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181. Lice and Scabies

Lice and Scabies Lice and Scabies - MotherToBaby MotherToBaby Medications and More during pregnancy and breastfeeding Search this website 866.626.6847 . Please click for references. Related Fact Sheets Footer Hot Links Current Studies Contact Exposure Information Service 866.626.6847 Pregnancy Studies 877.311.8972 Media Inquiries 615.349.3082 MotherToBaby, a service of the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists OTIS National Office 5034A Thoroughbred Lane Brentwood, TN 37027

2018 MotherToBaby

182. Effectiveness of "No More" Anti-lice Medical Device to Kill Lice and Lice Eggs

Sponsor: Pharmayeda Information provided by (Responsible Party): Pharmayeda Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to determine effectiveness of an Anti-lice treatment using the medical device "No More" which is designed to kill lice and lice eggs on the head. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Lice Device: Topically Not Applicable Detailed Description: The Clinical Trial Protocol include 2 visits First Visit: Explanation and signing of consent (...) forms. Diagnosis: Prof. Shemer will check if the patients have sufficient living lice or lice eggs and if so they will be scheduled to receive treatment. Second Visit: -Spread the "No More" on the head of the boy or girl on dry hair. After five minutes comb with an adequately thick comb and the eggs will fall out easily with the pulling of the comb. Wash the hair. Combing the hair again with a thick comb for five minutes and/or 20 combings; Checking if the head is free of eggs and lice via a visual

2015 Clinical Trials

183. Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15

Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15 Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15 | Margaret McCartney's Blog Physical treatments which finds it works better than pesticides, and does but previous Non – pesticide treatments Dimethicone – evidence , , open label study , RCT , , vs , and l Systematic review – , and another, and an important and disappearing trials very thorough over view from of what’s known , and on Comments Off on Head lice – Inside Health 14/9/15 Comments are closed. Twitter Follow

2015 Margaret McCartney's Blog

184. Orbital Myiasis with Scalp Pediculosis and Buccal Abscess–An Uncommon Presentation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Orbital Myiasis with Scalp Pediculosis and Buccal Abscess–An Uncommon Presentation We present a case of severe orbital myiasis caused by Osteris ovis, also known as sheep nasal botfly which is an uncommon manifestation of maggot infestation. Our patient was successfully treated with oral as well as topical ivermectin. The experience of ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis, although a known entity, is still limited among medical professionals including

2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

185. Pediculosis in School Sitting: What Is the Role of School Nurses? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pediculosis in School Sitting: What Is the Role of School Nurses? 29026800 2018 11 13 2251-6085 46 9 2017 Sep Iranian journal of public health Iran. J. Public Health Pediculosis in School Sitting: What Is the Role of School Nurses? 1301-1302 Albashtawy Mohammed M Community and Mental Health Department, Princess Salma Faculty of Nursing, AL al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan. eng Journal Article Iran Iran J Public Health 7505531 2251-6085 Conflict of Interests The authors declare

2017 Iranian journal of public health

186. European guideline for the management of pediculosis pubis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

European guideline for the management of pediculosis pubis. Pediculosis pubis is caused by Phthirus pubis. The disease can be sexually transmitted. Patients main complain is of itch in the pubic area. The parasite can be spotted with the naked eye and blue macules can be observed in the pubic area. First line therapy consists of permethrin or pyrethrins with piperonyl butoxide. Second line therapy contains phenothrin, malathion and oral ivermectin. Partner management needs a look-back period (...) of time of 3 months. Pubic lice incidence is increased in populations groups living in crowded spaces with scarce sanitary conditions as in time of war or disaster.© 2017 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

2017 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

187. Correction: A selection study on a laboratory-designed population of salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) using organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: A selection study on a laboratory-designed population of salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) using organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178068.].

2017 PLoS ONE

188. The Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I Gene Occurs on a Minichromosome with Extensive Heteroplasmy in Two Species of Chewing Lice, Geomydoecus aurei and Thomomydoecus minor. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I Gene Occurs on a Minichromosome with Extensive Heteroplasmy in Two Species of Chewing Lice, Geomydoecus aurei and Thomomydoecus minor.

2016 PLoS ONE

189. Prevalences of scabies and pediculosis corporis among homeless people in the Paris region: results from two randomized cross-sectional surveys (HYTPEAC study). Full Text available with Trip Pro

were 0·4% (95% CI 0·1-1·8) and 0·15% (95% CI 0·0-9·7), respectively (P < 0·01 in both cases). In public places, after multivariate analysis, being a woman, citing squats among the three main types of accommodation and not possessing a sleeping bag were significantly associated with diagnosis of scabies. Likewise, begging, a history of pubic lice, and not taking showers in municipal baths were associated with pediculosis corporis in public places.Firstly, this study highlights the real existence (...) Prevalences of scabies and pediculosis corporis among homeless people in the Paris region: results from two randomized cross-sectional surveys (HYTPEAC study). Dermatological infections constitute the most common health problem in the homeless population.To estimate the prevalences of scabies and pediculosis corporis and to identify associated factors in the homeless population.Two randomized cross-sectional surveys were performed, one on the homeless population sleeping in public places

2016 The British journal of dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

190. Unilateral Axillary Pseudochromhidrosis-like Lesion Caused by Pediculosis Pubis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unilateral Axillary Pseudochromhidrosis-like Lesion Caused by Pediculosis Pubis 27098803 2017 03 07 2018 11 13 2542-5641 129 9 2016 May 05 Chinese medical journal Chin. Med. J. Unilateral Axillary Pseudochromhidrosis-like Lesion Caused by Pediculosis Pubis. 1133-4 10.4103/0366-6999.180525 Wang Tao T Liang Si S Liu Yue-Hua YH Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China. Lian (...) Christine Guo CG eng Case Reports Letter China Chin Med J (Engl) 7513795 0366-6999 IM Animals Axilla Humans Lice Infestations complications Male Middle Aged Phthirus Sweat Gland Diseases etiology 2016 4 22 6 0 2016 4 22 6 0 2017 3 8 6 0 ppublish 27098803 ChinMedJ_2016_129_9_1133_180525 10.4103/0366-6999.180525 PMC4852685 Int J STD AIDS. 2011 Jun;22(6):304-5 21680662 Clin Exp Dermatol. 2015 Jul;40(5):572-4 25641729 J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004 Jan;50(1):1-12; quiz 13-4 14699358 Clin Dermatol. 2014 Mar-Apr;32

2016 Chinese medical journal

191. Systematic identification and characterization of stress-inducible heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Systematic identification and characterization of stress-inducible heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are parasitic copepods, living mainly on Atlantic salmon and leading to large economical losses in aquaculture every year. Due to the emergence of resistances to several drugs, alternative treatments are developed, including treatment with hydrogen peroxide, freshwater or thermal treatment. The present study gives (...) a first overview of the thermotolerance and stress response of salmon lice. Sea lice nauplii acclimated to 10 °C can survive heat shocks up to 30 °C and are capable of hardening by a sublethal heat shock. We searched in the genome for heat shock protein (HSP) encoding genes and tested their inducibility after heat shock, changes in salinity and treatment with hydrogen peroxide, employing microfluidic qPCRs. We assessed 38 candidate genes, belonging to the small HSP, HSP40, HSP70 and HSP90 families

2017 Cell stress & chaperones

192. The Number of Louse Eggs on Wild Japanese Macaques (Macaca fuscata) Varies with Age, but Not with Sex or Season Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Number of Louse Eggs on Wild Japanese Macaques (Macaca fuscata) Varies with Age, but Not with Sex or Season During grooming, primates remove harmful ectoparasites, such as ticks and lice, and there is direct evidence for a health benefit of tick removal. Grooming behaviors differ among primates with respect to age and sex. Moreover, the number of ectoparasite may exhibit seasonal variation. Therefore the number of ectoparasites on a host may vary with effects, host age and sex, and season (...) . However, these effects have not been a focus of louse infestation studies of primates. Grooming in Japanese macaques is related to sex and age, with developmental changes in behavior corresponding to the timing of tooth eruption. Moreover, behavioral data for Japanese macaques suggest that lice load may differ with the season. Thus, we examined whether the number of louse eggs varies according to host macaque sex, age, and season, and whether it changes in response to tooth eruption. We counted

2017 International Journal of Primatology

193. Legionella Becoming a Mutualist: Adaptive Processes Shaping the Genome of Symbiont in the Louse Polyplax serrata Full Text available with Trip Pro

Legionella Becoming a Mutualist: Adaptive Processes Shaping the Genome of Symbiont in the Louse Polyplax serrata Legionellaceae are intracellular bacteria known as important human pathogens. In the environment, they are mainly found in biofilms associated with amoebas. In contrast to the gammaproteobacterial family Enterobacteriaceae, which established a broad spectrum of symbioses with many insect taxa, the only instance of legionella-like symbiont has been reported from lice of the genus (...) decrease in GC content (23%). We identify several possible constraints underlying the evolution of this bacterium. On one hand, Ca. Legionella polyplacis and the louse symbionts Riesia and Puchtella experienced convergent evolution, perhaps due to adaptation to similar hosts. On the other hand, some metabolic differences are likely to reflect different phylogenetic positions of the symbionts and hence availability of particular metabolic function in the ancestor. This is exemplified by different

2017 Genome biology and evolution

194. RNAi-mediated treatment of two vertically transmitted rhabdovirus infecting the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Full Text available with Trip Pro

RNAi-mediated treatment of two vertically transmitted rhabdovirus infecting the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Rhabdoviruses are a family of enveloped negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses infecting a variety of hosts. Recently, two vertically transmitted salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) rhabdoviruses (LsRV) have been identified. The prevalence of these viruses was measured along the Norwegian coast and found to be close to 100%, and with the present lack of suitable cell (...) lines to propagate these viruses, it is challenging to obtain material to study their host impact and infection routes. Thus, virus free lice strains were established from virus infected lice carrying one or both LsRVs by treating them with N protein dsRNA twice during development. The viral replication of the N protein was specifically down-regulated following introduction of virus-specific dsRNA, and virus-free lice strains were maintained for several generations. A preliminary study on infection

2017 Scientific reports

195. Arsenophonus and Sodalis replacements shape evolution of symbiosis in louse flies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Arsenophonus and Sodalis replacements shape evolution of symbiosis in louse flies Symbiotic interactions between insects and bacteria are ubiquitous and form a continuum from loose facultative symbiosis to greatly intimate and stable obligate symbiosis. In blood-sucking insects living exclusively on vertebrate blood, obligate endosymbionts are essential for hosts and hypothesized to supplement B-vitamins and cofactors missing from their blood diet. The role and distribution of facultative (...) results prove the associations between Hippoboscoidea and their symbiotic bacteria to undergo surprisingly dynamic, yet selective, evolutionary processes strongly shaped by repeated endosymbiont replacements. Interestingly, obligate symbionts only originate from two endosymbiont genera, Arsenophonus and Sodalis, suggesting that the host is either highly selective about its future obligate symbionts or that these two lineages are the most competitive when establishing symbioses in louse flies.

2017 PeerJ

196. The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) Full Text available with Trip Pro

The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies

2017 Genetics, selection, evolution : GSE

197. Enhanced transcriptomic responses in the Pacific salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis oncorhynchi to the non-native Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar suggests increased parasite fitness Full Text available with Trip Pro

in Coho- or Sockeye-fed lice were more similar to those of parasites deprived of a host. To test for host acclimation by the parasite, we performed a reciprocal host transfer experiment and determined that the exaggerated response to Atlantic Salmon was independent of the initial host species, confirming our conclusion that the Pacific salmon louse exhibits an enhanced response to Atlantic Salmon.This study characterized global transcriptomic responses of Pacific salmon lice during infection (...) of susceptible and resistant hosts. Similar parasite responses during infection of Coho or Sockeye Salmon, despite differences in natural immunity to infection between these host species, indicate that host susceptibility status alone does not drive the parasite response. We identified an enhanced louse response after feeding on Atlantic Salmon, characterized by up-regulation of virulence factors, energy metabolism and reproductive-associated transcripts. In contrast, the responses of lice infecting Coho

2017 BMC genomics

198. Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein in the ectoparasitic crustacean salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein in the ectoparasitic crustacean salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) The salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, is an endemic ectoparasite on salmonid fish that is challenging for the salmon farming industry and wild fish. Salmon lice produce high numbers of offspring, necessitating sequestration of large amounts of lipids into growing oocytes as a major energy source for larvae, most probably mediated by lipoproteins. The microsomal triglyceride (...) transfer protein (MTP) is essential for the assembly of lipoproteins. Salmon lice have three L. salmonis MTP (LsMTP) transcript variants encoding two different protein isoforms, which are predicted to contain three β-sheets (N, C, and A) and a central helical domain, similar to MTPs from other species. In adult females, the LsMTPs are differently transcribed in the sub-cuticular tissues, the intestine, the ovary, and in the mature eggs. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of LsMTP in mature females

2017 Journal of lipid research

199. A pedigree‐based experiment reveals variation in salinity and thermal tolerance in the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis Full Text available with Trip Pro

management strategies. These include freshwater and warm-water treatments to which the louse is sensitive. However, given the well-documented evolutionary capacity of this species, the risk of developing tolerance towards these environmental treatments cannot be dismissed. Two common-garden experiments were performed using full-sibling families of lice identified by DNA parentage testing to investigate whether one of the fundamental premises for evolution, in this context genetic variation (...) A pedigree‐based experiment reveals variation in salinity and thermal tolerance in the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis The salmon louse is a highly abundant ectoparasitic copepod of salmonids in the North Pacific and Atlantic. Widespread and rapid development of resistance to chemical agents used to delouse salmonids on marine farms is now threatening the continued development of the aquaculture industry and have served as a potent catalyst for the development of alternative pest

2017 Evolutionary applications

200. An Extraordinary Sex Determination Mechanism in a Book Louse Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Extraordinary Sex Determination Mechanism in a Book Louse 28592506 2017 12 14 2018 12 02 1943-2631 206 2 2017 06 Genetics Genetics An Extraordinary Sex Determination Mechanism in a Book Louse. 751-753 10.1534/genetics.117.201236 Beukeboom Leo W LW 0000-0001-9838-9314 Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, 9700 CC, The Netherlands l.w.beukeboom@rug.nl. eng Journal Article Comment United States Genetics 0374636 0016-6731 IM Genetics. 2017 Jun;206(2):1091 (...) -1100 28292917 Animals Insecta Paternal Inheritance Phthiraptera Sex Determination Processes Psocodea maternal effect parent-of-origin effect paternal genome elimination 2017 03 10 2017 04 23 2017 6 9 6 0 2017 6 9 6 0 2017 12 15 6 0 ppublish 28592506 genetics.117.201236 10.1534/genetics.117.201236 PMC5499182 J Hered. 2017 Jan;108(1):78-93 27543823 Ecol Lett. 2014 Dec;17(12):1602-12 25328085 Mol Ecol. 2015 Oct;24(20):5075-7 26477297 Results Probl Cell Differ. 1999;25:41-71 10339741 Science. 2016 Jul

2017 Genetics

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