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Interview Questions for the Physician Candidate


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81. Emergency Drought Relief Package: Health and Resilience Services

9188 9500 Suggested Citation: Wheeler S, Zuo A, Xu Y, Grafton Q. Emergency Drought Relief Package — Health and Resilience Services: an Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute ( for the NSW Ministry of Health, 2019. Disclaimer: This Evidence Check Review was produced using the Evidence Check methodology in response to specific questions from the commissioning agency. It is not necessarily a comprehensive review of all literature relating to the topic area (...) Contents Executive summary 5 Background 9 Methods 10 Findings 12 Discussion 27 Conclusion 30 References 32 Appendix 1: NHMRC Levels of Evidence 37 Appendix 2: Question 1 studies (excluding review studies) 38 Appendix 3: Included papers for intervention evaluations 42 Tables and figures Table 1. Countries and numbers covered in review studies 12 Table 2. Study types and numbers of reviewed studies 13 Table 3. Numbers of reviewed studies on subgroups of population 17 Table 4. Study numbers

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

82. Istradefylline (Nourianz) - Parkinson's disease

worsening effect on these important efficacy endpoints. These effects were most clearly observed in patients outside of Japan. A weight effect was not clearly observed in the Japanese trials but most of the patients in these trials were in the 2 lowest weight categories. These results raise the question whether patients outside of Japan experience decreasing istradefylline efficacy as weight increases and that some “heavier” patients might not experience any efficacy from istradefylline. The explanation

2019 FDA - Drug Approval Package

83. Learning from the Experience of Accountable Care Organizations in the U.S.

of a question from a policymaker or stakeholder (in this case, the Government of Ontario); 2) identifying, selecting, appraising and synthesizing relevant research evidence about the question; 3) conducting key informant interviews 4) drafting the rapid synthesis in such a way as to present concisely and in accessible language the research evidence; and 5) finalizing the rapid synthesis based on the input of at least two merit reviewers. McMaster Health Forum 5 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Based (...) the experiences of accountable care organizations in the U.S. Hamilton: McMaster Health Forum, 18 July 2019. Product registration numbers ISSN 2292-7999 (online)McMaster Health Forum 3 Evidence >> Insight >> Action KEY MESSAGES Questions • What are accountable care organizations (ACOs) and how have they evolved in the U.S.? • How do general features of public ACOs differ from the proposed design for Ontario Health Teams? • What effects have been achieved through ACOs and what can we learn from

2019 McMaster Health Forum

84. Exploring Models for Health Workforce Planning

of policy reforms, new models of care, changes in labour markets). • This rapid synthesis examines the health workforce planning models in place across select Canadian provinces and comparator jurisdictions to determine what models, processes and characteristics are important to establishing successful predictive models. What we found • We identified three systematic reviews and nine primary studies that related to the questions and complemented these findings with insights from interviews with 11 key (...) a 30- business-day timeframe and involved five steps: 1) submission of a question from a policymaker or stakeholder (in this case, the Ministry of Health in British Columbia); 2) identifying, selecting, appraising and synthesizing relevant research evidence about the question; 3) conducting key informant interviews; 4) drafting the rapid synthesis in such a way as to present concisely and in accessible language the research evidence; and 5) finalizing the rapid synthesis based on the input

2019 McMaster Health Forum

85. Preparing Emerging Leaders for Alternative Futures in Health Systems Across Canada

. Merit review The evidence brief was reviewed by a small number of policymakers, stakeholders and researchers in order to ensure its scientific rigour and system relevance. Acknowledgments We are grateful to the 26 key informants who were interviewed to help with the iterative development of the list of expected futures (which later came to be called ‘alternative futures’), and to the 19 key informants who were interviewed to provide feedback on the terms of reference for this evidence brief. We wish (...) implementation considerations. Whenever possible, the evidence brief summarizes research evidence drawn from systematic reviews of the research literature and occasionally from single research studies. A systematic review is a summary of studies addressing a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select and appraise research studies and to synthesize data from the included studies. The evidence brief does not contain recommendations, which would have required

2019 McMaster Health Forum

88. Focused deterrence strategies effects on crime: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

criminologists seem unaware of the existing empirical evidence. For instance, in his 2013 summary of the crime prevention value of focused deterrence programs, former National Council on Crime and Delinquency president Barry Krisberg reported, “It certainly hasn't been effective so far, and there is no information suggesting it is effective” (as interviewed by KTVU, ). Recently, more cities have tested the focused deterrence approach to control gang violence, disorderly drug markets, and repeat offender (...) in conducting meta‐analyses in crime and justice is that investigators often do not prioritize outcomes examined. This is common in studies in the social sciences in which authors view the good practice as demanding that all relevant outcomes be reported. However, the lack of prioritization of outcomes in a study raises the question of how to derive an overall effect of treatment. For example, the reporting of one significant result may reflect a type of “creaming” in which the authors focus on one large

2019 Campbell Collaboration

89. Health literacy: what lessons can be learned from the experiences of other countries?

Questions related to health literacy in the Health Survey 2018 26 LIST OF TABLES Table 1 – Scope of the studied HL action plans 33 Table 2 – Overview of the HL levels of the studied countries 34 Table 3 – Initiative of the studied HL action plans 37 6 Health literacy KCE Report 322 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ABBREVIATION DEFINITION ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics ACSQHC Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care ALLS Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey ASBL Association Sans But Lucratif (...) Federal Public Service FWB Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles GP General Practitioner HiAP Health in All Policies approach HIS Health Interview Survey HL Health literacy HLS-EU The European Health Literacy Survey HSE Health Service Executive (Ireland) IALS International Adult Literacy Surveys IE Ireland KCE Report 322 Health literacy 7 IROHLA Intervention Research On Health Literacy of the Ageing population in Europe IUHPE International Union for Health Promotion and Education KAGB Koninklijke Academie

2020 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

90. Video consultations in the care for patients with a chronic somatic disease

. Camera monitoring can also be done via VieDome platform), Michel D’hondt (CompuGroup Medical Belgium (= Barista (Daktari); Windoc; Compufit; Clickdoc), Wouter Fonck (HealthConnect produces a video consultation plugin in its products (Helena, Unified-Messaging, etc), Marie Hallet (AXA Belgium provides a teleconsultation service to its members affiliated with hospitalization insurance with assistance), Pieter Van Herck (Voka has members from healthcare (e.g. hospitals, doctors ...) as well as from (...) of reviews 44 2.4 CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION 53 3 VIDEO CONSULTATIONS IN BELGIAN HEALTH CARE 55 3.1 KEY FINDINGS 55 3.2 METHODOLOGY 56 3.3 TERMINOLOGY 56 2 Video consultation for chronic somatic disease KCE Report 328 3.4 LEGISLATION 56 3.4.1 Applicability 56 3.4.2 Liability 59 3.4.3 Privacy and security 60 3.4.4 Certification 61 3.5 FUNDING 61 3.6 REMUNERATION 62 3.7 REIMBURSEMENT 62 3.7.1 Physicians 62 3.7.2 Other healthcare professions 63 3.8 TECHNOLOGY 64 3.9 EFFECTS 65 3.10 HISTORY/IMPLEMENTATION 65

2020 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

91. Bariatric surgery in Belgium: organisation and payment of care before and after surgery

NEEDS 47 3.1.1 Objective 47 3.1.2 Methods: interviews with Belgian patients 47 3.1.3 Description of the patient sample 48 3.1.4 Patients’ decision for surgery 49 3.1.5 Preparation during the pre-surgery phase 51 3.1.6 Post-operative follow-up 60 3.2 A QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS VIEWS 84 3.2.1 Objective 84 3.2.2 Methods 84 3.2.3 Description of the nominal groups 85 3.2.4 Results 86 3.3 KEY POINTS 100 4 LITERATURE REVIEW GUIDELINES AND PATHWAYS 104 4.1 OBJECTIVE 104 4.2 METHODS (...) professionals 85 Table 9 – Profile of healthcare providers 86 Table 10 – Profile of the physicians 86 Table 11 – Overview of challenges identified by participants 86 Table 12 – Overview of the solutions identified by participants 92 Table 13 – Priorities established by nominal groups 97 Table 14 – Indication for consultation with specialist in preoperative phase of bariatric surgery, by kind of consultation 110 Table 15 – List of labs examination recommended in the preoperative phase of bariatric surgery

2020 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

92. Optimisation of RIZIV – INAMI lump sums for incontinence

: To the physicians who participated to the interviews; Gilles Capaert (Service Public Francophone Bruxellois), Kristien Houben (VAPH), Lara Classen (Dienststelle für Selbstbestimmtes Leben der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft Belgiens), Nicolas Fairon (KCE), Mattias Neyt (KCE), Johan Van der Heyden (Sciensano) Reported interests: ‘All experts and stakeholders consulted within this report were selected because of their involvement in the topic. Therefore, by definition, each of them might have a certain degree (...) prevalence is seen in nursing homes; with 70% of the population suffering from urinary or faecal incontinence or both. Of note, the spectrum severity of incontinence complaints of patients seen in hospital settings do not necessarily reflect the disease spectrum in the community. The Belgian Health Interview Survey data from 2013 showed that for women aged 18 to 64, 5.4% had problems with UI and also had consulted their doctor, while for the above 65 year old women this increased to 15.7% [4

2020 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

93. Evaluation of the reimbursement for hearing aids and implants in hearing loss

of this report could have an impact: Nicolas Baeyens (EDIC has the purpose to let people with cochlear implants interact and connect with each other in the French speaking part of Belgium. We organize two times per year activities for our members to interact with other people from the medical, scientific, and company world), Naïma Deggouj (Deputy Head of the ENT department of the University clinics of Saint-Luc where patients with hearing implants are threated), Paul Govaerts (As physician and director (...) of the Eargroup, a part of my salary is payed from cochlear implant related revenues), Rudolf Kuhweide (Members-Secretary-Treasurer Royal Belgian Society for oto-rhino-laryngology, facial and neck surgery), Mark Laureyns (President of the AEA (European Association of Hearing Aid Professionals, onbezoldigd)), Benoîte Millet (President of the professional association of rehabilitation doctors), Elisabeth Ngonlong Ekendé (Scientific evaluator for the Commission in charge of the reimbursement of implants

2020 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

94. Ménière’s Disease (Meniere) Full Text available with Trip Pro

with respect to MD. Main considerations in this CPG are to increase rates of accurate diagnosis, improve symptom control with appropriate treatments, and reduce inappropriate use of medications, procedures, or testing. It is also intended to reduce adverse events associated with undiagnosed or untreated MD. Other CPG considerations include increasing patient-provider shared decision making, minimizing diagnostic and treatment costs, reducing unnecessary return physician visits, and maximizing the health (...) in and . Table 2. Strength of Action Terms in Guideline Statements and Implied Levels of Obligation. Table 2. Strength of Action Terms in Guideline Statements and Implied Levels of Obligation. Table 3. Aggregate Grades of Evidence by Question Type. Table 3. Aggregate Grades of Evidence by Question Type. Guidelines are never intended to supersede professional judgment; rather, they may be viewed as a relative constraint on individual clinician discretion in a specific clinical circumstance. Less frequent

2020 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

95. Supporting the mental wellbeing of healthcare staff in times of crisis/pressure

Supporting the mental wellbeing of healthcare staff in times of crisis/pressure Gwasanaeth Tystiolaeth Evidence Service Rapid summary Question: What is effective to support the mental wellbeing of healthcare staff during times of extreme pressure / crisis? (such as that expected to be experienced during the current COVID-19 pandemic) Brief summary: One systematic review and six guidelines were identified from a search of the literature. Recommendations from these sources included: 1. Regular (...) Committee. Interim briefing note: addressing mental health and psychosocial aspects of the covid-19 outbreak. V1.5. 2020. Available here. This briefing note summarises key mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) considerations in relation to the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. The brief was last updated February 2020. It recommends several interventions for different populations including frontline workers (such as nurses, doctors, ambulance drivers, case identifiers, and others

2020 Public Health Wales Observatory Evidence Service

96. Impact of Community Health Worker Certification on Workforce and Service Delivery for Asthma and Other Selected Chronic Diseases

. Further viii research is needed to determine if certification is linked to improved outcomes for people with asthma and other chronic illness outcomes. ix Contents Introduction 1 Background 1 Guiding Questions 2 Methods 4 Published Literature 4 Grey Literature 5 Discussions With Key Informants 5 Peer Review and Public Commentary 6 Results 7 Results of the Published Literature Search 7 Results of the Grey Literature Search 7 Results of the Key Informant Interviews 8 Guiding Question 1: Effects (...) of Certification on Community Health Worker Recruitment, Retention, Scope of Practice, Reimbursement or Employer Liability 11 Findings From the Published Literature Search 11 Findings From the Grey Literature Search 13 Findings From Key Informant Interviews 13 Guiding Question 2: Effects of Certification on Quality or Consistency of Care, Health Outcomes, or Patient/Family Acceptance, Trust, and Use of Community Health Workers 14 Findings From the Published Literature Search 14 Findings From the Grey

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

97. Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain

results. The ultimate judgment regarding any specific procedure or treatment is to be made by the physician and patient in light of all circumstances presented by the patient and the needs and resources particular to the locality or institution. Objective The objective of the North American Spine Society (NASS) Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treat- ment of Low Back Pain is to provide evidence-based recommendations to address key clinical questions surrounding the diagnosis and treatment (...) acceptable methods of care reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. The ultimate judgment regarding any specific procedure or treatment is to be made by the physician and patient in light of all circumstances presented by the patient and the needs and resources particular to the locality or institution. 2 Authors & Contributors Evidence-Based Guideline Development Committee Co-Chairs D. Scott Kreiner, MD Paul Matz, MD Diagnosis Section Section Chair: Daniel K. Resnick, MD, MS Authors: Norman B

2020 North American Spine Society

98. KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in CKD

References…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 206 Guideline on Nutrition in CKD Page 4 TABLES Table 1. Key Questions for Evidence Review …………………………………………………. 16 Table 2. Evidence Review Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria …………………………………... 18 Table 3. Quality of Evidence Grades …………………………………………………………… 24 Table 4. Implications of strong and weak recommendations for different users of guidelines …. 25 FIGURES Figure 1. Flow diagram of identified studies for Assessment questions ………………..……….. 21 Figure 2 (...) . Flow diagram of identified studies for Intervention questions ……………….…..…… 22Guideline on Nutrition in CKD Page 5 ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors APD Animal-based Protein Diet AND Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ARB Angiotensin II receptor blocker BF Body fat BIA Bio-electrical impedance analysis BMI Body mass index BP Blood pressure BPI Body protein index CAPD Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis CIMT Constraint induced movement therapy CK Creatinine

2020 National Kidney Foundation

99. Palliative Care for Adults

Documents 11 Definitions 11 Annotations 12–45 Quality Improvement Support 46–56 Aims and Measures 47–48 Implementation Recommendations 49 Implementation Tools and Resources 50 Implementation Tools and Resources Tables 51–56 Assessment Tools 51 Physician Education Resources (Fast Facts) 51–52 General Tools and Resources 52–56 Supporting Evidence 57–76 References 58–63 Appendices 64–76 Appendix A: Literature Search Terms 64–65 Appendix B: How to Discuss Serious Illness 66–68 Appendix C: Signs and Symptoms (...) Improvement 5 Palliative Care for Adults Sixth Edition /January 2020 Topic Quality of Evidence Recommendation(s) Strength of Recommendation Annotation Number Relevant Resources Interdisciplinary Care Team Low The interdisciplinary care team (IDT) of health care providers should ideally include at a minimum physicians, advance practice providers, nurses, social workers, spiritual counselors, and bereavement staff. Other clinicians may also participate on the IDT. Strong 2 Bakitas, 2009 (Randomized Control

2020 Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement

100. Staff and associate specialist (SAS) grade handbook

. It is also supported by the SAS section of the Association of Anaesthetists website I hope that you will find it a helpful reference to support you in your career and professional life, and to answer some of the commonly occurring questions and queries. SAS doctors make up over 20% of the anaesthetic workforce, and have been described as the hidden heroes of the NHS. They are a diverse group, often working in isolation or frequent out of hours work, and in the past have sometimes (...) posts in the NHS. The support includes mentoring schemes, induction programmes and web forums. Useful websites • British Association of Physicians of Indian Origin • British International Doctors’ Association • Medical Association of Nigerians Across Great Britain • Association of Pakistani Physicians & Surgeons of the UK • Egyptian Medical Society • Sri Lankan Medical and Dental Association in the UK Dr Achuthan Sajayan Consultant Anaesthetist, University Hospital, Birmingham Former SAS Committee

2020 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

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