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381. Environmental Factors Associated with Increased Rat Populations: A Focused Practice Question

) are the most common rat species of public health significance 1 . Rats benefit from close association with humans for food, water and shelter. However, people do not derive any direct benefit from this association. Rats are reservoirs for bacterial and viral pathogens 2 as well as parasites that either live on the host such as lice and fleas or parasites that infect the host such as tapeworms. In urban environments the close association between humans and rats increases the potential for zoonotic disease (...) on human cases related to rat-associated Bartonella species infections is limited. Available research suggests that B. elizabethae and B. rochalimae may be linked to endocarditis and neuroretinitis and febrile illness, respectively 3 . There is some evidence that rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) may be responsible for spreading infections from rats to people. Rat-associated Bartonella species have also been identified in arthropod vectors such as lice, mites, and ticks although the roles

2018 Peel Health Library

382. A Guide to Utilization of the Microbiology Laboratory for Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: 2018 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Society for Microbiology Full Text available with Trip Pro

specimen-based approach, and includes bloodstream and cardiovascular system infections, central nervous system infections, ocular infections, soft tissue infections of the head and neck, upper and lower respiratory infections, infections of the gastrointestinal tract, intra-abdominal infections, bone and joint infections, urinary tract infections, genital infections, and other skin and soft tissue infections; or into etiologic agent groups, including arthropod-borne infections, viral syndromes (...) . Ocular Infections IV. Soft Tissue Infections of the Head and Neck V. Upper Respiratory Tract Bacterial and Fungal Infections VI. Lower Respiratory Tract Infections VII. Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract VIII. Intra-abdominal Infections IX. Bone and Joint Infections X. Urinary Tract Infections XI. Genital Infections XII. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections XIII. Arthropod-Borne Infections XIV. Viral Syndromes XV. Blood and Tissue Parasite Infections Contents Introduction and Executive Summary I

2018 Infectious Diseases Society of America

383. CRACKCast E163 – Pesticides

pyrethrins block: Voltage-gated sodium channels Voltage-gated calcium channels Chloride channels on GABA receptors Commonly used to treat human infestations of scabies and lice (eg, permethrin) Poorly absorbed dermally but are well absorbed via gastrointestinal and respiratory routes Wisecracks: 1) What is the aging process in organophosphate insecticide ingestions? A unique feature of organophosphate insecticides is the process called aging, the irreversible conformational change that occurs when

2018 CandiEM

384. Blepharitis

conjunctivitis Differential diagnosis Allergy Dermatoconjunctivitis medicamentosa (see Clinical Management Guideline on ) Dacryocystitis Parasitic infestation (e.g. Phthirus pubis infestation) Preseptal cellulitis Herpes (simplex or zoster) Meibomian gland carcinoma (usually unilateral) Management by optometrist Practitioners should recognise their limitations and where necessary seek further advice or refer the patient elsewhere GRADE* l evel of evidence and strength of recommendation always relates

2018 College of Optometrists

385. Original observations of Desmozoon lepeophtherii, a microsporidian hyperparasite infecting the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis, and its subsequent detection by other researchers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Original observations of Desmozoon lepeophtherii, a microsporidian hyperparasite infecting the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis, and its subsequent detection by other researchers A microsporidian hyperparasite, Desmozoon lepeophtherii, of the parasitic copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis (salmon louse), infecting farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), was first discovered in the west of Scotland in 2000. Heavily infected salmon lice are easily recognised as they have large opaque inclusions (...) distributed throughout the body. The prevalence of salmon lice with visible signs of microsporidiosis can be up to 10% of the population from certain farm sites. The microsporidian was also isolated from the host Atlantic salmon suggesting it may have a two host life cycle. The authors believe that the infection in immunocompetent salmon may be latent, becoming acute during periods of infection with another pathogen or during sexual maturation. Since its first discovery in Scotland, Desmozoon

2011 Parasites & vectors

386. Gene expression analyses of immune responses in Atlantic salmon during early stages of infection by salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) revealed bi-phasic responses coinciding with the copepod-chalimus transition Full Text available with Trip Pro

of fish resistance to lice, through biological control methods, needs better understanding of the protective mechanisms. We used a 21 k oligonucleotide microarray and RT-qPCR to examine the time-course of immune gene expression changes in salmon skin, spleen, and head kidney during the first 15 days after challenge, which encompassed the copepod and chalimus stages of lice development.Large scale and highly complex transcriptome responses were found already one day after infection (dpi). Many genes (...) Gene expression analyses of immune responses in Atlantic salmon during early stages of infection by salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) revealed bi-phasic responses coinciding with the copepod-chalimus transition The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer), an ectoparasitic copepod with a complex life cycle causes significant losses in salmon aquaculture. Pesticide treatments against the parasite raise environmental concerns and their efficacy is gradually decreasing. Improvement

2011 BMC genomics

387. Bio-Ecology of the Louse, Upupicola upupae, Infesting the Common Hoopoe, Upupa epops Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bio-Ecology of the Louse, Upupicola upupae, Infesting the Common Hoopoe, Upupa epops Abstract The population characteristics of the louse, Upupicola upupae (Shrank) (Mallophaga: Philopteridae: Ishnocera), infesting the Common Hoopae, Upupa epops L. (Aves: Upupiformes), were recorded during 2007-08 in District Rampur, Uttar Pradesh India. The pattern of frequency distribution of the louse conformed to the negative binomial model. The lice and its nits were reared in vitro at 35 ± 1° C, 75-82

2011 Journal of Insect Science

388. Effectiveness of Permethrin Impregnated Underwear in Preventing Louse Proliferation in Infected Homeless

Effectiveness of Permethrin Impregnated Underwear in Preventing Louse Proliferation in Infected Homeless Effectiveness of Permethrin Impregnated Underwear in Preventing Louse Proliferation in Infected Homeless - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effectiveness of Permethrin Impregnated Underwear in Preventing Louse Proliferation in Infected Homeless (ERPOUPER) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01287663 Recruitment Status : Terminated First Posted : February 1, 2011 Last Update

2011 Clinical Trials

389. A Systematic Review of Network Security Breaches and Solutions Full Text available with Trip Pro

in the CNC milling system [6]. Patil et al. (2019) developed an effective security structure for monitoring VM network traffic. It utilizes both signature and anomaly detection methods and is therefore capable of identifying both recognized and unknown attacks. Hypervisor Distributed Network Security (HLDNS) is suggested to be deployed on each cloud computing customer. The proposed safety framework will be evaluated for efficiency and optimization evaluation on the cloud network tested at NIT Goa using (...) on Java Programming titled as “Lets Play with JAVA”. He was the Chairman and Head of various academic and administrative position in the university. He is a member of Computer Society of India, Member of International Association of Engineers, Hong Kong, and Member of Editorial Board of peer reviewed journals. He has guided more than 50 Master’s and Graduate projects.

2020 International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering

391. Quality assessment of systematic reviews regarding the effectiveness of zygomatic implants: an overview of systematic reviews Full Text available with Trip Pro

-up of 6 years. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;46:1592-9. 7. Esposito M, Barauese C, Pistilli R, Sammartino G, Grandi G, Fe- lice P. Short Implants versus bone augmentation for placing longer implants in atrophic maxillae: One-year post-loading results of a pi- lot randomised controlled trial. Eur J Oral Implantol.2015;8:257-68. 8. Sakkas A, Wilde F, Heufelder M, Winter K, Schramm A. Autog- enous bone grafts in oral implantology-is it still a “gold standard”? A consecutive review of 279 patients

2020 Medicina Oral Patología Oral y Cirugia Bucal

392. A systematic review of pre-clinical and clinical research reports on small ruminants published during the last six decades in the then East Pakistan and in Bangladesh Full Text available with Trip Pro

of castration Penile and urethral development 41 - - 22. Muscles and carcass Gross morphological analysis 42 - - 23. Thoracic vertebrae Absence of floating ribs 43 - - 24. Head region Clinical anatomy 44 - - B. Distribution of nerves 01. Ischiatic nerve Distribution of nerve 45 - - 02. Cardiac nerve Cardiac innervation 46 - - 03. Lumber spinal nerve Distribution of nerve 47 - - 04. Radial, median & ulnar nerves Distribution in the forelimb 48 - - 05. Pudendal & caudal rectal nerves Origin, course (...) and larval taenids 229 cestode parasites have been reported only in goats (Table 5). The protozoan infection includes Leishmania donovani, 230,231 Giardia intestinalis, 232 Cryptosporidium xiaoi 233 and coccidian infection 234,235 including fatal coccidiosis 236 have been reported in goats. The prevalence of lice and tick infestations have been reported in both the goats and sheep in Bangladesh 237-240,244-246 but Oestrus ovis 241-243 and ear mites 248 only reported in goats (Table 5). Parasites

2019 Journal of Veterinary Medical and One Health Research

393. Bacterial cardiomyopathy: A review of clinical status and meta-analysis of diagnosis and clinical management Full Text available with Trip Pro

myocarditis [42]. Rickettsia Rickettsia are obligate intracellular small gram-negative pathogens. Their transmission is via arthropod vectors including mites, ticks, flies, fleas and lice. Symptomatic cardiac involvement in rickettsial infection is uncommon. Myocarditis associated with R. rickettsia (aetiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever [RMSF]), R. tsutsugamuschi , (aetiologic agent of Scrub Typhus) and Coxiella burnetii (aetiologic agent of Q fever) have been reported [43]. Cardiac

2019 Trends in Research

394. Prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in Colombia: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

electrónico: Periodicidad: Semestral Creative Commons: ISSN Impreso: ISSN electrónico: 0123-8884 Periodicidad: Semestral Creative Commons: ISSN Impreso: 0120-677X ISSN electrónico: 2145-5880 Periodicidad: Semestral Creative Commons: Universidad de Antioquia | Vigilada Mineducación | Acreditación institucional hasta el 2022 | NIT 890980040-8 Recepción de correspondencia: calle 70 No. 52 - 21 | Apartado Aéreo 1226 | Dirección: calle 67 No. 53 - 108 | Conmutador: [57+4] 219 8332 | Línea gratuita de atención

2019 Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública

396. Handbook on using the ECDC preparedness checklist tool to strengthen preparedness against communicable disease outbreaks at migrant reception/detention centres

iv Abbreviations BBV blood-borne viruses CD communicable diseases CM cultural mediators EU/EEA European Union/European Economic Area HCW healthcare workers ID infectious diseases IHR International Health Regulations IOM International Organization for Migration MeSH medical subject heading MSF Médecins Sans Frontières OCO Outbreak Control Officer PHAME Public Health Aspects of Migration in Europe (WHO newsletter) PPE personal protective equipment STD sexually transmitted diseases TB tuberculosis

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

397. Stress Testing Versus CT Angiography in Patients With Diabetes and Suspected Coronary Artery Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stress Testing Versus CT Angiography in Patients With Diabetes and Suspected Coronary Artery Disease The optimal noninvasive test (NIT) for patients with diabetes and stable symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown.The purpose of this study was to assess whether a diagnostic strategy based on coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is superior to functional stress testing in reducing adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes (CV death or myocardial infarction [MI]) among

2019 EvidenceUpdates

398. Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults

after a seizure, and by recordings during sleep or following sleep deprivation. 16, 37, 38 Incidental epileptiform abnormalities are found in 0.5% of healthy young adults, but are more likely in people with learning disability and psychiatric disorders, patients with previous neurological insult (for example head injury, meningitis, stroke, cerebral palsy), and patients who have undergone neurosurgery. 39-41 Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults 3 • Diagnosis 2 +10 | In a patient in whom

2015 SIGN

399. Scabies

. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2013 Apr;26(2):116-22. [9] Leone AP. Scabies and Pediculosis Pubis: An Update of Treatment Regimens and General Review. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 44:S153–9. [10] Aydingöz IE, Mansur AT. Canine scabies in humans: a case report and review of the literature. Dermatology 2011; 223(2): 104-106. 7 [11] Kemp DJ, Walton SF, Harumal P, Currie BJ. The scourge of scabies. Biologist. Feb2002, Vol. 49 Issue 1, 19-24 [12] Chosidow O. Clinical practices. Scabies. N Engl J Med (...) Clinical Hospital, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania 2 Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Henri Mondor AP-HP, Créteil, France 3 Department of Dermatology, Sir Paul Boffa Hospital, Floriana, Malta 4 STD clinic , Hôpital Saint-Louis AP-HP, and Head of Dermatology Department,Hôpital Saint-Joseph , Paris, France 5 Department of Dermatology II, Colentina Clinical Hospital, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania Corresponding author: Carmen

2017 European Dermatology Forum

400. Anaesthetic efficacy of Aqui-S, Benzoak, and MS-222 on lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) fries. Impact from temperature, salinity, and fasting. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anaesthetic efficacy of Aqui-S, Benzoak, and MS-222 on lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) fries. Impact from temperature, salinity, and fasting. Large numbers of lumpfish are produced for the Norwegian salmon industry and are used to combat sea lice infestations. Periodically high mortality of farmed lumpfish demonstrates the need to improve farming conditions and animal welfare. As part of such efforts, the present work tested the efficacy of three anaesthetic chemicals on lumpfish fries (average

2019 PLoS ONE

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