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39921. Health-related quality of life in older adults at risk for disability. (Full text)

and Independence for Elders-Pilot study (LIFE-P) was a randomized controlled trial that compared a physical activity intervention to a non-exercise educational intervention among 424 older adults at risk for disability. Baseline data (collected in April-December 2004, analyzed in 2006) included demographics, medical history, the Quality of Well-Being Scale (QWB-SA), a timed 400-m walk, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Descriptive health-related quality of life (HRQOL) data are presented (...) Health-related quality of life in older adults at risk for disability. The number of older adults living in the United States continues to increase, and recent research has begun to target interventions to older adults who have mobility limitations and are at risk for disability. The objective of this study is to describe and examine correlates of health-related quality of life in this population subgroup using baseline data from a larger intervention study.The Lifestyle Interventions

2007 American journal of preventive medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

39922. Reducing problem behavior during care-giving in families of preschool-aged children with developmental disabilities. (Full text)

Reducing problem behavior during care-giving in families of preschool-aged children with developmental disabilities. This study evaluated two variants of a behavioral parent training program known as Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) using 74 preschool-aged children with developmental disabilities. Families were randomly allocated to an enhanced parent training intervention that combined parenting skills and care-giving coping skills (SSTP-E), standard parent training intervention alone (SSTP-S

2007 Research in developmental disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

39923. Pilates-based therapeutic exercise: effect on subjects with nonspecific chronic low back pain and functional disability: a randomized controlled trial. (Full text)

to stabilize the lumbar-pelvic region. Functional disability outcomes were measured with The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMQ/RMDQ-HK) and average pain intensity using a 101-point numerical rating scale.There was a significantly lower level of functional disability (P = .023) and average pain intensity (P = .002) in the specific-exercise-training group than in the control group following the treatment intervention period. The posttest adjusted mean in functional disability level in the specific (...) -exercise-training group was 2.0 (95% CI, 1.3 to 2.7) RMQ/RMDQ-HK points compared to a posttest adjusted mean in the control group of 3.2 (95% CI, 2.5 to 4.0) RMQ/RMDQ-HK points. The posttest adjusted mean in pain intensity in the specific-exercise-training group was 18.3 (95% CI, 11.8 to 24.8), as compared to 33.9 (95% CI, 26.9 to 41.0) in the control group. Improved disability scores in the specific-exercise-training group were maintained for up to 12 months following treatment intervention.The

2006 The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

39924. Relationships between upper-limb functional limitation and self-reported disability 3 months after stroke. (Abstract)

of early application of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). All 39 subjects who completed 90 days of VECTORS were included in this analysis. Trained study personnel who were blinded to the treatment type performed all evaluations. Data in this article examine relationships between assessments performed 90 days after stroke. Functional limitation measures included the Action Research Arm (ARA) test and Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT), and self-reported disability measures included the Functional (...) Relationships between upper-limb functional limitation and self-reported disability 3 months after stroke. This study explored relationships between upper-limb (UL) functional limitations and self-reported disability in stroke patients with relatively pure motor hemiparesis who were enrolled in an acute rehabilitation treatment trial. All participants were enrolled in the VECTORS (Very Early Constraint Treatment for Recovery from Stroke) study. VECTORS is a single-center pilot clinical trial

2006 Journal of rehabilitation research and development Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39925. Action errors and dressing disability after stroke: an ecological approach to neuropsychological assessment and intervention. (Abstract)

Action errors and dressing disability after stroke: an ecological approach to neuropsychological assessment and intervention. A combination of detailed observation of dressing behaviour and neuropsychological assessment was used to identify the cognitive barriers to independent dressing in a series of eight stroke patients. For those with right hemisphere damage, dressing was disrupted by visuospatial problems or poor sustained attention. Those with left hemisphere damage and ideomotor apraxia (...) were unable to learn the correct procedure to compensate for hemiparesis when dressing. The value of a therapeutic approach based on these observations was assessed in a single-blind randomised multiple-baseline experiment. A baseline phase of conventional dressing therapy which takes no account of individual patterns of cognitive impairment was contrasted with an approach which was formulated for each case. A permutation test demonstrated that there was a significant treatment effect for the right

2006 Neuropsychological rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39926. Motivating disability pensioners with back pain to return to work--a randomized controlled trial. (Full text)

year were randomized into an intervention group (education, reassurance, motivation, vocational counselling, n = 45) and a control group (n = 44).Primary outcome measures were return to work or having entered a return to work process. Secondary outcome measures were life satisfaction, disability, fear avoidance behaviour and expectancy.The intervention had no statistically significant effect on return to work or having entered a return to work process at 1-year follow-up. Twice as many (...) Motivating disability pensioners with back pain to return to work--a randomized controlled trial. To investigate the outcome of a brief vocational-oriented intervention aiming to motivate disability pensioners with back pain to return to work, and to evaluate prognostic factors for having entered a return to work process during the following year.A randomized controlled trial was conducted.Participants (n = 89) (mean age 49 years, 65% women) who had received disability pension for more than one

2007 Journal of rehabilitation medicine : official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

39927. The provision of psychological therapy to people with intellectual disabilities: an investigation into some of the relevant factors. (Full text)

The provision of psychological therapy to people with intellectual disabilities: an investigation into some of the relevant factors. Five factors are proposed as important in influencing the provision of psychological therapy to people with intellectual disabilities (IDs): the perceived effectiveness of psychological therapy, individual clinician competence, service resources (number of trained clinicians), the level of the client's disability and the diagnostic overshadowing bias.A prospective (...) questionnaire design was used. A survey style questionnaire was sent out to clinical psychologists (n = 412) and psychiatrists (n = 274) working in ID services in the UK. Responses were received from 133 psychologists and 90 psychiatrists.Perceived competence, the level of the client's disability and the diagnostic overshadowing bias all appeared to be important factors. The perceived effectiveness of psychological therapy with this client group and service resources appeared less important than

2007 Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR PubMed abstract

39928. The use of music to enhance reading skills of second grade students and students with reading disabilities. (Abstract)

The use of music to enhance reading skills of second grade students and students with reading disabilities. The purpose of the present study was to determine the efficacy of using music as a remedial strategy to enhance the reading skills of second-grade students and students who have been identified as having a specific learning disability (SLD) in reading. First, an intensive short-term music curriculum was designed to target reading comprehension and vocabulary skills at the second grade (...) level. The curriculum was then implemented in classrooms at two public schools in the Southeast. Reading skills were evaluated pre and post curriculum intervention via the vocabulary and reading comprehension subtests of the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test for second grade. Analysis of pre/posttest data revealed that students with a specific disability in reading improved significantly from pre to post on all three subtests: word decoding (p = .04), word knowledge (p = .01), reading comprehension (p

2007 Journal of music therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39929. Computer speech-based remediation for reading disabilities: the size of spelling-to-sound unit in a transparent orthography. (Abstract)

Computer speech-based remediation for reading disabilities: the size of spelling-to-sound unit in a transparent orthography. This study was designed to assess the effects of four reading-training procedures for children with reading disabilities (RD) in a transparent orthography, with the aim of examining the effects of different spelling-to-sound units in computer speech-based reading. We selected a sample of 83 Spanish children aged between 7 years 1 month and 10 years 6 months (M = 105.2, SD (...) in the phoneme group during computer-based reading. These results suggest the importance of training phonological processes in improving word decoding in children with dyslexia who learn in a consistent orthography.

2007 The Spanish journal of psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39930. Virtual reality as a leisure activity for young adults with physical and intellectual disabilities. (Abstract)

demonstrated clear preferences, initiation and learning. They performed consistently and maintained a high level of interest throughout the intervention period. VR appears to provide varied and motivating opportunities for leisure activities among young adults with intellectual and physical disabilities. Its ease of use and adaptability make it a feasible option for this population. (...) Virtual reality as a leisure activity for young adults with physical and intellectual disabilities. Participation in leisure activities is a fundamental human right and an important factor of quality of life. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities often experience limited opportunities to participate in leisure activities, virtual reality (VR) technologies may serve to broaden their repertoire of accessible leisure activities. Although the use of VR

2008 Research in developmental disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39931. Changes in cognitive-behavioral factors and muscle activation patterns after interventions for work-related neck-shoulder complaints: relations with discomfort and disability. (Abstract)

Changes in cognitive-behavioral factors and muscle activation patterns after interventions for work-related neck-shoulder complaints: relations with discomfort and disability. Knowledge regarding the working mechanism of an intervention is essential for obtaining a better understanding of the intervention and contributes to optimize its outcome. This study aimed at investigating whether changes in cognitive-behavioral factors and muscle activation patterns after myofeedback training (...) and ergonomic counseling were associated with outcome, in subjects with work-related musculoskeletal neck-shoulder complaints.Seventy-nine symptomatic subjects received either myofeedback with ergonomic counseling (Mfb/EC) or ergonomic counseling alone (EC). Outcome measures discomfort and disability, and process factors catastrophizing, pain control, fear-avoidance beliefs, and muscle activation patterns were assessed at baseline, after the interventions (T0), and at 3 months follow-up (T3). Mixed modeling

2007 Journal of occupational rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39932. Compliance of children with moderate to severe intellectual disability to treadmill walking: a pilot study. (Abstract)

Compliance of children with moderate to severe intellectual disability to treadmill walking: a pilot study. Individuals with Intellectual Disability (ID) exhibit reduced levels of compliance to exercise, including treadmill walking. The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of several training conditions on compliance to participation in treadmill walking of children with moderate to severe ID.Criteria for compliance were the averaged number of times participants attempted (...) to discontinue walking during two 5-min exercise sessions of treadmill walking at an intensity of 65-75% of predicted maximal HR. Fifteen children aged 5-11 with moderate to severe ID participated in the study. Training conditions were (a) close supervisor's position, (b) distant supervisor's position, (c) positive reinforcement, and (d) paired modeling.General linear mixed model statistics revealed significant differences in favor of the paired modeling and positive reinforcement compared to the other

2008 Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39933. Intensive remedial instruction for children with severe reading disabilities: immediate and long-term outcomes from two instructional approaches. (Full text)

weeks. Both instructional programs produced very large improvements in generalized reading skills that were stable over a 2-year follow-up period. When compared to the growth in broad reading ability that the participants made during their previous 16 months in learning disabilities resource rooms, their growth during the intervention produced effect sizes of 4.4 for one of the interventions and 3.9 for the other. Although the children's average scores on reading accuracy and comprehension were (...) Intensive remedial instruction for children with severe reading disabilities: immediate and long-term outcomes from two instructional approaches. Sixty children with severe reading disabilities were randomly assigned to two instructional programs that incorporated principles of effective instruction but differed in depth and extent of instruction in phonemic awareness and phonemic decoding skills. All children received 67.5 hours of one-to-one instruction in two 50-minute sessions per day for 8

2004 Journal of learning disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

39934. A comparison of two reading interventions for children with reading disabilities. (Abstract)

A comparison of two reading interventions for children with reading disabilities. This study compared the effectiveness of two reading interventions in a public school setting. Forty-five second-grade children with reading disabilities were randomly assigned to a 6-week phonological awareness, word analogy, or math-training program. The two reading interventions differed from each other in (a) the unit of word analysis (phoneme versus onset-rime), (b) the approach to intervention (...) (contextualized versus decontextualized), and (c) the primary domain of reading instruction (oral versus written language). Results indicate that children in both reading programs achieved significant gains in beginning reading skills, learning the specific skills taught in their respective programs, and applying what they had learned to uninstructed material on several transfer-of-learning measures, in comparison to children in the control group. For children in both reading intervention groups, the most

2004 Journal of learning disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39935. Can a standardized acupuncture technique palliate disabling breathlessness: a single-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study. (Abstract)

acupuncture technique vs an appropriately validated placebo/control (mock transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation [TENS]) for disabling, nonmalignant breathlessness (largely COPD). The acupuncture was provided by an appropriately trained nurse acupuncturist. Each patient received six treatments in each phase of the study, with an intervening 2-week washout period.The primary outcome was worst breathlessness (visual analog scale, 0 to 100 mm), with the sample size based on an 80% power to detect a 10 (...) Can a standardized acupuncture technique palliate disabling breathlessness: a single-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study. The management of disabling breathlessness is poor, and a standardized form of acupuncture has been reported as offering benefit. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of standardized acupuncture treatment.A single-blind, randomized, crossover study.This study was carried out on a domiciliary basis in Southampton (UK).This study evaluated a standardized

2004 Chest Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39936. Effects of Betaserc on Vestibular Compensation in Patients Suffering From Disabling Meniere's Disease and Having Undergone Vestibular Neurotomy

Effects of Betaserc on Vestibular Compensation in Patients Suffering From Disabling Meniere's Disease and Having Undergone Vestibular Neurotomy Effects of Betaserc on Vestibular Compensation in Patients Suffering From Disabling Meniere's Disease and Having Undergone Vestibular Neurotomy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save (...) this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effects of Betaserc on Vestibular Compensation in Patients Suffering From Disabling Meniere's Disease and Having Undergone Vestibular Neurotomy The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details

2005 Clinical Trials

39937. Promoting Clinical Preventive Services Among Adults With Disabilities

for Disease Control and Prevention Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Project SHIELD (Strategies and health Interventions to Enhance Life with Disability) is a participatory action research project to test an intervention package combining a resource kit with peer mentoring in improving consumer education about primary preventive services Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Physical Disability Behavioral: Preventive Services Prevention Kit Behavioral: peer mentors (control (...) group) Phase 1 Detailed Description: Adults with disabilities use primary preventive health care services (basic screenings, immunizations, and hevior health counseling) at rates below those recommended by the US Preventive Services Task Force and Healthy People 2010. This projects is to carry out a community-based campaign to increase preventive care knowledge and service use among adults with physical disabilities. Focus group methodology will be used to determine the specific preventive service

2005 Clinical Trials

39938. Increasing Physical Activity Among Overweight Women With Mobility Disabilities.

Increasing Physical Activity Among Overweight Women With Mobility Disabilities. Increasing Physical Activity Among Overweight Women With Mobility Disabilities. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Increasing Physical Activity Among Overweight Women With Mobility Disabilities. (PEP) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00164515 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : September 14, 2005 Last Update Posted : July 28, 2011 Sponsor: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Information

2005 Clinical Trials

39939. Health Promotion of People With Disabilities

Health Promotion of People With Disabilities Health Promotion of People With Disabilities - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Health Promotion of People With Disabilities The safety (...) each in a coach-supported intervention, 200 in a self-directed intervention. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Enrollment : 400 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Prevention Official Title: Intervention Research Grants to Promote the Health of People With Disabilities Study Start Date : October 2003 Study Completion Date : June 2005 Resource links

2005 Clinical Trials

39940. Prevention of Ectopic Bone Related Pain and Disability After Hip Replacement Surgery With Peri-Operative Ibuprofen

Prevention of Ectopic Bone Related Pain and Disability After Hip Replacement Surgery With Peri-Operative Ibuprofen Prevention of Ectopic Bone Related Pain and Disability After Hip Replacement Surgery With Peri-Operative Ibuprofen - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Prevention of Ectopic Bone Related Pain and Disability After Hip Replacement Surgery With Peri-Operative Ibuprofen The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00145730 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted

2005 Clinical Trials

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