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Lamivudine

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61. Characteristics of HBV infection in 705 HIV-infected patients under lamivudine-based antiretroviral treatment from three regions in China (PubMed)

Characteristics of HBV infection in 705 HIV-infected patients under lamivudine-based antiretroviral treatment from three regions in China This study aimed to investigate the HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection in three HIV high endemic areas with different modes of HIV transmission and explore the HBV nucleos(t)ide analogue resistance (NUCr) substitutions in this cohort receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).The enrolled 705 HIV-infected patients were from three different regions (...) in China and received lamivudine-based ART for at least 1 year. After screening for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), and antibody against hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc and anti-HBc IgM), HBV DNA in plasma of patients positive for HBsAg was tested. The reverse transcriptase (RT) sequences of HBV were analyzed by direct sequencing.The overall HBsAg-positive rate was 7.1% (50/705) (Guangxi [25/170, 14.7%], Xinjiang [13/257, 5.1%], and Henan [12/278, 4.3

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2018 Infection and drug resistance

62. Efficacy and safety of the switch of Triumeq® to generic (abacavir + lamivudine) + Tivicay®: data at 24 weeks (PubMed)

Efficacy and safety of the switch of Triumeq® to generic (abacavir + lamivudine) + Tivicay®: data at 24 weeks Generic drugs may help to support antiretroviral treatment. We want to assess the efficacy and safety at 24 weeks of the change of coformulated (abacavir + lamivudine + dolutegravir) to (abacavir + lamivudine) coformulated as a generic pharmaceutical specialty + dolutegravir.Between February and June 2017, switch from Triumeq® to a generic pharmaceutical specialty co-formulated (...) tablet (abacavir + lamivudine) plus Tivicay® was made. Demographic, viroimmunological characteristics and the Charlson index were collected. Six months after switching, efficacy and safety were evaluated.Switch was made in 93 patients, with a mean age of 47 years, after six months there were five patients (5.4%) with viral loads between 50 and 400 copies, no patient had viral loads of greater amount. There were 2 interruptions due to toxicity (2.15%), in relation to symptoms of the central nervous

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2018 BMC pharmacology & toxicology

63. Individual patient data meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of dual therapy with a boosted PI plus lamivudine for maintenance of virological suppression: GeSIDA study 9717. (PubMed)

Individual patient data meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of dual therapy with a boosted PI plus lamivudine for maintenance of virological suppression: GeSIDA study 9717. Dual therapy (DT) with a ritonavir-boosted PI (PI/r) plus lamivudine has proven non-inferior (12% margin) to triple therapy (TT) with PI/r plus two nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors [N(t)RTIs] in four clinical trials. It remains unclear whether DT is non-inferior based on the US FDA endpoint

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2018 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

64. Twenty-Five Years of Lamivudine: Current and Future Use for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infection (PubMed)

Twenty-Five Years of Lamivudine: Current and Future Use for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infection Innovation in medicine is a dynamic, complex, and continuous process that cannot be isolated to a single moment in time. Anniversaries offer opportunities to commemorate crucial discoveries of modern medicine, such as penicillin (1928), polio vaccination (inactivated, 1955; oral, 1961), the surface antigen of the hepatitis B virus (1967), monoclonal antibodies (1975), and the first HIV antiretroviral (...) drugs (zidovudine, 1987). The advent of antiretroviral drugs has had a profound effect on the progress of the epidemiology of HIV infection, transforming a terminal, irreversible disease that caused a global health crisis into a treatable but chronic disease. This result has been driven by the success of antiretroviral drug combinations that include nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors such as lamivudine. Lamivudine, an L-enantiomeric analog of cytosine, potently affects HIV replication

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2018 Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

65. The Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine Dispersible and Immediate Release Tablets in HIV-1-Infected Children Less Than 12 Years of Age

The Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine Dispersible and Immediate Release Tablets in HIV-1-Infected Children Less Than 12 Years of Age The Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine Dispersible and Immediate Release Tablets in HIV-1-Infected Children Less Than 12 Years of Age - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results (...) information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine Dispersible and Immediate Release Tablets in HIV-1-Infected Children Less Than 12 Years of Age The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study

2018 Clinical Trials

66. Similar neurocognitive outcomes after 48 weeks in HIV-1-infected participants randomized to continue tenofovir/emtricitabine + atazanavir/ritonavir or simplify to abacavir/lamivudine + atazanavir. (PubMed)

Similar neurocognitive outcomes after 48 weeks in HIV-1-infected participants randomized to continue tenofovir/emtricitabine + atazanavir/ritonavir or simplify to abacavir/lamivudine + atazanavir. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders can persist in many patients despite achieving viral suppression while on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Neurocognitive function over 48 weeks was evaluated using a Cogstate test battery assessing psychomotor function, attention (...) , learning, and working memory in 293 HIV-1-infected, ART-experienced, and virologically suppressed adults. The ASSURE study randomized participants 1:2 to remain on tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) and ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV/r) or simplify to abacavir/lamivudine + atazanavir (ABC/3TC + ATV). Neurocognitive z-scores were computed using demographically adjusted normative data and were classified as "impaired" (defined as either a z-score ≤ - 2 or having 2 or more standardized individual test z

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2018 Journal of neurovirology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

67. Effects of Low- and High-Mineral Content Water on the Relative Bioavailability of a Coformulated Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine Dispersible Tablet in Healthy Adults. (PubMed)

Effects of Low- and High-Mineral Content Water on the Relative Bioavailability of a Coformulated Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine Dispersible Tablet in Healthy Adults. The fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet formulation of abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine is indicated for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults and pediatric patients weighing ≥40 kg. Alternative formulations with acceptable palatability and convenient dosing are needed for children who require smaller doses and have (...) difficulty swallowing tablets.A phase 1, open-label, randomized study was conducted in healthy adults to evaluate the relative bioavailability of a novel dispersible FDC tablet of abacavir 150 mg/dolutegravir 10 mg/lamivudine 75 mg administered under 4 different dosing conditions compared with dolutegravir plus abacavir/lamivudine nondispersible, film-coated tablets.The test treatments were 4 dispersible FDC tablets reconstituted in water with high- or zero-mineral content and administered either

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2018 Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

68. [Efficacy and safety of Entecavir monotherapy switched from Lamivudine combined Adefovir Dipivoxil for chronic hepatitis B virus-related compensated liver cirrhosis]. (PubMed)

[Efficacy and safety of Entecavir monotherapy switched from Lamivudine combined Adefovir Dipivoxil for chronic hepatitis B virus-related compensated liver cirrhosis]. Objective: To observe the efficacy and safety of de novo combination of Lamivudine(LAM) and Adefovir Dipivoxil (ADV) therapy counter to Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)- related compensated liver cirrhosis. Methods: Patients with chronic hepatitis B-related compensated cirrhosis who were

2018 Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

69. Boosted protease inhibitor monotherapy versus boosted protease inhibitor plus lamivudine dual therapy as second-line maintenance treatment for HIV-1-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa (ANRS12 286/MOBIDIP): a multicentre, randomised, parallel, open-la (PubMed)

Boosted protease inhibitor monotherapy versus boosted protease inhibitor plus lamivudine dual therapy as second-line maintenance treatment for HIV-1-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa (ANRS12 286/MOBIDIP): a multicentre, randomised, parallel, open-la Despite satisfactory efficacy of WHO-recommended second-line antiretroviral treatment for patients with HIV in low-income countries, the need for simplified, low-cost, and less-toxic maintenance strategies remains high. We compared boosted (...) protease inhibitor monotherapy with dual therapy with boosted protease inhibitor plus lamivudine in patients on second-line antiretrovial therapy (ART).We did a multicentre, randomised, parallel, open-label, superiority, trial in the HIV services of five hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa (Yaoundé, Cameroon; Dakar, Senegal; and Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso). We recruited patients from the long-term, post-trial cohort of the ANRS 12169/2LADY study that compared the efficacy of three second-line

2018 The lancet. HIV Controlled trial quality: predicted high

70. Observation of combined/optimized therapy of Lamivudine and Adefovir Dipivoxyl for hepatitis B-induced decompensated cirrhosis with baseline HBV DNA>1,000 IU/mL. (PubMed)

Observation of combined/optimized therapy of Lamivudine and Adefovir Dipivoxyl for hepatitis B-induced decompensated cirrhosis with baseline HBV DNA>1,000 IU/mL. This study aimed to observe and compare the efficacy and safety of the combined therapy and two different optimized therapies of lamivudine (LAM) and adefovir dipivoxil (ADV), as well as entecavir (ETV) monotherapy in patients with hepatitis B-induced decompensated cirrhosis. Method : A total of 127 patients with decompensated

2018 Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica Controlled trial quality: uncertain

71. Tenofovir alafenamide plus emtricitabine versus abacavir plus lamivudine for treatment of virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected adults: a randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, non-inferiority phase 3 trial. (PubMed)

Tenofovir alafenamide plus emtricitabine versus abacavir plus lamivudine for treatment of virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected adults: a randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, non-inferiority phase 3 trial. Abacavir and tenofovir alafenamide offer reduced bone toxicity compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. We aimed to compare safety and efficacy of tenofovir alafenamide plus emtricitabine with that of abacavir plus lamivudine.In this randomised, double-blind, active-controlled (...) , non-inferiority phase 3 trial, HIV-1-positive adults (≥18 years) were screened at 79 sites in 11 countries in North America and Europe. Eligible participants were virologically suppressed (HIV-1 RNA <50 copies per mL) and on a stable three-drug regimen containing abacavir plus lamivudine. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) by a computer-generated allocation sequence (block size 4) to switch to fixed-dose tablets of tenofovir alafenamide (10 mg or 25 mg) plus emtricitabine (200 mg) or remain

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2018 The lancet. HIV Controlled trial quality: predicted high

72. Fixed-dose combination dolutegravir, abacavir, and lamivudine versus ritonavir-boosted atazanavir plus tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine in previously untreated women with HIV-1 infection (ARIA): week 48 results from a randomised, open-label (PubMed)

Fixed-dose combination dolutegravir, abacavir, and lamivudine versus ritonavir-boosted atazanavir plus tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine in previously untreated women with HIV-1 infection (ARIA): week 48 results from a randomised, open-label Dolutegravir is a once-daily integrase strand transfer inhibitor with no need for pharmacokinetic boosting that is approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Because women are often under-represented in HIV clinical trials, we addressed (...) mL or greater, had received 10 days or less of previous antiretroviral therapy, and had tested negative for the HLA-B*5701 allele. Pregnant women were excluded. Eligible women were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either a single-tablet regimen of dolutegravir plus abacavir and lamivudine once a day (dolutegravir group) or a three-tablet combination of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir plus coformulated tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine once a day (atazanavir group). Random treatment

2018 The lancet. HIV Controlled trial quality: predicted high

73. Clinical effect of lamivudine in treating liver function lesion caused by hepatitis B combined with Anti-TB drugs. (PubMed)

Clinical effect of lamivudine in treating liver function lesion caused by hepatitis B combined with Anti-TB drugs. The present study is designed to conduct, the analysis on the curative effect of Lamivudine in treating liver function lesion caused by hepatitis B combined anti-TB drugs. The 4200 patients who have been treated for hepatitis B combined with pulmonary TB in 8 different hospitals from Feb 2014 to Feb 2016 were selected as research objects. They were randomly divided into control (...) group and observation group, each containing 2100 patients. In control group, patients were applied with conventional Anti-TB therapy and liver-protecting therapy; while in observation group, patients were applied with lamivudine in addition to conventional therapies. The variations of liver functions of both groups before and after therapies were observed. After treatment, the liver function lesions of patients in observation group were significantly lower than that in control group; moreover

2018 Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

74. Systemic inflammation markers after simplification to atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients: ATLAS-M substudy. (PubMed)

Systemic inflammation markers after simplification to atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients: ATLAS-M substudy. Biomarkers of systemic inflammation predict non-AIDS events and overall mortality in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients.To determine whether switching to a dual antiretroviral maintenance therapy was associated with modification of biomarkers of systemic inflammation as compared with continuation of successful standard (...) triple therapy.In this substudy of the randomized ATLAS-M trial, we compared in virologically suppressed patients the impact at 1 year of simplification to a dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine versus maintaining atazanavir/ritonavir plus two NRTI triple therapy on markers of systemic inflammation. Plasma levels of interleukin-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble CD14 (sCD14) and D-dimer were quantified by ELISA at baseline and at 48 weeks.A subset of 139 of 266 randomized patients

2018 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

75. Atazanavir/ritonavir with lamivudine as maintenance therapy in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients: 96 week outcomes of a randomized trial. (PubMed)

Atazanavir/ritonavir with lamivudine as maintenance therapy in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients: 96 week outcomes of a randomized trial. To investigate the long-term safety and efficacy of a treatment switch to dual ART with atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine versus continuing a standard regimen with atazanavir/ritonavir + 2NRTI in virologically suppressed patients.ATLAS-M is a 96 week open-label, randomized, non-inferiority (margin -12%) trial enrolling HIV-infected adults (...) on atazanavir/ritonavir + 2NRTI, with stable HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL and CD4 counts >200 cells/mm3. At baseline, patients were randomized 1:1 to switch to atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine or to continue the previous regimen. Here, we report the 96 week efficacy and safety data. The study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01599364.Overall, 266 subjects were enrolled (133 in each arm). At 96 weeks, in the ITT population, patients free of treatment failure totalled 103 (77.4%) with atazanavir

2018 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

76. Dolutegravir-based maintenance monotherapy versus dual therapy with lamivudine: a planned 24 week analysis of the DOLAM randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Dolutegravir-based maintenance monotherapy versus dual therapy with lamivudine: a planned 24 week analysis of the DOLAM randomized clinical trial. No controlled comparisons between dolutegravir/lamivudine or dolutegravir maintenance therapy have been done. We hypothesized that these options would have similar efficacy to triple ART.We used an open-label non-inferiority randomized controlled trial comprising two phases: phase A was established to test that experimental arms did not have (...) an unacceptable (≥5%) failure rate; phase B was intended to include the full number of patients followed for 48 weeks. Treated HIV-1-infected adults with viral load <50 copies/mL for ≥12 months, no prior viral failure or resistance mutations to study drugs, nadir CD4 >200 cells/mm3, and hepatitis B virus surface antigen negative were randomized 1:1:1 to maintain triple therapy (control arm), or to switch to dolutegravir/lamivudine, or to dolutegravir monotherapy stratifying by anchor drug. Premature

2018 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

77. Neurocognitive safety after 96 weeks on dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine: results of the neurocognitive substudy of the SALT randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Neurocognitive safety after 96 weeks on dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine: results of the neurocognitive substudy of the SALT randomized clinical trial. Concerns have been voiced over the capacity of deintensification strategies to preserve neurocognitive function and prevent neurocognitive impairment.We present the 96 week results of a neurocognitive substudy nested within the SALT clinical trial: a randomized, open-label, non-inferiority trial that compares whether (...) atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine is non-inferior to atazanavir/ritonavir + two NRTIs in HIV-suppressed patients on stable triple therapy. A global deficit score (GDS) for five neurocognitive tasks was used to assess neurocognitive function. Changes in neurocognitive function (GDS value) were determined at weeks 48 and 96. The effect of atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine, adjusted for significant confounders, on the change in neurocognitive function was determined using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA

2018 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

78. Doravirine/Lamivudine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate is Non-inferior to Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in Treatment-naive Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection: Week 48 Results of the DRIVE-AHEAD Trial. (PubMed)

Doravirine/Lamivudine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate is Non-inferior to Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in Treatment-naive Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection: Week 48 Results of the DRIVE-AHEAD Trial. Doravirine (DOR), a novel non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), is active against wild-type Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 and the most common NNRTI-resistant variants, and has a favorable and unique in vitro resistance profile.DRIVE (...) -AHEAD is a phase 3, double-blind, non-inferiority trial. Antiretroviral treatment-naive adults with ≥1000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL were randomized (1:1) to once-daily, fixed-dose DOR at 100 mg, lamivudine at 300 mg, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) at 300 mg (DOR/3TC/TDF) or to efavirenz at 600 mg, emtricitabine at 200 mg, and TDF at 300 mg (EFV/FTC/TDF) for 96 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of participants with <50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL at week 48 (Food and Drug

2018 Clinical Infectious Diseases Controlled trial quality: predicted high

79. [Compare the effect of combined therapy between telbivudine plus adefovir dipivoxil and lamivudine plus adefovir dipivoxil corresponding to renal function in patients with hepatitis B virus infection]. (PubMed)

[Compare the effect of combined therapy between telbivudine plus adefovir dipivoxil and lamivudine plus adefovir dipivoxil corresponding to renal function in patients with hepatitis B virus infection]. Objective: To compare the effect of combined therapy using lamivudine (LAM) plus adefovir (ADV) versus telbivudine (LdT) plus adefovir corresponding to the renal function of CHB patients. Methods: A total of 120 patients with chronic hepatitis B were enrolled. According to single daily dosing

2018 Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology

80. Lamivudine with or without adefovir dipivoxil for postoperative hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed)

Lamivudine with or without adefovir dipivoxil for postoperative hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a significant cause of death, especially in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Removal of the cancer through surgery or other techniques is considered the first-line therapy in early HCC, but relapse of HCC is the main postoperative problem. The main risk factor for HCC is hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil are effective and tolerable (...) for chronic hepatitis B by suppressing the viral load and to reduce fibrosis in the liver.  To assess the benefits and harms of postoperative administration of lamivudine with or without adefovir dipivoxil in participants with surgically treated HCC and chronic HBV infection or HBV carrier state.A systematic search was performed in The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science

2011 Cochrane

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