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Interview Questions for the Physician Candidate

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61. Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies in Adult Patients With Exacerbation of COPD

for Healthcare Research and Quality, our Task Order Officer, Lionel Bañez, M.D., and from the American Academy of Family Physicians, Melanie Bird, Ph.D. Key Informants In designing the study questions, the EPC consulted several Key Informants who represent the end-users of research. The EPC sought the Key Informant input on the priority areas for research and synthesis. Key Informants are not involved in the analysis of the evidence or the writing of the report. Therefore, in the end, study questions, design (...) (www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov) to see draft research questions and reports or to join an email list to learn about new program products and opportunities for input. If you have comments on this systematic review, they may be sent by mail to the Task Order Officer named below at: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, or by email to epc@ahrq.hhs.gov. Gopal Khanna, M.B.A. Arlene S. Bierman, M.D., M.S. Director Director Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Center for Evidence

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

62. Canadian guidelines for controlled pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death-summary report

, Development, and Evaluation methodology. Questions requiring recommendations were generated based on 1) 2006 Canadian donation after circulatory determination of death guidelines (not pediatric specific), 2) a multidisciplinary symposium of national and international pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death leaders, and 3) a scoping review of the pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death literature. Input from these sources drove drafting of actionable questions (...) and Good Practice Statements, as defined by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation group. We performed additional literature reviews for all actionable questions. Evidence was assessed for quality using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation and then formulated into evidence profiles that informed recommendations through the evidence-to-decision framework. Recommendations were revised through consensus among members of seven topic-specific

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2017 CPG Infobase

64. Dialysis Programs in Canada: Implementation Considerations and Funding Practices

across Canada. The items in the original survey were determined on the basis of interviews with key informants. In the updated survey, questions were included if they focused mainly on nephrologists’ current practices and perspectives about various facilitators and resources as they related to the implementation of the dialysis modalities of interest. The nephrologists were asked about their support for various suggested policies, initiatives, practices, and resources that could play a role (...) ); other respondents included nurses (n = 4 or 11.8%) and other physicians and nephrologists (n = 5 or 14.7%). Nephrologist Survey Of 249 potential respondents, 28 (11.2%) provided information. Responses to all or some of the questions were received from nephrologists in Alberta (n = 4), British Columbia (n = 2), Manitoba (n = 4), New Brunswick (n = 2), Newfoundland and Labrador (n = 1), Nova Scotia (n = 1), Ontario (n = 12), and Quebec (n = 2). No responses were received from nephrologists

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

65. How to improve the Organisation of Mental healthcare for older adults in Belgium?

and age group 149 Table 15 – Type of lump-sum for residents in homes for the elderly and nursing homes (in %) 150 Table 16 – Number of internments in prisons in Belgium based on conviction in 2010-2016 per age category 151 Table 17 – Number of physicians with proven practice – 2007-2015 153 Table 18 – Number of GP visits per patients – Patients from the Permanent sample with at least one GP visit (2008 – 2009) 158 Table 19 – Percentage of persons not living in a residential care facility that received (...) of dementia CAR – CRA Centra voor ambulante revalidatie – les centres de rééducation ambulatoire CARITAS Comprehensive, Accessible, Responsive, Individualized service, Transdisciplinary approach, Accountable service and Systemic approach CCGs Clinical commissioning groups CCM Chronic Care Model CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale CGG – SSM Centrum voor Geestelijke Gezondheidszorg – Service de Santé Mentale CIDI Composite International Diagnostic Interview CLIC Centres Locaux

2018 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

66. Enhancing Equitable Access to Assistive Technologies in Canada

) questions or prompts about the need for assistive technologies in decision aids that support care planning and purchasing; and 3) providing system navigators for those with complex needs. o The use of decision-aids and provision of education in the delivery of care was generally found to have positive effects, including improved knowledge, reduced levels of anxiety and increased adherence to treatments, for patients and caregivers. While evidence on system navigators is limited, they were found (...) brief summarizes research evidence drawn from systematic reviews of the research literature and occasionally from single research studies. A systematic review is a summary of studies addressing a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select and appraise research studies, and to synthesize data from the included studies. The evidence brief does not contain recommendations, which would have required the authors of the brief to make judgments based

2017 McMaster Health Forum

67. Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions

and diagnosis of mental illness and associated symptoms; and supporting physicians in the prescription of pharmacotherapy for depression and anxiety disorders.(8; 29; 31; 35; 45; 46) Further details related to training of providers is summarized in question four below. Other additional intervention components that were identified in our review included communication technology, such as shared medical Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical (...) -considered actions, and communicate the rationale for actions effectively. Authors Heather L. Bullock, PhD candidate, Co-Lead, Evidence Synthesis, McMaster Health Forum, McMaster University Kerry Waddell, M.Sc., Co-Lead, Evidence Synthesis, McMaster Health Forum, McMaster University Michael G. Wilson, PhD, Assistant Director, McMaster Health Forum, and Assistant Professor, McMaster University Funding This knowledge synthesis was funded by: 1) Trillium Health Partners through funds received from

2017 McMaster Health Forum

68. Identifying the Effects of Using Telecommunications Technology to Provide Clinical Care at a Distance

of regular hospital visits or regular visits at home by primary-care providers, or visits to the family physician. Four of the five studies 2009 6/10 (AMSTAR rating from McMaster Health Forum) 0/12 17 Question Focus of systematic review Key findings Year of last search/ publication date AMSTAR (quality) rating Proportion of studies that were conducted in Canada included patients with diabetes, and found that the intervention group demonstrated improved health outcomes, especially a reduction in HbA1c (...) numbers ISSN 2292-7999 (online)McMaster Health Forum 3 Evidence >> Insight >> Action KEY MESSAGES Question • What are the effects of using telecommunications technology to provide clinical care at a distance on health outcomes, patient and provider satisfaction, and costs? Why the issue is important • A number of current pressures on the health system (e.g., an aging population, increased prevalence of chronic and co-morbid conditions) and increased focus on supporting patient self-management

2017 McMaster Health Forum

69. Effects of Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intake on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

-00010-I Prepared by: RAND Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center Santa Monica, CA Investigators: Sydne J. Newberry, Ph.D. Mei Chung, M.P.H., Ph.D. Cheryl A.M. Anderson, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.S. Christine Chen, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D. candidate Zhuxuan Fu, M.P.H. Alice Tang, Ph.D., Sc.M. Naisi Zhao, M.H.S., Dr.Ph candidate Marika Booth, M.S. Joyce Marks, B.S. Simon Hollands, M.S., Ph.D. candidate Aneesa Motala, B.A. Jody Larkin, M.S. Roberta Shanman, M.L.S. Susanne Hempel, Ph.D. AHRQ Publication (...) , and the health care system as a whole. Transparency and stakeholder input are essential to the Effective Health Care Program. Please visit the Web site (www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov) to see draft research questions and reports or to join an email list to learn about new program products and opportunities for input. We welcome comments on this systematic review. They may be sent by mail to the Task Order Officer named below at: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

70. Outcome Measures Framework: Information Model Report

. In this case, the registry participant is the mother, and the baby is actually not a participant. Hence, “Impact on Non-participant” is listed within the OMF as an outcome related to someone other than an enrollee. Similarly, patient experience of care is being evaluated with more frequency, but represents an outcome other than the end result of the patient’s treatment. Used to capture things like treatment satisfaction, waiting times, satisfaction with physician care, this category is intended

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

71. A Framework for Conceptualizing Evidence Needs of Health Systems

through interviews with health system stakeholders. Literature Search Eligible publications summarize original data or present reviews, commentaries and opinion pieces that describe the research evidence needs of health systems. We defined a health system as at least one hospital and one group of physicians; or two or more health care provider organizations with common ownership, contractual integration (e.g., accountable care organizations) or formal referral arrangements. Eligible publications (...) , succinct and easily understood evidence syntheses with layered information presentations. Studies of tools for promoting health system use of evidence describe methods for clarifying how the evidence applies to the local and operational context and how evidence intersects with other considerations in decisionmaking. Data from the four evidence synthesis programs illustrate a breadth of questions addressed and report types used by health systems. Discussions with health system experts highlighted

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

72. Erectile Dysfunction

. Evidence strength refers to the body of evidence available for a particular question and includes not only individual study quality but consideration of study design; consistency of findings across studies; adequacy of sample sizes; and generalizability of samples, settings, and treatments for the purposes of the guideline. The American Urological Association (AUA) categorizes body of evidence strength as Grade A (well-conducted and highly-generalizable RCTs or exceptionally strong observational (...) /burdens of various management options. 11 This commitment also requires that the clinician be cognizant that social, cultural, religious, educational, and other factors are important and valid determinants of treatment selection. 12,13 The patient's commitment includes the willingness to absorb information, ask questions, and clearly express his and his partner's preferences and values. This process results in a sharing of information and responsibility, allowing a collaborative decision regarding

2018 American Urological Association

73. Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) Inhibitors as Preventive Treatments for Patients with Episodic or Chronic Migraine: Effectiveness and Value

preventive therapy, those who have four or more days with headaches per month with some impairment may be considered candidates for preventive therapy. 1 Effective preventive pharmacologic therapies include some antidepressants (amitriptyline, venlafaxine), anti-seizure medications (divalproex sodium, sodium valproate, topiramate), and beta-blockers (propranolol, metoprolol). 16 Patients with chronic migraine may also use onabotulinum toxin A (Botox®, Allergan plc) injections for prevention. 17 Patients (...) interventions can be as debilitating as migraine. Patients struggle to access effective care or treatment: • Difficulties arise in finding a physician who understands migraine and migraine pain. • Due to high costs and access restrictions, patients may not have a sufficient supply of acute treatment (e.g., triptans); patients may ration treatment and choose the “important” days to take treatment. • Patients feel discouraged because treatment strategies follow a “guess and test” procedure, which can take

2018 California Technology Assessment Forum

74. Practical Assessment and Management of Vulnerabilities in Older Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

of function, comorbidity, falls, depression, cognition, and nutrition. The Panel recommends instrumental activities of daily living to assess for function, a thorough history or validated tool to assess comorbidity, a single question for falls, the Geriatric Depression Scale to screen for depression, the Mini-Cog or the Blessed Orientation-Memory-Concentration test to screen for cognitive impairment, and an assessment of unintentional weight loss to evaluate nutrition. Either the CARG (Cancer and Aging (...) , palliative care specialists, advanced practice providers, geriatricians, primary care physicians, social workers, physical therapists, occupational therapists, nutritionists/dieticians Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Recommendations In patients age 65 and older receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA)—the evaluation of functional status, physical performance and falls, comorbid

2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

75. Erectile Dysfunction

The quality of case- control studies and comparative observational studies was rated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale. 1004 Because there is no widely- agreed upon quality assessment tool for single cohort observational studies, the quality of these studies was not assessed. The categorization of evidence strength is conceptually distinct from the quality of individual studies. Evidence strength refers to the body of evidence available for a particular question and includes not only (...) selection. 12,13 The patient’s commitment includes the willingness to absorb information, ask questions, and clearly express his and his partner’s preferences and values. This process results in a sharing of information and responsibility, allowing a collaborative decision regarding diagnostic and treatment plans. Because of the complexity of sexuality and the impact of a sexual relationship on a man’s life, the Panel strongly advocates that a man’s partner be invited to participate in this process

2018 American Urological Association

76. Targeted Immunomodulators for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis: Effectiveness and Value

of this report or should be assumed to support any part of this report, which is solely the work of the ICER team and its affiliated researchers. For a complete list of stakeholders from whom we requested input, please visit: https://icer-review.org/material/psoriasis-stakeholder-list/ Expert Reviewers Alexa B. Kimball, MD Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Conflict of Interest Declaration: Alexa B. Kimball is a consultant for Novartis, AbbVie, UCB, Lilly, Janssen (...) and Economic Review, 2018 Page ES4 Evidence Report: Targeted Immunomodulators for Plaque Psoriasis | Condition Update Return to Table of Contents For many of these agents, there is some suggestion of waning effectiveness with continued use, known as biologic fatigue. 21 To maintain effectiveness, physicians often prescribe increasing doses of targeted immunomodulators. On the other hand, physicians occasionally prescribe lower doses of effective medications to decrease out-of-pocket costs. Patients

2018 California Technology Assessment Forum

77. Clinical Consensus Statement: Balloon Dilation of the Sinuses

obstruction, to even obstructive sleep apnea. A recent review of balloon use by physicians within the Department of Defense health care system also indicated that SOD is often used for indications for which there is currently no evidence of efficacy. Furthermore, between 2011 and 2014, the number of balloon SOD procedures increased in excess of the drop in nonballoon procedures. This rise in SOD procedures, without a commensurate reduction in traditional functional endoscopic sinus surgery, has caused (...) increased scrutiny by payers and providers, which is further intensified by concern over potential inappropriate use of the procedure. Given the knowledge gap that exists regarding the role of SOD in managing CRS and the increasing rates of utilization, the Physician Payment Policy Working Group (3P) of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) submitted SOD to the AAO-HNS Foundation (AAO-HNSF) Guideline Task Force as a potential topic for a clinical practice guideline. Due

2018 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

78. Targeted Immunomodulators for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis: Effectiveness and Value

contents of this report or should be assumed to support any part of this report, which is solely the work of the ICER team and its affiliated researchers. For a complete list of stakeholders from whom we requested input, please visit: https://icer-review.org/material/psoriasis-stakeholder-list/ Expert Reviewers Alexa B. Kimball, MD Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Conflict of Interest Declaration: Alexa B. Kimball is a consultant for Novartis, AbbVie, UCB, Lilly (...) Institute for Clinical and Economic Review, 2018 Page ES4 Final Evidence Report: Plaque Psoriasis Condition Update Return to Table of Contents For many of these agents, there is some suggestion of waning effectiveness with continued use, known as biologic fatigue. 21 To maintain effectiveness, physicians often prescribe increasing doses of targeted immunomodulators. On the other hand, physicians occasionally prescribe lower doses of effective medications to decrease out-of-pocket costs. Patients

2018 California Technology Assessment Forum

79. Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

Prepared by: RAND Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center Santa Monica, CA Investigators: Sydne J. Newberry, Ph.D. Mei Chung, M.P.H., Ph.D. Cheryl A.M. Anderson, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.S. Christine Chen, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D. candidate Zhuxuan Fu, M.P.H. Alice Tang, Ph.D., Sc.M. Naisi Zhao, M.H.S., Dr.Ph candidate Marika Booth, M.S. Joyce Marks, B.S. Simon Hollands, M.S., Ph.D. candidate Aneesa Motala, B.A. Jody Larkin, M.S. Roberta Shanman, M.L.S. Susanne Hempel, Ph.D. AHRQ Publication No. 18 (...) , and the health care system as a whole. Transparency and stakeholder input are essential to the Effective Health Care Program. Please visit the Web site (www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov) to see draft research questions and reports or to join an email list to learn about new program products and opportunities for input. We welcome comments on this systematic review. They may be sent by mail to the Task Order Officer named below at: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

80. CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module

are trained to recognize child abuse and intimate partner violence, there is no routine education regarding identifying trafficking victims. 5 A study in the United States interviewed trafficking victims in shelters where they learned that in addition to not being identified as needing help, the victims reported being hurt and humiliated by physicians during their encounter in the emergency room. 3 Simple training modules, some as short as 20 minutes, have been shown to have a significant impact (...) CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module - CanadiEM CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module In , by Julianna Deutscher September 21, 2018 Jeremy is a second year resident who is about to see a 25 year old female presenting with abdominal pain. During the history he notices the patient is remarkably quiet and that the patient’s male friend is answering all the questions for her. When Jeremy asks the male

2018 CandiEM

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