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Irritant Diaper Dermatitis

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1. Diaper Dermatitis, Irritant and Candidal - Guidelines for Prescribing Topical Antifungals and Hydrocortisone

Diaper Dermatitis, Irritant and Candidal - Guidelines for Prescribing Topical Antifungals and Hydrocortisone Diaper Dermatitis, Irritant and Candidal - Guidelines for Prescribing Topical Antifungals and Hydrocortisone - medSask Home - College of Pharmacy and Nutrition - University of Saskatchewan Toggle Menu Search the U of S Search Diaper Dermatitis, Irritant and Candidal - Guidelines for Prescribing Topical Antifungals and Hydrocortisone A rash occurring under the covered area of a diaper (...) to 12 months Irritant Diaper Dermatitis (Images at and ) Rash is dusky red and shiny. Appears on buttocks and pubic skin with the creases/skin folds relatively spared. Affects all areas where diaper covers. In severe cases, leads to scaling paules and skin erosions. Can lead to secondary candida infection if untreated. Candidial Diaper Dermatitis (Images at and Beefy red plaques. Diaper dermatitis that has been present for at least three days (which increases the likelihood of secondary infection

2017 medSask

2. Comparative Study between Talcum and Zinc Oxide Cream for the Prevention of Irritant Contact Diaper Dermatitis in Infants. (PubMed)

Comparative Study between Talcum and Zinc Oxide Cream for the Prevention of Irritant Contact Diaper Dermatitis in Infants. Baby powder which consists of talcum powder (magnesium silicate) as an active ingredient has been popularly used for prevention of irritant contact diaper dermatitis for a long time because it has water absorbent and friction-decreased properties. There are some case reports of its side effects of pulmonary complication from massive inhalation and the risk of ovarian tumors (...) in adult. However the clinical research on the effectiveness of talcum powder for the prevention of diaper dermatitis has not been investigated.To compare the effectiveness between talcum powder with topical zinc oxide cream for the prevention of irritant diaper dermatitis.Fifty Thai infants at the age of 6-12 months old were randomized. Either topical talcum powder or zinc oxide cream was topically applied to their skin before changing new diapers. The follow-up were conducted at week 0, 2 and 8

2018 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet

3. A Natural Cream-to-Powder Formulation Developed for the Prevention of Diaper Dermatitis in Diaper-Wearing Infants and Children: Barrier Property and In-Use Tolerance Studies. (PubMed)

A Natural Cream-to-Powder Formulation Developed for the Prevention of Diaper Dermatitis in Diaper-Wearing Infants and Children: Barrier Property and In-Use Tolerance Studies. Diaper dermatitis is a common condition that develops in the diaper area due to factors such as elevated moisture, increased skin surface pH, and exposure to irritants from urine and feces. These factors suggest interventions to prevent or treat diaper dermatitis such as exposing the skin to air, frequent diaper changes (...) , and thorough cleansing of the diaper area. Barrier creams and powders also have a role in preventing and treating diaper dermatitis. We developed a cream-to-powder product with a formula based on corn starch and other natural ingredients for use in the diaper area.Dye exclusion study: The barrier properties of the cream-to-powder product were assessed using a dye exclusion protocol. Skin color at treated and untreated forearm sites was measured at baseline and after exposure to crystal violet stain

2018 Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD

4. Irritant Diaper Dermatitis

Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Irritant Diaper Dermatitis (...) Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Aka: Irritant Diaper Dermatitis , Diaper Rash , Diaper Dermatitis II. Etiology Reaction to friction and maceration Prolonged contact with urine and feces III. Symptoms Infant very uncomfortable with increased inflammation IV. Signs Erythematous, scaly dermatitis Papulovesicular or Bullous lesions Fissures and erosions y or confluent Sparing of genitocrural folds V. Differential Diagnosis (satellite lesions present) VI. Complications or yeast superinfection Irritant dermatitis

2018 FP Notebook

5. Diagnosis and management of diaper dermatitis in infants with emphasis on skin microbiota in the diaper area. (PubMed)

irritant to the skin. The three most common types of diaper dermatitis include chaffing dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, and diaper candidiasis. However, a variety of other skin conditions may manifest in the diaper area. Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus are most frequently isolated from the affected area and are thought to have a predominant role in diaper dermatitis. The review includes an overview of the epidemiology, etiology, and common skin microbiota in the diaper area. State (...) -of-the-art strategies for diagnosis, management, and prevention of diaper dermatitis are also included. Appropriate skin care can help in the prevention of diaper dermatitis and can aid the reparation of the skin. This review discusses common causes, skin microbiota within the diapered area, differential diagnosis, and finally possible prevention and treatment recommendations. Recent findings have proven that the key to efficient eradication of irritant diaper dermatitis lies in its prevention.© 2017

2017 International Journal of Dermatology

6. Trial Comparing Calmoseptine Ointment and Desitin Diaper Rash Paste in Diaper Dermatitis in Neonates and Infants

Last Update Posted: March 23, 2016 Last Verified: March 2016 Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement: Plan to Share IPD: No Keywords provided by University of the Philippines: neonates infants Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Dermatitis Diaper Rash Skin Diseases Dermatitis, Irritant Dermatitis, Contact Skin Diseases, Eczematous Zinc Menthol Petrolatum Zinc Oxide Trace Elements Micronutrients Nutrients Growth Substances Physiological Effects of Drugs (...) Trial Comparing Calmoseptine Ointment and Desitin Diaper Rash Paste in Diaper Dermatitis in Neonates and Infants Trial Comparing Calmoseptine Ointment and Desitin Diaper Rash Paste in Diaper Dermatitis in Neonates and Infants - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2016 Clinical Trials

7. Effect of Topical Application of the Cream Containing Magnesium 2% on Treatment of Diaper Dermatitis and Diaper Rash in Children A Clinical Trial Study. (PubMed)

Effect of Topical Application of the Cream Containing Magnesium 2% on Treatment of Diaper Dermatitis and Diaper Rash in Children A Clinical Trial Study. Diaper dermatitis is referred to the inflammation in outer layers of the skin in the perineal area, lower abdomen, and inner thighs. The lesions are maculopapular and usually itchy, which could cause bacterial or candida infection, and predispose the infants to penis or vaginal and urinary infection and lead to discomfort, irritability (...) , and restlessness. The drugs which have been so far administered for this disease (topical steroids) cause special complications for the sensitive skin in this area. Magnesium (Mg) is known for its anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties.The aim of the present study was to study the effect of the cream containing Mg 2% on treatment of diaper dermatitis and diaper rash in children.In this clinical trial study, 64 children aged less than two years old with diaper dermatitis referring Paediatric Ward

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2016 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

8. Granuloma Glutaeale Infantum: A Re-emerging Complication of Diaper Dermatitis. (PubMed)

Granuloma Glutaeale Infantum: A Re-emerging Complication of Diaper Dermatitis. Granuloma gluteale infantum is a rare nodular complication of irritant diaper dermatitis. The association of this condition with the widespread use of nondisposable cloth diapers has been increasingly recognized. We present the case of an 18-month-old girl with granuloma gluteale infantum. Our aims are to emphasize the importance of clinical recognition of this re-emerging complication of diaper dermatitis

2018 Pediatrics

9. Assessment Effect of Breast Milk on Diaper Dermatitis (PubMed)

Assessment Effect of Breast Milk on Diaper Dermatitis Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatological disease of infancy, which occurs and caused by the combined effect of irritants such as diaper, urine and faces. In this study, we intend to evaluate the effect of breast milk on the healing of diaper dermatitis. This study was a clinical trial of 30 infants between 0-12 months of age that were suffering from diaper dermatitis and referred to the Health Centers in Tehran, Iran. The subjects (...) and third day (P=0.013, P=0.005), these differences were more significant at the fifth day (P=0.004, P=0.001). Because of positive effects of breast milk on healing of diaper dermatitis, it is proposed that educational programs in health centers should be considered by health officials, and the managers would play a key role in increasing knowledge behavior changes in mothers.

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2017 Dermatology Reports

10. Efficacy of Topical Coriandrum sativum Extract on Treatment of Infants with Diaper Dermatitis: A Single Blinded Non-Randomised Controlled Trial (PubMed)

effects (10 (27%) for the intervention group versus 0 (0%) for control group) (P-value = 0.009) both in favor of hydrocortisone. This trial failed to confirm the efficacy of Coriandrum sativum in the treatment of diaper dermatitis; however, it seems that if soothing compounds are used in combination with Coriandrum sativum to reduce the mild irritation, Coriandrum extract can be an alternative treatment for diaper dermatitis. (...) Efficacy of Topical Coriandrum sativum Extract on Treatment of Infants with Diaper Dermatitis: A Single Blinded Non-Randomised Controlled Trial Diaper dermatitis is a common disorder. Coriandrum sativum is a herbal remedy with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant activities effects. In this non randomised clinical trial which was performed on 58 infants with diaper dermatitis referred to Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, the efficacy and safety

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2017 The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS

11. Infections and skin diseases mimicking diaper dermatitis. (PubMed)

Infections and skin diseases mimicking diaper dermatitis. Diaper dermatitis is a common condition that often prompts parents to seek medical attention. Irritant diaper dermatitis is by far the most common cause, but numerous potentially serious diseases can present with changes of the skin in the diaper area. The differential diagnosis can include psoriasis, metabolic disorders, rare immune diseases and infection. Clinical examination can be helpful in distinguishing the underlying cause

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2016 International Journal of Dermatology

12. Superficial Mycoses Associated with Diaper Dermatitis (PubMed)

Superficial Mycoses Associated with Diaper Dermatitis Diapers create particular conditions of moisture and friction, and with urine and feces come increased pH and irritating enzymes (lipases and proteases). Fungi can take advantage of all these factors. Candida yeasts, especially C. albicans, are responsible for the most frequent secondary infections and are isolated in more than 80 % of cases. Correct diagnosis is important for ensuring the correct prescription of topical antimycotics (...) . Nystatin, imidazoles and ciclopirox are effective. It is important to realize there are resistant strains. Dermatophytes can infect the diaper area, with the most common agent being Epidermophyton floccosum. The clinical characteristics of dermatophytosis are different from those of candidiasis, and it can be diagnosed and treated simply. Malassezia yeasts can aggravate conditions affecting the diaper area, such as seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and inverse psoriasis. Additional treatment

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2016 Mycopathologia

13. History of diapers and diapering. (PubMed)

History of diapers and diapering. For centuries, diapering has been a global practice. Most cultures around the world have historically implemented mechanisms to cover the genital area, both for privacy and to contain waste. The latest and most important innovation was the advent of the disposable diaper in the mid-twentieth century. Modern disposable diapers have considerably decreased the incidence of irritant diaper dermatitis through their design and construction. Disposable diaper use (...) continues to grow globally. This article reviews the history of diaper practices worldwide. © 2016 The International Society of Dermatology.

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2016 International Journal of Dermatology

14. Understanding irritant napkin dermatitis. (PubMed)

Understanding irritant napkin dermatitis. Irritant napkin dermatitis (IND, often referred to as irritant diaper dermatitis) is an exceedingly common problem in the first 2 years of life. It is now established that a number of factors are considered important in the etiology of IND. The principal irritants are fecal enzymes, which damage infant skin and are further amplified by a number of factors, including skin maceration and friction, high pH, the presence of urine, and the duration (...) of contact with feces. In recent years, the decreasing incidence and severity of IND reflects improvements in the design and performance of diapers, diaper skin care products, and overall awareness about maintaining infant skin health. © 2016 The International Society of Dermatology.

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2016 International Journal of Dermatology

15. Overview of dermatitis

for the preceding image starts]: Acute atopic dermatitis on the face of an infant Personal collection of Dr A. Hebert [Citation ends]. Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is caused by direct toxicity and can occur in any person without prior sensitisation. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction, which requires prior sensitisation. Both result in localised burning, stinging, itching, blistering, erythema, and swelling after contact with an allergen or irritant. Eruption is often (...) clearly delineated with sharp borders. Hyperpigmentation, fissuring, and scaling may also occur. Belsito DV. The diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and prevention of allergic contact dermatitis in the new millennium. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Mar;105(3):409-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10719287?tool=bestpractice.com After an allergen or irritant is identified, the main goals of treatment are avoidance of future exposure and resolution of existing dermatitis. ICD is treated with exposure

2018 BMJ Best Practice

16. Overview of dermatitis

for the preceding image starts]: Acute atopic dermatitis on the face of an infant Personal collection of Dr A. Hebert [Citation ends]. Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is caused by direct toxicity and can occur in any person without prior sensitisation. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction, which requires prior sensitisation. Both result in localised burning, stinging, itching, blistering, erythema, and swelling after contact with an allergen or irritant. Eruption is often (...) clearly delineated with sharp borders. Hyperpigmentation, fissuring, and scaling may also occur. Belsito DV. The diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and prevention of allergic contact dermatitis in the new millennium. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Mar;105(3):409-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10719287?tool=bestpractice.com After an allergen or irritant is identified, the main goals of treatment are avoidance of future exposure and resolution of existing dermatitis. ICD is treated with exposure

2018 BMJ Best Practice

17. Irritant Diaper Dermatitis

Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Irritant Diaper Dermatitis (...) Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Aka: Irritant Diaper Dermatitis , Diaper Rash , Diaper Dermatitis II. Etiology Reaction to friction and maceration Prolonged contact with urine and feces III. Symptoms Infant very uncomfortable with increased inflammation IV. Signs Erythematous, scaly dermatitis Papulovesicular or Bullous lesions Fissures and erosions y or confluent Sparing of genitocrural folds V. Differential Diagnosis (satellite lesions present) VI. Complications or yeast superinfection Irritant dermatitis

2015 FP Notebook

18. Diaper Distribution in Low-Income Infants

terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Depression Diaper Rash Behavioral Symptoms Dermatitis, Irritant Dermatitis, Contact Dermatitis Skin Diseases Skin Diseases, Eczematous (...) and dry diapers, is an example of a material hardship. Community-based studies of low-income families have demonstrated that between 30-50% of caregivers of young children expressed diaper need. Some of these caregivers with diaper need reported reducing diaper changes, a practice that is associated with diaper dermatitis and urinary tract infections (UTIs). These community-based studies have also shown that diaper need is associated with maternal depression and parental stress, even after adjusting

2018 Clinical Trials

19. Intervention to Reduce Diaper Need and Increase Use of Pediatric Preventive Care

-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Yale University: Diaper Need Well-Child Care Infant Immunizations Incentives Basic Needs Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Infection Communicable Diseases Dermatitis Urinary Tract Infections Depression Diaper Rash Skin Diseases Urologic Diseases Behavioral Symptoms Dermatitis, Irritant Dermatitis, Contact Skin Diseases, Eczematous (...) , CT. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Diaper Dermatitis Urinary Tract Infections Infection Depressive Symptoms Stress Other: Diaper Incentive Other: Conditional Cash Transfer Condition Not Applicable Detailed Description: The investigators will conduct a randomized controlled trial of a diaper incentive intervention whereby diapers will be used to achieve two separate but related aims. First, diapers will be used as an incentive to increase utilization of, and adherence to, well

2018 Clinical Trials

20. Evaluation of the Safety and Performance of LiNiDERM® in the Prevention of Infant Diaper Rash

First Posted : August 21, 2018 Last Update Posted : August 24, 2018 See Sponsor: Laboratoires Gilbert Collaborator: Slb Pharma Information provided by (Responsible Party): Laboratoires Gilbert Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Result of immaturity of the skin and factors promoting maceration and mechanical interactions, Irritant diaper dermatitis (IDD) can manifest as early as the third week of life. IDD is a form of contact dermatitis and is the most common inflammatory (...) dermatitis of the diaper area infants. This dermatitis is very common amongst first year of life. The IDD is characterized by erythema on the convex surfaces with the skin folds spared (W-shaped erythema) and it can cause considerable pain and stress for infants and can be troublesome for their caregivers. The development of IDD is multifactorial. The critical step in the development of IDD is the occlusion of the skin under the diaper. The skin in the diaper area is predisposed to irritation

2018 Clinical Trials

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