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LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment

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1. LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment

LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 (...) LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment Aka: LATCH Score for Breastfeeding Assessment From Related Chapters II. Criteria: LATCH acronym Latch Score 0 points: No Latch Score 1 points: Repeated attempts; mother holds nipple in infant's mouth and must stimulate infant to suck Score 2 points: Infant grasps , down, lips curled back, rhythmic sucking Audible Swallowing Score 0 points: None Score 1 points: A few with infant stimulation Score 2 points: Spontaneous

2018 FP Notebook

2. Psychometric Evaluation of 5- and 4-Item Versions of the LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment Tool during the Initial Postpartum Period among a Multiethnic Population (PubMed)

Psychometric Evaluation of 5- and 4-Item Versions of the LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment Tool during the Initial Postpartum Period among a Multiethnic Population The aim of this study was to evaluate the internal consistency, structural validity, sensitivity and specificity of the 5- and 4-item versions of the LATCH assessment tool among a multiethnic population in Singapore.The study was a secondary analysis of a subset of data (n = 907) from our previous breastfeeding survey from 2013 to 2014 (...) . The internal consistency of the LATCH was examined using Cronbach's alpha. The structural validity was assessed using an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and the proposed factors were confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using separate samples. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the LATCH score thresholds for predicting non-exclusive breastfeeding.The Cronbach's alpha values of the 5- and 4-item LATCH assessments were 0.70

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2016 PloS one

3. Outcomes of Video-Assisted Teaching for Latching in Postpartum Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

were assessed at 24-32 and 48-56 hours after the breastfeeding teaching modals. Demographic data and LATCH scores were collected and analyzed.There were no statistically significant differences in the mothers' ages, occupations, marital status, religion, education, income, infants' gestational age, body mass index, nipple length, route of delivery, and time to first latching between the video-assisted and routine breastfeeding teaching groups. First and second LATCH score assessments had shown (...) teaching group and 14 cases in a routine teaching group. In the first group, the mothers were taught breastfeeding benefits, latching methods, and breastfeeding positions and practiced breastfeeding in a controlled setting for a 30-minute period and watched a 6-minute video with consistent content. In the second group, the mothers were taught a normal 30-minute period and then practiced breastfeeding. In both groups, Latching on, Audible swallowing, the Type of nipples, Comfort, and Help (LATCH) scores

2018 Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

4. Peripartum Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother

and postpartum may improve outcomes by relieving suffering during labor; however, some of these methods may affect the course of labor and the neurobehavioral state of the neonate. Few studies directly address the impact of various ap- proaches to peripartum anesthesia and analgesia on breast- feeding outcomes. While a Cochrane review evaluated 38 studies published before 2011 on epidural analgesia com- pared with other pain management options, it is notable that only one assessed breastfeeding outcomes. 7 (...) respiratory depression and neurobehavioral changes that may impact latching. Long-term effects are un- clear. 25 When a mother has received intravenous or intramuscular narcotics for labor, mother and infant should be given more skin-to-skin time to encourage early breastfeeding, with appropriate supervision if any concerns exist over maternal or infant sedation (IV). • Short-acting opioids such as fentanyl or remifentanil may be preferred when compared with longer-acting opioids with active metabolites

2019 Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

5. Guideline: counselling of women to improve breastfeeding practices

Regulatory considerations 38 Ethical and equity considerations 38 Monitoring and evaluation of guideline implementation 39 RESEARCH GAPS 39 GUIDELINE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS 40 WHO steering group 40 Guideline development group 40 Meeting observers 41VIII GUIDELINE: COUNSELLING OF WOMEN TO IMPROVE BREASTFEEDING PRACTICES Systematic review team 41 Management of conflicts of interests 41 Identification of priority questions and outcomes 42 Evidence identification and retrieval 43 Quality assessment and grading (...) , Combined course on growth assessment and IYCF counselling, Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, Community management of at-risk mothers and infants under six months of age (C-MAMI) tool, Essential newborn care course, Caring for newborns and children in the community: a training course for community health workers, Guidelines on optimal feeding of low birth-weight infants in low- and middle-income countries, Guideline: protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding in facilities providing

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

6. Comparisons of Latching on between Newborns Fed with Feeding Tubes and Cup Feedings. (PubMed)

Princess Maha Chakri Sririndhorn Medical Center in the Nakhon Nayok Province between October 2012 and September 2013. No breast milk was expressed by the mothers at day 2, postpartum. They were divided into two groups by simple randomization. In the first group, the newborns were fed with a feeding tube in support of breastfeeding. In the second group, the newborns were fed by cup feedings. Latch scores were assessed at the end of postpartum day 3. Demographic data and latch scores were collected (...) and analyzed by Chi-square, t-test and Mann-Whitney U test.No differences in the demographic data of mothers and newborns between the two groups were found. Latch scores for the feeding tube group were significantly higher than the latch scores in the cup feeding group (p < 0.05).Latching of newborn after feeding tube method is better than latching of newborn after cup feeding.

2016 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet

7. Establishing breastfeeding

? Breastfeed successful? Give EBM Baby took EBM? Assess baby No Yes Yes No No Yes Best practice Provide EBM prior to any infant formula Queensland Clinical Guideline: Establishing breastfeeding. Guideline No: MN16.19-V3-R21 Review baby • History • Health records • Output • Clinical assessment (Temperature, heart rate, respiration and colour) Review maternal history • Medical, surgical, pregnancy and breastfeeding • Substance use (prescribed, illicit) • Intrapartum record (mode of birth, Apgars (...) ) • Postpartum assessment (clinical pathway, feeding) EBM unavailable? • Discuss options with mother, midwife and medical officer • Develop feeding plan Ongoing care • Assess breastfeeding • Initiate waking strategies as required • Monitor output/feeding patterns • Support mother to express as required • Refer as clinically indicated • Document progress Review and consider • Support for expressing • Giving EBM • Monitoring BGL • Continuing waking strategies • Developing/documenting a feeding plan • Seeking

2016 Queensland Health

8. Establishing breastfeeding

? Breastfeed successful? Give EBM Baby took EBM? Assess baby No Yes Yes No No Yes Best practice Provide EBM prior to any infant formula Queensland Clinical Guideline: Establishing breastfeeding. Guideline No: MN16.19-V3-R21 Review baby • History • Health records • Output • Clinical assessment (Temperature, heart rate, respiration and colour) Review maternal history • Medical, surgical, pregnancy and breastfeeding • Substance use (prescribed, illicit) • Intrapartum record (mode of birth, Apgars (...) ) • Postpartum assessment (clinical pathway, feeding) EBM unavailable? • Discuss options with mother, midwife and medical officer • Develop feeding plan Ongoing care • Assess breastfeeding • Initiate waking strategies as required • Monitor output/feeding patterns • Support mother to express as required • Refer as clinically indicated • Document progress Review and consider • Support for expressing • Giving EBM • Monitoring BGL • Continuing waking strategies • Developing/documenting a feeding plan • Seeking

2016 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

9. Comparison of Breastfeeding Outcomes Between Using the Laid-Back and Side-Lying Breastfeeding Positions in Mothers Delivering by Cesarean Section, a Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

breastfeeding positions in mothers delivering by cesarean section.A randomized controlled trial was conducted. The postpartum mothers delivering by cesarean section who delivered term newborns were randomly assigned to learn the use of a laid-back or side-lying breastfeeding position. The breastfeeding outcomes were assessed by LATCH scores at the second day postpartum and exclusive breastfeeding rates during the 6-week postpartum period. The mother's satisfaction of each breastfeeding position (...) was collected before discharge from the hospital.The data from 152 postpartum mothers delivering by cesarean section were available for analysis, 76 from the laid-back position group and 76 from side-lying position group. The baseline characteristics of both groups were similar. There were no statistically significant differences of the breastfeeding outcomes, LATCH scores at the second day postpartum and the exclusive breastfeeding rates during the 6-week postpartum period. But the mothers had expressed

2017 Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

10. Breastfeeding Healthy Term Infants

. Intrapartum Care 9 V aginal Birth 9 Cesarean Birth 10 C. Postpartum Care 10 Key Points 10 2 to 24 hours 11 Guidelines to Assist Mothers to Breastfeed 12 Breastfeeding Positions and Preparation for Feeding .. 12 Infant Attachment on the Breast (Latch) 12 Attachment and Suckling Pattern 13 24 to 72 hours 13 Guidelines to Assess Breastfeeding 14 Breastfeeding Process 14 Maternal Assessment 14 Infant Assessment 14 Infant Weight Loss and Gain 15 Hand Expression 15 Pacifiers 16 Preparation for Hospital (...) + inadequate infant output inadequate infant output + continued infant weight loss • Breastfeeding assessment tools have been developed although reliability and validity for all tools vary and require further testing (see Appendix E for use and characteristics of the following tools: BAPT, MBFES, BSES, LATCH and the IBFAT) Hand expression of colostrum or breastmilk. 38,39,76 • Initiate hand expr ession of colostrum if the infant does not latch on the br east within the first 6 hours after birth or after

2015 British Columbia Perinatal Health Program

11. Breastfeeding practices: Positioning, attachment (latch-on) and effective suckling – A hospital-based study in Libya (PubMed)

Breastfeeding practices: Positioning, attachment (latch-on) and effective suckling – A hospital-based study in Libya To assess the correct position, attachment and effective suckling in the breastfeeding of infants as practiced by mothers attending hospitals at Benghazi.An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was done at AlJamahiriya and AlFateh Hospital in Benghazi, Libya, from November 2009 to February 2010. One hundred ninety-two mother-neonate units were observed for mother's (...) and baby's position, attachment and effective suckling using WHO B-R-E-A-S-T- Feed observation form. Grading of positioning, attachment and suckling was done according to the score of various characteristics. Data thus collected were analyzed using software SPSS 11.5 version.About 15% of the infants were about a week old (early neonatal period) and 85% were in the late neonatal period. There was poorer positioning among primipara (24.0%) than multipara (8.9-12.5%)mothers. Poorer attachment was also more

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2011 Journal of Family and Community Medicine

12. Use of Antidepressants in Breastfeeding Mothers

experience of breastfeeding. Some mothers with depression ?nd that breastfeeding enhances bonding and improves their mood, whereas others ?nd breastfeeding to be dif?cult. For dyads struggling with milk production and latch issues, efforts should be undertaken to simplify feeding plans to ensure that mother and infant have time to enjoy one an- other. The demands of nighttime breastfeeding can be chal- lenging for mothers for whom interruption of sleep is a major trigger for mood symptoms. In these cases (...) Use of Antidepressants in Breastfeeding Mothers ABM Protocol ABM Clinical Protocol #18: Use of Antidepressants in Breastfeeding Mothers Natasha K. Sriraman, 1 Kathryn Melvin, 2 Samantha Meltzer-Brody, 2,3 and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers

2015 Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

13. The effect of tongue-tie division on breastfeeding and speech articulation: a systematic review

in the included studies were aged from one day to 23 years and underwent frenotomy (frenectomy; removal of the frenulum – tongue-tie tissue) or frenuloplasty (alteration of the frenulum), following a clinical diagnosis of ankyloglossia or breastfeeding problems. Where authors disagreed on study selection, a third reviewer was consulted. Assessment of study quality Study quality was assessed on seven criteria: inclusion and exclusion criteria clearly stated; validated assessment method; appropriate comparison (...) how many reviewers extracted the data. Methods of synthesis The study results were combined in a narrative synthesis. Results of the review Twenty studies (15 observational and five randomised controlled trials) with 1,012 participants were included. Studies met between two and six of the quality criteria. Tongue-tie division provided statistically significant objective improvements in Latch, Audible swallowing, Type of nipple, Comfort, and Hold (LATCH) scores (two studies), the Short Form McGill

2013 DARE.

14. The Effect of Early Skin-to-skin Contact on Initiation of Breastfeeding, Newborn Temperature and Duration of Third Stage of Labor

of breastfeeding [ Time Frame: Immediately After birth ] Time to initiate breastfeeding Third stage of labour [ Time Frame: birth ] Duration of third stage of labour Newborn temperature [ Time Frame: 30 minutes after birth ] Newborn temperature 30 minutes after birth Success of first breastfeeding [ Time Frame: Immediately after birth ] Success of first breastfeeding assessed by LATCH scale Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study (...) been reported. The present study was carried out in order to assess the effects of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature, and duration of the third stage of labor. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 108 healthy women and their neonates (56 in the intervention group with mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact and 52 in the control group that were provided with routine postpartum care) at maternity teaching hospital of Erbil

2018 Clinical Trials

15. Breastfeeding Success With the Use of the WHO Syringe Technique for Management of Inverted Nipples in Lactating Women

of the lactiferous ducts at the expense of breast's function. Several conservative measures have also been used for the less severe (grades 1 and 2) inverted nipples such as application of Hoffman Exercises and Woolwich Breast Shields, which have failed to prove their worth. The modified syringe technique is a conservative means for the correction of inverted nipples that was reported in a single case series of 8 women, with high success rates in infant latching (7/8) and exclusive breastfeeding (6/8 (...) ] Proportion of mothers who are exclusively breastfeeding Secondary Outcome Measures : 3-month exclusive breastfeeding rate [ Time Frame: 3 months postpartum ] Proportion of mothers who are exclusively breastfeeding 6-month exclusive breastfeeding rate [ Time Frame: 6 months postpartum ] Proportion of mothers who are exclusively breastfeeding Nipple eversion rate [ Time Frame: 1 month postpartum ] Proportion of mothers with everted nipples Successful latching [ Time Frame: 1 month postpartum ] Proportion

2018 Clinical Trials

16. The effect of mother and newborn early skin-to-skin contact on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature and duration of third stage of labor (PubMed)

 ± 5.94 (M ± SD) respectively. Based on the LATCH scores, 48% of mothers who received SSC and 46% with routine care had successful breastfeeding. Newborns who received SSC initiated breastfeeding within 2.41 ± 1.38 (M ± SD) minutes after birth; however, newborns who received routine care started breastfeeding in 5.48 ± 5.7 (M ± SD) minutes. Duration of the third stage of labor in mothers who practiced SSC after birth was 6 ± 1.7 min, compared to 8.02 ± 3.6 min for mothers who were provided (...) The effect of mother and newborn early skin-to-skin contact on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature and duration of third stage of labor Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth brings about numerous protective effects; however, it is an intervention that is underutilized in Iraq where a globally considerable rate of maternal and child death has been reported. The present study was conducted in order to assess the effects of SCC on initiation of breastfeeding

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2018 International Breastfeeding Journal

17. Peripartum Breastfeeding Management for the Healthy Mother and Infant at Term

. The infant may be dried and assigned Apgar scores, and the initial physical assessment may be per- formed as the infant is placed with the mother. Such physical contact provides the infant with optimal physiologic stability, warmth, and opportunities for the ?rst feeding. 10,25–29 Extensive early skin-to-skin contact likely increases the duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding. 27–35 Delaying procedures such as weigh- ing, measuring, administering eye prophylaxis as well as vitamin K, up to 6 hours (...) additional help from nursing staff to attain comfortable positioning. A trained observer should as- sess and document the effectiveness of breastfeeding at least once every 8–12 hours after delivery until mother and infant are discharged. In countries where the de- livery hospital stay may last up to a week, then assessment should continue until breastfeeding is suc- cessfully established. 1,10 Peripartum care of the dyad should address and document infant positioning, latch, milk transfer, baby’s weight

2013 Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

18. The effect of feeding with spoon and bottle on the time of switching to full breastfeeding and sucking success in preterm babies (PubMed)

for preterm baby" and "LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment Tool". The data were evaluated using percentage distribution, mean, chi-square test, t-test in independent groups, Cronbach alpha coefficient and McNemar analysis. Ethics committee approval was obtained from Atatürk University Faculty of Health Sciences (dated 08.05.2013) and official approvals were obtained from the related hospitals to conduct the study.A significant difference was found between the mean times of switching to full breastfeeding from (...) the first breast-feeding in preterm babies in the spoonfed group and bottle fed group in favour of the spoodfed group (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of starting breastfeeding, switching to full breastfeeding, the mean weights at discharge and the mean times of discharge (p>0.05). While no significant difference was found between the groups in terms of mean LATCH scores measured initially (p>0.05), the mean scores in the spoonfed group at the second

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2014 Turkish Archives of Pediatrics/Türk Pediatri Arşivi

19. Increase Breastfeeding Duration Among Puerto Rican Mothers

Rican women who initiate BF to: Treatment-as-Usual (TAU) or TAU with financial incentives (also known as Contingency Management; (CM). A bilingual breastfeeding counselor visits participants at home for problem solving issues around breastfeeding. Participants also receiving CM will receive cash incentives if they show breastfeeding. We will conduct assessments at baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum, measuring BF duration, BF exclusivity, BF self-efficacy, and infant weight gain (...) to Increase Breastfeeding Duration Among Puerto Rican Mothers Study Start Date : August 2014 Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2016 Actual Study Completion Date : April 2016 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment No Intervention: Treatment as Usual Participants in Treatment as Usual (TAU) will receive standard breastfeeding (BF) services from the WIC program and participate in research assessments. Standard

2014 Clinical Trials

20. Prospective Evaluation of Lingual Frenotomy in Newborns With Simultaneous Lip Tie for the Relief of Breastfeeding Pain.

little change in LATCH and pain scale assessment scores after sham procedures. Overall data is not expected to vary significantly between Group A and Group B. It is also hypothesized that a lingual frenotomy alone will be sufficient to improve breastfeeding success without the need to also conduct a labial frenotomy. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model (...) that continue to have difficulty with breastfeeding after both interventions will undergo intervention #3, a labial frenotomy, and breastfeeding will be monitored afterwards. These results will be analyzed to determine when lingual frenotomies, labial frenotomies, or both are necessary to improve breastfeeding pain and LATCH scores. The study aims to prove that the simple and low risk frenotomy procedure should be considered as treatment for both ankyloglossia and maxillary lip-tie, preventing breastfeeding

2014 Clinical Trials

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