lice control Full Text available with Trip Pro

Novel polymeric micelles for insect pest control: encapsulation of essential oil monoterpenes inside a triblock copolymer shell for head lice control Essential oil components (EOCs) are molecules with interesting application in pest control, these have been evaluated against different insect pest from more than 100 years, but their practical use is rather limited. Thus, the enhancement of their bioavailability and manageability due to their dispersion in water can open new perspective (...) activity of these micellar systems was tested on head lice using an ex vivo immersion test.The poloxamers allowed the dispersion of EOCs in water due to their encapsulation inside the hydrophobic core of the copolymer micelles. From this study, we concluded that it is possible to make stable micellar systems containing water (>90 wt%), 1.25 wt% of different monoterpenes and a highly safe polymer (5wt% Poloxamer 407). These formulations were effective against head lice with mortality ranging from 30

2017 PeerJ

44. Efficacy and Safety of Topical 0.5% Ivermectin Lotion for the Treatment of Head Lice Infestation in Filipinos

Update Posted : March 7, 2018 Sponsor: United Laboratories Information provided by (Responsible Party): United Laboratories Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study evaluating the efficacy and safety of a single application of 0.5% ivermectin lotion in Filipino subjects with head lice. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Pediculosis Capitis Drug: 0.5% Ivermectin lotion Drug: Vehicle Phase 2 Study Design Go (...) on the scalp and/or hair as determined by a trained evaluator; After the index subject has been enrolled, additional infested household members will be enrolled. Household subjects must have an active head lice infestation defined as: At least 1 live louse (adult and /or nymph) present on the scalp and/or hair, as determined by a trained evaluator (with the exception of the male head of household who may self- assess, as being lice free). Subject is male or female; Subject is at least 3 years old or older

2017 Clinical Trials

45. Impact of Community Scabies Treatment on Head Lice Prevalence in the Solomon Islands

been identified as common public health problems in the Pacific Island Country Territories. Mass drug administration using ivermectin is increasingly recognised as an effective strategy for scabies treatment and control, however, its possible impact on prevalence of head lice has not been evaluated. Given that oral ivermectin is an effective treatment option for pediculosis capitis, we hypothesise that community treatment with ivermectin for scabies would also provide benefit by reducing prevalence (...) Medicine Information provided by (Responsible Party): London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This is a pilot study evaluating if treatment for scabies also treats headlice in the same community Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Scabies Head Lice Drug: Ivermectin Drug: Permethrin 5% Drug: Malathion Shampoo 0.5% Phase 3 Detailed Description: Background: Scabies and head lice are both ubiquitous ectoparasitic infections that have

2017 Clinical Trials

46. Efficacy of Peer Education for Adopting Preventive Behaviors against Head Lice Infestation in Female Elementary School Students: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of Peer Education for Adopting Preventive Behaviors against Head Lice Infestation in Female Elementary School Students: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Pediculosis is a common parasitic infestation in students worldwide, including Iran. This condition is more prevalent in populous and deprived communities with poor personal hygiene. This study sought to assess the efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against pediculosis in female elementary school students based (...) the intervention. Independent and paired t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and regression analysis were applied as appropriate.The two groups had no significant differences in the scores of knowledge, HBM constructs, or behavior before the intervention. After the intervention, however, the mean scores of all parameters significantly improved in the intervention group.Peer education based on HBM is an effective strategy to promote preventive behaviors against pediculosis in among fifth grade female

2017 PloS one Controlled trial quality: uncertain

47. The efficacy of Australian essential oils for the treatment of head lice infestation in children: A randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The efficacy of Australian essential oils for the treatment of head lice infestation in children: A randomised controlled trial. The increase in resistance of head lice to neurotoxic pediculicides and public concern over their safety has led to an increase in alternative treatments, many of which are poorly researched or even untested.A multicentre, randomised, assessor-blind, parallel-group trial (Trial 1) was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of a head lice treatment containing (...) . In vitro tests were performed to further assess the ovicidal and pediculicidal efficacy of EO/LP solution.EO/LP solution was found to be more than twice as effective in curing head lice infestation as P/PB mousse in per-protocol participants (Trial 1; 83% vs 36%, P < 0.0001), and was also found to be 100% pediculicidal following a single application (Trial 2). Adverse events were limited to transient itching, burning or stinging. Further skin testing with the EO/LP solution reported no irritation

2017 Australasian Journal of Dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

48. THE EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF THE HUMAN BODY LOUSE, PEDICULUS HUMANUS CORPORIS, WITH MURINE AND EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE TYPHUS STRAINS Full Text available with Trip Pro

THE EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF THE HUMAN BODY LOUSE, PEDICULUS HUMANUS CORPORIS, WITH MURINE AND EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE TYPHUS STRAINS Experiments are described which demonstrate that human body lice (Pediculus humanus corporis), were infected experimentally with murine and epidemic louse-borne strains of typhus fever by feeding on suitably prepared rabbits. Details of the two methods of infection, the "bleb technique" and the "I.V. technique," are presented. It is concluded that the experimental (...) infection of human lice with typhus can be accomplished very easily and rapidly with these methods. The possible applications of the method are discussed.

1945 The Journal of experimental medicine

49. Head lice treatments

Head lice treatments USE OF HEAD LICE TREATMENTS IN PREGNANCY 0344 892 0909 USE OF HEAD LICE TREATMENTS IN PREGNANCY (Date of issue: February 2018 , Version: 2 ) This is a UKTIS monograph for use by health care professionals. For case-specific advice please contact UKTIS on 0344 892 0909. To report an exposure please download and complete a . Please encourage all women to complete an . A corresponding patient information leaflet on is available at . Summary Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis (...) ) are parasitic insects that infest the hairs of the human head and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice can be treated by ‘wet combing’ or with medicated lotions or sprays consisting of either silicone- or fatty acid ester-based preparations, or chemical insecticides. Crème rinses and shampoos are not considered effective and are therefore not recommended in the treatment of head lice. There are very limited human data on safety during pregnancy of any of the medicinal products used in the treatment

2014 UK Teratology Information Service

50. Multicenter Off-Label Use of Nit-Occlud Coil in Retrograde Closure of Small Patent Ductus Arteriosus. (Abstract)

Multicenter Off-Label Use of Nit-Occlud Coil in Retrograde Closure of Small Patent Ductus Arteriosus. We studied the safety and efficacy of closing patent ductus arteriosus by Nit-Occlud coils via retrograde approach. This is a retrospective study of 46 attempts to close ducts by this method in two hospitals in Egypt and Iran. Ductus arteriosus was crossed by left or right Judkins or endhole catheters. The coil was delivered via the same catheter or the provided endhole catheter after exchange

2017 Pediatric Cardiology

51. Extraocular needle- guided haptic insertion technique of scleral fixation intraocular lens surgeries (X-NIT) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Extraocular needle- guided haptic insertion technique of scleral fixation intraocular lens surgeries (X-NIT) The most challenging step in sutureless scleral fixation of intraocular lens (SFIOL) is exteriorization of haptics. The conventional handshake technique has a learning curve since it involves intraocular handing over of haptics from one forceps to another. Here, we describe "extraocular needle-guided haptic insertion technique" (X-NIT), a novel technique of exteriorizing haptics (...) was 0.5 ± 0.3 (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) with 18 of 19 eyes showing one or more lines of improvement in BCVA. X-NIT is a safe, easy, cost-effective, and highly reproducible technique, especially for beginners.

2017 Indian journal of ophthalmology

52. Percutaneous closure of congenital Gerbode defect using Nit-Occlud® Lê VSD coil Full Text available with Trip Pro

Percutaneous closure of congenital Gerbode defect using Nit-Occlud® Lê VSD coil We present a case report about percutaneous closure of a congenital Gerbode defect using Nit-Occlud® Lê VSD coil. The patient was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of ventricular septal defect (VSD) and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. But transthoracic echocardiography revealed a communication between the left ventricle (LV) and the right atrial (RA), called Gerbode defect. Catheterization

2017 World journal of cardiology

53. Treatment of Pediculosis Capitis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of Pediculosis Capitis An endeavour to delineate the salient details of the treatment of head lice infestation has been made in the present article. Treatment modalities including over the counter permethrin and pyrethrin, and prescription medicines, including malathion, lindane, benzyl alcohol, spinosad are discussed. Salient features of alternative medicine and physical treatment modalities are outlined. The problem of resistance to treatment has also been taken cognizance of.

2015 Indian journal of dermatology

54. Phylogenomics using Target-Restricted Assembly Resolves Intrageneric Relationships of Parasitic Lice (Phthiraptera: Columbicola) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phylogenomics using Target-Restricted Assembly Resolves Intrageneric Relationships of Parasitic Lice (Phthiraptera: Columbicola) Parasitic "wing lice" (Phthiraptera: Columbicola) and their dove and pigeon hosts are a well-recognized model system for coevolutionary studies at the intersection of micro- and macroevolution. Selection on lice in microevolutionary time occurs as pigeons and doves defend themselves against lice by preening. In turn, behavioral and morphological adaptations (...) of the lice improve their ability to evade host defense. Over macroevolutionary time wing lice tend to cospeciate with their hosts; yet, some species of Columbicola have switched to new host species. Understanding the ecological and evolutionary factors that influence coadaptation and codiversification in this system will substantially improve our understanding of coevolution in general. However, further work is hampered by the lack of a robust phylogenetic framework for Columbicola spp. and their hosts

2017 Systematic biology

55. Prevalence of head lice infestation among primary school students worldwide - a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of past four decades

Prevalence of head lice infestation among primary school students worldwide - a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of past four decades Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2018 PROSPERO

56. EXPERIMENTS ON THE DESTRUCTION OF LICE AND NITS: I. The Survival Period of Lice and Nits (Pediculus humanus) when Submerged in Tap Water and Water containing 1 per Cent. of Salt at Various Temperatures Full Text available with Trip Pro

EXPERIMENTS ON THE DESTRUCTION OF LICE AND NITS: I. The Survival Period of Lice and Nits (Pediculus humanus) when Submerged in Tap Water and Water containing 1 per Cent. of Salt at Various Temperatures 20769719 2011 03 31 2011 03 31 0007-1447 2 3074 1919 Nov 29 British medical journal Br Med J EXPERIMENTS ON THE DESTRUCTION OF LICE AND NITS: I. The Survival Period of Lice and Nits (Pediculus humanus) when Submerged in Tap Water and Water containing 1 per Cent. of Salt at Various Temperatures

1919 British medical journal

57. Head lice

Head lice Head lice - NICE CKS Share Head lice: Summary Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis) are parasitic insects that infest the hairs of the human head and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice infestation is known as pediculosis capitis. The severity of infestation varies from a few lice (less than 10) to more than 1000 in severe cases, but a typical infestation might have about 30 lice per head. If left untreated, head lice infestation may persist for long periods. Detection combing (...) - Options for local implementation were found during the review of this topic. NICE Quality standards NICE quality standards No NICE quality standards were found during the review of this topic. Background information Background information Definition What is it? Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis) are parasitic insects that infest the hairs of the human head and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice infestation is known as pediculosis capitis [ ; ; ; ]. The severity of infestation varies from

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

59. The Mitochondrial Genome of the Guanaco Louse, Microthoracius praelongiceps: Insights into the Ancestral Mitochondrial Karyotype of Sucking Lice (Anoplura, Insecta) Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Mitochondrial Genome of the Guanaco Louse, Microthoracius praelongiceps: Insights into the Ancestral Mitochondrial Karyotype of Sucking Lice (Anoplura, Insecta) Fragmented mitochondrial (mt) genomes have been reported in 11 species of sucking lice (suborder Anoplura) that infest humans, chimpanzees, pigs, horses, and rodents. There is substantial variation among these lice in mt karyotype: the number of minichromosomes of a species ranges from 9 to 20; the number of genes (...) in a minichromosome ranges from 1 to 8; gene arrangement in a minichromosome differs between species, even in the same genus. We sequenced the mt genome of the guanaco louse, Microthoracius praelongiceps, to help establish the ancestral mt karyotype for sucking lice and understand how fragmented mt genomes evolved. The guanaco louse has 12 mt minichromosomes; each minichromosome has 2-5 genes and a non-coding region. The guanaco louse shares many features with rodent lice in mt karyotype, more than with other

2017 Genome biology and evolution

60. Treatment of pediculosis capitis: a critical appraisal of the current literature. (Abstract)

Treatment of pediculosis capitis: a critical appraisal of the current literature. Pediculosis capitis is the most common ectoparasitic disease in children in industrialized countries and extremely common in resource-poor communities of the developing world. The extensive use of pediculicides with a neurotoxic mode of action has led to the development and spread of resistant head lice populations all over the world. This triggered the development of compounds with other modes of action (...) . The current literature on treatment approaches of head lice infestation was searched, and published randomized controlled trials were critically analyzed. The following compounds/family of compounds were identified: spinosad, a novel compound with a new neurotoxic mode of action, isopropyl myristate, 1,2-octanediol, ivermectin, plant-based products, and dimeticones. The efficacy and safety of these compounds are reviewed and recommendations for the treatment of pediculosis capitis in individuals as well

2014 American journal of clinical dermatology

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