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Learning Disabilities

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181. Gender difference in the association between education and schizophrenia in Chinese adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gender difference in the association between education and schizophrenia in Chinese adults. Improving education level was evidenced to decrease the risk of schizophrenia, but whether this strength of education role depends on gender is not. This study aimed to investigate whether there was gender difference in the association between education and schizophrenia in Chinese adults.Data were obtained from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability in 2006, including 1,909,205 (...) participants aged 18 years or older. Schizophrenia was ascertained according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Logistics regression models were fitted to examine the combined effect of gender and education on schizophrenia.The lifetime prevalence of schizophrenia in female groups was higher than in male groups, with 0.44% (95%CI: 0.42-0.45%) and 0.36% (95%CI: 0.35-0.37%), respectively. Compared with schizophrenia male patients, more females with schizophrenia

2020 BMC Psychiatry

182. Moderators of Treatment Outcomes After Telehealth Self-Management and Education in Adults With Multiple Sclerosis: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Moderators of Treatment Outcomes After Telehealth Self-Management and Education in Adults With Multiple Sclerosis: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial To examine moderators of treatment effects in a randomized controlled trial comparing a telehealth self-management intervention with a telehealth multiple sclerosis (MS) education intervention for fatigue, pain, and mood in adults with MS.Secondary analysis of a single-blind randomized controlled trial.Community.Adults with MS (...) and chronic fatigue, chronic pain, and/or moderate depressive symptoms (N=163) recruited from across the United States.Two 8-week, telephone-delivered symptom interventions delivered 1:1: a self-management intervention (n=75) and an MS education intervention (n=88).Outcome measures were fatigue impact pain interference, and depressive symptom severity assessed at baseline and posttreatment. Potential moderators of treatment effects assessed at baseline were demographics (age, sex, and education), clinical

2018 EvidenceUpdates

183. Preoperative Pain Neuroscience Education Combined With Knee Joint Mobilization for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

on knee pain, disability, and psychosocial variables.Forty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis were allocated to receive 4 sessions of either PNE combined with knee joint mobilization or biomedical education with knee joint mobilization before surgery. All participants completed self-administered questionnaires and quantitative sensory testing was performed at baseline, after treatment and at a 1 month follow-up (all before surgery), and at 3 months after surgery.Significant and clinically relevant (...) in psychosocial variables (pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia) both before and after surgery.Preoperative PNE combined with knee joint mobilization did not produce any additional benefits over time for knee pain and disability, and CS measures compared with biomedical education with knee joint mobilization. Superior effects in the PNE with knee joint mobilization group were only observed for psychosocial variables related to pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

184. Pain Neurophysiology Education and Therapeutic Exercise for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Pain Neurophysiology Education and Therapeutic Exercise for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial To assess the effect of a pain neurophysiology education (PNE) program plus therapeutic exercise (TE) for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP).Single-blind randomized controlled trial.Private clinic and university.Patients with CLBP for ≥6 months (N=56).Participants were randomized to receive either a TE program consisting of motor control, stretching (...) , and aerobic exercises (n=28) or the same TE program in addition to a PNE program (n=28), conducted in two 30- to 50-minute sessions in groups of 4 to 6 participants.The primary outcome was pain intensity rated on the numerical pain rating scale which was completed immediately after treatment and at 1- and 3-month follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were pressure pain threshold, finger-to-floor distance, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia

2018 EvidenceUpdates

185. Effect and cost-effectiveness of educating mothers about childhood DPT vaccination on immunisation uptake, knowledge, and perceptions in Uttar Pradesh, India: A randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect and cost-effectiveness of educating mothers about childhood DPT vaccination on immunisation uptake, knowledge, and perceptions in Uttar Pradesh, India: A randomised controlled trial To assess the effect of health information on immunisation uptake in rural India, we conducted an individually randomised controlled trial of health information messages targeting the mothers of unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated children through home visits in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.The study tested (...) by 14 percentage points (risk difference: 14%, 95% CI: 8% to 21%, p < 0.001; relative risk: 1.72, 95% CI: 1.29 to 2.29). It had a large positive effect on knowledge of the causes, symptoms, and prevention of tetanus but no effect on perceptions of vaccine efficacy. There was no difference in the proportion of children with DPT3 between the group that received information framed as a loss and the group that received information framed as a gain (risk difference: 4%, 95% CI: -5% to 13%; p = 0.352

2018 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

186. Long term survival, health, social functioning, and education in patients with European Lyme neuroborreliosis: nationwide population based cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

(difference -1000, -20 000 to 18 000, Danish kroner), days of sick leave (difference -0.3, -3.5 to 3.0, per year), rates of receipt of a disability pension (difference -0.9%, -3.2% to 1.3%), and number of children (difference -0.10, -0.27 to 0.08). More patients were married (difference 4.8%, 2.2% to 7.4%) and had completed high school education (difference 7%, 1% to 12%).A verified diagnosis of Lyme neuroborreliosis had no substantial effect on long term survival, health, or educational/social (...) Long term survival, health, social functioning, and education in patients with European Lyme neuroborreliosis: nationwide population based cohort study. To estimate long term survival, health, and educational/social functioning in patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis compared with the general population.Nationwide population based cohort study using national registers.Denmark.All Danish residents diagnosed during 1986-2016 as having Lyme neuroborreliosis (n=2067), defined as a positive Borrelia

2018 BMJ

187. Hypnosis Enhances the Effects of Pain Education in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Hypnosis Enhances the Effects of Pain Education in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial The potential benefits of combining pain education (PE) with clinical hypnosis (CH) has not yet been investigated in individuals with chronic pain. A total of 100 patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain were randomized to receive either: 1) PE alone, or 2) PE with CH. Outcomes were collected by a blinded assessor at 2 weeks and 3 months after randomization (...) . The primary outcomes were average pain intensity, worst pain intensity (both assessed with 11-point numeric rating scales), and disability (24-item Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) at 2 weeks. At 2 weeks, participants who received PE with CH reported lower worst pain intensity (mean difference = 1.35 points, 95% confidence interval [CI] = .32-2.37) and disability (mean difference = 2.34 points, 95% CI = .06-4.61), but not average pain intensity (mean difference = .67 point, 95% CI = -.27 to 1.62

2018 EvidenceUpdates

188. Addition of an educational programme for primary caregivers to rehabilitation improves self-care and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

of Disability Inventory were assessed by a blinded assessor. The clinical outcomes were obtained at the completion of treatment (12 weeks).Of the 63 patients included, 60 (mean ± SD age: 4.6 ± 2.74 years) completed the protocol. The combined education and rehabilitation, as compared with conventional rehabilitation alone, yielded significantly greater benefit in the self-care domain of the Functional Skills Scale (mean change 1.74 versus 5; P = 0.001), self-care (mean change 5.52 versus 13.99; P = 0.017 (...) ) and the mobility domain of the Caregiver Assistance Scale of Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (mean change 0.87 versus 17.88; P = 0.002).Self-care and mobility improved in children with cerebral palsy with the addition to conventional rehabilitation of an educational programme for primary caregivers.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

189. A Journey to Learn about Pain – a book about pain education for children

A Journey to Learn about Pain – a book about pain education for children A Journey to Learn about Pain - a book about pain education for children Research into the role of the brain and mind in chronic pain A Journey to Learn about Pain – a book about pain education for children November 9, 2018 by Persistent pain in children is an increasingly recognized clinical problem with high prevalence rates found in some populations. A conservative estimate posits that 20% to 35% of children (...) A, Morley S. Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;2(2):CD003968. [8] Robins H, Perron V, Heathcote LC, Simons LE. Pain Neuroscience Education: State of the Art and Application in Pediatrics. Children. 2016;3(4):43. [9] Louw A, Diener I, Butler DS, Puentedura EJ. The Effect of Neuroscience Education on Pain, Disability, Anxiety, and Stress in Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011;92(12

2018 Body in Mind blog

190. Serious Games and Their Effect Improving Attention in Students with Learning Disabilities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Serious Games and Their Effect Improving Attention in Students with Learning Disabilities. Previous studies have shown the positive effects of educational video games (serious games) in improving motivation, attention and other cognitive components in students with learning disabilities. This study analyzes the effects on attention of a serious game based on multiple intelligences in a sample of 44 students (age range = 6-16 years; experimental group = 24; control group = 20) with attention (...) consideration of the applicability of boosting different intelligences, talents or unique abilities through educational videogames as an important bridge to improving areas of deficit-in this case attention-in students with learning disabilities.

2019 International journal of environmental research and public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

191. Outcomes following feeding gastrostomy (FG) insertion in patients with learning disability: a retrospective cohort study using the health improvement network (THIN) database. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Outcomes following feeding gastrostomy (FG) insertion in patients with learning disability: a retrospective cohort study using the health improvement network (THIN) database. To measure the rates of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and mortality following feeding gastrostomy (FG) placement in patients with learning disability (LD). Following this to compare these rates between those having LRTI prior to FG placement and those with no recent LRTI.Retrospective cohort study.The study

2019 BMJ open

192. Learning disability nurse provision in children's hospitals: hospital staff perceptions of whether it makes a difference. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Learning disability nurse provision in children's hospitals: hospital staff perceptions of whether it makes a difference. In response to multiple United Kingdom investigations and inquiries into the care of adults with learning disabilities, Mencap produced the Getting it Right Charter which campaigned for the appointment of a Learning Disability Liaison Nurse in every hospital. More recent best practice guidelines from the Care Quality Commission included the need for all children's units (...) to have access to a senior learning disability nurse who can support staff and help them manage difficult situations. However, little evidence exists of the extent of learning disability nurse provision in children's hospitals or the nature and impact of this role. Here we report selected findings from a national mixed methods study of hospital care for children and young people with and without learning disabilities in England. The extent of learning disability nurse provision in children's hospitals

2019 BMC Pediatrics

193. A qualitative study of the communication and information needs of people with learning disabilities and epilepsy with physicians, nurses and carers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with learning disabilities with epilepsy and their physicians, nurses and carers.Qualitative designed was adopted to collect data from 15 community-based people with mild learning disabilities with epilepsy and 13 carers. Recorded data were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically.A range of findings emerged related to patient communication and information needs. These included: Knowledge regarding epilepsy; involvement; honesty and openness when giving information and consistency in provision (...) A qualitative study of the communication and information needs of people with learning disabilities and epilepsy with physicians, nurses and carers. Living with a chronic condition such as epilepsy can have a debilitating effect on the individual and their carers. Managing epilepsy among people with learning disabilities may present a challenge because of limited communication and may require a multidisciplinary approach. The study investigated the communication and information needs of people

2019 BMC Neurology

194. Effect of Play-based Therapy on Meta-cognitive and Behavioral Aspects of Executive Function: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial on the Students With Learning Disabilities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Play-based Therapy on Meta-cognitive and Behavioral Aspects of Executive Function: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial on the Students With Learning Disabilities. Although the effect of educational methods on executive function (EF) is well known, training this function by a playful method is debatable. The current study aimed at investigating if a play-based intervention is effective on metacognitive and behavioral skills of EF in students with specific learning disabilities.In (...) the current randomized, clinical trial, 49 subjects within the age range of 7 to 11 years with specific learning disabilities were randomly assigned into the intervention (25 subjects; mean age 8.5±1.33 years) and control (24 subjects; mean age 8.7±1.03 years) groups. Subjects in the intervention group received EF group training based on playing activities; subjects in the control group received no intervention. The behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) was administered to evaluate

2019 Basic and clinical neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

195. Participation in Peer-Play Activities Among Children With Specific Learning Disability: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Participation in Peer-Play Activities Among Children With Specific Learning Disability: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Children with a specific learning disability (SLD) have deficits in social and academic competence and executive function (EF). In this study, we used the Model of Human Occupation to investigate the effect of peer-play activities on occupational values and competence as well as EF skills (i.e., behavior regulation and metacognition) in children with SLD.Forty-nine children

2019 The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

196. Effects of a Phonological Reading and Writing Remediation Program in Students with Dyslexia: Intervention for Specific Learning Disabilities. (Abstract)

Effects of a Phonological Reading and Writing Remediation Program in Students with Dyslexia: Intervention for Specific Learning Disabilities. To determine the effects of a phonological remediation reading and writing program in individuals with dyslexia, through behavioral and objective evaluations.Twenty children diagnosed with dyslexia, aged 8-14 years, were included in this study. Group I (GI) was composed of 10 children who took part in the program, and group II (GII) consisted of 10

2019 Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

197. Learning disability and obesity: a case report of challenges and reasonable adjustments. (Abstract)

Learning disability and obesity: a case report of challenges and reasonable adjustments. Background When anxious, patients with learning disabilities may display challenging behaviour. The prevalence of obesity in patients with learning disabilities is rising and can increase the complexity of management. Reasonable adjustments are often necessary in order for treatment to be successful.Case report A 41-year-old male patient with a severe learning disability, autism and obesity was referred (...) in this patient group in order to reduce health inequalities. Clinicians should be aware of their role in the screening and referral of patients with obesity.Conclusion Reasonable adjustments and a team approach are essential to the dental management of patients with learning disabilities. Management is becoming increasingly complex as obesity continues to be a growing problem among this group.

2019 British Dental Journal

198. Effects of a Motor Intervention Program on Motor Skills and Executive Functions in Children With Learning Disabilities. (Abstract)

Effects of a Motor Intervention Program on Motor Skills and Executive Functions in Children With Learning Disabilities. This study examined the effect of a motor intervention based on the attention, balance, and coordination (ABC) learning approach on motor proficiency and executive functions in children with learning disabilities (LD). Forty-five male elementary school students with LD aged 7-9 years were recruited and randomly assigned into one of three groups: two experimental groups and one (...) control group. Experimental Group A received only the motor intervention. Experimental Group B simultaneously received both motor intervention and regular educational services. The control group received only regular educational services. The motor intervention involved sequential station exercises based on ABC; this training took place in 24 sessions, scheduled three times a week for eight weeks. We obtained children's scores on the Bruininks-Oseretsky Tests of Motor Proficiency, N-Back Test, Tower

2019 Perceptual and motor skills Controlled trial quality: uncertain

199. Motivation Peer Training – Bridging the gap for people with mobility disabilities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Motivation Peer Training – Bridging the gap for people with mobility disabilities Only 2% of people with disabilities in developing countries have access to basic services and rehabilitation.To bridge this gap, Motivation has been running Peer Training activities since 1993 and has identified that there is a growing need for Peer Training. The overall aim of Peer Training is for wheelchair users (Peer Trainers) to provide others (with similar disabilities) with the relevant knowledge (...) - and middle-income countries. Further work is needed to ensure this tool measures the impact of Peer Training and lessons learnt have been identified to strengthen the methodology.Although Peer Training is not a replacement for rehabilitation services, Motivation believes it is an effective way to not only increase knowledge and skills of persons with disabilities but also reduce the sense of social isolation that can often be a result of disability.

2017 African journal of disability

200. Family-Peer Linkages for Children with Intellectual Disability and Children with Learning Disabilities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Family-Peer Linkages for Children with Intellectual Disability and Children with Learning Disabilities Family interactions are potential contexts for children with intellectual and learning disabilities to develop skillful social behaviors needed to relate effectively with peers. This study examined problem solving interactions within families of elementary school-age children (7-11 years) with intellectual disability (n = 37), specific learning disabilities (n =48), and without disabilities (n

2017 Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

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