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41. Parent training interventions for parents with intellectual disability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

' or 'lifting of child-related court order'.There is some very low-quality evidence that some parents, mainly mothers, with intellectual disabilities are able to provide adequate parenting if they are given appropriate training and support to learn the parenting skills they need. However, there are few studies exploring how interventions might work, for whom and in what circumstances. In particular, there have been few studies that include fathers with intellectual disabilities, or that explore the views (...) Parent training interventions for parents with intellectual disability. Research suggests that the number of intellectually disabled people with children is increasing. Intellectual disabilities do not inevitably cause parenting difficulties, but it may impact on an individual's capacity to parent a child effectively. Children of parents with intellectual disabilities may be at increased risk of neglectful care, which could lead to health, developmental and behavioural problems, or increased

2018 Cochrane

42. Women with physical disability in pregnancy resident education: a national survey as a needs assessment for curriculum improvement in obstetrics and gynaecology in Canada. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of their knowledge and their comfort level caring for women with physical disabilities (WWPD), which will further determine the need for incorporation of this topic into the residency curriculum.Cross-sectional survey.All Canadian English accredited Ob-Gyn residency programmes.Programme directors and residents.The current self-reported education and exposure Canadian Ob-Gyn residents have surrounding WWPD in pregnancy, and if there is an interest in further education in this area.An online survey was developed (...) that there are no formal scheduled training sessions on WWPD as part of the residency curriculum. Two-thirds of the residents reported being uncomfortable with the management issues surrounding a woman with a disability in pregnancy. A vast majority of residents (91.67%) and all programme directors have an interest in incorporating this topic into the residency curriculum to meet the need of pregnant women with disabilities.This survey indicated that there is both a need for and interest in education in the area

2019 BMJ open

43. Educational inequalities in disability linked to social security coverage among older individuals in five Latin American countries. (Abstract)

Educational inequalities in disability linked to social security coverage among older individuals in five Latin American countries. Although Latin American populations are ageing rapidly, many countries have important shortcomings in terms of access to social security coverage. Despite significant improvements regarding access to healthcare, the coverage gap in terms of pensions represents a major challenge for public health and equity in the region. The principal aim of this study (...) as pension coverage. Concentration indices (CI) and an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition approach were used to assess overall inequalities in disability according to education as well as their components. With the exception of El Salvador, we find significant inequalities in disability disfavoring lower educated individuals. With regards to healthcare, we find no significant association of healthcare coverage with disability in any of the five countries, nor does it explain educational inequalities

2019 Social Science & Medicine

44. Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of Disability Education Module During Clinical Clerkship. (Abstract)

Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of Disability Education Module During Clinical Clerkship. The effect of a randomized disability education program on medical student knowledge and attitudes concerning disability was performed. Intervention group received bedside teaching of physical examination/interview skills and case-based discussion. Twenty-three participants completed the study (control group n = 11; intervention group n = 12). Pre-clerkship, 39% of all participants reported no personal (...) experience and 43% reported no professional experience with people with disabilities. Post-clerkship knowledge was higher for both groups; the test of group-by-time interaction was not significant. Qualitative analysis of post-clerkship attitude responses demonstrated that intervention group gave more detailed answers. Intervention group used terms representing functional aspects of disability twice as frequently as control group. Intervention group responses described long-term experience

2019 Clinical pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

45. Culture-sensitive and standard pain neuroscience education improves pain, disability, and pain cognitions in first-generation Turkish migrants with chronic low back pain: a pilot randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Culture-sensitive and standard pain neuroscience education improves pain, disability, and pain cognitions in first-generation Turkish migrants with chronic low back pain: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of culture-sensitive and standard pain neuroscience education (PNE) on pain knowledge, pain intensity, disability, and pain cognitions in first-generation Turkish migrants with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Methods: Twenty-nine Turkish first-generation (...) migrants with CLBP were randomly assigned to the culture-sensitive (n = 15) or standard PNE (n = 14) groups. Primary (pain knowledge, pain intensity, and disability) and secondary outcomes (pain beliefs, catastrophization, and fear of movement) were evaluated at baseline, immediately after the second session of PNE (week 1), and after 4 weeks. Results: There was a significant main effect of time in pain knowledge (p < .001), pain intensity (p = .03), disability (p = .002), organic and psychological

2019 Physiotherapy theory and practice Controlled trial quality: predicted high

46. Utilization of an interprofessional integrated clinical education experience to improve medical and physical therapy student comfort in treating patients with disabilities. (Abstract)

Utilization of an interprofessional integrated clinical education experience to improve medical and physical therapy student comfort in treating patients with disabilities. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of an interprofessional education (IPE) clinical experience for medical and physical therapy students on students' comfort levels and attitudes toward patients with disabilities.Forty students were recruited for this study, 20 from the College of Medicine and 20 from (...) with disabled persons (IDP) failed to find statistically significant changes in respondent scores due to the intervention (P > 0.05).Both medical and physical therapy students reported increased comfort in dealing with rehabilitation situations after attending the IPE clinical experience. This supports the use of clinical encounters with individuals with disabilities as component of education on treating patients with disabilities.

2019 Education for health (Abingdon, England) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

47. Outcomes after Concussion Recovery Education: Effects of Litigation and Disability Status on Maintenance of Symptoms. (Abstract)

Outcomes after Concussion Recovery Education: Effects of Litigation and Disability Status on Maintenance of Symptoms. This study examined the hypothesis that people who receive concussion recovery education would have better outcomes than those who received usual discharge paperwork from the emergency department (ED) and tested whether participants who were in litigation or seeking disability compensation had more symptoms than individuals not engaged in these activities. Two hundred and fifty (...) -five persons with a diagnosis of concussion were assigned randomly to a brief education group (one-page double-sided document), a longer education group (10-page document), and usual care (standard ED discharge instructions), and were these documents in the ED. A (non-concussion) trauma comparison group was enrolled to determine the symptom rate unrelated to brain injury. The Concussion Symptom Checklist (CSC) and litigation and disability status questions were completed by telephone at one week

2019 Journal of neurotrauma Controlled trial quality: uncertain

48. To what extent do education and physical work load factors explain occupational differences in disability retirement due to knee OA? A nationwide register-based study in Finland. Full Text available with Trip Pro

To what extent do education and physical work load factors explain occupational differences in disability retirement due to knee OA? A nationwide register-based study in Finland. To examine the association of education and physical work load factors on the occupational differences in disability retirement due to knee osteoarthritis (OA).Longitudinal study.Linkage of several nationwide registers and a job exposure matrix in Finland.A total of 1 135 654 Finns aged 30-60 years in gainful (...) employment were followed from 2005 to 2013 for full disability retirement due to knee OA.We calculated age-adjusted incidence rates and examined the association of occupation, education and physical work load factors with disability retirement using competing risk regression model. Disability retirement due to other causes than knee OA, old-age retirement and death were treated as competing risk.A total of 6117 persons had disability retirement due to knee OA. Women had a higher age-adjusted incidence

2019 BMJ open

49. The Economic Value of Education for Longer Lives and Reduced Disability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Economic Value of Education for Longer Lives and Reduced Disability. Policy Points Although it is well established that educational attainment improves health and longevity, the economic value of this benefit is unknown. We estimate that the economic value of education for longer, healthier lives is comparable to or greater than the value of education for lifetime earnings. Policies that increase rates of completion of high school and college degrees could result in longer, healthier lives (...) of both longer lives and the reduced disability associated with more education.In this article, we estimated the present value of the longer life and reduced disability associated with higher educational attainment at age 25 through age 84. We used prospective survival data and cross-sectional disability data from the National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files and drew on published estimates of the economic value of a statistical life. In addition, we used data from the Current Population

2019 Milbank Quarterly

50. Review of evidence to inform a best practice model of community diabetes education

that may be translated, and delivered in a group-setting, individually or in combination. Sessions vary between 15 minutes to 2 hours each session, and duration of programs may vary from 1 week to up to 2 years. Diabetes education may include verbal, written, visual, technology-based, or face-to-face strategies/interventions, delivered by multidisciplinary team of trained individuals. Evidence suggests that these trained individuals may include community health workers, credentialed diabetes educators (...) telehealth. The current gold standard is face-to-face group education classes, despite the risk of poor attendance [8] 1.5. Who delivered content Interdisciplinary team of individuals ranging from personnel trained in the research field and who had medical and health science backgrounds (e.g. nurse, diabetic educator, dietician, psychologist, occupational therapist, physician and/or podiatrist), to health promotors/community health workers and volunteers [1-3, 6, 7] In Australia, Credentialled Diabetes

2019 Monash Health Evidence Reviews

51. Effect of Working Memory Updating Training on Retrieving Symptoms of Children With Learning Disabilities. (Abstract)

Effect of Working Memory Updating Training on Retrieving Symptoms of Children With Learning Disabilities. Working memory (WM) deficiency is a primary reason for the poor academic performance of children with learning disabilities (LDs). Studies have shown that the WM of typical children could be improved through training, and WM training contributes to improving their fluid intelligence and academic achievement. However, few studies have investigated WM training for children with LDs (...) , and results have been inconsistent. The present study examined the long-term effects of WM updating training and whether it can mitigate LD symptoms. Fifty-four children with LDs were recruited and divided randomly into a training or control group. The training group underwent adaptive running WM training for 20 days. Before and after training, the 2 groups completed a 2-back task, a digit span task (forward and backward), Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices test, and a scholastic attainment test

2019 Journal of learning disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

52. Learning disabilities: Congenital heart anomalies and non-white ethnicity are among the factors associated with poor survival rates in people with Down syndrome

Learning disabilities: Congenital heart anomalies and non-white ethnicity are among the factors associated with poor survival rates in people with Down syndrome Congenital heart anomalies and non-white ethnicity are among the factors associated with poor survival rates in people with Down syndrome | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about (...) survival rates in people with Down syndrome Article Text Commentary Learning disabilities Congenital heart anomalies and non-white ethnicity are among the factors associated with poor survival rates in people with Down syndrome Pauline Heslop Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on : O’Leary L, Hughes-McCormack L, Dunn K, et al . Early death and causes of death of people with Down syndrome: A systematic review. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil . 2018. doi: 10.1111/jar.12446. Implications for practice

2019 Evidence-Based Nursing

53. RCN position statement: The role of school nurses in providing emergency contraception services in education settings

is necessary as the role of school nurses has extended to provide emergency contraception and advice on sexual health to school-age students in education settings, following OFSTED’s report on sex and relationship education in schools (2006). The RCN position The RCN believes that school nurses with appropriate training and experience are able to assess the need for hormonal emergency contraception, and to supply this contraception using patient group directions (PGDs). In addition, school nurses should (...) contraception through the provision of education and advice’. These advice services are usually staffed by experienced school nurses or sexual health nurses. Equipped with the appropriate training and experience, they have acquired the skills necessary to assess the need for emergency contraception, provide sexual health advice and appropriate onward referral for follow-up, and to supply emergency contraception under PGDs. Sexual health nurses in school-based settings work alongside the named school nurse

2018 Royal College of Nursing

54. Mental health problems in people with learning disabilities: prevention, assessment and management

and risk management helps services communicate with the person and their family members, carers or care workers (as appropriate) clearly and promptly, in a format and language suited to the person's needs and preferences monitors the implementation of the care plan and its outcomes. Staff tr Staff training and supervision aining and supervision 1.2.9 Health, social care and education services should train all staff who may come into contact with people with learning disabilities to be aware (...) in people with learning disabilities: prevention, assessment and management (NG54) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 38This guideline is the basis of QS142. Ov Overview erview This guideline covers preventing, assessing and managing mental health problems in people with learning disabilities in all settings (including health, social care, education, and forensic and criminal justice). It aims

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

55. Patient Narratives as a Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study of First-Year Medical Students and Patient Educators Affected by Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities. (Abstract)

Patient Narratives as a Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study of First-Year Medical Students and Patient Educators Affected by Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities. People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face complex biopsychosocial challenges and are medically underserved. This is in part due to insufficient resources and supports but can also be attributed to a lack of adequate physician training in addressing the unique needs of this population.This study aimed to introduce (...) group received the same lecture, followed by reflective discussion of videos featuring people living with IDD sharing their perspectives and stories. All students then participated in 4 simulated clinical encounters with patient educators (PEs) who have lived experiences of IDD. Focus groups were conducted with students following the simulated encounters to explore their experiences and perceptions of this blended learning activity. Moreover, secondary quantitative data were collected to assess

2018 Teaching and learning in medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

56. Socioeconomic differences in the benefits of structured physical activity compared with health education on the prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: the LIFE study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic differences in the benefits of structured physical activity compared with health education on the prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: the LIFE study. Evidence is lacking on whether health-benefiting community-based interventions differ in their effectiveness according to socioeconomic characteristics. We evaluated whether the benefit of a structured physical activity intervention on reducing mobility disability in older adults differs by education (...) or income.The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicentre, randomised trial that compared a structured physical activity programme with a health education programme on the incidence of mobility disability among at-risk community-living older adults (aged 70-89 years; average follow-up of 2.6 years). Education (≤ high school (0-12 years), college (13-17 years) or postgraduate) and annual household income were self-reported (<$24 999, $25 000 to $49 999 and ≥$50 000

2018 Journal of epidemiology and community health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

57. Innovations in Occupational Health Care Delivery can Prevent Entry into Permanent Disability: 8-Year Follow-up of the Washington State Centers for Occupational Health and Education. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Innovations in Occupational Health Care Delivery can Prevent Entry into Permanent Disability: 8-Year Follow-up of the Washington State Centers for Occupational Health and Education. Long-term work disability is known to have an adverse effect on the nation's labor force participation rate. To reduce long-term work disability, the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries established a quality improvement initiative that created 2 pilot Centers of Occupational Health and Education (...) (COHE).To document the level of work disability in a sample of injured workers with musculoskeletal injuries and to examine (8-y) work disability outcomes associated with the COHE health care model.Prospective nonrandomized intervention study with nonequivalent comparison group using difference-in-difference regression models.Intervention group represents 18,790 workers with musculoskeletal injuries treated by COHE providers. Comparison group represents 20,992 workers with similar injuries treated

2018 Medical Care

58. Educational Disabilities Among Children Born With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Educational Disabilities Among Children Born With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a postnatal drug withdrawal syndrome that can occur after intrauterine opioid exposure. Adverse neurobehavioral outcomes have been documented in infants with NAS; however, educational outcomes have not been thoroughly examined. We analyzed Tennessee data to understand the need for special educational services among infants who are born with NAS.By using Tennessee Medicaid (...) to assess associations between NAS and selected special education outcomes.A total of 1815 children with a history of NAS and 5441 children without NAS were assessed. Children with NAS were significantly more likely to be referred for a disability evaluation (351 of 1815 [19.3%] vs 745 of 5441 [13.7%]; P < .0001), to meet criteria for a disability (284 of 1815 [15.6%] vs 634 of 5441 [11.7%]; P < .0001), and to require classroom therapies or services (278 of 1815 [15.3%] vs 620 of 5441 [11.4%]; P < .0001

2018 Pediatrics

59. A comprehensive sexual health care program for educable intellectually disabled adolescent girls: protocol for a mixed methods study Full Text available with Trip Pro

A comprehensive sexual health care program for educable intellectually disabled adolescent girls: protocol for a mixed methods study Protection and promotion of sexual health is of great importance for educable intellectually disabled adolescent girls; since they are prone to high risk sexual vulnerabilities and consequences, such as unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Although the rights of intellectually disabled adolescents have been (...) emphasized through the recent years, their sexual health care is still a challenge for parents, teachers, caregivers, and service providers. This study aims to present a comprehensive sexual health care program for educable intellectually disabled adolescent girls.This study is carried out by an exploratory sequential mixed qualitative-quantitative methods approach including three sequential phases. The researcher represents sexual health state of educable intellectually disabled adolescent girls using

2018 Reproductive health

60. Integration experiences of student and qualified nurses with disabilities who graduated from selected KwaZulu-Natal nursing education institutions: An exploratory case study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integration experiences of student and qualified nurses with disabilities who graduated from selected KwaZulu-Natal nursing education institutions: An exploratory case study  Despite the introduction of the Disability Policy Guidelines in South Africa (SA), student nurses who have disabilities (SNWDs) are still habitually and effectively excluded from nurse training programmes, and hence from the nursing profession. Yet SNWD may be able to offer a unique perspective. To explore and describe (...) the integration experiences of both student and qualified nurses with disabilities who graduated from selected KwaZulu-Natal nursing education institutions (NEIs). A concurrent mixed-method design based on multiple embedded case studies served as the primary data collection instrument in this paper. The researcher initially conducted a survey of all the private NEIs to determine which had experienced training SNWDs; 3 cases and 10 embedded cases were selected, using non-probability purposive sampling

2018 Curationis

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