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Intrauterine Growth Retardation

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101. Mental Retardation (Diagnosis)

. The severity of the symptoms is related to the amount of alcohol ingested. Toxemia of pregnancy and placental insufficiency Intrauterine growth retardation has many causes, the most important being maternal toxemia with its consequences, ending in insult to the CNS. Prematurity may be of maternal or fetal origin. When it is connected with fetal developmental deviations, the prognosis depends on the infant's general condition. Prematurity and especially intrauterine growth retardation predispose to many (...) , profound mental retardation, and neurological deficits. Neonatal bacterial infections might result in sepsis and meningitis, which, in turn, may cause hydrocephalus. Delivery problems During delivery, asphyxia is the most important factor causing an insult to the CNS. It leads to cell death, which might be demonstrated with neuroimaging techniques as leukomalacia. Premature infants and those with intrauterine growth retardation are at special risk for damage to the cortex or thalamus, which

2014 eMedicine.com

102. Mental Retardation (Overview)

to the amount of alcohol ingested. Toxemia of pregnancy and placental insufficiency Intrauterine growth retardation has many causes, the most important being maternal toxemia with its consequences, ending in insult to the CNS. Prematurity may be of maternal or fetal origin. When it is connected with fetal developmental deviations, the prognosis depends on the infant's general condition. Prematurity and especially intrauterine growth retardation predispose to many perinatal complications, which may result (...) deficits. Neonatal bacterial infections might result in sepsis and meningitis, which, in turn, may cause hydrocephalus. Delivery problems During delivery, asphyxia is the most important factor causing an insult to the CNS. It leads to cell death, which might be demonstrated with neuroimaging techniques as leukomalacia. Premature infants and those with intrauterine growth retardation are at special risk for damage to the cortex or thalamus, which, in addition to affecting intelligence, causes various

2014 eMedicine.com

103. Mental Retardation (Overview)

among children with seizure disorders, microcephaly, macrocephaly, history of intrauterine or postnatal growth retardation, prematurity, and congenital anomalies Evaluation of patients for ID can include the following examinations: Head circumference: Microcephaly correlates highly with cognitive deficits; macrocephaly may indicate hydrocephalus, is associated with some inborn errors of metabolism, and may be seen early on in some children later diagnosed with autism [ , ] Height: Short stature may (...) Mental Retardation (Overview) Intellectual Disability: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4MDcwOS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Intellectual Disability

2014 eMedicine.com

104. Epilepsy in Children with Mental Retardation (Overview)

: Prevalence of ID is increased among children with seizure disorders, microcephaly, macrocephaly, history of intrauterine or postnatal growth retardation, prematurity, and congenital anomalies Evaluation of patients for ID can include the following examinations: Head circumference: Microcephaly correlates highly with cognitive deficits; macrocephaly may indicate hydrocephalus, is associated with some inborn errors of metabolism, and may be seen early on in some children later diagnosed with autism (...) Epilepsy in Children with Mental Retardation (Overview) Intellectual Disability: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4MDcwOS1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine.com

105. Epilepsy in Adults with Mental Retardation (Overview)

: Prevalence of ID is increased among children with seizure disorders, microcephaly, macrocephaly, history of intrauterine or postnatal growth retardation, prematurity, and congenital anomalies Evaluation of patients for ID can include the following examinations: Head circumference: Microcephaly correlates highly with cognitive deficits; macrocephaly may indicate hydrocephalus, is associated with some inborn errors of metabolism, and may be seen early on in some children later diagnosed with autism (...) Epilepsy in Adults with Mental Retardation (Overview) Intellectual Disability: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4MDcwOS1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine.com

106. Mental Retardation (Treatment)

. The severity of the symptoms is related to the amount of alcohol ingested. Toxemia of pregnancy and placental insufficiency Intrauterine growth retardation has many causes, the most important being maternal toxemia with its consequences, ending in insult to the CNS. Prematurity may be of maternal or fetal origin. When it is connected with fetal developmental deviations, the prognosis depends on the infant's general condition. Prematurity and especially intrauterine growth retardation predispose to many (...) , profound mental retardation, and neurological deficits. Neonatal bacterial infections might result in sepsis and meningitis, which, in turn, may cause hydrocephalus. Delivery problems During delivery, asphyxia is the most important factor causing an insult to the CNS. It leads to cell death, which might be demonstrated with neuroimaging techniques as leukomalacia. Premature infants and those with intrauterine growth retardation are at special risk for damage to the cortex or thalamus, which

2014 eMedicine.com

107. Mental Retardation (Follow-up)

. The severity of the symptoms is related to the amount of alcohol ingested. Toxemia of pregnancy and placental insufficiency Intrauterine growth retardation has many causes, the most important being maternal toxemia with its consequences, ending in insult to the CNS. Prematurity may be of maternal or fetal origin. When it is connected with fetal developmental deviations, the prognosis depends on the infant's general condition. Prematurity and especially intrauterine growth retardation predispose to many (...) , profound mental retardation, and neurological deficits. Neonatal bacterial infections might result in sepsis and meningitis, which, in turn, may cause hydrocephalus. Delivery problems During delivery, asphyxia is the most important factor causing an insult to the CNS. It leads to cell death, which might be demonstrated with neuroimaging techniques as leukomalacia. Premature infants and those with intrauterine growth retardation are at special risk for damage to the cortex or thalamus, which

2014 eMedicine.com

108. Epilepsy in Children with Mental Retardation (Diagnosis)

: Prevalence of ID is increased among children with seizure disorders, microcephaly, macrocephaly, history of intrauterine or postnatal growth retardation, prematurity, and congenital anomalies Evaluation of patients for ID can include the following examinations: Head circumference: Microcephaly correlates highly with cognitive deficits; macrocephaly may indicate hydrocephalus, is associated with some inborn errors of metabolism, and may be seen early on in some children later diagnosed with autism (...) Epilepsy in Children with Mental Retardation (Diagnosis) Intellectual Disability: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4MDcwOS1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine.com

109. Epilepsy in Adults with Mental Retardation (Diagnosis)

: Prevalence of ID is increased among children with seizure disorders, microcephaly, macrocephaly, history of intrauterine or postnatal growth retardation, prematurity, and congenital anomalies Evaluation of patients for ID can include the following examinations: Head circumference: Microcephaly correlates highly with cognitive deficits; macrocephaly may indicate hydrocephalus, is associated with some inborn errors of metabolism, and may be seen early on in some children later diagnosed with autism (...) Epilepsy in Adults with Mental Retardation (Diagnosis) Intellectual Disability: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4MDcwOS1vdmVydmlldw== processing

2014 eMedicine.com

110. Premature newborns with fatal intrauterine herpes simplex virus-1 infection: first report of twins and review of the literature. (Abstract)

twins (27th week of gestation) whose intrauterine growth retardation, fetal anaemia and cardiotocography abnormalities led to a caesarean emergency delivery.Accurate medical history revealed a maternal febrile gingivostomatitis at the 23rd week of gestation, which was neglected by the treating gynaecologist. Respiratory distress was present at delivery and intubation was necessary in both children. The whole skin showed extensive erosions and ulcerations and the mucosa of the eyes and genitals (...) Premature newborns with fatal intrauterine herpes simplex virus-1 infection: first report of twins and review of the literature. Neonates with blistering skin diseases are dermatologic emergencies. The pathologies involved can pose diagnostic difficulties and there exists a variety of potential life-threatening differential diagnoses.description of the first case of intrauterine acquired herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 infection in twins.We present the case of two premature bicordial biamniotic

2014 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

111. Intrauterine and postnatal growth failure with normal growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 axis and insulin resistant diabetes in a consanguineous kinship. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intrauterine and postnatal growth failure with normal growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 axis and insulin resistant diabetes in a consanguineous kinship. To describe the clinical and biochemical features, and perform molecular analysis for candidate abnormalities in a novel familial syndrome of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), failure of an adolescent growth spurt with proportional adult short stature, minimal subluxation of the 5th metacarpal-phalangeal joint, and adult-onset (...) the association of IUGR and adult MS, including diabetes, has been well documented, these subjects did not have typical manifestations of MS. Abnormalities in common components that could result in a combination of IUGR, severe postnatal growth, and insulin resistance have been ruled out. A mutation in an unidentified gene may affect intrauterine and postnatal growth, with insulin resistance directly affected or as a result of this growth phenomenon.

2011 European Journal of Endocrinology

112. Pravastatin ameliorates placental vascular defects, fetal growth, and cardiac function in a model of glucocorticoid excess Full Text available with Trip Pro

cord velocity, normalized fetal weight, and improved the cardiac function of Hsd11b2(-/-) fetuses. This improved cardiac function occurred despite persisting indications of increased glucocorticoid exposure in the Hsd11b2(-/-) fetal heart. Thus, the pravastatin-induced enhancement of fetal capillaries within the placenta and the resultant hemodynamic changes correspond with restored fetal cardiac function. Statins may represent a useful therapeutic approach to intrauterine growth retardation due (...) Pravastatin ameliorates placental vascular defects, fetal growth, and cardiac function in a model of glucocorticoid excess Fetoplacental glucocorticoid overexposure is a significant mechanism underlying fetal growth restriction and the programming of adverse health outcomes in the adult. Placental glucocorticoid inactivation by 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) plays a key role. We previously discovered that Hsd11b2(-/-) mice, lacking 11β-HSD2, show marked underdevelopment

2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

113. Influence of gestational salt restriction in fetal growth and in development of diseases in adulthood Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of gestational salt restriction in fetal growth and in development of diseases in adulthood Recent studies reported the critical role of the intrauterine environment of a fetus in growth or the development of disease in adulthood. In this article we discussed the implications of salt restriction in growth of a fetus and the development of growth-related disease in adulthood. Salt restriction causes retardation of fatal growth or intrauterine death thereby leading to low birth weight (...) or decreased birth rate. Such retardation of growth along with the upregulation of the renin angiotensin system due to salt restriction results in the underdevelopment of cardiovascular organs or decreases the number of the nephron in the kidney and is responsible for onset of hypertension in adulthood. In addition, gestational salt restriction is associated with salt craving after weaning. Moreover, salt restriction is associated with a decrease in insulin sensitivity. A series of alterations

2016 Journal of biomedical science

114. Learning defects in Drosophila growth restricted chico mutants are caused by attenuated adenylyl cyclase activity Full Text available with Trip Pro

Learning defects in Drosophila growth restricted chico mutants are caused by attenuated adenylyl cyclase activity Reduced insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS) is a major cause of symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), an impairment in cell proliferation during prenatal development that results in global growth defects and mental retardation. In Drosophila, chico encodes the only insulin receptor substrate. Similar to other animal models of IUGR, chico mutants have (...) defects in global growth and associative learning. However, the physiological and molecular bases of learning defects caused by chico mutations, and by symmetrical IUGR, are not clear.In this study, we found that chico mutations impair memory-associated synaptic plasticity in the mushroom bodies (MBs), neural centers for olfactory learning. Mutations in chico reduce expression of the rutabaga-type adenylyl cyclase (rut), leading to decreased cAMP synthesis in the MBs. Expressing a rut (+) transgene

2016 Molecular brain

115. Intrauterine infection of mice with St. Louis encephalitis virus: immunological, physiological, neurological, and behavioral effects on progeny. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intrauterine infection of mice with St. Louis encephalitis virus: immunological, physiological, neurological, and behavioral effects on progeny. Intravenous injection of pregnant mice with St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus at 8 days of gestation resulted in infection of the fetus. Progeny developed no antibody or tolerance to SLE virus since the viral antigen was cleared by maternal antibody before antibody-forming competence developed in the young. Temporary growth retardation was observed (...) in a number of young at 3 weeks of age. After the initial setback the growth rate increased, indicating that early runting was due to an inability to adjust adequately to extrauterine life, which was subsequently overcome. In most other young there were no significant effects on growth, reproduction, or life expectancy. A few young died at or shortly after birth; in these, neurological changes ranging from gross defects such as encephaloceles and hydrocephalus to histological evidence of necrosis

1975 Infection and immunity

116. A Trial Evaluating the Role of Sildenafil in the Treatment of Fetal Growth Restriction

Information provided by (Responsible Party): Ahmed Abdel Shafy El Shahawy, Ain Shams University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This is a Randomized Controlled Trial to evaluate the effect of sildenafil on Doppler velocity indices of the umbilical arteries in patients with placental insufficiency and fetal growth restriction, and if sildenafil can improve fetal and neonatal outcomes in those patients. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Fetal Growth Retardation Drug (...) Years to 40 Years (Adult) Sexes Eligible for Study: Female Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Pregnant women, singleton pregnancy, gestational age 24-34 weeks, with Fetal growth restriction. Intact membranes. Abnormal umbilical artery Doppler waveforms. Fetal abdominal circumference at or below the tenth percentile. Normal venous fetal Doppler Exclusion Criteria: Undetermined gestational age. Intrauterine infection. High Risk for aneuploidy (e.g. maternal age ≥40 years

2015 Clinical Trials

117. Impact of inhaled nitric oxide on white matter damage in growth-restricted neonatal rats. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of inhaled nitric oxide on white matter damage in growth-restricted neonatal rats. Fetal growth restriction is the second leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality, and neonates with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) have increased neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric morbidity. These neurocognitive impairments are mainly related to injury of the developing brain associated with IUGR. Growing evidence from preclinical models of brain injury in both adult and neonatal rodents

2015 Pediatric Research

118. Maternal Determinants of HIV-exposed and HIV-unexposed Fetal Growth, Birth Outcomes and Early Infant Growth

month post-partum ] weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold, fundal height Fetal growth [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month post-partum ] Pregnancy outcomes [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month post-partum ] spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, preterm delivery, perinatal mortality (death within first 7 days), neonatal mortality (death within first 28 days), small for gestational age, intrauterine growth retardation, low birth weight Early infant anthropometrics [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month post (...) Maternal Determinants of HIV-exposed and HIV-unexposed Fetal Growth, Birth Outcomes and Early Infant Growth Maternal Determinants of HIV-exposed and HIV-unexposed Fetal Growth, Birth Outcomes and Early Infant Growth - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies

2012 Clinical Trials

119. Homozygous mutation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor-I Receptor gene (IGF1R) in a patient with severe pre- and postnatal growth failure, and congenital malformations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Homozygous mutation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor-I Receptor gene (IGF1R) in a patient with severe pre- and postnatal growth failure, and congenital malformations. Heterozygous mutations in the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) gene lead to partial resistance to IGF1 and contribute to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) with postnatal growth failure. To date, homozygous mutations of this receptor have not been described.A 13.5-year-old girl born from healthy first-cousin parents presented

2012 European Journal of Endocrinology

120. Can Low Molecular Weight Heparin During Pregnancy With Intrauterine Growth Restriction Increase Birth Weight?

Can Low Molecular Weight Heparin During Pregnancy With Intrauterine Growth Restriction Increase Birth Weight? Can Low Molecular Weight Heparin During Pregnancy With Intrauterine Growth Restriction Increase Birth Weight? - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Can Low Molecular Weight Heparin During Pregnancy With Intrauterine Growth Restriction Increase Birth Weight? (IUGR) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01390051 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : July 8, 2011 Last

2011 Clinical Trials

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